GN 2/1/A [Box No. 3]


Volume 7 (1777-1779)

(This volume is arranged in two parts; first come "Orders and Proclamations" and then come "Letters"
The pagination of the "Orders and Proclamations" ends on p. 140; pagination then begins again with p. 1 of "Letters" )
 
A biographical essay on Governor Richard Edwards (who succeeded Gov. Montagu) appears in the Dictionary of Canadian
Biography
, Vol. IV; no DCB essay is available for Montagu, but other individuals of this period who appear in the DCB,
including Aaron Graham (Edwards' secretary), Rev. Edward Langman, Jeremiah Coghlan, (not to be confused with Laurence Coghlan),
 John Slade, Benjamin Lester, Charles Garland, Robert Pringle, John Peyton, George Cartwright, Francis Lucas, and James Balfour
[Many of the documents during Montagu's tenure in office were drafted and signed by Thomas Atkins, his secretary. Atkins' signature is invariably illegible, thanks to an unreadable scrawl. Not until p. 94 of the "Letters" does his name become clear]

Orders and Proclamations

Page Date From whom (where) To whom (where) Contents or nature of the document

1-2

21 May 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov. Montagu

D. Coke, Jonah Newell, George Whittle (JPs, Trinity)

John Toms was convicted of "sundry Misdemeanors" in 1776 and sent to England with orders not to return. He has in fact returned. John Ford, master of the brig Nancy, carried Toms back to England and has now brought him back. Ford is fined £20 for his violation. [See more about this case below, under "Letters", pp. 5-7

2-3

21 May 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Dewes Coke, Jonah Newell, George Whittle (JPs, Trinity)

Orders to arrest John Toms.

3-4

20 May 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Robert Carter, JP Ferryland

Orders to charge £4 for licenses to keep public houses and £5 to those who sell wine without a license. Money to be used to support the jail & prisoners brought to Ferryland for trial.

4-5

30 May 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Richard Marshall, Freshwater Cove, Conception Bay

Complaint filed by Thomas Pike, agent for John and Young Green of Poole. Complaint stated that Benjamin Linthorn, Master of the ship Dorset owned by the Greens, was first into the harbour and set up a fishing room as the law allowed him. Richard Marshall was accused of impeding Linthorn in his attempts; Marshall is requested to appear before Governor Montagu to explain his actions.

5

31 May 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Edward White, Officer of the Ordnance

Lieut Lloyd, commander of HM Armed Sloop Penguin is in need of three-pound shot. White is ordered to give Lloyd 180 of said shot.

6

11 June 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Maj. Barrett, Commandant, Fort William

A number of American Privateers ďof ForceĒ have been reported upon the coast. This makes it necessary to put the batteries on the south side in a better defensive position. Maj. Barrett is ordered to remove the infantry from the work at Fort Townshend until further notice and a number of artillery pieces may be ordered to be placed on the south side. Barrett is required to make sure that the batteries are sufficiently supplied with ammunition.

7

14 June 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Capt. Pringle, Chief Engineer at Nfld

In the absence of the Barrack Master, Pringle is ordered to ensure that the new batteries on the south side are sufficiently provided with all barrack necessities agreeable with military custom.

7

13 June 1777

Joseph Barrett, CO, Fort William

 

A return of the utensils & equipment needed to complete the barracks at Fort Frederick on the south side of the harbour at St. Johnís.

8

21 June 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu  Romney

Capt. Pringle, Chief Engineer

Pringle is informed that Lieut. Baker of the Artillery at Placentia requires powder. Pringle is ordered to send 20 barrels of powder.

8

21 June 1777

Joseph Barrett

John Montagu

Joseph Barrett, suffering from illness, requests that Capt. Pringle, who is second in command, take over his responsibilities until he has fully recovered from his illness.

9

21 June 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Robert Pringle

Montagu grants Pringle temporary command of the garrison at Fort William while Major Barrett recovers from his illness.

10-11

3 July 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

James Brooks, Bay Bulls

Brooks was asked last May for an account of the fines he received since the commencement of Montaguís government, the amount he retained, the amounts expended from those fines and the balance left. Montagu never received a reply. Chief Justice Edward White has also informed him that money is owed to St. Johnís for the prosecution of William Keef. Montagu orders Brooks to settle his dues or appear before him and explain why this has not been done.

11

7 July 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Because merchant vessels frequently leave port without first boarding the Romney to state where they are bound, it is therefore required that all masters of vessels have a certificate from the Governor before they can leave the port.

12

10 July 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Charles Gardland [sic], Robert Gray, JPs, Harbour Grace

Thomas Danson petitioned that Edward Swiney, who had agreed to serve him as cooper and agent, did not finish his employment. Swiney must explain himself before the justices.

13

20 July 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Lees, barrack master, St. Johnís

Concerning a complaint of 19 May by Capt Pringle that the men of his garrison were given food that was unfit for them to eat. Lees is ordered to go to the store where the provisions were kept and to replace any which he found to be inadequate.

14

24 July 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Lees

An itemized list of the quantities of wood, coals, candles, oil, and brooms to be distributed to the garrison at Fort William.

15

28 July 1777

John Montagu

Charles Garland

Montagu has received Garland's summary of court proceedings against Thomas Danson, who must return Edmond [earlier referred to as Edward] Swineyís clothes & effects and pay any wages owed to him. If Danson refuses, then his effects are to be sold until all dues are repaid.

15-16

29 July 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Phillips, High Sheriff

Complaint made by James Cowen that Mr. Farra, supercargo in the sloop ďlately calledĒ Thetis of Glasgow and sold to Mr. Smith, merchant, is guilty of unfair procedure. Farra is required to come before Gov. Montagu to answer questions that afternoon.

16-17

30 July 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Sam Harrison, agent to Joseph Neaves, at Little Placentia

Minchin Stokesbury presented a petition showing that he had an agreement with Neaves, a merchant, to serve him as "Doctor of Physic" for 2 summers and 1 winter but the agreement was terminated before the end of the contract. Neaves must pay the remaining summer and winter left on the contract.

17-20

2 Aug. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

The people who winter in the northern parts of Newfoundland, from Cape Bonavista to Point Riche, are there to hunt seal and furs, yet they have been interfering with the French (pilfer huts, etc. & interfere with crews). The French have rights there defined by treaty. If this continues, perpetrators will be severely punished and the master in charge of said perpetrators will also be held responsible. Regulations and procedures are carefully defined for English fishermen sealing and fishing on that coast. 

20-22

10 Aug. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Robert Power, Catalina

Petition by James Childe, agent for Charles Childe. He lent a boat to Robert Power to fetch timber from Bonavista Bay to Catalina. Power eventually claimed that the boat was his and, to settle the dispute, took the matter to George Rider at Bonavista rather than to Gov. Montagu or the justices at Trinity. There was no decision at first, but when Childe was ordered to appear before Rider a second time, and could not do so, he was charged with contempt & damages. Moreover Power then vandalized Childe's fish. Power is now ordered to appear before Gov. Montagu on 10 Oct. to prove his claim to the boat and to answer any questions.

22-23

22 Aug. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Thomas Power agreed to server Robert Holdsworth on the Banks as a salter from 11 June until 20 Oct. for £17 and gear. But the brig Eleonora was taken by an American privateer. Power & others were sent ashore and returned to work, but William Shapley, Holdsworth's agent, said that because the privateer had captured the brig, he had no more work for Power and would only pay him for the time he had served. Carter is directed to have Shapley appear before him and order Shapley either to employ Power for the remainder of the contract or pay Power the balance of pay that he would have received.

23

1 Sept. 1777

   

Memorandum: appointment of Lieut. Milbank as Surrogate between St. Johnís and Cape Ray, and Lieut. Schomberg [cutter Labrador] Surrogate between St. Johnís and Fogo. Order and instructions as on pp. 141-144 "in Records Vol. 6."

24

 

Robert Pringle; certified, Robert Bollard

John Montagu

List of artificers & labourers employed on HM works in St. Johnís until 20 Aug. 1777; list identifies the particular kind of work each one did and where.

25-26

3 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Coghlan (JP, Fogo)

Coghlan reported that people of Twillingate, Shoe Cove & Fogo have been off French salt clandestinely from harbours to the north. The salt was left there for the winter without informing British naval patrols or local justices of the amounts. Coghland is to investigate and charge 5 shillings for each hogshead of salt. [See below, "Letters", pp. 47-49]

26

10 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Mr. White, Ordnance Officer, St. Johnís

List of supplies needed by HM Armed Sloop Bonaventure and which White is to supply.

27-28

13 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Montagu, Romney

 

Property dispute. In Feb. 1745/6, Thomas Roberts of Quiddy Viddy deeded his room &  plantation to William Adams and his wife Jane. In 1754 the courts confirmed the deed in Adams' name. Adams & wife have since died, making their four daughters co-heiresses of the property. Someone from England appeared a couple of years ago, claimed the property based on an documented will left by Robertsí daughter; ďthe late Governor Duff (without anyone appearing in behalf of the Right Owners) secretly Decreed the Estate away to that unlawful Claimant.Ē  Montagu grants the property back to the 4 surviving Adams daughters. See also pp. 61-63 below.

28

19 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for The Admiral

 

Memorandum: John Dingle and William Symmonds are appointed JPs of Bay Bulls.

29-30

25 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Thomas Gotham is granted an empty fishing room near the one that he currently occupies in St. Johnís harbour, and which would provide him with much needed space to cure his fish.

30-31

26 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

By the powers vested in him by the King on 14 March, 1777, Montagu appoints Edward White, Thomas Dodd, John Stripling, Nicholas Gill, Edward Langman and Robert Bulley Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer, with authority to hear all criminal cases except those of treason.

32

27 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Notice given that the General Assizes will be held in St. Johnís on 14 Oct. 1777.

32

30 Sept. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Any of the JPs of St. Johnís

Montagu had heard the property dispute of the late Thomas Roberts and William Adams; Adams' 4 daughters are to be placed in possession of the property

33-35

6 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Circular: Many people come to Nfld in the Spring for the fishery but stay through the winter, though they have no way of making a living. No one may stay the winter who is not a fulltime resident or a "Yearly Servant".  The consequences of violating this regulation are spelled out.

35-36

10 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Many ships which come from Ireland bring unmarried women to Nfld whose purpose is to be employed as "Indentured Servants". Many of these women arrive pregnant. Montagu forbids ship masters from taking such women on board; those who do will pay a fine of £10.

37

10 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Montagu appoints Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill and John Stripling JPs of St. Johnís

37-38

20 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Henry Trotman, James Escott

Anyone residing on the property of the four daughters of the late Mr. Adams is to pay any rent that is owed.

38-39

23 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Isaac Frampton, merchant at St. Mary's

Willliam Scott built & repaired boats for Edward Rine between 1773 and this date; Rine owes him over £34. But when he tried to collect, he learned that Follett had already seized the boat for a debt. Frampton must allow Scott to collect his debt from Rine first, "according to the established Custom of this Island, that Boatbuilders are always paid in preference to others."

39-40

23 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

Thomas Townsend & Co., St. Mary's

Dispute occasaioned by "an unprofitable" season last year, William Scott agreed to turn over al his boats, fish, oil & fishing craft to Townsend & Co. provided they provision & pay Scott's servants. The dispute also concerns timber which Scott had cut and stored, intended for boat-building, and which Townshend & Co. agreed to let Scott have his men & boats back to transport the timber to his residence, for which Thompson & Co. could keep an agreed amount of the logs. Instead, Thompson & Co. kept and took everything. Montagu rules that Thompson & Co. must abide by the original agreement and pay damages.

41

25 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Philips, High Sheriff of Newfoundland

Thomas Man, James Wotton Senior and James Notton Jr were tried & fined for embezzlement. Philips is to collect the fines; if they fail to pay, they are to be held in jail until they do pay.

41

27 Oct. 1777

Thomas Atkins

 

William Simmons wished to resign from his position as JP of Bay Bulls; Montagu has agreed.

42

28 Oct. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Captain Pringle

Pringle has permission to travel to England once the construction season has ended.

