GN 2/1/A [Box No. 3]

Volume 9 (1780-1783)


This volume is arranged in two parts; first come "Orders and Proclamations" and then come "Letters".
The pagination of the "Orders and Proclamations" ends on p. 374; pagination then begins again with p. 1 of "Letters" )

A biographical essay about Gov. Richard Edwards appears in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Vol. IV; no similar
biography exists for Gov. John Campbell. Some individuals of this period who also appear in the DCB include Aaron Graham (Edwards' secretary), Rev. Edward Langman, Jeremiah Coghlan (or Coughlan), Benjamin Lester, John Slade, Thomas Street, Charles Garland,
Richard Hutchings, Peter Ougier, Robert Pringle, and George Cartwright

Orders and Proclamations

Page

Date

From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

1-10

9 March 1776

   

Indenture signed by Robert Eustace of Renews and James Sutton Englebert Mulhauson in the presence of James Pointer and William Botton. The deed of release between Mr. Eustace and Mr. Sutton and Mr. Mulhauson outlining Mr. Eustaceís debts. Eustace appears to have gone bankrupt and this document is part of the legalities of dealing with his debts.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 62-70.)

11

13 May 1780

Simon Preston, Waterford, Ireland

 

Mr. Preston, a Notary Public, states that the above document was an exact copy of the original deed. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 71.)

11-17

25 July 1780

Aaron Graham for Gov. Edwards

 

John Murphy stated that he was appointed attorney to James Sutton by John Pointer and he demanded £7,000 from Robert Eustace. Because John Murphy had the necessary papers proving he was the rightful attorney to Mr. Sutton, Gov. Edwards states that as much of Robert Eustaceís effects should be given to Murphy as would cover his debt to Sutton. Because Thomas Dwyer, Eustace's agent, believes that his client will not be in Newfoundland this season, Dwyer is ordered to act on Eustaceís behalf.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 72-76.)

18

29 July 1780

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Robert Carter, JP, Ferryland

Carter is required to ensure that "John Murphy give good and sufficient security for the performance of the foregoing decree."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 77.)

18-21

1 Aug. 1780

A. Graham for Adm. Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

List of ordnance stores & equipment to be supplied to the Armed Brig Placentia.

22-25

3 Aug. 1780

Graham for Adm Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

List of ordnance stores & equipment to be supplied to the Armed Brig Prince Edward.

25-27

2 Aug. 1780

Graham for Gov. Edwards

William Keen, Greenspond

Directs Keen to appear before Gov. Edwards and explain why he has impeded Benjamin Keene, his brother, from carrying out his duties as Executor of their late father's will. Keene was ordered to appear before Edwards the previous year in this matter & failed to do so. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 78-79.)

28-29

7 Aug. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply Jeremiah Coughlan with ennumerated ordnance & ordnance stores for the "Defence of the Island of Fogo upon the coast of Labrador" [NB: Fogo is *not* on the Labrador coast]

29-30

16 Aug. 1780

Graham for Gov Edwards

 

Proclamation: Against the sale of liquor by unlicensed people; this encourages drunkenness, idleness & debauchery among seamen, soldiers & fishermen. For each offence the guilty party will have to pay a fine of £10.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 85-86.)

31

7 Aug. 1780

Graham for Gov. Edwards

JPs of Carbonear

Confirms the exclusive right of Joseph Pin of Carbonear to cut and carry away grass from the plantation, as his mother did since Gov. Edwards first granted her that right in 1757.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 88.)

32-34

18 Aug. 1780 Richard Edwards  

Court was opened and Gov. Edwards listed a number of grievances with actions by the inhabitants of St. Johnís (building over the path ways, "suffering too many Dogs to be kept in the town", carelessly boiling "Pitch Potts", not keeping roads in repair, etc.); proposes appointing a Surveyor of Roads. Robert Shute, agent for John Noble of Bristol, submits petition dated 25 July 1780 concerning fishing premises rented to Robert Bulley & destroyed by the fire of 15 May 1779. Bulley wants the rent he pays to be reduced; Shute argues that the fire cancels the lease altogether; requests a legal ruling. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 89-91.)

35-40

24 May 1780

   

Indenture between Matthew Earle of West Tingmouth (Teignmouth) in the county of Devon and John Noble of Bristol. Noble bought the property of Mr. Earle in St. Johnís for £3,000 and Robert Bulley has leased the property. Details of the terms of the lease. Signed in the presents of R.C. Hamlyn and S.Hamlyn Notary Public.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 92-96.)

40-43

18 Aug. 1780

Graham for Gov. Edwards

 

Ruling about the fishing premises leased Robert Bulley, destroyed in the fire of May 1779 and subsequently rebuilt by Bulley. Sheriff George Williams is arrange a fair evaluatioh of the property, then see that possession of the property is restored to John Noble's agent, Robert Shute. No one is allowed to make fish or erect buildings on the plantation without the authority of John Noble.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 97-99.)

43-46

20 March 1780

Betty Pitts

Richard Edwards

Petition presented to the Court by James Power on behalf of Betty Pitts of West Teignmouth, Devon, guardian for the orphans of John and Jane Butler. Thomas Gotham had rented a plantation in St. Johnís from the late John and Jane Butler. Gotham still owes a yearís rent on the plantation, half to the orphans of Mr. and Mrs. Butler and half to Joseph Butler of Port Grave. Sealed and delivered in the presence of J. Cornish and H. Cornish.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 104-106.)

47-50

21 April 1780

Betty Pitts

Richard Edwards

Stating that John and Jane Butler owned a fishing room on the north side of the St. Johnís harbour and that Richard Jordan and William Mardon were renting the room. Jordan & Reardon then leased the room to Thomas Gotham for the remainder of the term; Gotham has yet to pay rent. This room was next to another room also owned by the Butlers yet, in the year 1778, Gotham asked Gov. Montagu for the rights to the room as he claimed that it was unoccupied. Gov. Edwards is asked to force Gotham to pay the rent owed on the first fishing room as well as to give back the second room which is not rightfully his.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp.107-109.)

50-53

17 Feb. 1775

William Reardon, Richard Jordan

 

Indenture between Misters Reardon and Jordan and Thomas Gotham stating that Mr. Gotham will take up their lease on the property of John and Jane Butler. Sealed and delivered in the presence of Rufus Jordan and Thomas Jordan.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 110-113.)

53-54

 

Richard Edwards

 

Thomas Gotham appeared in court and stated that he did in fact owe rent to the orphans of Mr. and Mrs. Butler but that the other claim was untrue. Thomas Bidgood confirmed that the Butlers arranged with Gotham to manage theirproperty so that it would not appear to be vacant, but then Gotham turned around that he had occupied the land because it was indeed vacant. Justices of the Peace Gill and Langman, affirmed Mr. Gotham to be a "troublesome litigeous man".  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 113-114.)

54-56

18 Aug. 1780

Gov. Edwards

High Sheriff and J.P.s of St. Johnís

The Court rules that Thomas Gotham must pay the rent owed to the orphans of John and Jane Butler. It is also ordered that James Power, attorney for Betty Pitts, guardian of the said orphans, should be put in possession of any property on the plantation.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 114-115.) [The entire issue re-surfaces in Oct 1781; see below, pp. 308-309]

56-57

18 Aug. 1780

Gov. Edwards

George Williams High Sheriff of Newfoundland

The principal inhabitants of St. Johnís are to meet in the church on 23 Aug. and nominate ten people to survey the roads, fishing ships, fishing rooms, and boat rooms. They will report to Governor Edwards.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 116.)

58

18 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Proclamation: The number of dogs in St. Johnís has become a concern. Therefore after 31 Aug., no one is allowed to keep more than one dog or face fines.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 117.)

58-59

18 Aug. 1780

Graham for Edwards, Proteus, St. John's

James How, Boatkeeper St. Johnís

Orders How to appear before Gov. Edwards on 22 Aug. to explain why he did not pay a bill of exchange to Mr. Forhan which had been protested.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 118.)

59-60

24 Aug. 1780

Graham for Edwards

 

Robert Carter, J.P. of Ferryland is granted land on the North East River flowing into the sea at Aquafort which he had cleared.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 119.)

60-61

21 Aug. 1780

Edwards

J.P.s St. Johnís

Allowing Edward Cannon, John Brophy and John Wilcox to sell liquor until 25 October "and then to desist".  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 120.)

61

21 Aug. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Morgan Murphy, St. Johnís

Murphy is ordered to appear before Gov. Edwards to answer the complaint made by Michael Power.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 121.)

62

21 Aug. 1780

Graham for Edwards

 

Giving notice that the General Assizes for the trial of felons will be held at the court house on 28 Sept..  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 122.)

62-63

10 Aug. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply HMS Proteus with a variety of ennumerated stores and supplies.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 123.)

63-65

22 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Court held on 22 Aug. heard several complaints: 1) Michael Forhan requested payment of a protested bill drawn by James How. Mr. Forhan ordered to take enough of How's effects to pay the bill. 2) Mortgage dispute between Edward White and Robert Bolland. 3) Michael Power leased a house from Morgan Murphy. Murphy told Power if he left the house he would repay him the money. Power left the house but was never paid. Murphy was ordered to pay Power the money he was owed. 4) John Ellis was ordered to pay Samuel Justham the rent he was owed.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 124-125)

66

23 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

Thomas Thistle, Harbour Grace

John Mollowney vs William Walker ("now a Bankrupt") concerning a protested bill. Thistle is now in possession of the effects of William Walker. Walker owes John Malloney for a protested bill of exchange. Therefore Thistle must give Malloney as much of Walker's effects as will pay off his debt.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 126.)

67

29 Aug. 1780

Committee to inspect the roads of St. Johnís, 10 names

Gov. Edwards

The committee appointed on 23 Aug. to inspect the roads of St. Johnís has done so and submits their report.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 127.)

68-82

1 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Commissioners appointed to regulate the roads in St. Johnís, 10 names

The recommendations of the report on the conditions of the roads in St. Johnís are considered, i.e., what will be required to and how much it will cost to fix the roads. A list of people (129 names for the Upper Division, 192 names for the Lower Division) who live on the roads and the rates they will pay. Gov. Edwards agrees with the assessment of the roads and gives permission for the repairs to go ahead.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 128-134.)

82-84

2 Sep 1780

Gov. Edwards

 

Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill, Thomas Dodd, William Bulley, William Gaden, John Livingstone, and William Thomas are appointed commissioners of Oyer & Terminer with power to hear all criminal cases except treason.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 135-136.)

