GN 2/1/A [Box No. 3]

Volume 8 (1779-1780)

 

(This volume is arranged in two parts; first come "Orders and Proclamations" and then come "Letters".
The pagination of the "Orders and Proclamations" ends on p. 171; pagination then begins again with p. 1 of "Letters" )

A biographical essay about Gov. Richard Edwards appears in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Vol. IV. Other individuals of this period who appear in the DCB include Aaron Graham (Edwards' secretary), Rev. Edward LangmanBenjamin Lester, Charles Garland, Robert Pringle, John Clinch, Richard Hutchings, and George Cartwright

Orders and Proclamations

Page

Date

From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

1 25 Sept 1779 Aaron Graham for Gov Richard Edwards William Symmonds John Dingle, JP at Bay Bulls, complains that Symmonds insuled and abused him when Dingle was Dingle settling a dispute between Symmonds and his boat-master, Joseph Crimp. Symmonds is ordered to appear before the governor to answer to the complaint.
1 27 Sept 1779 Edwards   Order: The commanding officer at the South Side battery is to keep the keys of the magazine there and submit a monthly account to the commanding officer, of powder and ordnance expended.
2 25 Sept 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland, St. John's Master of the Britannia Ordnance store ship He ordered to receive the men of the 42nd regiment listed in the margin and transport them to England in the Britannia. They are "Invalids."
2-3 25 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Mr. Edwards superintendent of the Britannia He is to receive the French prisoners listed in the margin and transport them to England in the Britannia.
3 25 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Master of the Britannia Order to transport Lieutenants Coffin and Gardner to England in the Britannia
4 12 Sept 1779     A return of the troops garrisoned in Newfoundland.
4-5 27 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís Gill received a bill of eschange drawn by Mr. John Gardner on Andrew Broadrick, but attempts to present it for payment are being refused. The JP is therefore ordered to take possession of Broadrick's effects in order to pay the money owing to James Gill.
5 27 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace George Davis of Carbonear has complained that Minden [?] Slotesbury has refused to pay him for provisions & necessaries advanced at the beginning of the season, and in fact has turned "the produce of His Voyage" over to John Malloney of Harbour Grace. Garland is instructed to have Slotesbury pay off his debt to Davis or else appear before Gov. Edwards at the Court House in St. John's to show cause for his refusal.
6 28 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White, Ordnance storekeeper St. Johnís White is to supply a list of ordnance stores drawn from the stores of the Proteus to James McClean of Trepassey.
6-7 28 Sept 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland Mr. Edwards Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís [sic?] Edwards is ordered to sail with the Britannia ordnance storeship under his direction for England, report to the commander at Spithead concerning his prisoners & there await further directions. He is not to chase any enemy ships "out of his way" but may attack enemy ships he encounters, unless of superior strnegth, in which case he is to dispose of the despatches. and what to do on the way there and when they arrive. [Edward White is the Ordnance Storekeeper at St. John's; "Mr. Edwards" appears to be the master of the Britannia and is probably mis-identified by Aaron Graham as the Ordnance Storekeeper.]
7-8 29 Sept 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill Michael Colbert delivered fish to a brig under the care of Elliot Elmes; the fish was received & stowed but then Elmes refused to pay for it. Elmes is hereby ordered to pay Colbert for the six quintals of fish he delivered onto his brig.
8-9 29 Sept 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland John Poole, Kelly Relly[?] William Dwyer complains that Poole and Relly[?] are holding Dwyer's fish and won't turn it over except on their terms. They are ordered to deliver the fish to Dwyer or pay him compensation.
9-10 29 Sept 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace John Taylor & Edward Pike complain that Benjamin Linthorne, agent to John and Young Green of Carbonear, seized all their oil to pay for what he had supplied them for the season, even though there was fish with which to pay the debt and they were willing to pay for everything. Garland is to see that Linthorne renders account for the debt and pay it in fish at market price (11/- for large, 10/- for small).
10-11 30 Sept 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland   John Dun, deputy collector of His Majestyís Customs, has petitioned that the Customs House needs a wharf & storehouse and that vacant land on the Admirals Beach is suited for this. Edwards granted Dun part of the said land to build a wharf.
11 30 Sept 1779 Graham for Edwards   Edwards ratifies the commissions of Dewes Coke, Jonah Newell, and George Whittle as JPs of Trinity.
12-13 1 Sept 1779  Graham for Edwards, Portland merchants, boat keepers, & Principal Inhabitants of Conception Bay [The date is probably 1 October because "September" is crossed out, though "October" has not been inserted.] A response to a petition from Conception Bay, which itself was a response to Edwards' efforts to fix the price of goods at St. John's as "a leading Mark" for the price of goods in Conception Bay. The merchants and traders of Conception Bay insist that they cannot do this without ruining themselves "as they labour under many difficulties, and are at a much greater expense in importing their Goods". Edwards wants to fix the price of goods throughout Nfld at a level which will not ruin trade. He therefore requests that they get together and determine what a fair price might be.
13-14 4 Oct 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland William Keen, Greenspond Joseph Skeffington has complained that Keen disposessed him of a meadow which he and his predecessors have used for over 40 years, and that he has suffered damages for lost meadow grass and a destroyed fence. Keen is to compensate Skeffington for damages and lost time.
14-15 4 Oct 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland Robert Carter, JP Ferryland William McDonald complains that Caleb Hodge, agent for Mr. Holdsworth, threatens to seize his fish and will not pay his wages. Carter is to see that McDonald's wages are paid before anyone else.
15 5 Oct 1779 Graham for Adm. Edwards   Charles Garland and Robert Gray are appointed JPs "for the district of Saint Johns" [This must be a mistake by Aaron Graham, Edwards' Secretary; Garland is the JP for Harbour Grace in all subsequent correspondence, and Gray has long been a JP for Harbour Grace as well; see for example the very next document]
16 12 Oct 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace James Keating & John Malloney were empowered by the executors of the late Felix McCarty of Harbour Grace to recover the amount of a protested Bill of Exchange for £400 from Francis Foners of Carbonear, drawn by Foners in favour of McCartyís widow, Mary McCarty, in 1769. Garland must make Foners pay up or appear before Edwards at Court.