43-44

14 may 1778

George III

John Montagu

Additional Instructions. Based on a report to the Privy Council by Thomas Halse (Overseer & Director) and John Dun (Clerk of the Mines & Works); mining of copper ore goes on at Shoal Bay [S. of St. Johns] as the result of a grant in 1775 John Agnew & associates. Montagu to take one tenth of any metals, ores, or minerals on behalf of the Crown.

45-46

15 Aug. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Dispute over the property of the late William Cumes. Jset  Cumes and Mary Cumes, widow & daughter of William Cumes, challenge another woman who also claims to be the widow of William Cumes and holds possession of his property in Petty Harbour. Montagu decides that Jset Cumes is the true widow and is given the right to the property.

47

28 Aug. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu Europe

Jeremiah Coghlan

Jeremiah Coghlan is appointed the Naval Officer for Twillingate.

48

28 Aug. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu Europe

Charles Garland, JP Harbor Grace

Jonathan Webber cut quantities of hay on Carbonear Island. But the island, having been fortified, is now the property of the King. Garland must therefore seize the hay and deliver it to Montagu.

49

28 Aug. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu Europe

Mr. McDugall, Master of the brig Betty

McDugall employed William Prudergast, "cooper", to purchase empty hogsheads but then refused to pay for them. McDugall is ordered to pay.

50

3 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu Europe

Thomas Halse, Shoal Bay

Halse is ordered to round up any deserters of HM warships trying to make for Bay Bulls and to keep them in confinement until he is able to send them to Gov. Montagu. A reward of 40 shillings will be paid for each deserter.

51

4 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu Europe

 

Thomas Durell is appointed Montagu's surrogate in Trinity and Conception Bays.

52-54

4 Sept. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

 

Thomas Durell's instrctions as Surrogate; these instructions are fairly detailed.

54-55

9 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Tamsin Martin, widow of William Martin, reports that her father-in-law left a [fishing] room in Torbay to his children, one of whom was blind. The other children did not know how to care for their blind brother and arranged with Patrick Joyce to care for him. In return they allowed Joyce full interest in the room. The blind brother and Joyce have since died. Mrs Martin tried to claim ownership of the room but was stopped by Dr. John Brown who claimed that he bought it from Joyce. Montagu concludes that Joyce had no right to sell the room and awards the room to Mrs Martin.

55-56

5 Aug. 1778

Sandwich, Lisburne, Penton (Lords of the Admiralty)

John Montagu

Governor Montagu has permision to distribute letters of marque for privateering purposes. Full details of the terms and conditions which apply to said letters of marque are provided.

57-58

14 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

William Keene, JP, Greenspond

Joseph Skeffington ďof Fresh Water Bay about Eighteen Leagues from BonavistaĒ & his predecessors had been using a meadow for upwards of 40 years; Keeneís servants ďdivested him thereof by Cutting and Carrying away the Grass growing ThereonĒ. Keene failed to redress the grievance and instead led his servants into tearing down the fence around the meadow. Keene must compensate Skeffington for damages as well as pay a £10 fine.

59

14 Sept. 1778

Gov. Montagu, Europe

George Rider, JP, Bonavista

Montagu has learned of Riderís ďinhuman behavior to a fellow ChristianĒ, William Robinson, who left the employ of Mr. Lester in order to join the Royal Navy. Rider had assured Montagu at the time he became a JP that he would raise seamen for the navy and promise good behaviour as a magistrate. If he receuives another complaint, Montagu will strip Rider of his commission of the peace and any other government post that he may hold.

60

14 Sept. 1778

John Montagu

Lieut. Schomberg

Lieut. Schomberg, commander of HM Schooner Labrador, is appointed Surrogate at Bonavista Bay and Fogo. He is given the same instructions as other surrogates. (See pages 52-54)

60-61

21 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu Europe

Edward White, Judge, Vice Adm'y Court, St. Johnís

Dispute over rent of a fishing room in Magoty Cove between widow Amistasia Welsh & Dr. John Brown. Her late husband leased the room from William Newman, then rented it out to Brown, who now refuses to pay the rent to Mrs Welsh. Montagu has "heard and examined" both parties, and concludes that Brown must pay rent owing to Mrs. Welsh.

61-63

21 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Thomas Buffett still claims that Thomas Roberts willed his property, in 1756, to a man who he represents. After studying the evidence and consulting the records which showed that William Adams' will was confirmed before Gov. Bonfoy in 1754, Montagu confirmed his decree of 13 Sept., 1777 in which he gave the rights to the property to the four daughters of Adams. (see above, pp. 27-28)

64

22 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Phillips, High Sheriff

Phillips is to accompany William Gadden, as attorney to the four daughters of William Adams, in possession of the disputed property.

65

22 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Vice Adm Montagu

John Phillips

Phillips and Gadden were refused possession of the property by Thomas Buffett. Phillips is to return to the property and use force to gain entry if Buffett again refuses access.

66

23 Sept. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

Thomas Stone, Treinity

Stone is agent for Benjamin & Isaac Lester. Patrick Lewis of Yougall, Ireland, left his property to his sister Margaret Dwyer. Stone has taken Lewis' "wages, bonds, notes, plate". Montague orders all of Lewis' possessions to be returned by Stone to Margret Dwyer, or her husband John Dwyer, or equivalent value in cash or bills.

67

25 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

The Court of Oyer & Terminer to try felons will be held on 13 October.

67-68

25 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Phillips

Nathaniel Phillips, who "enjoyed" part of the estate given to the four daughters of Mr. Adams complained that Mr. Gadden unlawfully prevented him from performing his rights given to him by his lease. Phillips is to be given possession of that part of the property which is rightfully his in accordance to his lease.

68-69

25 Sept. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

Edward White, Thomas Dodd, John Stripling, Nicholas Gill, Edward Langman and Robert Bulley are appointed Commissioners of Oyer & Terminer with authority to hear all criminal cases except those of treason.

69

28 Sept. 1778

John Montagu

 

Jeremiah Coghlan and Charles Speek Pulteney are appointed JPs of Fogo & ports northward.

70

3 Oct. 1778

John Montagu, Europe, St. John's

 

Anyone employing seamen or fisherman is to deduct 40 shillings from their pay for their return voyage to Great Britain as the Act of Parliament requires; those who do not book passage by 21 Oct will forfeit their 40 shillings. All such forfeited passage money is to be turned over to Rev. Edward Langman, the "Chief Justice".

71

6 Oct. 1778

 Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu Europe, SJ

 

Giving land to farm "for raising Vegetables or Poultry for his use" to Lieutenant Caddy.

72

6 Oct. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

 

Giving permission for guard boats to patrol the harbour throughout night and press anyone into Royal Navy who is found rowing about the harbour.

72

8 Oct. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Phillips, High Sheriff

Warrant was issued 2 Oct to seize fish from John Brown because of the debt he owes to Mrs. Welsh; the time allowed to Brown to pay the debt has expired, so Phillips is to sell; the fish to cover the debt owing to Mrs. "Annastatia Welsh"

73

10 Oct. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

John Phillips, High Sheriff

Warrant to bring Robert Jenkins before the Governor for questioning together with all and any papers he might have, because Jenkins, an American, has been corresponding with "his Majestyís rebellious subjects" in New England.

73-74

21 Oct. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

John Bromley is granted permission to take possession of a fishing room, because his own was taken from him in order to set up a battery for the protection of the harbor at Renews.

75

23 Oct. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

JPs Conception Bay

William LeMaitre promised before Thomas Durell, Surrogate, to pay the debt owed to George Davis of Carbonear by John Burn, a boatkeeper of Carbonear, because Le Maitre "had the Bulk of the Voyage", LeMaitre subsequently refused to honour the promise; the JPs are directed to compell him to pay the debt to Davis "as a creditor of the said Burns" as he agreed.

76-77

23 Oct. 1778

Thomas Atkins for Gov Montagu

 

A complicated dispute over ownership, lease & rent of a fishing room in St. John's. Originally owned by Thomas & Elizabeth Tracey; he died, she remarried to Thomas Ley. They then rented the room to Thomas Wakeham. Elizabeth died, & left the property to her son Thomas (Jr.). Instead, Ley sold the property to John Brown of St. John's and then returned to England where he died. Meanwhile, Wakeham has been refusing to pay rents on the lease. Gov. Montagu determines that Thomas Tracey Junior is the lawful heir & owner of the property and that Wakeham must pay all rent owed to Tracey. This case will re-surface in 1781 during the administration of Gov. Richard Edwards; see Vol. 9, 308.

78

2 Oct. 1778

Atkins for Montagu, Europe, St. John's

James Power

Robert "Ballard" [sic; should be Bollard], Clerk of the Cheque of the Ordnance at St. John's, has been transferred to Placentia to be the Ordnance Storekeeper there; James Power is therefore appointed Clerk of the Checque of the Ordnance at St. Johnís to fill the vacancy until the Board of Ordnance can make a final decision.

79-80

26 Oct. 1778

Atkins for Montagu, Europe,

 

Montagu responds to a petition by James Dougherty over a property dispute. Dougherty's father lent his wharf and store[house] to James Goss, who in turn leased it to Alexander McClure. McClure overstocked the storehouse with salt, causing it and half the wharf to collapse under the weight. Dougherty is blamed on the grounds that it was his responsibility to maintain the storehouse & wharf in good order, and must also pay damages. Dougherty challenges this claim and is supported by Edward White & Nicholas Gill. Montagu convenes a special jury of 12 prominent inhabitants (namd here) and they decide that McClure may use the property uintil the end of the lease, then leave it in a good state, including rebuilding the store and paying all rent owed to Dougherty.

81

28 Oct. 1778

Edward Langman

Mr. Rogers

Rogers evidently married Langman's daughter. This is Langmanís statement about how his property is to be willed to her when Langman dies, including how it is to be passed on with or without children to Rogers and Langman's daughter.

82 Page 82 is blank; there are no pages 83 or 84    [John Montagu's term as governor ends; that of Richard Edwards begins]

85

23 July 1779

   

Richard Edwards was appointed Governor of Newfoundland on 1 April 1779; here he announces that appointment officially, first to all military personnel in the garrison, next to the JPs and principal inhabitants at the Court House.

86

23 July 1779

   

General Return of troops in Newfoundland as well as a list of officers and laborers employed on the works in St. Johnís.

87

26 July 1779

(Aaron Graham) for Gov. Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Hay Royal Artillery, Commandant, St. John's

Troops stationed in Newfoundland must not to interfere with the activities of fisherman or to take beach space used by said fisherman.

87

29 July 1779

Richard Edwards

 

All masters of merchant ships leaving the harbour must first show the Governor their papers from the Customs House before departure; Governor can then assign a signal to the departing vessel which signal they must communicate to the garrison commander before dpearture.

88-89

29 July 1779

Graham for Gov Edwards

 

Proclamation: Confirmation of the government grants of land in 1769 & 1774 to the Unitas Fratrum (Moravians) for missions on the Labrador coast; this proclamation expands the limits of the Moravian land. All inhabitants to respect the Moravians and "Native Indians" consistent with Proclamation of 1772.

89-90

29 July 1779

A. Graham for Edwards

 

The Moravians have purchased a sloop, the Good Intent, Francis Mugford commander, for the purpose of bringing supplies to their missions. It is required that all civil and military officers do not impede the progress of the Good Intent, or the Moravian missions, as per past proclamations of 1769 & 1774.

90

30 July 1779

A. Graham for Edwards

Edward White

White is to provide HMS Licorne with needed supplies (itemized)

91

30 July 1779

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Hay

He is to stop any merchant ships from leaving the harbour until they have shown him a "Minute" indicating the signal to be hoisted upon departure.

91

31 July 1779

A. Graham for Edwards

Lt. Col. Hay

Capt. Pringle informed Governor Edwards that the working parties from the 42nd and 71st regiment are too small to carry on the Kingís Works "with expedition". Hay is ordered assign guard duties to the artillery and ensure that the working parties are as strong as possible.

92

3 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards

Patrick Poor, St. Johnís

 

Benjamin Keen left his proprty to be divided his 2 sons, daughter, & mother-in-law. Poor is "employed in Trust" in this bequest, and is told to attend court on 10 Aug. with all relevant papers.

92

7 Aug. 1779

   

Order: All parties belonging to the company of artillery under Lt. Col. Hay serving in the outports (except Placentia) are to attend an inquiry at Fort William on 12 August.