84-85

3 Sept. 1780

Richard Edward

Isaac Follet J.P. Trepassey

Joseph Richards petitioned that he had an agreement to work for Chris Spurrier of St. Mary's during the summer but when he arrived, Spurrier's agent turned him away. Follet is ordered to look into the matter and if he sees fit to force Spurrier to pay Richards the wages which they had agreed upon.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 137.)

85-86

3 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply Isaac Follet with specified ordnance & stores for the defence of Trepassey.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 140.)

86-87

4 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Charles Garland, J.P. Harbour Grace

Christopher Walsh of Waterford petitioned that he agreed to work for John Clements of Harbour Grace but when he was injured in the leg, Clements refused to employ or pay him upon his returen to work. Garland is to look into the matter.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 141.)

88

4 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Thomas Merrifield, Torbay

Owen Gill & Thomas Sheal complain that they've been cruelly treated and finally let go. Merrifield must employ Gill and Sheal as agreed in their shipping papers.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 142.)

89-90

5 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

 

Court ruling: James Rowe petitions that his late father Edward Rowe purchased a fishing room in Trinity Harbour from John Rixon in 1762. The room was subsequently occupied by Clark & Co. of Weymouth who went bankrupt. Edwards rules that the room is the rightful property of James Rowe.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 143-144.)

90-91

5 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

John Neagle, Petty Harbour

Patrick Dawson was wrongfully accused by Neagle of stealing a piece of beef. In fact the meat had been carried by a dog onto the fish flake where Dawson was working. Dawson was fired from Neagle's employ. Neagle must employ Dawson as by the agreement of his shipping papers.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 145.)

91-92

8 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Samuel Justham, St. Johnís

John Cahill has for many years rented a fishing room in St. Johnís from Arthur Holdsworth of Dartmouth. Recently Cahill was not able to keep the fishing room in repair but Holdsworth's agent refuses to release Cahill from the contract. Justham, agent to Mr. Holdsworth, is required to take possession of the fishing room.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 146.)

93-94

5 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Rulings on a number of Court cases heard on 5 Sept. 1780. 1) Catherine Connol and Mary Power were fined for going on board the Oiseau and bringing liquor to the sailors. 2) John Cahillís wife appeared in court stating that her husband could no longer keep up with the payments of a fishing room. Mr. Justham was ordered to take possession of the room for Mr. Holdsworth. 3) Mr. Neagle was ordered to employ Patrick Dawson agreeable to his shipping papers. 4) Mr. Merrifield was ordered to employ Mr. Gill and Mr. Sheal agreeable to their shipping papers.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 147-148.)

95

     

Blank

96-97

5 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Mr. Pultney, J.P. Fogo

Robert Pringle acts as attorney for Robert Bryan, Waterford, to recover a debt owed by Moses Kilter [or Kitter, or Kelters, as spelled elsewhere], a merchant of Ringwood, who purchased "sundry wares and merchandise" but failed to pay for them in England as agreed. Justice Pultney is to dispose of as much of the effects of Moses Kilter as required to pay the debt owing to Bryan. [See below, "Letters", pp. 10-11; Edwards rescinds this instruction upon learning that Kilter is bankrupt and there may be other creditors.]  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 149-150.)

97-98

6 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

The Surgeons of the Garrison & Surgeons of HMS Mercury and Proteus

The Surgeons are ordered to the garrison hospital to tend to the sick men named by Captain McDonnell of the 71st Regiment and Lieutenant Grant of the 42nd Regiment: nine men listed from the 71st Regiment and three men listed from the 42nd.

98-99

8 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Court cases heard on 8 Sept. 1780. William Clancey claimed that David Power assaulted him and his wife. Dennis Scott and Peter Gordon both testified on the said assault. It was determined that Clancey brought on the dispute himself; case discharged.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 153-154.)

100

9 Sept. 1780

Graham for Adm Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply Samuel Sprat [or Spratt; see below] with specified ordnance stores for the defence of Mortier; to secure a receipt from Sprat or his agent, Stephen Finn.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 155.)

100-101

12 Sept. 1780

Graham for Adm Edwards

Nicholas Gill, JP, St. Johnís

Orders to bring John Mahany along with any firearms he may find before the Governor to answer why he keeps firearms in his house to impede officers from searching for "stragling Seamen".  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 158.)

101

12 Sept. 1780

Graham for Gov Edwards

Richard Bishoprick Master, Ordnance Store Vessel Four Sisters

Orders to receive Lieut. Col. Hay and his family and take them to England.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 159.)

102

13 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Richard Bishoprick Master, Four Sisters

Orders to receive Sergeant Murdouch, "the invalids named in the margin" [11 names] and Mrs. Bowling along with her children and take them all to England.

102

16 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Richard Bishoprick Master, Four Sisters

Orders to go on board the sloop Fairy and receive orders from Captain Keppel and then to proceed under his convoy to England.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 160.)

103

19 Sept. 1780

Graham for Gov Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply HMS Vestal with forty half barrels of powder.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 161.)

103-105

19 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Joseph Neave, Little Placentia or his agent

In 1776, John Corbin, Nicholas Buck and Daniel Corbin contracted with Neave to produce fish in exchange for supplies and provisions from Neave. The arrangement lasted until last year when Neave reduced the price given for fish produced and also increased the cost of supplies, despite the fact that no new written contract was drawn up. Neave is therefore ordered to pay the agreed amount (12 shillings/quintal) for the fish they have caught and the agreed price for provisions. MrNeave must also pay Nicholas Buck for dieting the three men for all of last winter.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 166-167.)

106-109

19 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Court cases heard on 19 Sept. 1780: 1) John Mahany accused of breaking the peace, keeping a "bad house" & possessing firearms belonging to the Crown with the intent of opposing officers in the execution of their duty. Corporal Alex Campbell, Corporal William Murdock, and Corporal Francis McNab all testified that Mahany claimed not to fear the Press, that he had loaded weapons that he would use to "blow any bugers brains out that would dare to lay hold of him." Mahany was fined £20. 2) John Paulk, 71st Regt, complained that William Cassels was found in bed with his wife. James Cameron testified on the matter. Cassels and Mrs. Paulk confessed to being in bed together; Cassels was fined £5 to pay for Mrs Paulk's passage to England. 3) Matthew Hearty was brought before the court for buying shoes from one of the soldiers of the 42nd Regiment. Hearty was ordered to pay a fine of £5 & released.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 168-170.)

109-110

20 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Charles Garland, JP, Harbour Grace

Response to petition from Charles Carrol, who paid for & received a barrel of pork from George Davis which turned out to be bad. Davis is ordered to pay Carrol the barrel of pork which he is owed. Garland had been ordered by Edwards on 25 Oct 1779 to deal with the matter but had failed to do so. Garland is ordered to carry out this instruction immediately.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 171.)

110-111

24 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply Mr. Coughlan with itemized ordnance & stores for the defense of Spear Harbour on the coast of Labrador.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 172.)

111-112

24 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply the Garrison at Placentia with ordnance & stores.

112

26 Sept. 1780

Graham for Gov Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply the gunner of HM Sloop Cygnet with four large aprons of lead.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 173.)

113

27 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Ensign Hawkins 84th Regiment C.O. of Placentia

Ensign Hawkins is requested to ask the storekeeper of ordnance at Placentia to supply Mr. Saunders with equipment for the defence of Paradise.

114

26 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Isaac Follet J.P. Trepassey

Henry Ellison, agent to Samuel Wadhitton of Trepassey, is ordered to pay Michael Dulhunty the balance of his wages that he is owed.

115-116

27 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Mr. Pultney, J.P. Fogo

Christopher Moore complains on behalf of his employer Jeremiah Coghlan that Andrew Connors, John Burton, Sanson Cook, and Thomas Riggs, "fishing planters of Fogo", owe Coghlan substantial sums of money for supplies received to conduct their fisheries; Moore suspects that the men intend to deliver their fish to persons other than Coghlan. Edwards orders that the planters must pay Coghlan the money owing, minus money to pay their servants' wages.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 174-175.)

116-117

28 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply the sloop Cygnet with additional ordnance stores.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 176.)

117-146

28 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Proceedings of the General Assizes, with names of the Commissioners and the members of the Grand Jury.

1) [This case began in 1779; see pp. 13-14 of Vol. 8 of the Letterbooks] On 29 Sept. Michael Darrigan, incarcerated for the murder (in company with four other Irishmen) of Cornelius Gallery the previous October, was charged with escaping from his imprisonment on the sloop Cygnet in December [NB: the crime and the escape must have taken place in 1779 because the Assizes were held in 1780. Yet the dates of the crime & the escape are consistently given as 1780]. 120-121 testimony of John Hall (Royal Artillery). 121 Testimony of James Scott. 121-122 testimony of Phillip Baskerville (Capt, HM Sloop Cygnet). Darrigan was found guilty of the charge of escaping confinement.

2) 122-123: Indictment of John Cook of Torbay, charged with assaulting & drowning John Vickey in a shallop while they and 2 others were sailing out of St. John's Harbour. 124-125 testimony of Daniel Samond (soldier, 71st Reg't). Cook was found guilty of manslaughter. A list is provided (125-126) of the various costs incurred by the court.

3) 126-143 Indictment of Michael Darrigan, Thomas Burks, John Mahany, John Crow and Daniel Crow for the murder of Cornelius Gallery. Gallery was assaulted by the men with cutlass & shovels, and died of his wounds after 3 days. Testimony of Maj. Robert Pringle (129-130), Dr. Thomas Dodd (130), John Kennelly (130-135), James Mahany (135-138), Thomas Sheal (138-140), Nicholas Gill, JP who took Gallery's dying statement (140-142) and deposition of John Kennelly (142-143). Several verdicts were rendered.

4) [See Letterbooks, Vol. 8, p. 46] John Doyle was determined to be "non Compos Mentis, and not fit to be tryed for his life, as he cannot plead for himself."

143-145 a recap of the verdicts of the jury. 146 Michael Darrigan was sentenced to death. John Mahaney, Daniel Crow, Thomas Burke, and John Crow were sentenced to be banished to Ireland and could not return to Newfoundland on pain of death.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 177-202.)

147

29 Sept. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Robert Carter, JP, Ferryland

John Mara is owed seven guineas for a boat that he built for Misters Rogers and Tree.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 206.)

148

30 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Reid, Naval Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper at St. Johnís, with three tons of "Junk"  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 207.) ["Junk" refers to remnants of old cable, rope, etc. which os cut into smaller portions and used to make mats, gaskets, etc.]