17 12 Oct 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís & Torbay Gill is to make John Lane of Torbay pay the balance of William Martinís wages, or else seize an equivalent amount of Lane's fish, oil, etc..
17-18 12 Oct 1779 Graham for Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís & Petty Hbr. Gill is to make Thomas Camplett of Petty Harbour pay his servants, John Stack, Richard Hopkins, and Edmund How their wages, or seize an equivalent amount of fish, oil, etc..
18 14 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Mr. OíConnor, Surgeon Memorandum: OíConnor is not to leave the island until he has satisfied John Elliott, Constable, "agreeable to the decree of the Court".
19-29 28-29 Sept 1779 (St. Johnís) Proceedings of the Court of Assizes Court case of John Malloney, of Harbour Grace, accused of assaulting and severely cutting William Lilley on 13 Aug. Malloney pleaded not guilty. Malloneyís son, also named John, was charged with aiding his father in the assault. Page 19 a list of the members of the grand jury. Pages 20-21: the indictments with an account of the assault. Pages 23-24 Testimony of Thomas Thistle. Pages 24-25 Testimony of Francis Cook. Pages 25-26 Testimony of William Danson. Page 26 Testimony of John Thomey. Pages 26-27 Testimony of Robert Holden. Pages 28-29 Testimony of Maurice Byrin. Mr. Malloney was found guilty.
30-45 30 Sept - 1 Oct 1779 (St. Johnís) Court proceedings
(continued)
Thomas Crew, formerly of Dorset now of Trinity, was indicted for the murder of Darby Reardon. Page 31 list of the jury. Page 32 Testimony of William Gorman. Pages 32-33 Testimony of John Hide. Page 33 Testimony of Mathew Foy. Page 34 Testimony of Timothy Brohow. Page 34 Testimony of Joseph Hayward. Page 35 Testimony of Charles McDonald. Page 36 A signed document saying that the body of Darby Reardon was examined before Dewes Coke and John "Clench" [sic; Clinch] and that there was no sign of violence found on the body. Pages 37-45 Thomas Crewís defence. Thomas Crew was found not guilty.
46-47 30 Sept - 1 Oct 1779 Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer Court sentence [The Commissioners are: Edward Langman, Edward White, Thomas Dodd, Nicholas Gill, Robert Bully, William Gaden]. The sentence of John Malloney. Mr. Malloney is ordered to pay £50 for the breach of the peace, £100 to William Lilley, £21 to the witnesses, and he must also pay a court fee.
48-49 10 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards   Ratifying the "Decree of Gift" of Thomas Roberts (of Quitty Vitty) of 4 Feb. 1745/46 which gave William Adams & wife Jane & their heirs a room & plantation at St. John's. The deed was confirmed as valid before Gov. Hugh Bonfoy on 23 Sept 1754. The property & issue of ownership arose in 1777, when Gov. Montagu further ruled on 13 Sept. 1777; he stipulated that Adams'  four daughters of William Adams had rightful possession of the property. Edwards now has the title entered into the records.
49-50 15 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards William Newman, St. Johnís or his agent Robert Hidge Newman os ordered to pay William Gaden, attorney for the daughters of William Adams, any money that Newman received from the disputed plantation that should have gone to them.
51-53   Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland   Richard Hutchins [or Hutchings], on behalf of Henry Sparks and Company, is allowed to take possession of the plantation in Cape Broyle of Mr. Pearce Saxton [or Sexton], boat keeper, until the mortgage has been paid.
53-54 16 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards John Lees, Barrack Master St. Johnís Lees is to provide appropriate allowances of firewood and candles for the detachments in barracks at Fort Townshend.
55-57 Oct 1779 John Lees, Barrack Master   Estimate of firewood, candles and oil for the use of the garrison in the several fortifications & batteries at St. Johnís.
58 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards John Lees, Barracks Master Governor Edwards approved the estimates provided by the Barracks Master.
58 16 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Jeffery and Street, Trinity They are ordered to pay a sum of money owing to Martin Adey.
59-60 No Date [John Lees, Barracks Master]   An account of the quantities of coal purchased for the use of the various structures of the garrison at St. Johnís.
60 Oct 1779 Graham for Edwards John Lees Edwards gives his approval of the estimates and distribution of coal purchased for the garrison.
60-61 16 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Capt. Pringle, St. Johnís Edwards orders Pringle to erect two batteries (two guns each) at the entrance of Quidi Vidi Harbour and at the bottom of Cuckolds Cove for their defence.
61 16 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper St. Johnís White is provide the two new batteries with round shot.
62-63 16 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland George William, High Sheriff of Newfoundland Edward Wall and his wife Elizabeth (niece of the deceased) are the rightful heirs to the property of the late William Cockran (Cochrane?), "Mariner" of Boston; the properties are identified and the persons who are at the moment tenants of the properties are to pay rent to Wall.
63-64 16 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland   Garrett Quigley of St. Johnís leased a plantation a few years ago and let part of it to Luke Ryan. The house Ryan was staying in was destroyed by the "late dreadful fire" in St. John's. Ryan re-built the house at his ownh expense and refuses to pay rent to Quigley. Edwards concludes that Quigley has fulfilled the terms of the lease and that Ryan did, in fact, still have to pay rent to Quigley.
65 18 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís White is to provide two 9-pounders, 50 stand of small arms, and appropriate ordnance stores and ammunition to Charles Garland for the defence of Harbour Grace.
66 18 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace. Garland is to look into a dispute between Philip Dumiresq and George DeBois, agent to Nicholas Trott. Dumiresq claims that DeBois refuses to pay him in for salt he delivered to him in the spring. If Dumiresq has a valid complaint, then DeBois is to pay for the salt "by good Bills of Exchange in England or allow the difference of Exchange on Jersey Bills".
67 29 July 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper Orders to send 400 muskets, equipment & powder via the Cygnet to Temple Bay, Alexis River & Chateau for the defence of the Labrador Coast
68 14 Aug. 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper The ordnance storeship John and Thomas was "wrecked on the Coast"; ordnance and ordnance equipment were recovered and brought to St. John's in the armed brig Postillion. Edwards is to received this and place it in the ordance storehouse.
68-69 31 Aug. 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper He is to issue 50 stand of muskets & cartridges to Robert Eustace, merchant of Reneuse, taking care to collect receipts. All is to be returned once peace is restored.