92-93

8 Aug. 1779

   

Order: Edwards has received complaints from artillery company about Lt. Col. Hay. Hay wants a court of inquiry. Such a court is called for 12 August; a list indicates who would make up the court of inquiry.

93

8 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

 

Order: Officer & soldiers serving at Amherst Tower are to be relieved. Artillery men serving at the south side battery & Torbay are to appear before the court of inquiry on 12 August.

93-94

9 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards

Edward White

He is to ship ordnance stores listed here to Trepassey on the armed brig Postillion; Isaac Follett is to give security that the stores will be returned when peace is restored.

94-95

10 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards

Edward White

He is to ship the ordnance stores listed here to Ferryland & Bay Bulls on the brig Postillion and take a receipt; stores to be returned when peace is restored.

95-96

10 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

 

(several) Governor's Orders (relating to protocols during the Court of Inquiry): Acting Fort Adjutant to wait on the governor during the court of inquiry; a Captain of the Day is appointed, and his duties described; an Orderly Serjeant to wait on the governor whenever he lands at the King's Wharf; an Orderly Corporal to wait on the Capt. of the Day; Capt McDonald to relieve Capt Pringle & Lt. Grant on the day of the inquiry; signals to call the Capt. of the Day to the governor on his flagship..

96

12 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

William Keen

Benjamin Keen petitioned that his brother William illegally took possession of the inheritance left by their late father. William Keen is ordered to appear before Gov Edwards to explain his actions.

97

13 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Portland

Nicholas Gill, JP, St. J & Petty Harbour

Wage dispute. Daniel Scandlan petitions that last summer he shipped himself on the account of William Wey and John Elliott, boat keepers of Petty Harbour, and that the balance of his wages were paid in bills that were later protested. Gill is to see that Scandlan is properly paid. If Wey & Elliott refuse, Gill is to seize their effects to cover the lost wages.

98-103

10 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards

 

James Jackson and Isaac Follett are appointed JPs of Trepassey; their duties & responsibilities are carefully explained

103

17 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Nicholas Gill, JP, St. J. & Petty Harbour

Property dispute between Mary Cottam and John Allen. She petitioned, and proved to Edwards' satisfaction, that Allen illegally keeps possesion of a dwelling belonging to her. Mrs Cottam is awarded possession; Allen has 3 weeks to remove himself and his family "elsewhere".

104

17 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, JP Harbour Grace

David King of Bay de Verde claims that Mathew Rain "dispossessed him unjustly" of a fish flake & fish hut. Garland is to investigate the matter.

104

16 Aug. 1779

John Lee, Barrack Master  

A survey & list of bedding belonging to the garrison of St. Johnís.

105-106

  John Lee, Barrack Master  

Estimation of the cost of repairs to or replacement of the bedding.

106

23 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards

Ordnance officers, St. J.

They are to complete the garrison bedding, agreeable to the report of the Barrack Master..

107

23 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus, SH

 

John Dingle and William Symond are appointed JPs for district of Bay Bulls.

107-108

24 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus, SJ

Charles Garland & Robert Gray, JPs, Harbour Grace

William Lilley of Harbour Grace has accused John Malloney of HB of attacking him and severely cutting his face and shoulder with a cutlass "to the terror and great danger of his life" on 13 Aug. This is confirmed by several people who made depositions to Robert Gray, JP. The JPs are to take Maloney & any of his associates who were also involved and send them to St. John's for trial on 31 Aug.; citizens & military are to assist

108

24 Aug. 1779

Graham for  Edwards, Proteus, SJ

Charles Garland, Robert Gray, J.P.s of Harbour Grace

Directing them to collect and send Lilley and wintnesses to St. John's in time for the trial.

109

29 July 1779

Graham for Edwards, Portland, SJ

Edward White, Ordnance Storekeeper

Ordered to load & ship ordnance stores (itemized) in the sloop Cygnet to Labrador for the defense of Temple Bay, Alexis River & Chatteau, all to be returned when peace is restored.

109-110

10 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards

Edward White

Ordered to load & ship ordnance stores (itemized) in the armed brig Postillion to Isle of Bois & Bay Bulls, all to be returned when peace is restored.

110-111

24 Aug. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Mr. Narramore, Belleisle

Frances Square of "Belleisle" claims that Narramore illegally dispossessed her of land & cut her hay. Narramore is required to restore the land and return the hay.

111-112

24 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards, Proteus

Dewes Coke, JP Trinity

Six men say that they worked for Mr Clark and Company of Weymouth during the summer of 1778, and were paid in part in bills of exchange that were returned protested. Coke is to see that the men are paid their wages; until they are paid, fish is be taken from Mr. Clark and Company.

112

24 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards, Proteus

Jonah Newell, George Whittle, JP Trinity

The previous fall Mr. Clark and Company paid the Greenwich Hospital duty to the collector, D'Ewes Coke, with a bill of exchange that was later protested. Newell & Whittle are to seize and sell as much fish as necessary to pay for the hospital duty.

113

26 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

 

The officers and parties of artillery at all the ports except Placentia were recalled to St. Johnís; a gunner & mattross to be sent in their place to take charge of ordnance & ordnance stores and to assist in defending those places (Trinity, Bay Bulls, Ferryland, Renews, Trepassey)

113-114

27 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Thomas Durell, Commander, HM Sloop Martin

Thomas Durell is appointed Deputy or Surrogate to assemble courts in all harbours he should visit..

114-115

27 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards, Portland

 

Instructions to Thomas Durell. (Seven articles of detailed instructions).

116

     

The same orders were given to: Captain Anthony Hunt of the ship Portland, Thomas Pasley Sibyl, Samuel Reeve Surprize, Thomas Cadogan Licorne, John Wainwright Hinchingbrook, Thomas Drury Cygnet, Henry Edwin Stanhope Trepassey, Lieutenant George Lumsdaine Postillion, Lieutenant Christopher Major Coureur.

116-117

27 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards, Proteus

Nicholas Gill, JP, St. Johnís

Mr. Clark and Company of Weymouth, who featured in previous complaints about protested bills of exchange (see above, pp. 111-112, 112) have gone bankrupt. Their agent in Trinity, John Snowden, has taken all their fish & stores and is attempting to dispose of them in St. John's. Gill is ordered to seize these assets and use them to pay the wages & the Greenwich Hospital Duty as mentioned above.

117-118

1 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards, Proteus, St. John's

 

James Gordon of Aberdeen has neglected to supply the petitioner, "his Agent", for "carrying on the fishery belonging to him at Harbour Main." James Hunter, the attorney for James Gordon, has insisted that the agent hand over all the books and records, but refuses to discharge any of the debts contracted by the agent. The agent is directed to submit all the outstanding debts to the Vice Admiralty Court. He is also to appear before Edwards and deliver all the records to the Court on 6 Oct.

118-119

1 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, Robert Gray, JPs Conception Bay

Rev James Balfour has reported that "unlicensed and lawless people" have been performing marriages, baptisms, & burials in his district, and thus "defrauding him of the perquisites arising therefrom", and that he is frequently prevented from "doing duty in the Chapels" within his district. Garland and Gray are ordered to put a stop to these practices; the chapels were built for the Church of England and should not be "made use of by Methodists or any other Sect..."

119-120

2 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

 

Order: Edwards has received the results of the inquiry into the complaints of the Company of Artillery commanded by Lt. Col. Hay. In the matter of their pay, he'll try to ensure that they will be paid every two months in money if possible or by bill. Edwards is sensitive to the fact that bills are discounted 10 percent and he'll bring this to the attention of government when he returns to England. Other issues include distribution of allowances for wood & coal heating, the reinstatement of Corp. John Hamilton to his previous position of Corporal, and payment of the balance owing to Sgt. John Eave. 

120-121

3 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Customs officers, St. Johnís

It has been customary for masters of privateers and letters of marque to take more men to sea "than are mentioned in their commissions." Recently, the master of the Hero Snow, a Letter of Marque belonging to and bound for Chester, tried to do this. Edwards pressed men above his official complement into the navy. This practice must stop.

121

     

Amount of firewood and candles wanted by the two garrisons of St. Johnís.

122

4 Sept. 1779

Edwards, Proteus

Capt. Pringle, "Commanding Eng." & Ordnance officers

Pringle is ordered to deliver to the Barrack Master the amount of firewood and candles requested.

122-123

4 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Robert Carter, JP Ferryland

William Edwards of Trepassey is directed to appear before Carter and explain his ill treatment of his servant Richard Costals. Costals complains that he was not supplied with proper provisions & "Necessaries" or all of his wages.

123

8 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

JPs St. Johnís

Catherine, "a Negro Girl", claim that her master, John Phillips of St. John's treated her in a "a very Cruel and unchristain [sic] like manner." Phillips arranged with a JP to have her put in gaol. Edwards ordered her released but Phillips continued to keep her in close confinement in his house. The JPs are ordered to take Catherine from Phillips' custody and give her "Her Liberty." Furthermore, Phillips is to lose his license, no be longer allowed to sell liquor, and have his sign taken down immediately.

124

31 Aug. 1779

Robert Pringle, Chief Engineer

Rear Admiral Edwards, Governor

"Return of Officers and Laborers employed on His Majestyís works at St. Johnís."

125

10 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

 

A gunner and mattross are to be senr to St. Maryís to assist in defending that place abd to take care of the cannon and ordnance stores there.

125

10 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Thomas Flemon of Bonavista

Thomas Flemon is ordered to pay Thomas Fitzgerald for the "Provisions and Necessaries" that he received from Fitzgerald but never paid for.

126

13 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, Robert Gray, JPs Harbour Grace

Dennis Ryan, Morris Wallish & Darby Ryan, workers of William Coughlan, claim that they agreed to fish for Coughlan and that half the fish caught would be given to them in payment for their work. Instead, Coughlan gave all the fish to William Danson. Garland and Gray are to confiscate half of the fish acquired by Danson in order to pay Coughlanís workers. In a separate petition, William Dyer claims that Richard Marshal of Fresh Water near Carbonear has not fully paid him; if the JPs find the complaint just, they are to make Marshall pay the wages and send them and Dyer's clothes to the captain of HMS Portland, as Dyer has joined the navy.

127

13 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, Robert Gray

Garland and Gray are ordered to look into the petition filed by Thomas and John Preaux.

127-128

14 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, Robert Gray

John Ash claimed that Joseph Rogers of Harbour Grace, illegally took fish and oil from his fishing room. Rogers must appear before Garland and Gray to explain his actions. Ash also claimed that Edward Snow, a Constable, acted "very unbecoming as Peace Officer" when looking into the matter. Garland and Gray are to look into this complaint.

128-129

14 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, Robert Gray

Phillip Jones claims that William Danson took a quantity of green fish from Jones' fishing room. Danson is ordered to return the fish to Jones or pay for it.

129

14 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, Robert Gray

Clement Feleul of "Porta Grave" is ordered to pay Martin Hailey £9..9 for which Feleul "gave a note of hand payable on demand." [Presumably a dispute over a bill of exchange?]

130

16 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Nicholas Gill, JP St. John's & Petty Harbour

John and Henry Way, boat keepers, Petty Harbour, employed Huge Kennedy last year and paid him with a bill of exchange which was then protested. Gill is requested to take as much the effects of John and Henry Way as will pay the wages owed to Kennedy.

130-132

14 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

All JPs & Admirals of the harbours in Conception Bay

The planters and boat keepers of Conception Bay claim that the high cost of provisions and the low price of fish make it difficult for them to survive. Edwards notes that it has always been customary for prices to be set at St. John's and copied elsewhere "in times of Plenty", then it should be so now, "at this time of apparent distress". Edwards therefore sets new prices for commodities which he lists here -- a list of St. John's prices, compared to the prices complained about by the boatkeepers of Conception Bay. Edwards then insists that, henceforth, provisions in Conception Bay were to be sold at the same prices as in St. Johnís.

132-133

 

Graham for Edwards

 

Appointing Edward Langman, Thomas Dodd, Edward White, Nicholas Gill, Robert Bully, and William Gadden Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer with authority to hear all criminal cases except those involving treason.