148-149

2 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

William Abbot, Bonavista

Abbot must relinquish his claim and give Jonah Newell possession of a plantation as per the order dated 21 Sept. 1779.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 211.)

149-150

3 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

George Williams, High Sheriff of Newfoundland

Orders Williams to carry out the execution of Michael Darrigan tomorrow, 4 Oct..  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 212.) [The order contains a weird mistake; Williams is ordered to proceed to the jail and take "Cornelius Gallery" to the place of execution. Gallery was the man Darrigan murdered! The rest of the letter makes clear that Darrigan is the one to be hanged.]

151-155

4 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Court Cases heard at Fort William on 4 Oct.. 1) Petition by John Ellis complains that John Mahaney insulted and threatened him from his gaol cell; 152: Testimony of Mr. Reid, William Paddon, Matthew Whailing about Mahany's behavious. Mahaney ordered to be brought back to prison and to appear before the court once again the following Friday. 2) Corporal Pearce, one of Portland's marines, was accused of stealing fish from John Codner. 153: Testimony of Corporal Pearce and William Bond (another marine). 154: Testimony of John Jervis (also a marine). 155: Testimony of Richard Ballhatchet and James Murphy, two of Codner's employees. Corporal Pearce was ordered back to prison and that he be brought back on Friday to receive sentencing.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 213-216.)

155-156

5 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Captain Nathan Brooks, Royal Reg't of Rangers (Bay of Bulls)

Brooks must pay Thomas Benger for a schooner which he sold to Brooks because the bills of exchange used in payment (amounting to £145) were protested.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 217.)

156-157

5 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Edward Langman, Minister St. Johnís

Langman is accused of marrying men and women who already have living spouses and therefore no person is to be married without first publishing the banns in Church according to the law.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 218.)

157-196

6 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

At a Court held at Fort William on 6 Oct. 1780. 158-159: 1) Sentencing of John Mahany and Corporal Pearce. Mahany is fined and warned to remain on good behavious. Pearce was sentenced to 40 lashes by the "Common whipper" for stealing fish from John Codner, but Codner asked that he be discharged because his captain gave a good report of his character. 2) 159: the petition of Benjamin Keene concerning a dispute among the executors over the disposition of his late father's properties in Nfld. 170: The last will and testament of William Keene. 183: Power of attorney produced by Benjamin Keene. 189: Benjamin Keene is given possession of all the estates of William Keene found in St. Johnís, Petty Harbour, Harbour Grace, Bonavista, Keels and Greenspond, and anywhere else found on the island. 3) 190: Petition by William Cockran of HMS Portland, to secure possession of property owned in Nfld by his late father William Cockran of Boston, New England, who died in 1778 while en route from Jamaica to Nfld.; Cockran asserts his legitimacy as his father's heir by recounting his life story, including an apprenticeship to a firm of London merchants. 195: Gov Edwards had turned that property over to the late William Cockran's niece, having believed her to be the nearest relative, but he now accepts William Cockran's petition and evidence, and confirms him as the rightful heir and authorized to take possession of his estate.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 219 as well as pp. 230-267.)

197

9 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter, JP, Ferryland

John Cahill and James Alword are in a dispute over the making of fish by Alword for Cahill. Cahill must honour the fishing agreement signed by him with Alword.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 268.)

198

10 Oct. 1780

Graham for Gov Edwards  

Proclamation: the men jigging for squid at Bay Bulls must refrain from shouting whenever women pass by ("they Ö set up such a horrible howling, shouting noise, and Blowing of horns"). This must stop or face felony charges. Masters & merchants must tell their servants to go quietly about their business.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 269.)

199

10 Oct. 1780

Graham for Edwards

William Keene, Greenspond

William Keene is allowed to demand payment for the several specified bills he received which were returned protested.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 270.)

200

13 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

At the courthouse, William Bowden, John Meardon, and William Clancy, complained that they agreed to fish for Wilt Davis, boatkeeper, "upon the share" but that Davis did not cure the fish properly so that some of it spoiled and was thrown away. Alexander McDonnell and William Oliver, shoremen to Mr. Davis, confirm this. Davis was ordered to pay for the fish that was thrown overboard.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 271.

201

14 Oct. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

Patrick Ryan complained that he shipped himself to James Butler for the fishing season of the previous year for an agreed payment, but Butler has refused to abide by the full terms of the contract. Butler is ordered to pay Ryan the money and three yards of canvas as per their agreement.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 274.)

202

16 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Thomas Brace is given the right to use a specified parcel of land at Quiddy Viddy between that of Nicholas Bewbury and Richard Jordan. This is in compensation for land taken from Brace for the construction of a battery to defend Quiddy Viddy.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 275.)

202

16 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Giving Joseph Kavannaugh permission to build a house at the bottom of the brook in St. Johnís, "having been recommended to me as a sober, honest and industrious Peruke maker [powdered wig maker] and Hair Dresser."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 276.) [Kavannaugh will make another appearance with another request to expand his business nearly twenty years later, in 1799; see Vol. 15, pp. 310-313]

203

16 Oct. 1780

Graham for Edwards

 

John Livingston, merchant, is granted the ground on the south side of Quiddy Viddy pond adjoining the plantation of Captain Caddy for cultivation.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 277.)

204-205

17 Oct. 1780

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Nicholas Gill, JP, St. Johnís

Mrs. Fitzpatrick is ordered to pay Charles Shaw "Keeper of the Common Gaol" for looking after two prisoners who were under suspicion of breaking into and robbing Fitzpatrick's house. They were kept in the gaol from 6 Dec. 1777 until their acquittal at the Assizes in Sept. 1778.  Fitzpatrick has paid some of the costs but not all "which according to the Custom of the Island (as there is no fund established for the support of prisoners) she should do as Prosecuter."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 278.)

205

18 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Edward Freeman is granted a specified plot of land on which to build a house with a garden, for having voluntarily taken up arms last winter for the defence of Nfld.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 279.)

206

18 Oct. 1780

Graham for Edwards

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís

Orders to supply Charles Pearson, Master of the ship letter of marque London, with 8 barrels of gunpowder in return for his draft in payment.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 280.)

206-207

19 Oct. 1780

Graham for Edwards

 

Confirmation of the land grant in Quiddy Viddy given to Lieut. John Caddy by Governor Montagu in 1778 and subsequently expanded.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 281-282.)

208

19 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

A copy of a land grant given to Mary Scott by Gov. Montagu on 29 Oct 1777 in lieu of land lost to her on account of the "new works". Gov. Edwards confirms the grant.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 283.)

209

20 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

In court, James Fleming complains that his master William Middleton would not pay the balance of his wages and that Middleton put Fleming in debt by over charging him. Evidence bears this out and Middleton was ordered to pay Fleming half of his wages in accordance with the Act of Parliament.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 284.)

210-212

16 Oct. 1780

George Williams, St. Johnís

 

Sheriff Williamsí account of fines and forfeitures received in the past year.

213-214

17 Oct. 1780

Nicholas Gill

 

Extract of fines received by Nicholas Gill.

215-220

22 Oct. 1780

Graham for Edwards, HMS Portland

Lieut. Col. Robert Pringle, Commandant St. Johnís

Military procedures to be followed at St. John's and area in the event of an enemy attack during Edwards' absence from Nfld.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 285-289.)

220-221

27 Oct. 1780

Graham for Gov Edwards

George Williams, High Sheriff of Newfoundland

As John Doyle is still found to be insane and can not stand trial, his possessions are to be sold to settle his debts and then send him and his children back to Ireland. Also, John Mahany and John Crow (who were sentenced to be transported to Ireland) are to be sent to the West Indies as they have requested.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 290.)

222

26 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

Patrick Doyle, the brother of John Doyle, states that the rum, sugar, and chocolate in the house of his brother John was purchased from Nathaniel Philips. Phillips is to be paid out of the sale of John Doyle's assets; the balance is to be returned to Phillips.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 291.)

222

27 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

 

In future, all fines are to be received and held by Justice Gill, who will then turn them over to Edwards upon his return the next year.

1781

223

16 July 1781

Richard Edwards, Portland, St. John's

Lieut Col Pringle

Memorandum: The signal man is ordered to report to Edwards every evening upon his return from Signal Hill.

223

17 July 1781

Graham for Edwards

Ordnance Storekeeper

Orders to supply the gunner of  HMS Daedalus with gunpowder and match.

224

18 July 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

Charles Garland, JP, Harbour Grace

Hugh Roberts is ordered to pay Joseph Knight for a bill of exchange which had been protested. [See also below, p. 231]

225

21 July 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply HM Sloop Duchess of Cumberland with gunpowder.

225-226

21 July 1781

Richard Graham for Gov Edwards

Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply HM Sloop Morning Star with ordnance and stores.

227

21 July 1781

Grahan for Gov  Edwards

Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply HM Sloop Cygnet with one 6-pounder carriage gun.

227

21 July 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply HM Sloop Duchess of Cumberland with twelve half barrels of gunpowder.

228

21 July 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

Lieut. Col. Pringle

Signals to be observed at Amherst Tower of ships and vessels entering St. Johnís harbour. The signals are to be in the possession of the commanding officer at Amherst Tower and not to be communicated to any one else.

229

21 July 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

Master of the Ellison transport

Orders to receive Mr. Greethead of the Engineers and eight artificers and carry them to the garrison at Quebec.

229-230

23 July 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

 

Robert Eustace, "late of Renews ... and now Bankrupt", "as mentioned in the annexed Indenture" [not included] is to take upon himself the management of all houses, lands, fishing places, etc. in Nfld as is mentioned in the Indenture.

230

23 July 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply HM Sloop Cygnet with specified ordnance stores.

231

6 Aug. 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

John Walsh petitions for payment of the balance of his wages. He had been paid with a bill of exchange that was lost going home. He wants the second or third copies of the bill to be paid out of the effects of Hugh Roberts, who was also lost going home. Garland is ordered to see that this is done.

232

8 Aug. 1781

Richard Edwards

Capt. McDonall 71st Reg't, Capt. Wright, Royal Artillery Fort Townshend

Lt. John Grant, C.O. of the detachment of the 42nd Reg't, reports that several of his men are sick in hospital "and totally unfit for Service." McDonall & Wright are to survey the men, with assistance of the Surgeon.

233-234

13 Aug. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís

Orders to supply the sloop Morning Star with specified ordnance stores.