69-70 18 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper Orders to ship equipment to Charles Garland for the defence of Harbour Grace [this appears to be an identical copy of the order appearing above, p. 65]
70-71 31 Aug. 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Proteus Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper Orders to ship 50 stand of muskets & supplies, plus four 9-pounders plus ordnance stores, to Isaac Frampton for the defence of St. Maryís.
71-72 26 Aug. 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Proteus Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper Orders to send muskets& supplies to Mr. Gaden of St. Johnís for Mr. Street of Trinity, and to Peter Prim of St. Johnís for Mr. Benjamin Lester of Trinity, for the defence of Trinity.
72-74 26 Aug. 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Proteus Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper Orders to supply the sloop Trepassey with eight 6-pounders, four 3-pounders, and an extensive amount of matching ordnance stores, powder, equipment.
74-75 18 Sept 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Proteus Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper Orders to deliver ordnance (two 9-pounders) & equipment to D'ewes Coke for the defence of Trinity.
75-76 18 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov. Edwards   Orders to Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill, George William, Robert Bully, and George Hutchins to form a committee to undertake to build a belfry for the church, a new gaol, and a railing for the church yard, using drawn from public revenues in the hands of Langman (Chief Justice) & Williams (High Sheriff).
77 18 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov. Edwards   Grants George William, High Sheriff, use of the ground known as Big Mole (at present in possession of the previous High Sheriff, John Phillips), so long as he pays £3 into the public fund.
78 19 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Speke Pultney, JP Fogo Richard Waterman has complained that Pultney gave permission to William Hincock (Fogo) to take his fish, boats & clothes oil without any explanation. Edwards orders Pultney to see that Hincock gives Waterman a full accounting and reimburses him for what he had taken.
79-80   J. P. Gill   Report: Gill's report on a number of houses in St. John's, many of which were built on ground where a previous house had been ordered taken down by previous governors. A couple of the houses are owned by individuals described as "one of the principal Rioters this Spring"
80-81 19 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland George William, High Sheriff; & Edward Langman Nicholas Gill, JPs, St. Johnís A number of houses in St. Johnís have been built without permission, often replacing houses taken down for harbouring "Lazy, Idle and Riotous People" who remain in Nfld during the winter contrary to law, or are used to encourage "Licentiousness". No new houses shall be built unless they satisfy the law; those which do not comply are to be pulled down.
82-83 20 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís Orders that Luke Ryan is to take down the house he built on the plantation of Garret Quigley on or before 30 May and restore ownership of the property to Quigley (see above, pp. 63-64).
83-85 21 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís Mrs Francis Gill, widow, rented a property to John Phillips. Phillips turned he rout before she could make other living arrangements. Phillips must pay the rent that he owes her; he must also remove "his Billiard Table" and stop selling liquor.
85-86 20 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace Hugh Roberts of Harbour Grace supplied William Walker with supplies needed to carry on a fishery. Walker paid Roberts with a bill of exchange which was protested. Walker is now ordered to pay what he owes to Roberts.
86-87 21 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís Five men complain that they worked for Edward Baswell at St. John's, but when Giles Evans, merchant, took 200 quintals of Baswell's fish, there wasn't enough left to pay the men. Evans is ordered to pay the remainder of the salaries to the men Baswell employed
87-88 21 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace William Hearny and four other men worked for James Wall of Harbour Main, but they were not fully paid before Benjamin Linthorne took all the fish and oil they produced for Wall. Linthorne is ordered to pay the wages they are owed.
88-89 21 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace James Welsh, John Kelly, John Coody, and Pearce Healy petitioned that during the summer they worked for Richard Welsh of Harbour Main. Before they could be paid, Benjamin Linthorne, agent for Misters Pike and Green, took all the fish and oil from the voyage, leaving nothing for their wages. Linthorne is ordered to pay the remainder of the mensí wages. [The amounts each man should have earned are given]
89 22 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland William Taylor Taylor is ordered to put together an account of all the outstanding debts owing to James Gordon of Harbour Main, his late employer, and present the account to Governor Edwards.
90 22 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland George William, High Sheriff Williams is ordered to place William Gaden, attorney to the four daughters of William Adams, in possession of the estate left to the said four daughters.
90 22 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Edward White Memorandum: a bond is to be paid; the order to be sent to the governor for his signature and White is to keep the bond at his office.
91-95 22 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov. Edwards, the Court House, St. John's   Proclamation: As stated by the Act of Parliament of 1775, all fish & oil made in Nfld must go first to pay the wages of the seaman who produced it. There are too many disputes over wages because fish & oil is taken before boat keepers are able to pay their men. Merchants are not to take away any fish or oil before wages have been paid. Edwards also states that  states anyone employed in the fishery must sign a written agreement of their contract. The price of fish is to be regulated with that of St. Johnís. Merchants who supply boat keepers with necessaries for the fishery must write down their contract; a boat keeper who uses a different merchant remains liable to the first contract.
95 22 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís Daniel Whelan complains that he worked that summer for Messrs George & Thomas Kough under the direction of Eliot Elmes. He was pressed into the navy, and though immediately released, Elmes treated him poorly and fired him without pay. Elmesd is ordered to pay the wages owing to Whelan.
96 22 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland John Dingle, JP Bay of Bulls Thomas Murray appears to have enlisted into HMS Portland after working for Martin Maurice. However, Maurice advanced Murray more than half of his wage of £16, contrary to Parliamentary law. Maurice must pay Murray £8 and remit that sum to the commander of the Portland.
97 22 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Robert Carter, JP Ferryland