133-134

17 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Nicholas Gill, JP St. Johnís and Torbay

Robert McAuslin petitioned that he supplied Richard Smith of Torbay with goods and provisions worth £20, to be repaid in fish and oil. Smith has yet to pay this debt. Gill is ordered to obtain seize sufficient oil and fish from Smith to pay what is owed.

134

18 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

 

General notice that the  "General Assizes for the Trial of Felons by Oyer & Terminer" will be held in St. John's at the Court House on 28 September.

134-135

20 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Robert Carter, JP Ferryland

Robert Carter is ordered count the number of houses and huts in his district and the number of inhabitants in these buildings. And as there appears to be "a Scarcity of Provisions" in Nfld, he is also to take an of all the Winter Men engaged by residents, including their numbers and by whom they are employed. A "PS" indicates that this same instruction was sent to every JP in Nfld.

135

20 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Charles Garland, Robert Gray, JPs, Harbour Grace

John Mallony Senior and Junior are ordered to appear at the Assizes in St. Johnís on 28 Sept to stand trial. William Lilley and all witnesses must also appear to give evidence of the assault [see above, pp. 107-108].

136

21 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards

George Williams, High Sheriff, Nfld

George Williams is appointed Sheriff of Newfoundland.

136-137

21 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill, JPs St. Johnís

Richard Codnor is a servant of Joseph Mudge, "deceased", of Kingskerswell, Devon. Mudge had been fined £5 by JP Edward Langman for keeping men in Nfld contrary to law. Codnor paid the fine for the estate with a bill that was protested. All of Mudge's effects are now in the hands of James and Allen Rich. Because the bill was protested, the JPs are to seize as much of the effects of James and Allen Rich as will cover the bill.

137

22 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Surgeon of the garrison & 71st Reg't, St. J.

A number of sick and hurt soldiers in the barracks are unfit for duty. The surgeon is to conduct a survey of these soldiers and report their conditions to Governor Edwards.

138

21 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

William Keen, JP Greenspond and Bonavista

Jonah Newell was granted possession of a plantation in Bonavista by Gov. Palliser in 1764. He has been there until this spring when William Abbott forcibly ejected Newell's tenant from the property. Edwards confirmed Newell's title in the Records. Keen is ordered to make Abbott return the plantation and pay for any damages. Abbott must also appear in court before Edwards before 10 October should he refuse.

139

21 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards, Proteus

Robert Carter, JP Ferryland

John Cummis[?] claims that Pat Whealon, John Smith, and Owen Soolivan were all in debt to him and are unlikely to pay unless forced to do so. Carter is to inquire into these debts and, if vaklid, force the debts to be paid or appear in court.

139-140

21 Sept. 1779

Graham for Edwards

 

Two anchors with a chain to one and a cable to the other, floated by "Transporting Buoys with Rings", have been placed at the harbour entrance for the benefit of the trade & fishery of St. John's. They are in the care & charge of Robert Bidley, "Captain of the Port". He will inspect and maintain them, and in rreturn, vessels will pay a fee according to their size. Vessels must not ride too close to the buoys lest they cause damage.

 
Volume 7 (1777-1779): Letters

1-2

27 May 1777

John Montagu

Robert Carter JP Ferryland

Carter is accused of spending money received from fines on private matters (such as apprehending runaway servants, paying constables, etc.) rather than on public needs (maintaining the jail, supporting prisoners awaiting trial, etc.). If servants run from their masters, then the master should pay the cost of apprehension; if you apprehend deserters, you will be rewarded by the Navy Board. In future, Montagu insists that money received from fines is to be spent on purely public matters.

2

28 May 1777

John Montagu

Maj. Barrett, Fort William

Order to fire guns at Fort William to commemorate the anniversary of the Restoration of King Charles to the throne.

2

28 May 1777

John Montagu

Maj. Barrett

The Royal Highland Emigrants are to be moved from the South Head and put to work on the King's Works with the others.

3-4

22 May 1777

John Montagu, Romney

John Follet, James Jackson, JPs Trepassey

Montagu received Follet and Jackson's letter explaining how they brought the people to justice who plundered a French schooner cast away at St. Mary's. In future they may call upon his Surrogate, Capt. Linzee, HMS Suprize, to assist in such matters. But to do so without costs. He's concerned by the cost of £15 for three expresses; except in cases of great urgency, they are to avoid such expenses, especially when one express was carried by someone who was travelling on his own business.

4

3 June 1777

John Montagu

Major Barrett

Order to fire 21 guns to commemorate the anniversary of His Majestyís birth.

5-6

5 June 1777

Dewes Coke, Jonah Newell, George Whittle, JPs Trinity

John Montagu

John Toms was arrested as per a warrant issued but because no safe transport for him could be found, he was delivered to Lt. Home of HM brig Egmont. John Ford, master of the brig Nancy appeared before Coke, Newell & Whittle as ordered and begged to send Montagu the enclosed information before any action was taken. Ford swore on oath that he was ordered by Christopher Jolliff, the agent to Nancy's owner, to carry John Toms to Trinity as passenger. Ford claimed that he refused at first because there was a fine of £10 ten for taking Toms as a passenger. Jolliff then informed him that, "I must take him, that there was no fear, I could not be hurt."

6-7

13 June 1777

Gov.  Montagu, Romney

JPs, Trinity

Montagu approves of their placing Toms in the care of Lieut. Home; in consideration of Ford's confession, he would only be required to pay a fine of £5.

7-8

15 June 1777

Lt. William Baker of Artillery & Commandant, Placentia

John Montagu

Yesterday he learned from Capt. Linzee that Fox had been captured by American privateers  who came to destroy as much of the fishery as possible. After conferring with Linzee, Baker decided to defend Placentia by "laying plank under the guns so that I may be able to work them." Baker explains that he only has two barrels of powder and needs twenty in order to fend off the Americans.

8

21 June 1777

John Montagu

Lieut. Baker

Montagu will order 20 barrels of powder sent to Lieutenant Baker in HM sloop Pegasus.

9

17 June 1777

Lieut. Archibald Stuart, 62nd Reg't, Placentia

John Montagu

Lt. Stuart lost his convoy and a hundred German troops on board had mutinied, refusing to travel any further without a convoy. They will surrender if attacked "and dispatch all the Officers on board". Stuart requested Captain Linzee, HMS Surprize, for assistance but he refused. His transport was bound for the Royal Army in Canada.

9

21 June 1777

John Montagu

Lieutenant Archibald Stuart

Governor Montagu states that it is not in his power to aid Stuart, but if his transport will come to St. Johnís he will send them to "Quebec or Halifax under the convoy of the first armed vessel I have to spare."

10

21 June 1777

John Montagu

Captain Pringle

Orders that twenty barrels of powder be sent to Lieutenant Baker in Placentia.

10

21 June 1777

Robert Pringle

John Montagu

Stating that he received the order and sent the barrels to Lieutenant Baker.

11

21 June 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Captain Pringle

Montagu asked Pringle to make an account of the furniture used in barracks and to estimate what is needed to complete it to the North American standard. He is also asked to estimate the expense of heating and lighting the guard rooms at the rates normal for North America.

12

25 June 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Nicholas Gill

Gill is to summons Thomas Ball to appear at the court house to answer a charge made against him by Capt. George Montagu for "running the Romney's cutter down."

12-13

7 July 1777

John Montagu

 

Proclamation: Whereas great numbers of Irish servants in Ferryland, belonging to boat keepers, have been building huts near their fishing rooms without permission. This practice is ordered to stop and fences taken down. From then on a £5 fine will be levied for any such offense, to be stopped out of their wages.

13-14

July 1777

John Montagu

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Montagu received Carter's letter of 19 June, explaining the normal methods to raise money to defray gaol costs for criminals sent to St. John's from Ferryland. The same method is used, quite properly, in all districts. Montagu's letter of 13 May, requesting an account of fines since he first became governor, was a circular sent to all judicial districts. The point of that letter was to raise money for the Court House & gaol in St. Johnís, "which is exceedingly wanted", and for which everyone should pay equally. Montagu all adds that if the fences mentioned in his proclamation are not torn down, then he expects Carter to have them removed.

14

7 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Captain Pringle

If any ships attempt to leave the port without first showing Pringle a certificate of permission, then he is to fire on the vessel and make the master of the vessel pay for the shot used. Before they leave, they must show the certificate from the governor.

15

7 July 1777

John Montagu

Alexander Dunn, Customs Office

The enclosed order is to be posted in a public place; all masters of ships are to obey the order.

15-16

11 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Edward White

By petition, William Smith and John Rogers accuse Nicholas Gill of not delivering, to themselves as well as other merchants, goods bought at public auction. White is ordered to gather a jury of merchants to attend court which Montagu will preside on Monday, to hear the case. He is to tell Gill to attend and to bring anything which may help him defend himself.

16

15 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Edward White

Ordering White to summon John Delaney to court on Thursday where he is to explain why "he ran his boat foul of His Majestyís Armed Brig Egmont and carried away her jib boom."

17

16 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

James Brooks, William Symonds, Bay Bulls

William Mather swears oath that his master, Richard Gale, cruelly beat him for refusing to do any work other than what he was hired for. Brooks and Symonds are to investigate and if Matherís claims turn out to be valid, then they are to order Gale to release his servant and pay him all wages owing to the day he was released.

18-19

14 July 1777

Robert Pringle

John Montagu

Pringle has examined the barrack furniture and submits recommendations to complete. He has calculated fuel needs according to allowances at Halifax & Louisbourg "to which this Country approaches nearest in Climate and Situation." Pringle then offers a lengthy and thoughtful discussion of the most economical methods of arranging for purchase of wood for heating over the coming year; when and from whom wood is purchased can mean a 20 percent difference in costs.

19-23

18 July 1777

John Montagu

John Lees, Barrack Master St. Johnís

[This letter is marked "Cancelled"] an order concerning the furniture and heating materials in the previous letter. A number of materials were to be allocated to the barracks. These orders were subsequently cancelled.

23-24

18 July1777

John Montagu

Commanding Officer Fort William

A number of complaints have arisen in the barracks of the Nfld garrisons for lack of "proper regulations" governing fuel and furniture. What follows are regulations to be "strictly" observed regarding the distribution of said materials.

25-28

22 July 1777

James Brooks, Bay Bulls

John Montagu

Brooks apologizes and explains why he has not already written to Governor Montagu. Brooks has only enforced one fine since the commencement of Montaguís governance and that was for forty-five shillings; Brooks explains how that revenue was spent. He then explains why a fine levied against James Ryan, in Oct. 1775, was never collected. Brooks also explains that he intended to give back his commission in order to live in England. He insists that he is not guilty of spending any of the public money and that he did not mean any offence to the Governor in writing this letter.

29

23 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

James Brooks

In response to Brooksí letter, Montagu indicates that he is satisfied with Brooksí conduct regarding fines but he is not pleased with his letter as a whole. Brooks may resign anytime but Montague doesn't expect him to interrupt his business by coming to St. John's to see the governor personally.

29-30

24 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Captain Pringle

Governor Montagu is concerned that even though he ordered a constant guard at the South Head battery, this order is not always enforced. Pringle is ordered to make sure a watch is constantly kept at that battery.

30

21 July 1777

Dewes Coke, Jonah Newell, George Whittle, Trinity

John Montagu

They have sent an account of all fines they have collected. They wish to apply the entire amount to a debt owing to Misters Lesters, Randle and Street. This will still leave £90..12 outstanding, which they propose to pay off by .levying a tax of 1 quintal of fish per boat in their district

31-32

21 July 1777

Dewes Coke, Jonah Newell, George Whittle

John Montagu

An account of all fines they have collected since Governor Montaguís governance as well as account of debts owing.

33

25 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

JPs, Trinity

In response to their letter of 21 July, Montagu grants his permission to levy the proposed tax of a quintal of fish per boat, "and I heartily wish you may succeed in it to your expectations".

33-34

25 July 1777

John Montagu, Romney

The JPs, Nfld

Montagu will order a warship to be ready at St. John's by early September to escort the early trade bound for Portugal and Spain. He directs the justices to make the merchants of their districts aware of the notification. Trade must be in St. John's by 1 Sept. to receive orders.