234-236

10 Aug 1781 John Sevin, Coroner, & jury of 12 men  

An inquest by John Sevin, Coroner, and 12 "good and lawful Men" into the death of John Bishop. Benjamin Smith, a boy not yet 14 years of age, from the brig Phoenix of Bermuda, Charles Saunderson, master, was hunting birds though "not well Used to handle a Gun." He accidentally fired into Bishop's house, striking him with a mortal wound. The jury ruled this an accidental death. 236 Testimony of Charles Henderson mast of the brig Phoenix, the ship which Benjamin Smith belonged to. 237 Testimony of George Hutchings.

236-237 12 Aug 1781 Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill, JPs   Testimony of Charles Henderson [not Saunderson here], master of brigantine Phoenix. Benjamin Smith went ashore on the South Side to cut spruce and to deliver 4 sheep to Mr. Hutchings's stage. Hutchings, being in the boat at the time, saw that Smith had a carbine; examination showed it to be loaded. When Henderson next saw Smith, he was being returned a prisoner to the brigantine in the custody of Jonathan Rich and a black man named Davy.
237-238 12 Aug 1781 Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill, JPs   Testimony of George Hutchings. He was on board the Phoenix, negotiating a cargo of fish with Henderson, when Henderson ordered 4 sheep to be off-loaded and delivered to Hutchings' wharf. This was done by two white boys and a black man. That's when Hutchings noticed the gun; the boys assured him that their master knew they had it. Hutchings insisted that they unload the weapon, but they were unable to do so.

238-239

21 Aug. 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

John Dingle, Bay of Bulls

Mr. Lloyd's agent, John Treat, of Bay Bulls paid Elizabeth Mitchell for servant's wages in 1778 with a bill of exchange which was subsequently protested. It includes a fairly  detailed account of the transaction -- the amount, by whom the bill was drawn in Nfld, the person in Ireland by whom the bill was to be cashed, the penalties for a protested bill. Edwards orders Dingle to see that Elizabeth Micthell is paid her wages by Mr. Lloyd's agent.

239-240

22 Aug. 1781

Richard Edwards

William Lilley, Harbour Grace

The cutter being built by Lilley is much needed. Edwards has been patient but now wants Lilley to inform him of the date when it will be ready.

240

24 Aug. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Justice Gill, St. Johnís

William Gorman rented a house from John Chill for 3 years. After 2 years, the house was pulled down because a murder had been committed in it. Now Gorman refuses to pay the rent for the two years of occupancy. He is ordered to pay the rent that he owes to John Cahill.

241-242

31 Aug. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Nicholas Gill, St. Johnís

In 1778 Martin Meagher appointed John Scott supercargo of a vessel sent to Quebec where Scott was to dispose of the cargo. Bad weather forced the vessel to Ireland instead, where the damaged cargo was sold by order of the underwriters. Scott sold the vessel too, without authority. The case was referred by Edwards to several local merchants who determined the amount Scott owed Meagher. Edwards orders that payment be made.

242-253

3 Sept. 1781

A. Graham for Gov. Edwards

 

Proceedings of a court held today in St. Johnís.

1. (pp. 242-3) a belfry is to be added to the church in St. Johnís; it will contain five bells and paid for with public money.

2. (pp. 243-253) A complicated land dispute involving John Way, boatkeeper and husband of the widow of John Langworthy, and a nephew of John Langworthy, over ownership of land which has been leased more than once to others between 1764 and 1781. A great many documents are submitted in support of those claims.  In the end, Gov Edwards rules in favour of John Way.

253

3 Sept. 1781

Graham for Edwards

George Williams, High Sheriff Newfoundland

Orders to deliver Neil McCavar to Lieut Grant of the 42nd Regiment, as "by Neglect the Evidence against him" was allowed to go to sea in HM Sloop Atalanta, only to be captured [by the American frigate Alliance in Aug. 1781].

253-254

17 Sept. 1781

Graham for Edwards

Nicholas Gill, JP, St. Johnís

John Dwyer's brother-in-law Patrick Lewis died in the service of Benjamin Lester, Trinity, leaving Dwyer's wife as executrix. Gov. Montague had ordered Lester's agent, Mr. Stone, to deliver everything belonging to Lewis to John Dwyer. This was never done. Edwards orders Gill to attach anything at St. John's belonging to Stone and hold it until Dwyer gets his property, or to dispose of it in compensation for Dwyer.

255

19 Sept. 1781

   

Appointed Capt. Ralph Milbank as Edwards' Surrogate of any harbour which he may enter.

255-256

19 Sept. 1781

Graham for Edwards

(John) Codner, St. Johnís

Codner is ordered to appear at the court house on 20 Sept. to answer a complaint made by Jeremiah Coughlan of Fogo, that Codner has been maliciously spreading rumours that have injured Coughlan's credit (Codner has claimed that Coughlan has been drawing bills on John Beecher of London that are worthless).

256-274

19 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

 

Court cases heard on 19 Sept. 1781.

1) 256-7: Luke Ryan was fined £10 for selling beef at a price higher than was set by the governor on 29 August.

2) 257-61: William Henry Coughlan presented a petition for his father Jeremiah of Bristol, trading & fishing in Nfld & Labrador; petition includes a summary of the history & scale of Coughlan's business, and his credit relationship with John Beecher of London, on whom Coughlan has drawn bills of Exchange to the satisfaction of all who conduct business with Coughlan. But John Codner if Dartmouth has maliciously claimed that Coughlan's bills drawn on Beecher are worthless. Coughlan petitions for redress. 261-2: Coughlan submits letters confirming his claim, mentioning Codner's accomplices (Codner to Sansom Cook, Aug 1781; George Cartwright to George Marsh, Apr 1781; Cartwright to Robert Cuttingham, Apr 1781; Coughlan's response to John Codner, Aug 1781; Gabriel Akerman & Michael Lawton of Fogo in support of Jeremiah Coughlan; Thomas & William Harvey in support of Coughlan; John Beecher in support of Coughlan; William Murry, Notary, verifying credit worthiness of Coughlan). 273-4: Codner appeared in court to answer the Coughlan's complaint. Edwards concluded that there were no bases for Codner's complains and that they were an attempt to harm his trade and credit and that anybody doing business with Coughlan should ignore the accusations. [Ironically, the accusations may have been true for Coughlan -- or Coghlan -- went bankrupt in 1782; see essay on Coghlan in DCB]

274-282

21 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

 

Court cases heard on 21 Sept. 1781.

1) 274-6: Stephen Clary and Nathaniel Gill petitioned that they had permission to build on land adjoining the church yard but when they began to build, Mr. Thomas, a merchant, intervened saying that the land was a fishing room which he intended to use as such. Thomas presented the court with his fishing certificate. It was decided that the land was reserved for fishing rooms and that Clary and Gill had to remove what they had built. Thomas also complained that Alexander McClures built part of a house on the beach of the same fishing room. McClure appeared in court and confirmed that he knew the land was meant for shipping rooms and was willing to tear down the house. 276-7: Gov. Edwards' decree concerning this case.

2) 277-81: Thomas Murphy was accused of insulting and abusing Justice Gill verbally. Two constables testify about the circumstances which led to Murphy's verbal outburst, as did two other witnesses. 281: Murphy was found guilty and ordered incacreated for a month or pay a fine of £30.

3) Jane Cockeran presented a petition complaining that a large boar belonging to Robert Bulley and allowed to run about the harbour and caused the death of a boy who was in her care and just reaching an age "to have a little strength to do your petitioner Some Service". Bulley insistes that all his swine were kept penned in but that the boar broke loose. He was ordered to pay the surgeon's fee and for the funeral of the boy.

282-283

24 Sept. 1780

Graham for Gov. Edwards

-

Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill, Thomas Dodd, Richard Hutchings, William Gaden, John Levingstone, and William Thomas are appointed Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer.

284-285

8 Aug. 1772

 

-

Thomas Ley (or Leg), fisherman & trader, was indebted to John Brown, Surgeon, for £25. Ley paid the debt to Brown by turning over his plantation and the boats therein, occupied at the time by Thomas Wakeman or Messrs Pinson. Witnessed by David Walsh and William White.

285-286

16 Mar. 1781

31 signatures  

The men all confirm that the fishing room at St. John's known as Hudsons Cove belonged to the late John Squarey of West "Tinmouth" [i.e., Teignmouth], Devon.

287

28 Sept. 1781

Graham for Edwards, HMS Portland

Lieut. Col. Pringle, Nfld Reg't

Pringle is ordered to turn 3 prisoners over to HM Sloop Morning Star, to be carried to England.

287-288

29 Sept. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

 

James Hunter is given a land grant to replace land that was taken from him for the use of Fort Townshend. The precise location and limits of both pieces of land are defined.

288-290

29 Sept. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Robert Carter, Ferryland

In 1779 Patrick Casey was paid by Robert Eustace, merchant "now Bankrupt" for his "Halifax voyage" and the wages of 6 servants (identified by name and amount)  in bills that were subsequently protested. By Act of Parliament, all fish & oil made by merchants and fishermen should be used first to pay servants' wages. By Gov Edwards' decree of 25 July 1780, the estate of Robert Eustance was turned over to John Murphy agent for James Sutton and Englebert Mulhauson at Renews. It is their responsibility to pay Patrick Casey for the protested bills as well as pay Joseph Hansford the rest of the money owed him by Robert Eustace for wages in 1779.

290-291

 

Robert Carter, JP, Ferryland

 

Confirms that in May 1779, William Rows and William Skinner, Constables  of Renews, did measure the property of Michael Dutton, Surgeon in Ferryland, for the cultivation of potatoes.

291

29 Sept. 1781

Graham for Gov.  Edwards

 

Confirms that the land described above in Renews is granted to Michael Dutton, of Ferryland, provided it does not interfere with the fishery

291-292

1 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

George Williams, High Sheriff

At the court held 20 Sep 1781, Thomas Murphy was ordered to spend a month in jail or pay a fine for his behaviour. Williams is ordered to see that the terms of this penalty are carried out.

292-293

4 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

 

Proclamation: Nine American prisoners escaped from the Proteus, prison ship, with arms and ammunition, hid in the woods, then tried to take a schooner coming into port. This is to direct people to help locate the escapees & turn them over to the authorities. Anyone who knows where they are and fails to report them will be treated as traitors.

293-294

8 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Daniel Annes, Thomas Demontt

They were each bound by a £100 to appear in court to testify in the matter of the murder of Samuel Young by Richard Osmont; they will forfeit the bond if they fail to report immediately to the court or before Edwards' departure from Nfld.