 

Francis Power claims that she left the lease of a plantation in Renewse in the hands of to James Sparks, but he hasn't sent rent to her since 1776, and has now died. Power further claims that Sparkles left a forged lease to his executors with a term of 31 years, and that Messrs Wills & Whitburn are now in possession of the property. Edwards irders Carter to look into the matter and ensure that any rents owing are properly paid.
98 25 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP St. Johnís [sic? Garland is JP at Harbour Grace, not St. John's. See next document] Charles Carroll demands delivery by George Davis of a a barrel of good pork to replace one condemned (and attested to) by Edward Fouger and John Malloney of Harbour Grace.
98-99 26 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace James Connors and John Murphy complain that they worked last summer for John Hicks of Harbour Main; Benjamin Linthorne, agent for Misters Pike and Green, took all the fish and oil from the voyage before they could be paid. Garland is to determine whether their complaint is justified. If so, then Linthorne must pay the rest of the wages of Connors and Murphy.
99-100 26 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace Patrick Kennedy complains that he received necessaries from Mr. Lewis of Port a Grave, agent for Misters Newman and Roope, in return for the fish he produced that summer. But he is still owed over £110 on the account. Lewis must pay that amount to Kennedy.
100-101 27 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland James Jackson, Isaac Follets JPs Trepassey. James Shea claimed that he has been employed by Isaac Follets for many years. This year, Folletsí agent, Robert Clark, released him from his employ and is forcing him and his family out of his dwelling. Gov Edwards finds this "illegal and unjustifiable" and orders that Shea and his family may continue to live in the dwelling
101-102 27 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland John Dingle, JP Bay of Bulls Donald Delaney petitioned that his wife washed for 11 men in the service of Mr. Brooks but that Brooks refused to pay her except in "Shop Goods" which Delaney "does not Chuse to receive." Dingle is to see that Brooks pays the Delaneysí washing bill "in Cash or Bill".
102-103 26 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís Nine men (all named) worked for Richard Power of Petty Harbour, but that all the fish & opil of the voyage was turned over Peter Prim and none was left to pay their wages. Gill is to investigate and ensure that the men are properly paid if the complaint is valid.
103-104 27 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland High Sheriff of Newfoundland and JPs of St. Johnís William Gorman and John Maney engaged several times in riotous behaviour since arriving in St. Johnís; this can encourage lawlessness, even murder. Edwards orders their houses to be torn down.
104-105 27 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland High Sheriff of Newfoundland and JPs of St. Johnís A man named Murphy has built a dwelling where he has not the right; therefore it is ordered to be taken down.
105-106 6 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper, St. Johnís He is ordered to supply the garrison and Placentia with listed supplies & equipment, in accordance with Lieut. Judgeson's request of 27 August.
106-108 28 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland   Edwards notes that many fishermen are employed to bring in materials for the construction of the fortifications; others may be employed on the works. Edwards believes that the should be ready to assist Capt. Pringle in case Newfoundland is attacked before Edwards returns in the spring. Pringle should also not hire men as labourers unless they sign oaths to assist in the event of an attack and pledge allegiance to His Majesty. Capt. Pringle, Lieut. Caddy, & Mr. McClean are appointed as officers in charge of the Newfoundland Volunteers.
109 28 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Captain Pringle Edwards authorizes Pringle to accept those supplying or working on the fortifications as volunteers to assist the garrisons of Newfoundland in the event of an attack. Pringle is to raise as many men as possible; he is appointed Captain of the Newfoundland Volunteers.
110 28 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Mr. McClean Corps of  Engineers McClean is appointed Ensign of the Newfoundland Volunteers.
110-111 28 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Lieut Caddy, Corps of Engineers Caddy is appointed Lieutenant of the Newfoundland Volunteers.
111-112 29 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Dewes Coke, JP Trinity John Fleming and Fagouthy both produced notes signed by Thomas Stone, agent for Mr. Lester of Trinity, for wages which Stone subsequently refused to pay. Edwards orders Stone to pay Fleming and Fagouthy the wages they are owed.
112-113 1 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace George Damilly of Harbour Main is ordered to pay Patrick Hogan and Patrick Foley the balance of their wages.
113-114 1 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland no recipient identified In consequence of Edwards' order, this person collected 130 quintals of fish as part of a debt outstanding to his late master, James Gordon, "Bankrupt". He is now to take 60 quintals for his own his wages and deliver the rest to Misters Olive and Gadden in part payment for necessaries & supplies they provided to James Gordon.
114 1 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace Martin Kilbride, Thomas Power, Pierre Power and Gray Baker claim that they worked for Allen English, boat keeper, at Harbour Main and that Mr. Lewis, agent for Misters Newman and Roope, took all the produce from their voyage without paying their wages. Garland is to look into this and make sure the men are paid their wages.
115 1 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Robert Carter, JP Ferryland Patrick Cane claimed that he served Edward Dumphy of Ferryland but that Dumphy charged him exhorbitantly for supplies "and made him Detter, not only for more than half, but the whole of his Wages." Dumphy refuses to lower his charges or pay any wages, and that Mr. Hodge took all his fish and oil, leaving Dumphy with "no Effects" Carter is to see that either Dumphy pays Cane his wages or that Hodge does.
116 2 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland William Keen JP Bonavista Robert Power complains that last year, he was paid his wages by Joseph Bower with a bill that was protested; another bill on Buckler Sheppard was also refused. Bower has died and Sheppard has seized all his effects. Keen is to see that Sheppard pays off the protested bills.
117 29 Oct 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland JP at Tilting Harbour John McDaniel of Tilting Harbour is indebted to James Kelly but refuses to pay; the JP is ordered to malke McDaniel pay Kelly the money he is owed.
117-118 2 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill JP St. Johnís John Bully of Maggotty Cove is employed Edward Cod and stopped 40 shillings from his wage for passage money. Cod has joined the navy so Bully must pay him the 40 shillings.
118-119 2 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland John Dingle, JP Bay of Bulls William Molly complaons that he delivered 130 quintals of cured fish to John Bragge, agent to Misters Osiers and Company of Bay Bulls and was promised as much in payment as anyone else would. Now Bragge refuses to do it. Bragge is ordered to appear before Dingle and explain why he won't live up to the agreement.
119 2 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís Giles Evans is ordered to pay the servants of Edward Bagwell of the South Side their rightful wages, or the amount of 200 quintals of the best fish, which he received from Bagwell.
120 2 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards Mr. Lees, Barrack Master St. Johnís The number of men in the garrison is greater than usual and is likely to increase during the winter. This has made it necessary to hire 2 rooms as infirmaries. Lees is ordered to provide them with sufficient firing and candles.
120-121 no date Richard Edwards   Richard Gorman went before Nicholas Gill and stated that Edward Chaney board HM Sloop Hinchingbrook 2 or 3 times a week with rum to trade with those on board. MrChaney was fined £10 for his actions. Witnessed: Nicholas Gill, Richard Gorman (his mark)
121-125 3 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland Lt. Col. Hay In the event of an enemy attack on St. John's before Gov. Edwards' return in the spring, Hay, as garrison commandant, is to observe the regulations in this document.
126-127 3 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards   Order: Lieut. Col. Hay is to assist Capt Pringle in any way he can to ensure that the volunteers are useful for service. Pringle is promoted to Major, Lieut. Caddy is promoted to Captain, and Mr. McClean is promoted to First Lieutenant, of the Volunteers.
127-128 4 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland All or either of the JPs of St. Johnís James Dougherty and John Eales are required to pay Samuel Justham the money owing on the mortgage and the rents that are in arrears
129 4 Nov 1779 Graham for Edwards Lieut Henry McBane Given the increase in the size of the garrison, Edwards feels the need to appoint Lieut McBane as Fort Adjutant for the garrison at St. Johnís.
129-130 4 Nov 1779  Graham for Gov Edwards Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís John Snowden, agent for Misters Brown and Langhorn, assignees for Messrs Clark & Co. of Weymouth, "Bankrupt", complains that the fish delivered to Mr. Hutchings of St. John's, agent for Messrs Sparke & Co., hasn't been paid for, owing to a debt contracted in 1778 by Clark & Co. Gill is to see that Hutchings pays Snowden for the fish.
130-131 4 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís and Torbay Patrick Brannon complains that his employer, John McGrah of Torbay, has overcharged him for necessaries; according to the accounts provided by McGrah, he has indeed charged Brannon for more than the amount of half his wages, contrary to law. McGrah must therefore to pay Patrick Brannon half of his wages by Bill of Exchange.
131-132 4 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Nicholas Gill, JP at Petty Harbour Thomas Roach worked for William Studley of Petty Harbour. Studley refused to pay Roach the balance of his wages "after Tearing his Shipping papers". Furthermore, he "stop'd" 40 shillings of Roach's wages as passage money. But Roach did not leave Nfld, rather he remained through the winter and has now joined Capt. Pringle's Newfound;and Volunteers. Studley must therefore pay Roach both the balance of his wages and the 40 shillings passage money.
132 4 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards, Robert Carter, JP Ferryland  Carter is ordered to see that everyone who signed the agreement on the other side to comply with it "or distress him for it". [The agreement is not included]
133 4 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards,
Portland
JPs St. Johnís It is common practice for merchants to stop forty shillings from their servants wages for passage fees yet not arranging passage or returning the money. The JPs are ordered to recover passage money for every servant who has joined the Newfoundland Volunteers.
134-135   Richard Edwards   Proclamation: Edwards has authorized the recruitment of the Nfld Corps of Volunteers. Anyone who has agreed and signed up to defend the country against attack will not have to pay his passage home, and there must be no delays in settling their wages for their work in the fishery.
135 4 Nov 1779 Graham for Gov Edwards Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper st. Johnís He is to provide the sloop Trepassey with certain ordnance supplies.