 

34

25 July 1777

John Montagu

Robert Carter, Ferryland

When the hay on Isle of Bois is ready he will send a vessel to pick it up and will repay Carter for any expenses, as per the previous year (see Letterbook/GN2-1-A-6, p. 91)

35-36

23 July 1777

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

John Montagu

Regarding a review of a dispute between Edmund Sweeny and his master Thomas Danson. Sweeny was measuring salt for one of Dansonís customers when Danson, in strong language, chewed Sweeney out for not measured as Danson told him to. Sweeny responded that he would not aid Danson in cheating one of his customers. Sweeny petitioned to Mr. Garland, who concluded that Danson should pay Sweeny rightful wages, but Danson refused. Danson then complained to Montagu protesting Garlandís decision. As ordered, Garland sent Montagu the opinions of 5 other merchants (all named) on the matter. Garland stated that they were much the same as his.

37

21 July 1777

5 merchants of Harbour Grace distruct

 

The joint statement of Con Heighinton, Nicholas Fiott, William Lilly, John Clemenue, John Delegourd, merchants, concerning the dispute between of Danson and Sweeny.

37

29 July 1777

John Montagu

The Justices of Newfoundland

Montagu has learned by an express from Sir George Collier at Halifax that the Fox had been recaptured and that the American warship Hancock had also been taken; they are to inform the merchants of their districts.

38

2 Aug. 1777

James Brooks

John Montagu

Brooks is pleased that he still has Montagu's good wishes; he encloses his commission as Justice of the Peace, as he said he would, to resign.

39

4 Aug. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

James Brooks, Bay Bulls

Montagu has received Brooksí commission. He also  indicates that he has already appointed someone to collect the Greenwich Hospital duty and requests Brooksí commission on that account as well.

39

4 Aug. 1777

John Montagu

William Simmonds, Bay Bulls

Montagu appoints William Simmonds as JP for Bay Bulls in place of James Brooks.

40

29 July 1777

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

John Montagu

(A response to Montagu's letter of 13 May, delivered to Coghlan by Mr. Lester's Agent). This appears part of an on-going correspondence which began the previous year, over the methods used by Coghlan in collecting the Greenwich Hospital duties. Montagu is apparently still not happy with Coghlan's methods.

41

8 Aug. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

Montaguís response to the letter regarding the Hospital duty. The problem is apparently that there are no individual receipts for duties collected from boat keepeers, nor even necessarily any clear identifications of those who paid; they're just all "lumped together" For this reason the Recveiver General in England has proposed a standard form for all to use.

41

9 Aug. 1777

[Montagu] St. John's, Nfld  

Memo: Appointed George Rider JP of Bonavista, agreeable to format on p. 48 of Vol. 6.

42

10 Aug. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Montagu has received his letter of 19 July with the enclosure of vessels in-bound at Ferryland, Fermeuse & Renews. He has also received his of 5 Aug.; he is sorry that he does not have the power to grant Carterís wishes [there's nothing to indicate what that request may have been].

42

15 Aug. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

John Stripling

Stripling had "the Misfortune to loose a cow by the distemper amongst the Horned Cattle". He then simply skinned the animal and discarded the carcass on the barrens which now threatens to cause offense to "both man and beast" Stripling is ordered to arrange to have the carcass buried "at least twelve inches under the surface of the Earth".

43

14 Aug. 1777

Robert Pringle, Commandant, Ft William

Vice Adm John Montagu

Pringle received a letter from Maj. Barrett, the commander of the company of artillery at Fort William, explaining that he and his men will suffer because of the new regulations concerning fuel allowance because of the age and infirmity of his men. They are "incapable of doing anything for themselves." Barrett asks, must they abide by the general orders or may they "in consideration of their particular situation (as Invalids on foreign service)" be allowed the same allowances as before "given by the Board and paid by the Storekeeper"?

43-44

15 Aug. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Captain Pringle

Montagu says that Maj. Barrett and his men will not have to comply with the new regulations.

44-45

19 Aug. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Robert Carter

James Flinn was a servant of Edmund Cunningham of Caplin Bay, who "is Run away". James Tree has seized all the of Cunningham's effects on behalf of the merchants who supplied Cunningham and paid no attention to the payment of Flinnís wages. Carter is to look into the complaint; if it is true, then Flinn is to receive his wages before anyone else gets anything. Montagu also berates Carter for dragging him into a complaint that he, as Justice, should be able to handle "as being on the spot" without him.

45

27 Aug. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Captain Pringle

Montagu grants leave to Lieut. Bliss, [Royal] Highland Emigrants, to go to Halifax to settle his regimental and private affairs, but he is to return in the Martin.

45-46

1 Sept. 1777

John Montagu, Romney

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

Lieut Schomberg of the Labrador is his Surrogate between St. Johnís and Fogo, because he cannot spare any warships from the Banks. He is to collect the 6d duty from any harbor that does not fall under Coghlan's commission. Coghlan is expected to assist Schomberg in any way he can using the printed form, and to prcure "an exact return of the Fishery". Turn whatever Greenwich money that he has collected and accounts over to Schomberg for delivery to St. John's and thereby spare himself any trouble. Montagu has also been directed by the Admiralty to raise men for naval service, paying them a recruitment bounty; Coghlan is to do what he can to bring this to public noticve in his district and help recruit as many healthy sailors as possible for naval service once the fishing season is over.

47-49

20 Aug. 1777

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

John Montagu

Coghlan has attended to the sealing regulations confirmed by the Governor. Merchants and masters of ships in his district have been informed about the convoys arranged for the fall. Coghlan encloses a bill drawn on London for the oil from a stranded whale. Coghlan adds that boat keepers in Twillingate, Shoe Cove, & White Bay that have been taking salt clandestinely from French fishing stations to the north. He identifies several of the people who took 405 hogsheads of French salt.

50-51

29 Aug. 1777

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogi

John Montagu

Coghlan is pleased that Montagu is satisfied with his method of collecting Greenwich Hospital duties. He also hopes Montagu will send a Lieutenant to Fogo to investigate further the taking of French salt. Coghlan expects to be away on the Labrador coast for a week.

52-58

30 Aug. 1777

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

John Montagu

Coghlan explains how he first settled the coast of Labrador in 1765 at the recommendation of "my very respected good Friend Sir Hugh Palliser." Prominent individuals are mentioned who helped him (Lord Rutherford, "then Lieutenant of the Niger", Sir Thomas Adams, "commander at Chateaux", George Cartwright, Lieut. Lucas of the Navy", etc.). He describes his establishment in 1769 at Cape Charles and sending an armed schooner north to trade with the "Esquimeaux Indians", which was subsequently lost with Lieut Lucas. He compares & contrasts his operations with those of Cartwright; including the much greater scale of his operations. Friction with rivals. He then gets to the point of this letter, namely to pass on the text of a letter of 22 August sent to him by Timothy Shea, his agent, indicating that John Peaton [Peyton] "has so inflamed the minds of all [Coghlan's] salmon catchers and furriers" that they took possession of Coghlanís port under their own name. After recounting further details from Shea's letter, Coghlan implores Montagu for "redress" in restoring the property to him. He identifies a number of the indivuduals by name who have hijacked his investments and operations in Labrador.

58-59

1 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

Jeremiah Coghlan

Montagu again mentions that Lt. Schomberg is his Surrogate at Fogo. He is sorry that Coghlan is having problems with his servants in Labrador but because Labrador, under a recent act of parliament, is now under the jurisdiction of Quebec, he has no power to intervene. Montagu also grants Coghlan permission to claim payment for the French salt that had been taken or to attach the effects of the people who did so if they refuse. Also thanks him for the bill of exchange for the oil of the whale found in his district.

60-61

 

Petition of 12 named individuals, Bonavista

William Keen

The inhabitants of Bonavista petition Keen to take their grievances before the Governor. The petitioners claim that George Rider, before he became JP, punished and mistreated them "Severely and Corporally", especially when drunk. Now that he is JP, he abuses his power and authority. At one point they accuse him of "Premeditated and wilful Murder". They fear it will only get worse in the winter when there will be no recourse to anyone else for justice.

61

9 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

George Rider

Montagu is concerned by the complaints against Rider, and while there may be "some malice" in the charges, yet he "cannot help supposing but a part is true." Montagu therefore insists that Rider must be "circumspect in your future Conduct". If there are any more complaints against him which can be proven, he will be stripped of his commission.

62

10 Sept. 1777

Robert Pringle

John Montagu

Pringle received an order from the Ordnance Officers by way of Halifax explaining how they wish bills drawn for the use of troops in the barracks to be transacted. Pringle therefore asks Montagu to his order of 18 July (see above, pages 19-23, marked "cancelled")

62

10 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

Captain Pringle

Montagu confirms that he has cancelled the order of 18 July.

63

27 March 1777

Joseph Sparrow, Bd. of Ordnance

Captain Pringle

This is the Board of Ordnance order mentioned in Pringle's letter of 10 Sept to Montagu.

64

10 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

Charles Garland

Wage dispute between Richard Forrestal and his master Charles Toms. Garland was ordered to hear the claim and determine its validity. [Marked "Cancelled"]

64

11 Sept. 1777

John Montagu, Rodney  

A letter began to be recorded concerning John Codner, master of the brig Joanna & Agnes, which [presumably Customs officers] refused to be released to depart because he had not paid certain fees. The letter is crossed out, cancelled, presumably because the fees were paid (see below, p. 66).

65

11 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

Charles Garland

The servants of William Pendergrass of Belle Isle are worried that when all Pendergrassís fish and oil have been delivered to Thomas Pike of Carbonear, Pendergrassís merchant, they will have difficulty getting their wages. Montagu therefore orders that no more fish is to be delivered to Pike until the servants are paid.

65

10 Sept. 1777

Alex Dunn

John Montagu

John Codner, master of the brig Joanna & Agnes of Teignmouth, paid his required fees. Dunn sees no reason why the comptroller of the customs should prevent him from receiving his dispatches, and let Codner continue on his voyage with dry fish for Spain.

66

11 Sept. 1777

John Montague

James Hayes, Comptroller of the Customs

Hayes is ordered to give John Codner all the papers which he has detained so that he may be permitted to continue on with his voyage. [This appears to be the letter which was left incomplete on p. 64]

66-67

11 Sept. 1777

Robert Pringle

John Montagu

The men of the Company of Royal Highland Emigrants complained that Ensign Hawkins had stopped the provisions assigned to their wives and children by General Howe. Hawkins claimed that when he took over the command of the company he found no order for provisions for the 20 women & 35 children and because he found that 15 of the wives could take care of themselves he did not wish to cause the government an expense which he feared he may have to pay for  himself. Captain Pringle asks Governor Montagu what was to be done about the situation.

68

12 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

Captain Pringle

Montagu says that Ensign Hawkins should continue to abstain from delivering the provisions until the governor had heard from America.

68-69

10 Sept. 1777

Mary Barrett

John Montagu

Mrs. Barrett, widow of the late Major Barrett, is in ill health and requests that Montagu grant a monthís leave to Bombardier John Stewart to assist her in settling her husbandsí affairs.

69

12 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

Captain Pringle

Montagu orders Pringle to grant leave to Bombardier Stewart.

69-70

5 Sept. 1777

William Baker First Lieut. of Artillery, Placentia

John Montagu

Baker has learned about the death of Maj. Barrett and asks if he may return to headquarters to take over the command of the company or whether Montagu wishes him to stay in Placentia. As well, he asks Montagu to direct  Lieut. Mayne to submit a return of his part of the company in St. John's and send it to him in Placentia so that Baker can send Montagu a full return of the Artillery serving in Nfgld.

70

12 Sept. 1777

John Montagu

Captain Pringle

Orders for Lieutenant Mayne to make a return of the artillery under his command.

71-73

27 Sept. 1777

Isaac Schomberg, Labrador, Fogo Harbour

John Montagu

Schomberg has investigated Jeremiah Coghlanís claim against his servants and found that they had in fact acted quite illegally. He also indicates that Coghlan was having difficulty collecting the money for the plundering of French salt by Twillingate residents and that Coghlan was also unhappy with the manner in which the Greenwich Hospital fees were being collected in Twillingate. Schomberg has collected all the fees for the Greenwich Hospital and will leave Fogo once the wind allows it.