294

8 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov Edwards

?? [no name given; presumably the Ordnance Storekeeper]

Lt. Col. Pringle has reported that a considerable quany of p[rovisions in storage is damaged and unfit for consumption. "You are hereby required & directed" to inpsect the provisions in the garrison store and assess the damaged. If it is as reported, he is to leave it in Pringle's charge, "to be disposed of in the usual manner" 

295-296

5 Sep 1781

Nicholas Gill, JP

 

Edward Cannon and Walter DeGraves charged John Lake of the 71st Reg't with stealing from them (one short, one silver watch); The two men agreed to a bond of £50 each, as a guarantee that they would appear in court to testify. They evidently failed to do so, and Gill now wants the bonds to be forfeit.

296-297

12 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

George Williams, High Sheriff of Newfoundland

Williams is directed to make Cannon and DeGraves pay their fine of £50.

297-300

10 Oct. 1781

Nicholas Gill

 

An Extract of fines & fees (pp. 297-299) and expenditures (p. 300) received by Nicholas Gill. [An interesting document; it summarizes the nature of the infraction of crime, the size of the fine, the nature and amount of fees, etc. Some of the fees can be quite revealing, such as one for keeping a tennis court, another for keeping a billiard table. A number of the individuals identified appeared previously in court proceedings]

301-302

16 Oct 1780 to present

George Williams, High Sheriff

 

The Sheriffís account of fines, fees, & expenditures.

303

11 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter

Edwards has learned that a number of debts are still owing to Robert Eustace, who went bankrupt. Case in point: Patrick Casey, who recently sued for payment of outstanding debts, is himself indebted to Eustace for over £35. Edwards therefore orders that anyone owing money to Robert Eustace must pay their debts.

303-307

13 Oct 1781 Graham for Gov. Edwards Nicholas Gill, JP & George Williams, Sheriff

In accordance with the decision of the court on 3 Sept, a belfry is to be built for the church in St. John's. Most of this document is a transcript of the agreement with William Earl, who is to build the belfry and six pews for the church. See again below, pp. 338-339

308-309

16 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

 

Court cases heard at the court house on the 16th of Oct..

1) The state of the roads were enquired into, and steps are authorized for improvements to proceed.

2) The case of Wakeham and Tracey was enquired into. This case first surfaced in 1778 when Montague was governor; see Vol. 7, pp. 76-77. The Sheriff is ordered to see that Montague's decision is immediately enforced. See also below, p. 312.

3) The case of Thomas Gotham and Betty Pitts, first heard by the court in Aug 1780 [see above, pp. 43-56], is reopened with additional testimony not previously brought forward. It was determined that the original decree of last year would stand; Betty Pitts would keep the property for the orphans of John and Jane Butler.

309-310

15 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards, HMS Portland

Thomas Jones Master of the ship Friends

Jones is ordered to take on board 361 American prisoners and proceed to Boston, then proceed to Portsmouth, England in ballast.

310-311

16 Oct. 1781

Graham for Edwards

Jeremiah Coghlan, JP, Fogo

Nathaniel Phillips complains that in 1776 he sold a quantity of rum, molasses & sugar to Jonathan Slade of Twillingate, and received partial payment; Slade's agent, Moses Cheater, asked him to keep some of the rum, molasses & sugar on Phillips' vessel & carry it from Fogo to Twillingate. Phillips agreed, but Slade refused to pay for anything that left Fogo. Cheater confirmed the arrangement in a letter to Gov. Edwards. Slade is therefore ordered to pay the balance owing to Phillips. [In fact, Phillips' vessel sank as it left Fogo; this is why Slade won't pay. In a separate document, Edwards demanded confirmation from Cheater that he had approved the arrangement, and if so, asked Cheater why he won't pay for the lost goods. See below, "Letters," pp. 46-47]

311-312

16 Oct. 1781

Graham for Adm. Edwards

 

George Hutchings requested that a specified piece of land be granted to him on which to build. Edwards agrees.

312

16 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

George Williams

Williams is ordered to execute the decree of Gov. Montagu (see Vol. 7, pp. 76-77).

313

17 Oct. 1781

Graham for Adm. Edwards

JPs St. Johns, & High Sheriff of Nfld

The roads of St. John's are in "very bad order" because people refuse to remove parts of their flakes & other "nuisances". They are to direct Constables to cut down flakes and remove any other nuisances from the roads.

314-315

18 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Nicholas Gill

Samuel Spratt, a merchant of Mortier, was ordered last year (see below, "Letters", pp. 14-15) to pay the wages of several servants who worked for Richard Allen, a boatkeeper who had received his supplies from Spratt in exchange for the fish of that season. Spratt has not done so. This is to orders that Spratt's effects be seized & disposed to pay that debt (the names of the sevear servants & the amount of debts are again listed).

315-316

20 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

George Williams, High Sheriff

Mrs. Jane Keith, widow & executrix of the late John Keith, sold her interest in the lease of a plantation called "Cowells" to Mr. Ellmes. But Ellmes declines to pay because Dennis Carey has ecnroached upon that plantation. The Sheriff is to see that all such encroachments are removed and that the boundaries of the plantation are properly measured.

316

22 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Jonathan Lees, Barrack Master

Lees is ordered to take care of all the furniture in the governors house located within the fort until the governor's return in the spring.

317

22 Oct. 1781

Graham for Adm. Edwards

Thomas Dodd, Garrison Surgeon, St. Johnís

Alexander Willson, surgeon of the garrison at Placentia, is short of medicines because the chest sent to him by the Board of Ordnance in 1779 was instead taken by Dodd and used for the St. John's garrison. Dodd is ordered to supply Willson with the quantity & quality of the medicines that he took. [Willson first complains of this appropriation of the medicines to Edwards in Vol. 7, "Letters", pp.186 and 187-188. At that time, Edwards gave his approval to the appropriation]

318

25 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

Clement Noel purchased fishing rooms in 1774 from "one LeSuier" and another from "Philip Taque" and has bills of sale as proof. He now wants the boundaries of those rooms to be measured off. Garland is ordered to see to this.

318-319

25 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

Isaac Follet, JP, Trepassey

Darby Main, Michael Christopher & John Cummingham contracted to fish for with James Kenny & Michael Pursell. By July, Kenney & Pursell ran out of provisions & salt, so they delivered what they had to Isaac Framton, then turned the three servannts out without any pay for time served. This violates the Act of Parliament which stipulates that seamen & fishermen get paid first. Follet is therefore to order Kenney & Pursell to pay Main, Christopher, and Cummingham their wages. If they cannot, then Framton must pay whatever wages are owing.

320

25 Oct. 1781

Graham for Adm. Edwards

 

Edwards confirms the decree of William Brown to Charles Garland, forbidding anyone from disturbing Garland "in the quiet and peaceable possession of the place called Emanuel in Conception Bay."

320-321

27 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

 

Edwards has decided to establish the boundaries of HM Naval Hospital in St. John's. The limits are defined.

321-322

27 Oct. 1781

Graham for Gov. Edwards

 

The limits of a grant of land for William Webber are defined.

322-331

2 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

 

Proceedings of a Court of Oyer & Terminer held on 2 Oct 1781:

1) 323-324: John Lake of the 71st Regiment was tried for "Burglary and Larceny", having broken into the house of Walter DeGraves & stolen a silver watch, and stolen a "Ruffled Shirt" from Edward Cannon. 324: list of the grand jury. 325 Lake pleads not guilty. DeGraves and Edward Cannon failed to appear in court to prosecute Lake. Therefore Lake was acquitted of the charges.

2) 326-328: Richard Osment of Doreset, charged with the murder of Samuel Young in Aug. 1781 in Sops Arm, White Bay; Osment struck Young with a bucket and then punched & kicked him before trying to help him up. Osment pleads not guilty. 328: list of the jury. Presecutors were called forth, but none appeared. Witnesses were then called forth. 329 Testimony of John Pitman; confirms what happened but emphasizes the suddenness of the altercation. 330 Testimony of Alexander McKennie and John Baker; same story. 331 Juty finds Osment not guilty.

3): 331: George Williams becomes Commissioner of the Peace; John Livingston becomes High Sheriff.

332

28 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Nicholas Gill, George Williams, JPs

Extenuating circumstances having come to light, Edward Cannon is now required to pay a fine of only £25 and that his bond is now to be cancelled.

333

14 July 1781

Graham for Edwards

Nicholas Gill, Judge, Vice Admiralty Court of Nfld

Gill is appointed Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court of Newfoundland, in accordance with a letter from the Admiralty Secretary, Mr. Stephens, dated 13 Jan 1781. 

334-337

27 Oct. 1781

Graham, for Edwards

 

Nicholas Gill, George Williams, and Edward Langman are appointed Justices of the Peace for the District of St. Johnís. The document outlines their powers, duties and responsibilities..

337-339

     

Agreement that William Earl will build the belfry in St. Johnís; see above, pp. 303-307

340-341

25 Mar. 1771

Henry Radford

 

Henry Radford, carpenter at St. John's, will shortly marry Betty Branscombe, widow of the late Arthur Branscombe, formerly of St. John's. This appears to be a sort of prenuptial agreement, for Radford is conceding that his wife to be will have full rights of possession & control over any properties owned by her mother, Mrs Mary Arnold of St. John's, when she passes away, without any hindrance or interference by Henry Radford..

1782

341

31 July 1782

John Campbell

William Gaden

William Gaden is appointed as Vendue Master at St. Johnís. [The term ďvendue masterĒ was a designation in use in British colonial ports in the eighteenth century. When merchants were unable to sell goods in the ordinary course of business, they would auction them off.  The vendue master was in charge of these auction sales. Selling goods at vendue was almost always selling at a loss.]

342-348

15 May 1782

Whitehall

 

Naming John Campbell Governor of Newfoundland and outlining his powers and duties.

348-349

2 Aug. 1782

Aaron Graham for John Campbell

 

Proclamation: Concerning deserters from his majestyís vessels who have been employed by merchants and boat keepers. As of this date anyone who is found employing deserters will be held accountable to the full power of the law. Any one who delivers a deserter to the proper authorities will receive a reward of forty shillings.

350-351

12 Aug. 1782

John Campbell

Capt. Peter Baskerville, HM Sloop Cygnet

Baskerville's appointment as Surrogate at any port which he may enter; his powers, duties and responsibilities are described.

351-352

14 Aug. 1782

Graham for Gov. Campbell

Robert Bulley

Robert Bulley is appointed Storekeeper and Paymaster of His Majestyís Ordnance at St. Johnís (previous Sorekeeper, Paxton Hatch, has died).