1780

136-137 14 July 1780 A. Graham for Gov Edwards, Portland, St. John's Henry Lloyd, HMS Oiseau
(same to the other captains of naval vessels serving in Nfld)
Lloyd is appointed Surrogate in all districts.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 21-22.)
Same instruction sent to 8 other captains; they are: Marshall, Atlantia [sic; should be Atalanta] Prescott, Mercury; Keppel, Vestal; Parker, Maidstone, Berkley, Fairy, Baskervill, Cygnet, Stanhope, Trepassey, Reeve, Surprise
138-141 14 July 1780 A. Graham for Gov Edwards,
Portland
to the several captains of naval vessels serving in Nfld Seven instructions for the captains in their capacity as governor's surrogates  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 23-25.)
141 14 July 1780 Richard Edwards, Portland Commandant of the Garrison at St. Johnís Order: The Forts must hoist their colours when ships come into the harbour and those ships must show their own colours before they come in. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 26.)
142 14 July 1780 Richard Edwards, Portland Captains of HM Ships, St. Johnís Memo: Officers sent to receive stores for their ships must sign receipts at the time they receive them. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 27.)
142-143 14 July 1780 A. Graham for Edwards, Portland Edward White Ordnance Storekeeper White is to supply George Cartwright with ordnance (two 9-pounders) & ordnance stores for the defence of Sandwich Bay, Labrador. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 28.)
143-144 15 July 1780 A. Graham for Edwards, Portland Commandant, Amherst Tower Private Signals to be used when a warship approaches the harbour entrance. These orders not to be made known to the public.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 29.)
144-145 14 July 1780 Edwards, Portland   Signals: signals to be used "at the Look out upon Signal Hill" when vessels first appears, if they prove to be square-rigged, and how to respond if more than 3 vessels appear (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 30.)
145-146 20 July 1780 A. Graham for Edwards, Court House John Dwyer, agent for Robert Eustace (Renews) John Murphy, agent for James Sutton and Englebert Mulhausen of London, requests to be put into possession of the estate of Robert Eustace according to a deed signed in March 1776. Dwyer is to appear at the court house on 25 July to show if cause exists to refuse possession of the estate to Murphy.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 31.)
146-147 20 July 1780 Richard Edwards Constables at Petty Harbour & to John Dingle, JP Bay Bulls They are to maintain a constant watch at Petty Harbour for any ship of force and to report any sightings to Gov. Edwards immediately.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 32.)
147-149 21 July 1780 A. Graham for Edwards, Court House   Proclamation: any merchant or boat keeper who "entertains" or employs deserters from HM warships, will be "prosecuted with the utmost severity of the law."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 33.)
149 22 July 1780 R. Edwards, Portland George Williams High Sheriff Williams is ordered to deliver the body of Nathaniel Cormick to Sergeant Harper.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 34.)
149-151 22 July 1780 R. Edwards, Portland   Order: 52 weeks' of provisions have been sent for the garrisons.  Since Lt. Col. Hay must return home, Major Pringle is ordered to land two months allowance immediately into the garrison, not to be used except in emergency. Details about the alarm to be used if an enemy is landed. Orders for the garrison and the Newfoundland Volunteers should the alarm be sounded.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 35-36.)
151-154 no date Richard Edwards   Edwards describes in detail the arrangements to send detachments to the various forts & batteries defending the harbour of St. Johnís. Orders for their composition & deployment.    (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 37-39.)
154-155 no date Memoral of John Murphy Richard Edwards Murphy has been authorized by James Sutton & Co. of London to recover £7000 from Robert Eustace and take possession of property and other effects of Robert Eustace of Renewse, and requests Edwards cooperation.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 40.)
156-158 1 May 1780 Benjamin Hammat, Notary Public   This concerns a debt foreclosure against Robert Eustace. Hammat affirms that James Sutton made James Pointer, merchant of London, his attorney and that he may ask and receive the effects of Robert & Mary Eustace, late of Waterford, Ireland, James McCleery, of Portaferry and Thomas Rogers of Dungawen.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 41-43.)
159   John Mitchell, J. Atkinson   Mitchell & Atkinson are both notary publics who certifying that Benjamin Hammat is a Notary Public and what he signs is therefore legitimate. Endorsed by Richard Edwards
159-160 13 May 1780 Simon Preston, Waterford   Preston is also a Notary Public. Here he confirms that the letter of attorney was a real copy of the original.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 44-47.)
160-165 13 May 1780 James Pointer, Waterford   The instructions on acquiring the estate of Robert Eustace. James Pointer appoints John Murphy as his legal "Substitute" in the matter.
165 13 May 1780 Samuel Morgan, Mayor of Waterford   Confirms that he was present and verifies the above statement.
166 13 May 1780 Samuel Morgan, Mayor of Waterford   Morgan verifies that James Pointer came before him and stated under oath that Robert Eustace of Renewse was indebted to James Sutton and Company of London to the sum of £7,000.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 48.)
166-167 13 May 1780 Simon Preston, Waterford   Preston, as Notary Public, swears that he was present when the above mentioned took place.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 49.)
167-170 8 March 1776 Robert Eustace   The Agreement between Robert Eustace and James Sutton and Englebert Mulhausen of London  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 50-52.)
170-171 13 May 1780 Simon Preston, Waterford   Preston as Notary Public states that the above writing was an exact copy of the original lease.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 53.)