73-76

19 Sept 1777

Isaac Schomberg, Labrador schooner, Fogo

John Montagu

Charles Hellins and his crew were employed by Jeremiah Coghlan as furriers and salmon catchers on the coast of Labrador. Having little success they continued north and found a bay and river which better suited their occupation yet this bay had never been used by any other British subjects. Schomberg grants them permission to be employed at the said river. He also forbids prohibits John Peyton & others from interfering with the operations of Jeremiah Coghlan's servants

76-79

23 Sept. 1777

 

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

John Montagu

Coghlan explains that he has provided Schomberg with a return of the fishery in his district, as well as an account of the Greenwich Hospital duties. Coghlan states that at Twillingate, Mr. Slade did not make returns as a Naval Officer should; Slade was warned that if it continues an inquiry will be made into his actions. The use of French salt there is discussed briefly. Coghlan discusses the seal fishery and the men active in that (mostly on share system), adding also that he made it known that the government was looking for "stout men" to join the navy.

79-81

25 Sept. 1777

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

John Montagu

More on the behaviour of servants on the Labrador coast. Points out that his operations are on a part of that coast far removed from where the Canadians had their operations; he was the first British subject to develop the NE Labrador coast. More on his frustrations trying to deal with plundered French salt. Coghlan states that there are to be 4 vessels headed for England next month provided they are not taken by "American Pirates"; if that happens, many of the passengers may decide to join the Americans.

82

3 Oct. 1777

Alexander Dun, Customs Collector

John Montagu

There is copper ore ready at the mines at Shoal Bay, of which one tenth is to be turned over to the Governor of Newfoundland. Dun asks Montagu to whom and in what manner he would like the ore delivered.

83

4 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

Alex. Dunn, Collector

Montagu is aware of the grant to Lord Garlus, John Agnew & Alex. Dun to develop & mine mine copper ore at Shoal Bay, but that he has never received any directions on how to proceed with the collection of copper ore of the Crown's share. Therefore he will not give direction on the subject until he receives orders from the King or his ministers.

84-85

4 Oct. 1777

John Montagu, St. John's

Jeremiah Coghlan

Agrees that the Greenwich Hospital duties must be collected from men in the seal fishery. Coghlan should collect the duty from all sealers north of Greenspond. Urges him to collect the duty & money owing from French salt in Twillingate. Montagu orders the four vessels sailing for England to stop at St. Johnís in order to obtain a convoy.

 

85

11 Sept. 1777

Lt. Col. Joseph Goreham, C.O., Royal Fencible Americans (RFA) Fort Cumberland

John Montagu

Gen. Howe has ordered him to complete his regiment as quickly as possible; indicates that, with permission of Maj. Gen. Massey, commander in Nova Scotia, he will send recruiting parties to Newfoundland.

86

15 Sept. 1777

Eyres Massey

John Montagu

The rebel prisoners have arrived at Halifax in the Martin, though his prisons are full

86-87

4 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

Mr. Slade, Twillingate

Slade was appointed Naval Officer at Twillingate by Gov. Duff, and would like that appointment renewed. Montagu declines to do so, giving reasons (he never submitted returns of the fishery, or reports on shipping & trade, allowed residents to plunder French salt, and failed to provide the necessary cooperation in the collection of the Greenwich Hospital duty).

88

7 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

Captain Pringle

Orders to place Corporal Morrow Poor under arrest and to assemble a court marshal; Capt. Chamberlayne, sloop Martin, to provide evidence.

88

10 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

JPs Trinity, Trepassey, and Ferryland

He has given Lieut. Constant Connor of the R.F.A. permission to recruit in their districts between now and March 31.

89

10 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

JPs St. Johnís, Bay Bulls, and Conception Bay

He has given Lieut. Gerald Fitzgerald of the Royal Highland Emigrants permission to recruit in their districts between now and March 31.

89-90

14 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

Charles Garland, Robert Gray, JPs Conception Bay

George Davis of Carbonear claimed that Charles Carrol committed "many and great depredations" last winter while looking after Davisí house. Carrol has also enclosed land without permissin. The JPs are to investigate the accusations and respond appropriately.

90

14 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

Principal Merchants at St. Johnís

The merchantsí have requested convoy for their later trade. Montagu agrees; a frigate will remain in port until 30 November to escort trade at that time.

91

16 Oct. 1777

John Montagu

Lieut. Baker, Artillery Placentia

By a letter dated 4 Oct, Baker appears to have requested reinforcements from St. John's for his command. But Montagu has been told by Capt Pringle that he cannot spare any men from St. Johnís. Baker will have to make do with what he has.

91

26 July 1778

John Montagu

Lt. Col. Hay, C.O., Fort William

Montagu needs a return of the garrison at Fort William in time to submit a return of the garrison & fortifications in Nfld to Lord Germaine by ship early next week.

92-93

27 July 1778

John Montagu, Europe, St. John's

merchants of 10 communities from Placentia to Trinity

Circular letter: Montagu has learned that small American privateers (6-10 guns) have already attacked boats & harbours to the south of SJ. It's impossible for him to protect everyone from such attacks, owing to the nature of the coast, the fog, and his lack of warships. He then encourages them to erect batteries to defend their harbours; government has authorized him to provide guns and ammunition.

93-94

29 July 1778

Thomas Atkins, by order of the Admiral

Mr. Ougier, Bay Bulls

Richard Driscall is to be fined 5 pounds for "intentionally running foul of his barge," even though Montagu himself repeatedly told him to "bear away", by which the barge was much damaged.

94-95

29 July 1778

John Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

Lieut Bliss has submitted the report on the Young Royal Highlanders; only 28 are fit for service, the rest are "judged proper for Discharge." Hay is to send the 28 fit privates to Placentia, with officers, ordnance stores & powder, in the Brilliant. The unfit men to await further orders. "The sooner this Company departs the more pleasing to me."

95

31 July 1778

John Montagu, Europe

Ordnance officers, St. Johnís

He is sending a company of the Royal Highland Emigrants to reinforce Placentia in the Brilliant ordnance storeship. Ordnance officers are to load ordnance stores & powder on the ship for Placentia. The Brilliant is also to provide convoy fgor a vessel heading to Cape Breton for limestone.

96-98

29 July 1778

Petition by 9 merchants of Renewse

John Montagu

Petition for protection from an American brig (12 guns) which has attacked 8 shallops & boats (details of the incident). Some people threaten to join any American vessel that appears and plunder the town. They did set up guns for their protection but some people destroyed the flagstaff & made off with the "helliers" (halyards?). removed the tampions from the guns & poured wine into the vents. The merchants request protection. Americans threaten to enter the harbour and plunder their homes. Please station a sloop at Fermeuse (Renewse is too unsafe a harbour to station a warship there), perhaps some soldiers & guns too. They fear some of the locals more than they fear the Americans. Without protection they must abandon the fishery.

98

1 Aug. 1778

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

John Montagu

Montagu's offer of local defence is welcomed. Nothing as yet has been done but the word has been spread and Garland hopes soon for responses.

99

1 Aug. 1778

Charles Garland, JP, Harbour Grace

merchants, traders, boat keepers, & inhabitants of Conception Bay

A copy of the advertisement which was circulated, informing them that Montagu has permission to "fortify the said Harbours & Coves"

100

4 Aug. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

Ordnance Officers, St. Johnís

orders them to grant passage on the Commerce Ordnance Storeship to Capt Frederick and his officers of the sloop Spy, "lost off Cape Race", passage to England.

100

4 Aug. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. David Hay

He proposes to send the recruits of the 4th and 54th regiments and the remainder of the Royal Highland Emigrants to Halifax in the Resolution transport. They are therefore to unload the men who arrived in that transport as soon as possible & get ready to embark the men destined for Halifax.

101

26 July 1778

Lt. Col. Hay

 

"Present State of the Forts and Batterys in the Harbour of St. Johnís"

102-103

26 July 1778

Lt. Col. Hay

 

"Present Strength of His Majestyís Troops at St. Johnís"

104

29 July 1778

Lt. Col. David Hay

John Montagu

Report of the Young Royal Highlanders, 28 fit for service sent to Placentia, 32 to be discharged.

105

 

Merchants & principal inhabitants

John Montagu

Thanking Governor Montagu for their protection and stating that they will be building a 6 gun battery at Fermeuse. The inhabitants are named whose servants will assist in erecting the battery.

106

18 Aug. 1778

Dewes Coke, Trinity

John Montagu

Lt Schomber delivered Montagu's offer to defend the harbour with gun batteries; the merchants were assembled and Schomberg met with them. Coke isn't certauin just how many men will turn up during an emergency but he is confident in more than is needed.

107

13 Aug. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

John Dingle, Bay Bulls

There have been many deserters from HM ships, and many have headed to Bay Bulls. Dingle must arrest any mariners who cannot give a good account of themselves, and send them to St. Johnís. A bounty will be paid as reward.

108-109

6 Aug. 1778

James Balfour, Harbour Grace

John Montagu

Balfour is the minister at Harbour Grace appointed by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (SPG). He complains that he has been kept out of his own house for three years because someone has been staying there and he complains about misuse of his house, "for these three years in a most inconvenient house, with the worst of neighbours on each side under the same roof." He claims that the person remains in his house with the collusion of the local JP. Balfour fears that the house will be lost permanently to the SPG if this should continue. He cannot afford to build or rent another house. He wants Montagu to do something about it

109

9 Aug. 1776

James Balfour

John Montagu

Balfourís 1776 memorial explaining his predicament at that time, and asking Governor Montagu to assist him.

110-111

24 Aug. 1776

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

John Montagu

This is Garland's 1776 version of the situation in Harbour Grace. He maintains that a verbal agreement exists with another tenant, Mr Gardiner, which the parish regards as having the same weight as a written agreement. He also adds that, while Balfour's predecessor [Lawrence Coghlan]  lived in the house for years, that did not make it the property of the SPG. He will leave the matter up to Montagu.

112-113

18 Aug. 1778

Gov Montagu Europe

Charles Garland, Robert Gray, JPs Conception Bay

Montagu maintains that the house was built by the people of Harbour Grace by subscription for the residence of the SPG missionary. Montagu sent Balfour's memorial to Garland in 1776 with directions to investigate. Montagu points out that Garland's response appears to confirm that the house was intended for SPG missionaries. He therefore rules that the house, like the church, is the property of the SPG and that Balfour is to be given immediate occupancy, and that his successors are also to have the house.

114

18 Aug. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Carter is to load the hay, which he said was ready, on HM Schooner Canada. As well he is to be on the look out for any mariners in his district who might have deserted from the navy. Finally, he cannot send a Surrogate to the southward for lack of a vessel and must rely on Carter to take care of legal matters.

115

20 Aug. 1778

William Newman, St. Johnís

Gov. Montagu

Petition stating that in 1751 he leased a fishing plantation to Maurice Walsh, and renewed the lease in 1773. Welsh has died and appararently sold or gave part of the property away. The precise boundaries of the property are now unclear. Newman wants JPs to appoint some long-term residents to survey the property and determine its proper boundaries. The petition requests that some older residents who are familiar with the boundaries of the land inspect it.

116

20 Aug. 1778

Gov Montagu Europe

Rev. Langman, St. Johnís

Langman is instructed to arrange for the survey requested by William Newman and to report to Montagu at the Court House on 28 Oct (see pp. 123-124 below)

117

21 Aug. 1778

John Montagu, Europe

Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

By way of Mr. Dixon of the Quebec, he alerts Garland to the problem of desertion from his warships, and directs him to watch for and arrest any "Stragling Seamen" who cannot account for themselves; a reward will be given. He is also to arrange to load as much hay from Carbonear Island as Mr. Dixon can stow.