352-353

19 Aug. 1782

Graham for Gov. Campbell

JP or in his absence the constable at Fogo

John Conden was paid by Jeremiah Couglan wages with a bill drawn on Thomas & William Harvey of Youghall, Ireland; the bill was protested. Conden wants his money. Coughlan is ordered to pay John Conden & if necessary have effects impounded to cover that charge plus costs..

354

21 Aug. 1782

Graham for Gov. Campbell

JP Fogo

More bills used by Jeremiah Couglan to pay servants' wages have been protested (six men are identified with the amounts owing); the JP at Fogo is ordered to see that Coughlan pays these men their wages.

355

28 Aug. 1782

John Campbell

Nicholas Payne, Marshall of the Vice Admiralty Court at Fogo

Messrs Jeffery & Street of Trinity supplied Jeremiah Coughlan with salt & provisions for the fishery this year, but the bills of exchange used in payment have been protested. Coughlan is ordered to pay Jeffery and Street the money they are owed.

356

28 Aug. 1782

Graham for Gov. Campbell

Nicholas Pane, Marshall of the Vice Adm'y Court, Fogo

Same situation with Benjamin Lester & Company of Trinity; bills of exchange used to purchase provisions & salt have been protested. Coughlan must pay the amounts owed. owed.

357

9 Sept. 1782

Graham for Gov. Campbell

Lt. Col. Pringle

Pringle is ordered to supply provisions for the troops stationed at at Placentia for one year (quantities given).

357-358

13 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

Archibald Buchannan

Death of Mr. Hay created a vacancy in the office of Comptroller of His Majestyís Customs at St. Johnís; Buchanan is appointed to that position.

358

13 Sept. 1782

Graham for Campbell

Capt. Lieut. Wilkinson, Royal Artillery

Wilkinson is ordered to Placentia to take over command of the garrison & troops there from Lt. Hawkins.

359-360

13 Sept. 1782

Graham for Campbell

 

Campbell appopints Thomas Dodd, Robert Bulley, William Gaden, Richard Routh, Matthew Blain and George Hutchings as Justice and Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer with the authority to hear all criminal cases except those of treason.

360

13 June 1779

James Shortall, Ferryland

 

The Brig Fanny, John Whitney master, was captured and ransomed by a privateer on its way to Ferryland from Waterford. Whitney refuses to deliver any of her cargo "unless Security be given" to pay the average difference which may be settled by Robert Hodsworth & the underwriters. Shortall agrees to pay his share once that is determined.

361

23 July 1782

Thomas Cales, Dartmouth

 

The final state of the settlement for the ransom of the Fanny, which had been captured by a French privateer in 1779 while making for Ferryland, Cales was Robert Holdsworth's clerk.

362

3 Oct. 1782

Graham for Campbell

James Shorthall, Ferryland

Regarding the cargo on the Fanny, Mr. Shorthall is ordered to pay Robert Holdsworth £101..2 sh. as his share of the ransom paid, as Shortall had promised.

363

10 Oct. 1782

Graham for Campbell

Justice Dingle, Bay of Bulls

Dingle is ordered to apprehend John Norris and bring him to St. Johnís.

363

5 Oct. 1782

Gov. Campbell

 

Robert Forsyth and Moses Cheater are appointed JPs for Fogo.

363-364

14 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Captain Lane, HM Sloop St. Johnís

A vessel was wreked near Ferryland on 25 Sept; much of the cargo was saved but thereafter, many inhabitants took & carried the cargo away. Lane is ordered to go to Ferryland and apprehend anyone who unlawfully took cargo from the vessel.

634

13 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

 

Captain Charles Henry Lane is appointed as Campbell's Surrogate for all harbours in Nfld.

364-365

17 Oct. 1782

Graham for Campbell

Mr. Sinclair Surgeon of the Nfld Reg't, Mr. Dodd Ordnance, Mr. Miller 71st Reg't

Capt MacDonell, 71st Regt, reports that six men identified are unfit for service. Sinclair, Dodd & Miller are ordered to examine the men & report their findings to Campbell.

365-366

27 Oct. 1782

Graham for Campbell

 

At a Court of Oyer & Terminer held 14 Oct, Eleanor Shea was condemned to hang for receiving money from Peter McDorman which she knew to have been stolen. But because of circumstances [we are not told exactly what they were] which appeared during her trial she has been pardoned of the crime. The proceedings of this court are not included here; they were entered "in the Volume of Trials"

367

13 Aug. 1782

George Davis, merchant, St. John's

 

David promises a dowry to Mary Bramscombe provided she becomes his wife and there be children. If no issue, the dowry reverts to David' family.(Witnessed by Robert Bulley & John Radford)

368

Blank

     

369

     

Heading reads "Jasper Diamond Dr. On Life and Death" followed by " To Sundry Charges Attending the Tryal" followed by a list of names (many of whom have appeared in previous documents) with charges totally nearly £190.

370

     

Receipts totaling the same amount as on the previous page.

371

24 Oct. 1782

Graham for  Campbell

Nicholas Gill, Treasurer

List of people owed money for services rendered (persons and services rendered are identified) and orders to pay them what they are owed.

372

28 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Robert Forsyth, Moses Cheater

William Gaden of St. John's on behalf of Thomas Stone of Trinity claims that Jeremiah Coughlan sold the ship Emily to John Beecher for £2,500 by a bill of exchange. The ship was then sold to Stone who was refused possession by the assignees of Jeremiah Coghlan on the "pretext" that the ship had never been delivered to Beecher. Instead Coughlan is trying to sell the ship to pay off his debts. Campbell orders that the ship Emily not be allowed to leave until it is determined, in England, who it rightfully belongs to.

373

22 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

JPs in Newfoundland

Notice that the General Assizes will be held in the court house on 10 Oct..

373-374

23 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

 

Nicholas Gill, Robert Bulley, William Gaden, George Williams, Matthew Blain and Andrew Thomson are appointed Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer with authority to hear all criminal cases except those of treason.

 
Volume 9 (1780-1783): Letters

1-2

11 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

Capt. Edwards, Volcano

As a result of the bankruptcy of Robert Eustace, JP Carter was requested by Eustace's agent Mr. Doble to place attachments on Eustace's effects to help preserve Eustace's credit. Edwards does not think this was entirely proper, and wants Eustace's possessions turned over to John Murphy, agent to Mr. Sutton and Company, merchants of London, which Eustace owes over £7,000. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 81-82.)

2-4

13 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

John Dingle, Bay of Bulls

The shortage of salt is widespread but Edwards believes that it may be exaggerated, possibly as an excuse not to continue fishing. Edwards therefore provides instructions for how captains of ships may proceed, but inists that they must swear under oath that they can not continue their voyage because of lack of salt. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 83-84)

4-5

17 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

Capt Stanhope, Trepassey

Capt Stanhope received the court records from the previous year on 19 Nov. 1779 but has not submitted them to Gov. Edwards upon his return to Newfoundland. Edwards asks that those documents be returned to him. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 87.)

5-6

20 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

William Gaden, St. Johnís

Edwards has received Gaden's letter with the petition of the merchants of Trinity and Carbonear, requesting convoy to Portugal on 25 Sept. Edwards agrees.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 100.)

6-7

21 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Explains that Carter acted incorrectly and did not have the authority to make the decisions he made regarding the property of Robert Eustace. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 101-102.)

8

21 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

JPs in all Nfld jurisdictions

The JPs should inform the public that the Commission of Oyer & Terminer will be held on 28 Oct. and to send all felons to St. John's who are held in their gaols. Adds that there will be a convoy heading for Portugal on the 25 Sept. Please also submit their Returns of the Fishery and moneys collected for the Greenwich Hospital Fund. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 103.)

9-10

3 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Ensign Hawkins, C.O., Placentia

Edwards has ordered supplies to be sent to the troops in Placentia. Also, that Thomas Tibbo, a deserter from the 84th Regiment who is now on the warship Oiseau, will be sent to Placentia upon that ship's return to St. John's. Ordnance supplies will be sent to Placentia but these are intended for local defence & not to be considered belonging to the garrison there. Aaron White & John Poor to be sent to the St. John's garrison.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 138-139.)

10

5 Sept. 1780

George Williams, Sheriff

Richard Edwards

"A return" of James Thompson and George Scott, "sailors", who are under suspicion of stealing silver spoons from Richard Hutchings.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 151.)

10-11

7 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Charles Speke Pultney, Fogo

Edwards sent Pultney instructions to confiscate goods from Moses Kitters for a debt owing Robert Bryan [See above, "Orders & Proclamations", pp. 96-97]. Edwards subsequently learned that Kitters is bankrupt. Since there may therefore be other creditors, Pultney is not to seize anything for Bryan just yet. Instead, Bryan will have to proceed against Kitters like any other creditor.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 152.)

11-12

11 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

John Dingle, Bay of Bulls

Acknowledges receipt of the several affidavits regarding "Fish and Thompson", and concludes that, with regards to Mr. Thompson, Gov. Edwards agrees with Dingle's decision. If Thompson gives more trouble, have him sent to Edwards in St. Johnís. However, Edwards also notes  that the area under Dingle's jurisdiction is the only place where such complaints arise. He is to do his best not to trouble Edwards with such matters. [We are not told what exactly the complaint is about.] Edward Noonan has filed a complaint over wages vs George Williams; if Williams has any property, Dingle is to see that Noonan's wages are paid. Dingle is also ordered to send Edwards an account of fines he has collected.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 156.)

13

11 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Carter asked that a bill drawn by William Shroudy on Mary Eustace of Waterford be paid out of the ship Elizabeth and cargo, recently recaptured from the Americans by HMS Mercury. Edwards says that the ship and cargo (less salvage) belong to James Sutton & Co. of London, and that no bills drawn on Mary Eustace of Waterford should therefore be charged to that ship and cargo. Edwards asks that Carter send him an account of the fines he has collected.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 157.)

14-15

20 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Thomas Major, Mortier

Response to a petition from William Penny, who served Richard Allen of Burin as boatmaster last year. Mr. Spratt provided them with provisions. On Spratt's behalf, Major took all their fish plus oil but refused to pay the servants wages because they delivered 100 quintals of fish & 1 ton of oil to William Saunders opf Placentia when they could not be supplied by Major. Edwards agrees that they had no choice but to deliver the fish & oil to Saunders. Major is therefore ordered to pay Allen's servants their wages. Until Edwards receives confirmation that this has been done, Major is not to receive "a farthing" of the goods salvaged last year from the John and Thomas. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 162-163.) See above, "Orders & Proclamations", pp. 314-315.