Volume 8 (1779-1780): Letters

1-3 16 Sept 1779 Charles Speke Pultney for the people of Fogo   The inhabitants of Fogo suffer seriously from a lack of provisions and supplies such as salt, without which they cannot make fish to meet their obligations to the merchants. They face famine and starvation. Much of this is caused by the fact that many vessels failed to arrive with supplies, having been captured by the enemy. There are 50 families each with anywhere from 3 to 7 or 8 children who are suffering.And it will only get worse once winter isolates Fogo and adjacent ports from relief.
3-4 25 Sept 1779 Richard Edwards Charles Speke Pultney, Fogo Edwards regrets that he cannot send any relief to the people of Fogo; there's little enough in St. John's to satisfy the need there. He urges people "to remove as near to the Capital as possible" and, if no supplies arrive, they should return to England or Ireland.
4 25 Sept 1779 Richard Edwards Lt. Smith Artillery Lt. Smith is given a leave of absence to return to England during the winter.
5 12 Sept 1779 Robert Pringle Richard Edwards Pringle gives a report on the state of the harbour batteries & fortifications at St. Johnís..
6 29 Sept 1779 Richard Edwards John Dingle, Bay of Bulls Edwards is surprised that Dingleís letters of 23 & 25 Sept differ so greatly in so short a time. [There is nothing to indicate what Dingle's letters reported] Edwards also states that he has appointed Lt. Lumsdaine [HM Brig Postillion] Surrogate in the Bay of Bulls.
6 5 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards all  JPs of Nfld Edwards sends them the template for a scheme of the fisheries in their respective harbours; they are to complete them and send them back as soon as possible. They are also to inform the merchants that a convoy will sail for England on 28 Oct.
7 29 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards [Robert] Eustace [Renews] Edwards explains that, before he can grant the commissions he requested for the Levant and Elizabeth, he must first respond to a letter from Mr. [Robert] Carter, JP of Ferryland, and also to inform Edwards of the whereabouts of the men that were sent to Eustace to navigate his ship to Renews, as well as the deserters who were found on Eustaceís ship and who Eustace had claimed he would secure and deliver himself. [Edwards tells Eustace that "you do not say what Commissions", a pointed reminder to Eustace that in future he should be more explicit in his requests. Eustace was probably requesting commissions of Letters fo Marque for his ships]
7-8 13 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Robert Carter Edwards includes an account of two submissions of Greenwich Hospital duties that he received from Carter; Edwards want to know when Carter will submit the rest, because Edwards will soon depart for England. Edwards also wants the balance submitted in one complete sum and not in small sums at different times.
8-9 23 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Capt Pringle, Chief Engineer Pringle has requested permission to return to England to report to the Board of Ordnance on the progress being made on the new harbour defences. Edwards regrets that he cannot grant the permission; Pringle is needed more in St. John's to continue progress on the works, "together with the present critical situation of affairs"
9-10 20 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Mr. Eustace

 