118-119

21 Aug. 1778

named agents & merchants of St. Maryís

John Montagu

They thank Montagu for offering to provide a battery & men to defend St. Mary's; they have a location in mind. At the moment they are in a poor situation -- several vessels in harbour or expected and no defence -- a privateer which destroyed boats off Cape Pine threatened to visit St. Mary's next. The cruiser patrolling from Cape Race to St Mary's gives them confidence that no "rebel Privateers" will visit them. Four merchants at St. Mary's employ 4-500 men in summer & about 200 in winter. There are also planters. They will all defend the place "being Very Inveterate Against the Rebells" 4-5 vessels are loading with fish, request a sloop to escort them to St. John's

119

28 Aug. 1778

John Montagu

Merchants of St. Maryís

Montagu is pleased by their response to the offer to install a defensive battery and states that as soon as the Chief Engineer returns from Conception Bay he will send him to St. Maryís with guns, powder, etc. He is sorry to say that, owing to the privateers everywhere and the small size of his squadron, he cannot send them a convoy until he himself is ready to sail to Europe, around 25 Oct.

120-121

28 Aug. 1778

merchants, bye-boat keepers, other fish exporters (St. Johnís)

Gov. Montagu

This petition indicates that three fourths of their fish is ready to be shipped to different European markets but only under escort of an early convoy because of the value of the fish and the risk to trade of imminent war  with France & probably Spain. The petition is signed & the names have been recorded.

121

30 Aug. 1778

John Montagu

Merchants at St. Johnís

Montagu explains that because of the activity of American privateers in Nfld waters and the smallness of his squadron, he cannot arrange a convoy before 25 October, unless reinforcements should arrive from England.

122

30 Aug. 1778

John Montagu

Capt Pringle or in his absence Lieut. Caddy

There have been "repeated complaints" about the men belonging to the Kingís Works. They have in particular behaved improperly toward Lt. Storey, who brought the complaints to Montagu. The men have been confined until further inquiry cen be made by Pringle. Complaints appear to arise on the South Side after the men finish their work for the day.

123

22 Aug. 1778

Edward Langman, JP

 

In response to Montagu's orders (see above, p. 116), Langman orders John Stripling, Samuel Intsham, Andrew Barnes  John Ellis to carry out the survey of the disputed property of William Newman.

124

25 Aug. 1778

Andrew Barnes, John Ellis, John Stripling, Samuel Intsham

 

They report the results of their survey of the boundaries of the disputed property.

125

5 Sept. 1778

John Montagu

Lt. Col. Hay

There is a great likelihood that the squadron may have to leave on short notice on an expedition. A party of 100 men with two field pieces and artillery men to work the guns is to be kept on constant alert to embark on an hourís notice. Hay is to consult with Capt Pringle on this matter and maintain secrecy.

126-127

2 Sept. 1778

several named merchants of Harbour Grace

John Montagu

They explain that they had formed a committee to organize construction of the harbour defences but not everybody would agree to the subscription to support the work. Construction has been delayed but they assure Montagu that they remain determined and loyal in their efforts to defend their harbour

127-128

5 Sept. 1778

John Montagu

Lt. Col. Hay

The battery at the South Head is completed and all guns mounted. Hay is therefore to order enough gunpowder and other equipment to protect the battery against attack.

128

7 Sept. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

Montagu must remove powder from the ship Guadaloupe because it has a leak over its magazine. He wants to know when would be a convenient time to land the powder.

129

8 Sept. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

Plans have been altered; the 100 men ordered by Montagu to be on the ready will not yet be embarked, but the two field pieces, ordnance stores, officers and artillery men may embark on HMS Romney.

129

10 Sept. 1778

Gov  Montagu, Europe

Merchants at St. Johnís

Contrary to his previous order Montagu indicates that a convoy will be ready to escort trade for Southern Europe on 25 September

130

12 Sept. 1778

Gov  Montagu, Europe

Mr. Ougier

Ougier informed Montagu by letter of 11 Sept that he has attached the wages of John Smith of Brigus by order of Mr. Dingle, Bay Bulls. The warrant for so doing should have been issued by Vice Adm'y Court. If Dingle is the Judge's deputy then he has authority to do this.

130

12 Sept. 1778

Gov  Montagu, Europe

John Dingle, Bay Bulls

Dingle sent him a letter yesterday regarding privateers; Montagu informs him that this morning, Romney and Martin were sent in chase of the privateers.

131

13 Sept. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

Hay is to direct the officer commanding at Fort Amherst not to fire at warships entering St. Johnís harbour. If however the ships do not show their colours then they are to fire and to hail them.

132-135

31 Aug. 1778

merchants, sailing masters, planters,  Planters, & Principal Inhabitants of Fogo

John Montagu

[Nearly 70 names have signed this memorial] They assure the governor of their readiness to defend as volunteers under arms against the enemy. They thanks Montagu for his speedy efforts to stop the attack of American privateers against their Labrador operations.

136

19 Sept. 1778

Gov  Montagu, Europe

Robert Eustace at Renews

Eustace is ordered to pay the wages of Dennis Anderson for the time he served in his employ.

136

20 Sept. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

Hay is to ensure that, on 22 September, being the anniversary of His Majestyís Coronation, the usual number of guns will be fired.

137-138

15 Sept. 1778

Merchants, Traders, Boat Keepers and Inhabitants of Bay Bulls

John Montagu

[39 named individuals signed this memorial] Bay Bulls thanks Montagu for his service, noting that the brig Postillion will again be stationed there this winter, and the cannon to be installed there in the harbour battery.

138

20 Sept. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Merchants at Bay Bulls

Montagu acknowledges the letter sent by the merchants & inhabitants of Bay Bulls.

139

8 Oct. 1778

Merchants of Trepassy

Gov. Montagu

[6 named individuals] They request a convoy to protect their vessels traveling to St. Johnís; there have been two privateers patrolling between Cape Pine & Cape Ballard -- a brig of 10 guns, a schooner which captured a brig with fish from St. Mary's

140-141

10 Sept. 1778

Jeremiah Coghlan, Fogo

John Montagu

Detailed report on an attack on the Labrador coast by privateer Grimes. Coghlan claims that "old Mr. Pinson" was responsible for shutting the fort down in Gov. Duff's time, and in contrast, Coghlan had begged for the fort to be strengthened. Had a 10-gun armed vessel also been stationed there during winter, then Grimes would not have caused as much damage as he did. Noble & Pinson shouldn't complain now about the damage Grimes caused.

141-143

13 Sept. 1778

Jeremiah Coghlan

John Montagu

Mary Limas claimed that she was raped in Tilton Harbour. Coghlan is sending the case to be heard by Gov. Montagu but clearly he doesn't think much of Mrs. Limas, describing her as a "woman of ill Fame" brought there by a Mr. Sweeney to "disturb our quiet in these parts." He also said that she should be treated like a prisoner and that he kept her in confinement so that, "she may be properly treated as being an abandoned vile wretch, and of such ill fame as should not be sufferd among the common fellows of this country."

143-144

25 Sept. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Jeremiah Coghlan

Thanking the people of Fogo for their support and thanking Mr. Coghlan for the way he has defended Newfoundland.

144

27 Sept. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

Fog guns to be fired every two hours when it is too foggy to see Cape Spear and also to fire a gun in response to guns heard fired. In force until 30 Nov.

145

27 Sept. 1778

Thomas Durell, Carbonear

John Montagu

He heard court cases in Trinity on 19 September, then left for Conception Bay on the 24th. On the 26th he put into Carbonear because of the weather and would continue to Conception Bay as soon as possible.

146-147

 

Thomas Durell

John Montagu

Extracts of 4 court cases heard by Durell at the court in Trinity between 20 and 24 September: wage dispute over repairs to the church, dispute over alleged father's support for a "Bastard Child", dispute over a boat accident & loss of fish, and an assault case.

148

8 Oct. 1778

Gov. Montagu, Europe

John Dingle, Bay Bulls

Montagu admonishes Dingle for his handling of the case involving John Smith & Co. of Cape Broyle. At Mr. Ougier's request, Dingle had attached Smith's fish & oil (see above, 12 Sept). Cape Broyle is outside of Dingle's district, and the dispute was outside Dingle's duty of office, unless he acted as the deputy of Vice Adm'y Judge White. The whole was  "invalid and of no effect." In future. Dingle is to act with more caution and not go outside his authority. In a postscript, Montague indicates that he has purchased the Egmont, a small armed schooner, and Dingle is not to conclude that she is a privateer if she is seen patrolling off Bay Bulls.

149

8 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Edward White, St. Johnís

Warns White to be more careful "in future when you appoint Deputies in your department of the Admiralty, that you make choice of such men as you can rely upon." He should also take care "never to supercede any Warrant such Deputy may grant, until you have heard both parties."

150

8 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Edward Langman, Chief Justice

Langman is ordered to take the license away from the person who runs the New Inn for "entertaining men (in an improper manner) belonging to the King."

150-151

9 Oct. 1778

Edward White

John Montagu

White will issue a warrant to make Mr. Ougier return the fish and oil taken from Mr. Smith or to compensate him. White realizes now that Ougier misrepresented the facts of the case.

151-152

16 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Montagu has ordered the schooner Egmont, Lieutenant Gardiner, to protect the merchants of Ferryland during the winter. Carter is to reassure the Ferryland merchants that Egmont is there for their protection. They are to accommodate Gardiner and accommodate him. They should also get their trade ready, because Gardiner will convoy them when they are ready to sail to St. John's.

153

20 Oct. 1778

Robert Pringle

John Montagu

Pringle reports to Montagu on his inspection of the harbours of Bay Bulls, Ferryland, and Renewse to determine where best to install defensive batteries. He describes the size & location of each proposed battery. Pringle praises the reception he received at Bay Bulls & Renewse but found the people of Ferryland cool to his proposals "for some nasty Reason".

154-155

12 Oct. 1778

James Brooks, Peter Ougier, John Dingle, John Teage, committee for the merchants at Bay Bulls

John Montagu

A memorial explaining their meeting with Captain Pringle and the plans for the defense of Bay Bulls which have been unanimously agreed upon. They ask Montagu to please send guns as the battery will be finished in a week or ten days. Upwards of 60 merchants & boat keepers have subscribed for this work.

156

14 Oct. 1778

Committee Chosen by the Merchants of Fermeuse, 7 names

John Montagu

They met with Capt. Pringle and agreed unanimously on the plans for the defense of Fermeuse.

157

20 Oct. 1778

John Dun, Naval Office St. Johnís

John Montagu

Dun requests leave for the winter to attend to a personal matter in London.

157-158

21 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Montagu is concerned (after the "pompous Address received from your District, praying to have a Battery erected") that people in Ferryland not only refused to construct a defensive battery but have abused the merchants at Renewse who support having a battery built there. Montagu is told that the leader of those opposing the battery is "American born, which Accounts for it." He warns that those people together with their families could be removed from the island as "Enemies to the State."

158

21 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Robert Carter

Carter reported that he could not collect the Greenwich Hospital Duty from Mr. Rogers or his agent. Carter is to try one more time; if still refused, Carter is to enforce "the Act of Parliament against the Boats of Mr. Rogers"

159

22 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

The people of Bay Bulls and Renewse need instruction in the management of their guns. Hay is therefore to send one gunner and one matross to each place.

160

22 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Alex Dun & Customs & respective Customs officers

A number of merchants complain that when they come to St. Johnís for convoy, their papers are held until they pay a port fee as though they had loaded up at St. John's. This is not right; Montagu orders that no such fee is to be charged in the future if they have already paid at the outport where they loaded.

161-164

18 Oct. 1778

John Dingle, Bay Bulls

John Montagu

[several frames of film between p. 162 and 163 are black] Dingle insists that he is not to blame for the "Cape Broyle affair". He claims that he's been misrepresented "perhaps by the flowery declamations of Mr. Carter." He insists that Ougier & Smith were in fact within his district as stated by his commission. He gives his version of events. He also asks Montagu to clarify the boundary limits of his district, as well as what his duties and responsibilities are in fulfilling his commission. Dingle dwells upon the ambiguities of his office, explaining that he is often called upon the deal with issues that, strictly speaking, are outside his authoirty but not necessarily within the authority of anyone else, adding that he does not necessarily fully understand all the laws of Newfoundland. He asks whether Montagu wishes to limit him from acting on some cases wit which he has dealt.

165

23 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

John Dingle, Bay Bulls

In response to Dingleís letter, Montagu says that except for the issue surrounding Ougier and Smith, he has been pleased with the work Dingle has done as JP. Montagu outlines the limits of Dingleís district and says that Mr. White will appoint Dingle as his Deputy for the court of Vice Admiralty.