15-17

22 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

John Dingle, Bay of Bulls

Dingle has informed Edwards that Edward Bowden quit his employ and boarded a vessel as a seamen, leaving all the fish behind that he had made in Mr. "Orgier's" [Ougier's?] room and his servants unpaid. Edwards orders that Bowden's servants be paid out fish and oil as stated by the 1775 Act of Parliament [Palliser's Act].  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 164-165.)

17-18

27 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Ensign Hawkins, command at Placentia

Orders to receive supplies from William Saunders to supply the troops of Placentia.

18-19

30 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Bollard, Ordnance Storekeeper Placentia

Orders to deliver ordnance stores to William Saunders for a battery on Marticot Island (West Placentia Bay) to defend his property and fishery there in the harbour of Paradise.

20-21

5 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Thomas Kelling, Temple Bay

The law about what goods can be salvaged from a vessel cast away is very clear, and so Edwards cannot allow the charges made by Kelling for saving the provisions out of the Amphitrite. The provisions saved from the vessel must be sent to St. Johnís in the Charlotte so that proper salvage procedures can be observed.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 208. Transcript gives document the date of 1 October)

21

10 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Charles Speke Pultney, Fogo

Has received Pulteney's letter of 19 Sept., respecting the affairs of Mr. Kelters [or Kilter, or Kitters, as spelled elsewhere], and explaining why he did not fulfil Gov. Edwards' orders of 5 Oct. Edwards approves of the way in which Pultney handled the affair.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 209. [D'Alberti transcript gives incorrect date of 1 October for this document.]

21-22

2 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Charles Garland

Henry Webber and William Parsons, whale fishermen from Harbour Grace, cannot receive the bounty that they request because the law stipulates that the bounty can only be received by vessels shipping out of British ports. Edwards asks that they report the quantity of oil they made and he will do all in his power to help them, and urges them to comply with the Act of Parliament next year.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 210.)

23

8 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Captain Nathaniel Brooks

Stating that Mr. Benjer must be paid for the protested bills of exchange before Brooks may depart from Newfoundland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 220.)

23

10 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

George Williams

Williams is to deliver the prisoner belonging to the Atalanta whenever Captain Marshall sends for him.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 223.)

24-25

10 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter

Carter is ordered to look into the dispute between Mr. Cahill and Mr. Alword. Carter is also ordered to comply with his agreement and pay John Mara for attaching the boat that he built (for which see above, "Orders", p. 147].  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 224.)

25

9 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Sir Richard Hughes

Edwards sent a vessel of his squadron to Quebec with a duplicate of the packet that he had he sent to Hughes before the Lawrence [brig; here spelled Laurens] sailed for Halifax.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 225.)

26

10 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Isaac Follett

Follet is ordered to look into a petition made by Mary Bryan of St. Marys stating that her family is being unjustly kicked out of their home. The property was leased to her husband ("who is insane") and has now been let to another person without the agreed 12 months' notice to the Bryan family.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 226.)

27

10 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

John Dingle, Bay of Bulls

Edwards acknowledges receipt of Dingleís letter of the previous day concerning the affidavit of Sarah Turpin against Lawrence Whelan & Robert Harris "who are secured on board the Portland". Edwards has also received Dingle's letter with the complaint about the rude behavior of fishermen at Bay Bulls towards women and states that he includes a proclamation (see above, "Orders & Proclamations" p. 198) which will prevent any such behavior from happening in future.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 227.)

27-29

11 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

Garland is to order Henry Shipperd to pay Thomas Priaux the remainder of his wages, and to order George Davis to pay Michael Keen the remainder of his wages (unpaid because of loss of bills). Garland must inform people that if they do not heed the orders of the governor they will be punished to the full effect of the law.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 272-273. Date in transcript given as 14 Oct.; "Shippard" transcribed as "Phippard")

29-30

17 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

General Haldimand (Quebec)

A ship under Edwards' command has captured the American packet Mercury, carrying Henry Laurence, Pres. of the American Congress, together with packets of important paper, including one of "highest importance" to Nfld, Nova Scotia & Canada. Edwards encloses a copy of that paper, and describes the steps he immediately took for the defence of Newfoundland. Edwards is in need of all available men and asks that no further recruiting parties be sent to Newfoundland.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 203.)

30-31

17 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Sir Richard Hughes

Stating that because of the capture of the Mercury American packet and the letter concerning Nfld, Nova Scotia & Canada, Edwards has ordered that a corps be raised for the defence of Newfoundland and for this reason, has ordered Ensign Dawson not to recruit men in Nfld and asks that no further recruiting parties be sent to Newfoundland. Requests that a copy of the letter be sent to the commander at New York  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 204.)

32

28 Sept. 1780

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Byat

Because of the "irregularities" of the recruiting parties last year, together with the need to raise a corps of volunteers in Newfoundland, Edwards is not able to support recruiting in Newfoundland this year. He is therefore sending Lieutenant Dawson and his party back to Halifax in one of the vessels of the squadron.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 205.)

33-34

3 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Captain Baskerville, Cygnet

Has sent Baskerville a copy of Edwards' order to resolve issue between Joseph Neave of Little Placentia and a boatkeeper. Instead, Mr. Harrison, who acts for Neave, refuses to change the prices for fish, oil, etc. Edwards insists that Harrison pay the balance of the boatkeeperís accounts as per the proclamation of the 22nd of Oct. 1779. P.S. Harrison stated that the matter was handled privately. Baskerville os ordered to inform Harrison that a court held by a Surrogate is a lawful court.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 229.)

34

8 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

John Dingle, Bay of Bulls

Edwards encloses a petition by Mr. Symmonds of Bay of Bulls and says that because it appears to be of a serious nature he expects Dingleís answer to the charges made against him.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 228.)

35

9 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Dewes Coke, Trinity

Mr. Stone must pay Mr. Fleming the money he is owed. Coke is to inform people that if they do not heed the orders of the governor they will be punished by the full authority of the law.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 222.)

36

8 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Pringle, Chief Engineer

Edwards has ordered a corps of 300 men to be raised for the defence of Newfoundland. Pringle is therefore to repair the barracks at Fort William for the corps to use until "others of a temporary nature can be provided for them". (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 221.)

37

10 Aug. 1780

Richard Edwards

Robert Pringle, Chief Engineer

Orders repairs to the Artillery Barracks at Fort William so that Edwards can reside there during construction of the defences until the Governor's House at Fort Townshend is ready for him. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 80.)

38

18 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. & Commandant Robert Pringle

Pringle submitted an estimate of provisions needed by the 700 men of the garrison (details provided); Pringle is to proceed with purchase of the supplies needed.

39

19 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards, HMS Portland

Lt. John Storie, 71st Regiment

Storie is granted leave to travel to England for eight months because of ill health. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 292.)

39-40

19 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards, HMS Portland

Edward White, St. Johnís

White is given leave to travel to England for eight months because of ill health. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 293.)

40-41

19 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Lt. Edward Bayley, Proteus

Bayley is granted permission to travel to England for eight months because of ill health. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 294.)

41-45

22 Oct. 1780

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Robert Pringle

Based on papers taken from the capture American packet Mercury, Edwards believes that Nfld might be made a target, owing to its location which enables his warships to capture privateers, and owing to the immense trade passing by into and from the Gulf of St. Lawrence. For this reason he ordered Pringle to raise 300 more men for the garrison, and gives him instructions for defence of Newfoundland during Edwards' absence. Edwards includes the signals for the ships in his squadron which will be changed as of 1 Jan. 1781. A postscript adds that Captain Levingstone and the Newfoundland Volunteers have professed their loyalty to the Governor. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 295-298.)

46

22 Aug. 1781

Richard Edwards

Nicholas Gill, St. Johnís

He requests that Gill help Jane Keith, widow of John Keith of St. Johnís, to collect the debts due on her estate. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 2)

46-47

24 Aug. 1781

Richard Edwards

Moses Cheater, Fogo

Concerning non-payment of the goods sold by Nathaniel Phillips to John Slade. Some of the goods had remained on Phillips' vessel "for Mr. Slade's account" at Cheater's request, and were lost when the vessel sank after leaving Fogo. Edwards wants Cheater to confirm the arrangements and if true, explain why Cheater won't pay for the lost goods. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 3) [For more on this matter, see above, "Orders", pp. 310-211]

47

31 Aug. 1781

Richard Edwards

JPís of Newfoundland

They are to inform the merchants and traders of St. Johnís that a convoy will sail for Portugal on 25 Sept..  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 4)

48

1 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Captain Baskerville, Cygnet

Baskerville is to submit an account of all the provisions saved from the wreck of the Amphitrite victualler on the Labrador shore in the previous year, including accounts from everyone who salvaged goods from the wreck.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 5)

48-51

2 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Lieut.Hawkins, 84th Regiment, C.O. Placentia

Edwards has received two letters from Lt. Hawkins dated 20 July and 23 Aug. These letters included: a return of the troops at Placentia, an account of provisions purchased and received, and a list of American Prisoners taken at Fortune Bay. Edwards replies to those letters giving Lt. Hawkins directions on each aspect. Edwards criticizes Hawkins for not turning the American prisoners over to the first warship arriving at Placentia for delivery to St. John's. He also criticizes him for insisting on naval officers reporting to him before anyone else.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, pp. 6-9; n.b.; the word "punish" in the transcript should be "furnish") 

51

3 Sept. 1781

-

-

Captain Edward Marsh of HM Sloop Duchess of Cumberland is appointed Edwards' Surrogate.

52

2 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Commanding Officer, 84th Regiment Halifax

Asks that a shipment of supplies be sent to the detachment of the 84th Regiment at Placentia; that detachment has not received "Cloathing or necessaries" for 3 years. The captain of HM Sloop Fairy has orders to received them.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 10)  

52-53

4 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Lt. Grant, 42nd Regiment

Letter concerning the men of the 42nd Regiment that Lord George Germain wishes to transfer to New York by way of Halifax, to be incorporated into the other companies of that regiment. Grant is concerned that the first lot of 50 men won't have an officer in charge while in Halifax, and offered to go with them. Edwards approves.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, pp. 11-12) .

53-54

4 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Commanding Officer Halifax

Edwards informs him that he has sent Lt. Grant and 50 men of the 42nd Regiment to Halifax and that they are to be sent to New York at the first possible moment.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 13) .