Edwards has received the letter of 16 Oct in which Eustace included a letter written to Mr. Carter on 2 Oct;  Edwards regards neither as satisfactory to remove the charges made by Justice Carter against Eustace. Concerning the arms in Eustaceís possession, Edwards adds that anyone who is to be equipped with a musket must take the oath of allegiance in the presence of a JP. He also grants the commissions that Eustace requested, but he still wants to know what has happened to Portland's men.
10 23 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Nicholas Gill, St. Johnís Edwards sends Gill a proclamation relating to the merchants & fishermen engaged in the fishery; Gill is to make it known to the public. A similar letter is sent to all JPs in Nfld
11-12 23 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards [William Saunders, merchant at Placentia, judging by the next letter] Edwards has received a letter of 10 Oct stating that the person who sent that letter [again, judging by the next document, this was William Saunders of Placentia] got into a dispute with Lt. Hawkins, the garrison commander at Placentia, over the fact that Hawkins declared the town to be under martial law. Edwards says that he will appoint a JP for the district as soon as it is possible. This will put an end to the complaint. Edwards also notes that a boat crew in the employ of the author of the letter of 10 Oct ran into and sank another boiat belkonong to a "poor Industrious Boatkeeper". Edwards is not pleased by the way in which this incident was being handled and insists that damages be properly paid
12 23 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Lt. Hawkins, Placentia Mr. Saunders has complained of Hawkins' declaration of martial law. Hawkins is told that military law cannot be imposed in the fishery, and he is not to interfere with the fishery. Edwards will send a Surrogate if necessary.
13 23 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Charles Garland Garland is to to look into a complaint made last year and this year by Patrick Power.
13-14 28 Oct 1779 Richard Edwards Mr. Eustace Edwards send Eustace a description of two men who were principals in a riot last Sunday, in which a man was wounded "in a Terrible manner" and is now either dead or dying. John Mahany was also involved but absconded; the two men are reported to be on Eustace's ship.  Eustace is instructed, if he finds them, to send them to Edwards "properly Guarded". Edwards then provides a description of Michael Darrigan and Thomas Burke, the two men in question, both Irish.
14-15 1 Nov 1779     The amount of wood, coal, candles, and oil to be issued to garrison buildings at Fort William, Fort Townshend & Fort Amherst, according to standard government rates.
15-16 2 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards   A dispute developed between Capt Pringle of the Engineers and the garrison commander at St. John's, over how far the engineers may interfere with the command of the infantry. Edwards was asked to bring the dispute before the C-in-C of HM Forces or the Secretary at War. Edwards will do so. Meanwhile, they should base their authority on the dates of their appointment at current rank. [see below, p. 28]
16 1 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards Mr. Keen Keen had been ordered in the spring to appear in St. Johnís by 10 Oct to settle a dispute with his brother; he did not do so. Edwards wants a letter explaining why he did not appear. Nor has Keen submitted an account of the Greenwich Hospital duties.
17 1 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards William Saunders Saunders submitted an account of the fishery in Placentia Bay on 15 Oct; he must have requested an escort for the trade by 10 Nov. Edwards snapped back that he had done more for Placentia than other bays, and that Trepassey and Coureur sat waiting at Placentia for the Portugal trade, only to sit there idle. When he sent Martin to pick up the English trade, scheduled to depart 28 Oct, the merchants demanded more time. Edwards cannot give Saunders a convoy as the defence of St. Johnís is the priority during his absence.
18 1 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards   Asking whether Mr. Hunter, as attorney to James "Godon" [or "Goddon'; both spellings are used] of Harbour Main, will take the fish belonging to Goddon and pay the wages owed to William Taylor.
18 1 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards Mr. Lee, Barrack Master St. Johnís Giving Lee six months leave to England to deal with his public & private affairs.
19 5 Nov 1779 Richard Edwards Lt. Col. Hay If the warships which will winter there become "distressed" for want of provisions, Hay is to do everything he can to be of assistance.
19-23 9 Dec 1779 Richard Edwards, Portsmouth Lord George Germain Edwards submits an account of his activities in Newfoundland that year, including the state of the fishery, returns of the garrison & ordnance stores, measures taken to distribute ordnance to the outports for their defence, state of the squadron, what's happened since his previous letter of 12 Sept, state of the fortifications. Describes privateers as "paltry", compared to previous years. Describes the decision to raise the Nfld Volunteers -- who they are, what they can do. Edwards refers to a convoy which sailed for Nfld in November to ease the distress of famine. He also explains that he arrested and brought to England 2 men who plundered two storeships wrecked on Nfld coast of large amounts of provisions; describes how inhabitants looted the wrecked ships as well as "each other"
24 5 Nov 1779     Return of troops in garrisons in Newfoundland.
25 1 Nov 1780     State of the corps of Newfoundland Volunteers.
25-26       Seven articles which the Newfoundland Volunteers all had to sign when they enlisted.
27   Richard Edwards   An account of the ordnance stores distributed to the outports of Labrador and the island of Nfld for their defence, and the names of those into whose charge the ordnance and small arms were delivered.
28 21 March 1780 Richard Edwards, London Lord Amherst Informing Lord Amherst of a dispute between Capt. Pringle of the Corps of Engineers and Capt. McDonald of the infantry over "the right of Command" and asking his Majestyís advice on the issue. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 1.)
29-30 21 March 1780 Richard Edwards, London "My Lord" Capt. McDonell and Lt. Grant of the 71st and 42nd Regiments are having difficulty paying their men because of the 5% discount which must be given on bills of exchange; they would like government to provide pay in cash. Edwards agrees and urges that some amount of cash be sent out or "it may be attended with very disagreeable Consequences."  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 2.)
30-31 21 March 1780 Richard Edwards, London "My Lord" Gov.  Edwards states that he sent extracts of letters sent by Major Pringle dated December 1779 and 10 January 1780 which point out the need to complete sought the Newfoundland Volunteers with small arms and allowing them pay and rations "in case of their being embodied" so that they would be more useful to the defence of Newfoundland. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 3.)
31-32 7 April 1780 Richard Edwards, London Captain Wright Wright is to proceed to Newfoundland without loss of time; he should make his way to Portsmouth and sail on HMS Vestal. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 4.)
32-33 20 April 1780 Richard Edwards, London Board of Customs the Customs Collectors at St. Johnís have indicated that they a small vessel and crew to be employed to visit the different outports of Newfoundland. Edwards points out that the brig Duff would not have been re-captured last year had it not been for HM Sloop Martin, Capt. Durell. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 5.)
