Dr. Olaf U. Janzen

B.A. (McMaster), M.A., Ph.D. (Queen's), Professor; F.R.Hist.S.                            olaf.jpg (13973 bytes)
Division of Arts / Historical Studies

Grenfell Campus, Memorial University
Corner Brook, Newfoundland
Canada A2H 5G4

Office: AS332F
Phone: (709) 637-6282
FAX: (709) 639-8125
E-Mail:   olaf@grenfell.mun.ca

Other affiliations:

Fellow of the Royal Historical Society
International Maritime Economic History Association
International Journal of Maritime History (Reviews Editor)
Navy Records Society
Canadian Nautical Research Society
Newfoundland Historical Society
Society for Nautical Research


Research Interests

My doctoral dissertation, combined with my location on the west coast of Newfoundland, drew me into research on the early eighteenth-century settlement history of western Newfoundland, both by French and Irish fishermen as well as by Micmac Indians from Cape Breton Island. I have acquired expertise on the defence of Newfoundland during the eighteenth century, with particular attention to the problems of piracy and privateering.. My research has received financial support from the Vice-President's Research Fund of Memorial University, the SSHRCC, and the Institute of Economic and Social Research (ISER) at Memorial University. A steady output of publications has ensued from all of this research, most of which were first presented as papers at both national and international conferences. For instance, my investigation into Scottish commercial links with early eighteenth-century Newfoundland led me to organize a 'C' session ("Merchant organization and maritime trade in the North Atlantic, 1660-1815") for the12th Congress of the International Economic History Association, held in August 1998 in Madrid, Spain. Finally, I am a regular contributor to the review pages of a number of scholarly journals and publications.

More Specifically:

I teach North Atlantic, Military, and Newfoundland history. My research specialty is eighteenth-century Newfoundland, working on settlement history, piracy, privateering, and the defence of Newfoundland during that period. My most recent research project has been an investigation into the peace-time activities of the ships of the Royal Navy that were stationed in Newfoundland during the years following the conclusion of the Seven Years' War in 1763.

I am a regular participant at national and international scholarly conferences. I publish regularly in academic journals, and I review extensively for a variety of publications. I have been elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, and belong to several other regional, national, and international professional organizations. I am the Reviews Editor of  the International Journal of Maritime History, the refereed publication of the International Maritime Economic History Association, after having served as Reviews Editor for nearly ten years for The Northern Mariner/Le Marin du nord, the quarterly journal of the Canadian Nautical Research Society. I continue to serve on the Editorial Board of the CNRS.


Recent Conference Papers

2012 - "The French Seizure of St. John’s in 1762, the British Response, and James Cook," Newfoundland Historical Society Symposium on "James Cook in Newfoundland," St. John’s, NL, 28-29 September

2012 - "The Logic of English Saltcod: An Historiographical Revision," Sixth International Congress of Maritime History, Ghent, Belgium, 2-6 July

2007 - "The Royal Navy and the Interdiction of Aboriginal Migration to Newfoundland, 1763-1766," 2007 Naval History Symposium, Annapolis, MD, September

2004 - “The Navy and the Natives: The Royal Navy and the Attempt to Interdict Aboriginal Migration to Newfoundland, 1763-1766,” Fourth International Congress of Maritime History, Corfu, Greece, June

2002 - "Un Petit Dérangement: The Eviction of French Fishermen from Newfoundland in 1755," presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Nautical Research Society, Halifax, Nova Scotia, June

2000 - "Hugh Palliser, the Royal Navy and the Projection of British Power in Newfoundland Waters, 1764-68," presented at the XIXth International Congress of Historical Sciences, meeting of the International Commission of Maritime History, Oslo, Norway, August

2000 - "‘A World Embracing Sea’: The Oceans as Highway, 1604-1815," presented in the Plenary Session on "The Sea as a Highway for Commerce" at the World Marine Millennial Conference, Peabody Essex Museum, March-April

1998 - "A Scottish Venture in the Newfoundland Fish Trade, 1726-1727," Twelfth Congress of the International Economic History Association, Madrid, Spain, August


Recent Publications

Organizer, "Finding Aid to the Colonial Office 194 Series" (on-going)

Organizer, "Finding Aid to the Colonial Secretary's Letterbook" (on-going)

Compiler, "A Reader's Guide to Newfoundland History to 1869" (on-going)

Chapt. 3, "The 'Long' Eighteenth Century, , 1697-1815," in Newfoundland Historical Society, A Short History of Newfoundland and Labrador (St. John's: Boulder Publications for the Newfoundland Historical Society, 2008), pp. 49-76

"The Royal Navy and the Interdiction of Aboriginal Migration to Newfoundland, 1763-1766," International Journal of Naval History VII: 2 (August 2008) [e-journal:
http://www.ijnhonline.org/issues/volume-7-2008/aug-2008-vol-7-issue-2/
]

“The French Shore Dispute,” in Newfoundland and Labrador Studies, Occasional Papers No. 1: Newfoundland and the Entente Cordiale 1904-2004. Proceedings of a Symposium held in St. John’s and Corner Brook, Newfoundland and Labrador, 16-20 September 2004, ed. James K. Hiller and Christopher English (St. John’s: Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2007), pp. 44-55

“‘A World Embracing Sea’: The Oceans as Highway, 1604-1815,” in Daniel Finamore (ed.), Maritime History as World History (Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2004), pp. 102-114

"The French Presence in Southwestern and Western Newfoundland Before 1815," in André Magord (directeur),  Les Franco-Terreneuviens de la péninsule de Port-au-Port: Évolution d’une identité franco-canadienne (Moncton, New Brunswick: Chaire d’études acadiennes, Université de Moncton, 2002), pp. 29-49

"'Of Consequence to the Service': The Rationale Behind Cartographic Surveys in Early Eighteenth-Century Newfoundland," The Northern Mariner/Le Marin du nord XI: 1 (January 2001): 1-10

Editor, Merchant Organization and Maritime Trade in the North Atlantic, 1660-1815 ("Research in Maritime History" series, No. 15; St. John's: International Maritime Economic History Association, 1998)

"A Scottish Sack Ship in the Newfoundland Trade, 1726-27," Scottish Economic and Social History XVIII, Part 1 (1998): 1-18

"The Illicit Trade in English Cod into Spain, 1739-1748," International Journal of Maritime History VIII: 1 (June 1996: 1-22

"Newfoundland and the International Fishery," chapt. 7 (pp. 280-324) of Canadian History: A Reader's Guide. Vol. I: Beginnings to Confederation (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994), ed. M. Brook Taylor


Personal Interests

My family, consisting of my wife Ellen and my two children, Elizabeth (who earned a DMA at the Manhattan School of Music in New York City and is now on faculty with the School of Music at the Kingsville campus of Texas A&M University) and David (who has completed a Master of Arts degree in Political Science, specializing in security studies, at Carleton University, and now works in Ottawa for the federal government), is a very important part of my life; I only wish I had more time to spend with them. I enjoy reading science fiction (I subscribed to Analog Science Fiction/Science Fact for over thirty years) as well as historical fiction (I'm a fan of Patrick O'Brian). I am partial to good food, fine wine, and the occasional glass of Highland Park malt whisky. ("Moderation sir, aye, moderation is my rule. Nine or ten is reasonable refreshment, but after that it's apt to degenerate into drinking.")

last updated: October 4, 2013