54-55

4 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Commander in Chief in America

Stating that Lt. Grant and 50 men of the 42nd Regiment have been sent to New York as per Lord Germainís request. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 14)  

55-56

7 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

John Dingle, Bay of Bulls

Edwards has received Dingleís letter of 1 Sept with an account of the taking and retaking of Mr. Brooksí shallop, with an account of the incident by Daniel Reddy and Richard Sullivan. Edwards is not satisfied with that account and wants Reddy to be sent to Edwards. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 15

56

7 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Requests that an account of the fines received by Carter be sent to Edwards by the Lawrence brig.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 16)

56-57

13 Sept. 1781

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Pringle

Orders to purchase the provisions needed for the troops of the garrison.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 17)

57

2 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

to JPs of all harbours

Circular: notify the traders and merchants [of Fogo in this copy of the circular] that a convoy will be sent for England, and one for Portugal, on 28 Oct.. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 18

58

3 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

William Saunders, Placentia

The Brig Placentia will be sent to Placentia, on 28 Oct., to convoy the trade for England and Portugal as far as St. John's.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 19)

58

10 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Alex Dun, Customs

Giving leave to Dun to return to England because of ill health. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 20

59

18 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

William Kean, Bonavista

Ordering Kean to make sure the verdict in the case of John Keane running down the boat of Henry Blackmoor is carried out.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 21)

59-60

18 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Nicholas Gill

Orders to pay £5 to John McGrah and John Murphy as compensation for the loss of the boats for public service, and £5 to Judith Clare "to enable her to send an Orphan Child to Ireland" out of the fines in Gill's possession.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 22)

60-61

19 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

 

John Thomy of Harbour Grace arranged with Peter Long, merchant of Waterford, to ship him goods in the Industry, Samuel Jago master. But the goods were not delivered because of unsigned invoices. Edwards concludes that the fault and liability rests with the shipper (the unidentified owner of the Industry).  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, pp. 23-24)

62

21 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Capt. Wright, Royal Artillery

Giving Wright leave to return to England until next spring when he is to return to hs post.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 25)

62-63

21 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Pringle

Granting Pringle leave for England to "account for the large sums of money that have been drawn on account of the Newfoundland Regiment."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 26)

63

22 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Lt. Macbean 71st Regiment

Granting Macbean leave to return to England until next spring.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 27)

64

22 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

John Scott Master of the Juno, Labrador Coast

Letter concerning a dispute between Scott and Captain Baskerville, HM Sloop Cygnet over the salvage of cargo from the Juno, lost in Sacred Bay 22 Sept 1780. Edwards wants the case brought before the Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court in St. John's. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 28

65

28 Oct. 1781

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter

Edwards states that it is not in his power to do anything about a protested bill ("drawn on Mary Eustance by Shroudy") presented to Carter as a payment.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 29)

1782

66

2 Aug. 1782

John Campbell

JPs of Newfoundland

They are to make public a proclamation which he is sending them about deserters from the Royal Navy.   (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 30)

66-67

6 Aug. 1782

John Campbell

Alexander Wilson Placentia

At the request of the Customs official at St. John's, Wilson stopped a vessel from leaving Placentia; Wilson apparently requested the governor's support in taking this action. However, the governor says that Wilson did not have enough reason to stop a vessel at Placentia and that the vessel must be discharged.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 31)

67

6 Aug. 1782

John Campbell`

Mr. Wilson Placentia

Has received Wilson's letter of 26 July regarding the dispute between John Corbin, Nicholas Buch [Beck?] and the agents Joseph and Moses Neave. Wilson is directed to settle the dispute as per the decree made by Captain Marsh on the 20th of Sept. 1781.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 32)  

67-68

2 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

William Helling, Temple Bay

In response to Helling's letter of 19 Aug., the governor has sent the armed brig Placentia to assist the Prince Edward, Lt. Simmonds, on the Labrador coast until the trade there is ready to proceed to St. John's to join the convoy for Europe next month. The Cygnet should soon appear in Temple Bay after escorting transports to Cape Rosier and Daedalus should also appear there on her way to St. John's. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 33)  

68-69

10 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

Lt. Hawkins, 84th Regiment C.O., Placentia

Campbell has received Hawkinsí letter with reports on state of the garrison and provisions; will send provisions for the garrison as soon as possible. Campbell will consider what is to be done in the case of Michael Connor.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 34)

69

10 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

Officers of the Ordnance, Placentia

Governor has received their letter of 19 Aug. with an account of the ordnance remaining in the garrison at Placentia.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 35)  

69-70

14 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

Dewes Coke, Trinity; Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

They are to inform the merchants of Trinity that HMS Portland will cruise between St. Johnís and Trinity on 30 Sept. in order to protect the trade; the trade should prepare for convoy departing from St. Johns for Portugal on 25 Oct.. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 36)  

70

14 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

Robert Carter, Ferryland

He is to publish the enclosed and instruct merchants to be be ready to obey the signal.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 37)  

70-71

14 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

Sent to Ferryland and Bay of Bulls

Stating that a sloop on its way from Placentia to St. Johnís will stop in at Trepassey between 18 and 24 Sept. and will fire two guns to signal vessels to come and join the first convoy for Portugal.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 38)

71

30 Sept. 1782

John Campbell

Justice Coke, Trinity

Simon Marshall, a fisherman of "Bay Verds", is to be apprehended because he made a promise of marriage to Ann Pike and after she became pregnant refused to provide for her or the chiild.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 39)

72

1 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Lt. Hawkins, 84th Regiment at Placentia

Giving Lt Hawkins permission to join his corps at Halifax.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 40)

72-73

18 Sept. 1782

Pinney and Frampton, William Spurrier, Masters Keates, St. Maryís

John Campbell

On 15 Sept., the American privateer sloop Hazard plundered a vessel making its way to Trepassey then seized three more boats in St. Mary's. Local people quickly prepared a sloop owned by Pinney & Frampton and went after the privateer, capturing it the next day. The sloop is from Salem. They subsequently learned that the privateer planned to intercept trade making its way to rendezvous with the Portugal convoy. They urge the governor to provide protection for the trade as there are many privateers on the coast. The privateer had a man who had worked many years at Trepassey on board, serving as pilot; it was he who encouraged the privateer to develop their plan to intercept the trade. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, pp. 41-42)  

74

2 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Misters Pinney, Frampton, Spurrier and Keates

Campbell thanks them for their "very spirited conduct" in taking of the American privateer Hazard, adding that he will "cheerfully resign all right and title to the Prize." He states that they may send their vessels with or without a convoy as the coast is presently clear of privateers.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 43)

74-75

5 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Robert Forsyth and Moses Cheater, Fogo

Encloses his appointment of Forsyth and Cheater as JPs of Fogo. Sorry to learn of Jeremiah Coghlan's bankruptcy, which "occasioned so much confusion"; hopes that Capt. Baskerville of the Cygnet has called at Fogo and has "regulated matters" as surrogate. If not, they are to collect Coghlan's assets to settle accounts with those to whom he is indebted. Mentions Edmund Dower who was unjustly turned out of Coghlan's service; Dower is to be paid the balance of his wages.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 44)

76

5 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

JPs, Fogo

They are to tell the merchants of Fogo that a convoy will sail for England and Portugal on 28 Oct. and one for England on 25 Nov.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 45)  

76-77

10 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Lt. Wilkinson Placentia

The governor challenges orders issues to the Acting Barrack Master at Placentia, concerning fuel and candle allowances. Campbell insists that regulations established by previous governors and submitted to the Board of Ordnance be observed (see Gov. Edwards to Mr. Lees, 28 Oct 1779). Orders issued this season must be cancelled.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 46)

77-78

14 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

Orders Garland to appear at the court house. Ordering Mrs. Diamond, who was at Mr. George Davis' house in Carbonear at the time of his late wife's "Desease" [decease?], to appear at the court house with the Constable and any others involved.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 47)  

78

14 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Robert Carter, Ferryland

In response to Carter's of 1 Oct., he is sending "Captain Lane with your son and a party of Marines to your assistance."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 48)  

79

26 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Lt. McDonald, 84th Reg't Placentia

It is not in Gov. Campbellís power to comply with McDonald's request to be relieved of the detachment of the 84th Regiment which is under his command.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 49 

79

28 Oct. 1782

John Campbell

Justice Dingle, Bay of Bulls

William Able, a seaman who deserted from HMS Arethusa, was subsequently tried before a Court Martial where he claimed that he had been enlisted by a Corporal of the Newfoundland Corps "when he was very much in liquor." From now on no one should be recruited if they are not sober.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 50)    

80

19 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

Capt. Lieut. Wilkinson, Reg't Artillery, Placentia

Orders for Captain Lieut. Wilkinson to embark with the remainder of his troops and of the 84th Reg't and proceed forthwith to St. John's.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 51)  

80

19 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

Robert Bollard, Storekeeper of the Ordnance Placentia

Stating that the artificers should reside in the garrison at Placentia so that the stores are not left unguarded until the governor can send a party round to do duty there.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 52)  

81

24 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

The Officer Commanding at the Coal Mines, Spanish River

Orders to send balance of coal for St. John's to Mr. Lees, Barrack Master at St. Johnís, for the use of the garrison; they have only received 60 of the 360 chaldrons of coal thus far.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 53)  

81-82

24 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

Mr. Lees Barrack Master

Firewood for heating is very costly; coal is preferable for reasons of cost and safety. Lees is therefore ordered to hire vessels to go to the mines near Louisbourg to pick up the balance of 300 chaldrons of coal still owing.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 54)    

82-83

28 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

Lt. Col. Pringle

Maintains that Sir Guy Carleton has no authority over the troops serving in Newfoundland and therefore cannot order any to be disbanded. Pringle will disband the Corps under Pringle's command as per Gov. Campbell's orders.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 55)  

83

29 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

Lt. Col. Pringle

His Majesty has ordered the corps under the command of Lt. Col. Pringle to be disbanded as soon as a detachment of regulars arrives from New York. That detachment has now arrived, and Pringle is therefore to disband the Corps. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 56)    

84

29 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

Robert Carter, Ferryland

John Marat claims to have lost fishing nets about three years ago. These have now been found in the possession of John Whelan. John Whelan is to appear before Carter and answer questions concerning the complaint made by John Marat. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, p. 57)    

84-85

29 Sept. 1783

John Campbell

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

Thomas Kerly [or Kieley] and Jeremiah Maher are ordered to pay the wages of Patrick Welton, a seaman belonging to HMS Salisbury. Welton accuses them of keeping his possessions and not paying him his work. The petition of Patrick Welton is appended.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 2, pp. 58-59)    

End of Volume