166

24 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Lt. Col. Hay

The guns at Fort William be fired on 25 Oct. to celebrate the King's accession to the throne.

166-167

27 Oct. 1778

John Montagu

Capt. Scott, CO  at Placentia

The reinforcement of troops ordered on duty at Placentia should be given the same supplies as troops at St. John's receive when they are in barracks.

167

28 Oct. 1778

Alex Dun, Customs Office, St. Johnís

John Montagu

Dun requests 6 months' because of ill health and lack of activity in winter; asks for permission to leave his duty in the hand of a deputy.

168

28 Oct. 1778

Montagu, Europe

Alex Dun, Customs Collector

Granting Dunís requests.

169

Blank [end of Montagu's service as governor; Richard Edwards becomes governor in 1779]

170

12 May 1779

George Germain, Whitehall

 

Richard Edwards, Governor

Edwards has been sent his Instructions as governor; Germain explains that the instructions do not take notice of alterations in the various Acts of Parliament relevant to Nfld. so he will include several copies of those acts which Edwards is to pass on to his squadron commanders and the "Admirals of the Harbours".

170-171

2 April 1779

George Germain

Governor Edwards

Germain indicates that the previous year, for the defence of Newfoundland, Gov. Montagu had ordered weapons and ammunition. 700 small arms and the proper ammunition will have to be distributed by Governor Edwards. Germain adds that Mr. Coghlan, who has a substantial fishery on the Labrador coast and who "beat off the Rebel Privateer ... last year," has requested 12 cannon and 250 muskets.

171-172

21 July 1779

Lieut. St. Quentin

Richard Edwards

Lieut. St. Quintin of the Royal Regiment of Artillery has been placed under arrest by Lt. Col. Hay. He wants to be sent to England for court martial, evidently because he doesn't have confidence in the objectivity of those who would preside over a local court martial

172-173

24 July 1779

Richard Edwards

Customs officers, at St. Johnís

The Wild Cat privateer was taken by HMS Suprize. There was a dispute between the Prize Master of the Wild Cat and the customs officers in St. Johnís, owing to the prize master's unfamiliarity with the forms to be submitted. Edwards looked into the matter and has ruled in favour of the Prize Master.

173

19 May 1779

   

Extract of a letter, dated 27 Sept 1773, from George Williams to his brother Maj. ("late Captain") Williams; G. Williams let two new houses to the Ordnance Officers for 7 years. Note states that the extract is a true copy made in London, dated 19 May 1779.

174-175

21 May 1779

George Williams, London

Gov. Edwards

Property dispute between George Williams and "my Brother George" [??] who "has acted like a Rascal" and is accused of taking money for rent on houses which is not rightfully his. William Newman had been empowered to cololect the rent; George Williams suspects him of collusion with his brother. [Both brothers being named George may have been a mistake made by the clerk recording the records.]

175

28 July 1779

Robert Pringle

Richard Edwards

Pringle indicates that the working parties on the fortifications from the 42nd and 71st regiments have far fewer men than the previous year and he asks Edwards to increase their numbers.

176-177

31 July 1779

Thomas Pasley, Sibyl

Richard Edwards

On his way to St. Johnís, Pasley re-took the brig Townside, a Liveroool privateer and ordered it to remain at port. Contrary to his wishes the Court of Admiralty sold the ship to a St. John's merchant through a "fasle and collusive Receipt" issued by the Vendue Master, Mr. Gill. Pasley complained and insisted on a re-sale, which was also done improperly, this time sold to a different St. John's merchant. Pasley asks Edwards to look into the matter.

177-179

2 Aug. 1779

Edward White, Vice Adm'y Court St. Johnís

Richard Edwards

This is White's account of the proceedings which Pasley stated were done illegally. White claims that he acted in his best judgement and in accordance with the Act of Parliament of 1777. It's a complicated and convoluted account.

179

26 July 1779

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Hay

Hay is ordered to "enlarge the confinement" of Lieut. St. Quintin and Lieut. Smith, of the Royal Artillery.

180

  Lt. Col. Hay Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Hayís response to the orders given by Governor Edwards.

180

21 July 1779

William Saunders, Placentia

Richard Edwards

Saunders informs the governor that a brig and sloop privateers crusing off the entrance to Placentia Bay have disrupted trade. Harbours in Fortune Bay, St. Lawrence, and Burin have been plundered & boats seized. Vessels carrying bread & flour to westward have been taken. 

180

July 28 1779

John Dunn, Collector, John Hay, Comptroller

Richard Edwards

Acknowledging Edwards' letter concerning the Wild Cat; they will obey Edwardsí wishes.

181

6 Aug. 1779

David Hay

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Hay states that there was a "malicious and groundless complaint" filed against him by a part of his company which he insists can only be cleared up by a Court of Inquiry by officers of the garrison.

181

  Lt Col Hay Adm. Edwards

Hay was ordered to bring the men in from the outports. He asks how this is to be done, since hiring boats will incur an expense.

181-182

10 Aug. 1779

Robert Pringle

Richard Edwards

Capt Pringle states that, in the absence of any orders from the Board, the storekeeper at Placentia is unwilling to spend any extra expense in the fortification there. The defences at Placentia have long been in a "ruinous state" and he cannot act until he has orders. This remained the case until last year when Gov. Montagu gave Pringle directions to improve the works. Pringle provides details. He asks whether he may carry out the same orders. Ensign Hawkins and some of the Royal Highland Emigrants are in garrison there.

183

10 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Captain Pringle

Edwards orders Pringle to carry out the same orders as last year; Edwards will order the troops there to assist..

183

10 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

The Commanding Officer at Placentia

Edwards orders the garrison at Placentia to assist in the repair of the fortifications at Placentia, agreeable to last year's orders from Governor Montagu.

184

10 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Hay

As a court enquiry is to be held concerning Lt. Col. Hay, Governor Edwards thinks it is best that he take over command of the garrison.

184

25 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Charles Garland, Robert Gray

Ordering the seizure & arrest of John Malloney and his associates for assaulting William Lilley. They are to be turned over to Capt Stanhope of HM Sloop Trepassey once he arrives. Also to ensure that Frances Square, widow, is returned the land that Gregory Newman illegally took from her, and all the hay that he took from the land.

185

27 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter

David Evans, a deserter from HMS Portland, is now on the ship Proteus. Carter is to see that laws against recruiting deserters and preventing desertion are enforced. Rather than fine servants who assist desertion, Carter is to threaten to press the 2 best men from the fishing room. 3 other deserters from Portland are reported on a large French ship owned by Mr. Eustace at Renewse. Edwards explains what he'll do with these deserters. He also indicates that two bushels of peas and two hundred weight of bread is to be given to any seamen recruited for his Majestyís service.

186

8 Aug. 1779

Thomas Durell, Martin (Pitts Harbour, Chateaux Bay, Labrador)

Richard Edwards

Durell acknowledges receipt by the Cygnet of his commission as Surrogate in Fogo & Bonavista districts, as well as responsibility to collect the Greenwich Hospital funds. The 120 stand of muskets and 7 kegs of powder have been delivered to Mr. Noble's agent as ordered.

186

19 Aug. 1779

Alex Willson, Placentia

Richard Edwards

Willson complains that the Bd of Ordnance had informed him that a chest of medicine had been sent to him, yet he only received a small box. Lt Col Hay directed Mr. White to deliver the rest to Mr. Dodd, the Ordnance Surgeon in St. John's. It is impossible for Willson to purchase replacement medicines in Placentia, and without it the soldiers there will be without. Willson asks that he be sent the medicines.

187

20 Aug. 1779

Robert Carter, Ferryland

Richard Edwards

[Lt.] Lumsdaine delivered Edwards' message, asking why Carter did not sign the petition. Carter replies that the petition was never brought to him. [There is no indication as to what the petition entailed] Edwards will have to ask the people who drafted and circulated the petition to determine the truth of the matter; "I know nothing of their Smugling ways concerning the Petition". He assures the governor that he always follow his instructions. Also that the hay that is ready should be picked up because it is exposed and is in danger of being blown into the sea. No privateers have been reported by fishing boats returning from points west such as Cape Pine, Mistaken Point, Cape St. Mary's

187-188

30 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Alex Willson

Edwards explains that the St. John's garrison received no medicines but since the St. John's garrison is much bigger than Placentia, he approves of Hay's actions. He can spare Willson no medicines. [In Oct 1781, Willson will again complain about the shortage of medicines at Placentia caused by this appropriation. See Vol. 9, "Orders & Proclamations", p. 317]

188

30 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Isaac Follet

The supplies requested for the "fort" at Trepassey have been sent but they must find a jack themselves.

188-189

30 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter

Edwards regrets that Mr. Eustace's ship should have to come to St. John's "on account of your Impudence." The volunteer sent by Carter knows very little about "Ship or Cargo (having entered on board her at Cadiz)". The wine was brought for Edwards' use by his order; the butter was so trifling in quantity that it was obviously meant for the ship's company. A postscript tells Carter that Eustace has received weapons and ammunition for the defence of Renewse.

189

30 Aug. 1779

Richard Edwards

JPs & inhabitants of Bay Bulls

Edwards received their request for more powder for their defence and will send them what they requested from the Proteus.

190-191

27 July 1779

John Rogers, St. Johnís

Richard Edwards

He has sent Edwards the captain of the privateer. Rogers then describes how he sent 14 armed men in pursuit of a boat taken that morning by 17 American prisoners. The pursuers would have recaptured the Americans except they were themselves raken by the Licorne. Rogers wants his men returned to him

191

1 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Dewes Coke, Trinity

Edwards has attached the fish and lumber in St. John's belonging to Clark and Company and turned it over to the Vice Admiralty Judge. Coke should take what fish he can find at Trinity and use it to pay the wages of Clark & Company's servants as well the Greenwich Hospital bill.

192

2 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Lt. Col. Hay

In response to the Court of Enquiry, Edwards' issues four orders to Lt. Col. Hay (pay this company every 2 months, pay arrears owing for fuel & candles, reinstate Corporal Hamilton,  settle the balance owing to Sgt Eaves.

193

3 Sept. 1779

John Lees, Barrack Master St. Johnís

Richard Edwards

Asks Edwards to order the Chief Engineer to provide garrison with firewood and candles.

193-194

6 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Lieut. Judgson, Placentia

Edwards responds to Judgson's request for bedding. Lieut Hawkins received the standard allowance which should last several years. More has not been received from England so they must repair what they have and make do. Request for carriages, powder & small stores has been passed on to Ordnance storekeeper. Grapeshot must be repaired not replaced. He cannot supply any firelocks for they had been given new ones the previous year.

194-196

12 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Lord George Germain

Edwards received Germain's letter of 17 June disclosing Spain's intention of comme3ncing hostilities. He will take appropriate measures for the security of Newfoundland. He describes steps taken for defending the harbours of Nfld and capture of two privateers. Mentions the fire in St. John's in May which will cause much distress if more provisions do not arrive soon from Ireland.

197

13 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Robert Carter

John Comers and Company are ordered to pay their servant, John Dollard of Fermeuse, the rest of his wages.

197

15 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

William Keen, Greenspond

Orders to send the Greenwich Hospital money for Greenspond & various outports as fast as possible.

198

 

Richard Edwards

Dewes Coke, Trinity, Charles Garland, Harbour Grace

They are to send the Greenwich Hospital Money.

198-199

18 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Dewes Coke

He is to send the man confined at Trinity for murder to St. John's for trial. What is to be done with the effects remaining at Trinity belonging to Mr. Clark and Company which went bankrupt.

199

25 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Joseph Dingle

Orders for Dingle to enquire into a dispute involving Maurice Hearn who did work for last fall for the wife of George Williams.

199-200

25 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

Dewes Coke

Cokle reported a privateer to the north; regrets that the only small vessels of his squadron are to the westward & won't return until early October. Edwards feels that the privateer won't stay long at Twillingate and will be captured should she come south.

200

25 Sept. 1779

Richard Edwards

John Dingle

Orders Dingle and Joseph Crimp, and any other person with evidence, to come before him and testify in the matter of his complaint againt Mr. Simmonds.

End of Volume