33-34 28 April 1780 Richard Edwards, London "My Lord" Edwards will soon return to Newfoundland; before he departs, he wishes to ensure he can pay the troops stationed on the island. Therefore he requests that specie may be sent to Newfoundland. This was done the previous year. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 6.)
35-38 3 April 1780 Richard Edwards, London Commanding Officer, St. Johnís Warns that the French land & sea force preparing at Brest may attack Newfoundland to destroy the fishery and take the island. Take every necessary step for defence of Newfoundland in case of an attack before Edwards returns. The Newfoundland Volunteers are to be paid same rate of pay as regulars if called upon to help defend the island. Carronades will be issued to ships of the squadron. 800 stand small arms will be delivered for the volunteers. Cannon in the outport batteries should be spoiuked if they are overwhelmed by a French attack. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 7-9.)
38 3 April 1780 Richard Edwards, London Capt. Wright Stating that he should relieve Lt. Col. Hay at St. Johnís as soon as possible. The convoy under HMS Vestal and HM Sloop Fairy shall leave Spithead on 8 April and Cowes on 10 April. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 10.)
39-40 3 April 1780 Richard Edwards, London Capt. Pringle It is the wish of Lord George Germain that the harbour of Quiddy Viddy be protected and made as difficult for the enemy to enter with as much artillery as possible. Use seamen if necessary to sink boats & blow up rocks to impede the enemy. If a boom needs to be placed in the Narrows, the Proteus will supply 1 or 2 cables. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, pp. 11-12.)
40-41 7 May 1780 Richard Edwards, London "My Lord" Asks that the annual supply of fuel for the Nfld garrisons be sent from England "as the difficulty of procuring them in the Country [Newfoundland] is very great and the price extravagant. It being impossible to purchase them for less than Nine Shillings per Hogshead." (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 14.)
41 11 May 1780 Richard Edwards, London Richard Rigby, Pay Office He submitted the accounts of Capt. McDonnel and Lt Grant, pay masters. Edwards wishes to know whether the paymasters may charge 5% on bills that they may draw in the future. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 15.)
42 16 May 1780 Richard Edwards, Portsmouth Lord Viscount Townshend Some of the 800 stand of small arms have been shipped on the Vestal & Surprize frigates; Edwards asks for immediate directions to send the rest on other ships of his squadron. He will sail for Newfoundland on 20 May and wants any ordnance store vessel destined for Nfld to join him in his departure. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 16.)
43-44 12 June 1780 Richard Edwards, Portland at sea Gov. Hughes, Halifax Edwards hopes Capt Reese with the transports bound for Halifax has arrived, and that the Fairy sloop has arrived with the packet from St. John's with news of the French squadron which has sailed form Brest with 70 transports & thousands of troops for somewhere in N. Am under command of "Monseiur [sic] Tournier [Ternay]." He is anxious that Reese will only be detained in Halifax for a short while. Edwards regrets the irregularities in Nfld of the recruiting parties sent from Nova Scotia last fall. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 17)
44 24 March 1780 Lord Amherst, Whitehall Richard Edwards With regards to the dispute between Capt. Pringle and Capt. McDonnel, Amherst directs that "the eldest officer must have the command" [i.e., the officer with seniority]  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 18.)
45 13 May 1780 Richard Rigby, Pay Office Admiral Edwards Rigby acknowledges Edwards' letter, explaining the disdvantage of the poaymasters in Nfld havig to charge 5% discount on bills; he has passed on the request that some cash be sent out. He will tell Admiral Edwards as soon as he has any information on the subject. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 19.)
45-46 20 May 1780 Richard Rigby, Pay Office Admiral Edwards Money has been issued for the "subsistence in advance" for the detachments of the 71st and 42nd Regiments. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 20.)
46 18 July 1780 George Williams, Sheriff   A return of John Doyle, "Innholder" of St. Johnís who is under suspicion of murdering his wife Catherine Doyle.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 54.) [For more on Doyle's case, see GN2-1-A-9, 143 and 220-221]
47 12 July 1780 George Williams, Sheriff   A return of Michael Darrigan, John Crew, and John Mahany who are all "supposed to be concerned" in the murder of Cornelius Galary.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 54.) [The trials and verdicts appear in Vol. 9 of the Letterbooks]
47-48 20 July 1780 Richard Edwards, St. Johnís General Haldimand, Quebec Edwards sent Haldimand two packets from Lord Germain which were saved by the master of a vessel captured by American privateers. Edwards also alerts Haldimand that a force under the command of "Monsieur Tournai" [Ternay] had left Brest and may be heading for Quebec. Finally, Edwards states that he cannot allow anymore recruiting parties from Halifax or Quebec coming to Newfoundland in the future, owing to the expenses they have incurred and "the Irregular Proceedings" of the recruiting paerties after Edwards left Nfld the previous fall.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 55.)
49 25 July 1780 Richard Edwards, Portland, St. John's Ensign Hawkins, 84th Regt.,  Commandant at Placentia Governor Edwards states that he cannot rule on the dispute between Ensign Hawkins and Mr. Saunders because he has not yet heard Saundersí side of the argument. Urges Hawkins to maintain best relations possible with everyone at Placentia. He also asks Hawkins to send him an account of the state of his garrison.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 56.)
50 4 Aug. 1780 Richard Edwards Sir Richard Hughes Edwards sent Hughes a packet via the Surprize and hopes that Capt. Reese can return to Nfld as soon as possible. Maidstone has sprung her mast and Edward begs that Hughes arrange to replace it, as there is a privateer "of force" in Nfld waters, notwithstanding that the Nfld warships have captured 5 privateers. Capt. Monk's bills (for £600 to pay for vessels to carry off recruits) have been protested; Edwards requests that Hughes help deal with this issue.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 57.)
51 4 Aug. 1780 Richard Edwards Commanding Officer at Halifax Stating that he has sent the Maidstone to Halifax to receive a new mainmast and that since there are a large number of privateers of the coast of Newfoundland he hopes that it can be repaired as fast as possible so that Capt Parker can return quickly to Nfld.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 58.)
51-52 8 Aug. 1780 Richard Edwards Capt. Stanhope, HM Sloop Trepassey Asks Stanhope to send him the records of the court house and an intercepted letter about the prisoners in the gaol as soon as possible.  (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 59.)
52-54 11 Aug. 1780 Richard Edwards Robert Carter, Ferryland According to Capt. Edwards of HM Sloop Volcano, Carter has attached the effects of Mr. Eustace in order to settle a debt incurred by Mr. Doble at the request of Mr. Eustace's servant. Edwards chides Carter for overstepping his authority; Doble must apply to Eustace to settle the debt because Eustace's effects rightly belong to Mr. Sutton as Eustace owes Sutton a debt of £7,000. (See D'Alberti transcript, Vol. 1, p. 60-61.)

End of Volume