GN 2/1A [Microfilm Box No. 2]
Volume 6 (1774-1777): Orders & Proclamations

Page

Date

From whom(where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

1

22 Oct. 1774

Shuldham

 

Granting to William Gaden a piece of requested ground.

2

[destroyed]

[Shuldham]

 

Granting William Gaden a piece of land (different from the above), about 3-4 acres.

3

24 Oct. 1774

Shuldham

 

Granting James Winter a piece of land, about 20 acres.

4

23 Oct. 1773

William Bevill, Charles Walley, Robert Bulley

 

A proclamation of an arbitration.

5

24 Oct. 1774

Shuldham

 

Ordering that brickmakers for the King not disturb the Cannon, and that no ships or persons shall take any stones from the Quarry on the South Side of the Harbour for ballast etc. The JPs shall enforce these orders.

6-7

24 Oct. 1774

Shuldham

 

As Mr. Robert Bulley will lose a great part of land to the erection of the new garrison, he asks for a piece of land in lieu of it, which Shuldham here grants.

7-8

24 Oct. 1774

John Rogers, J. Goss, William Gaden

 

Giving their decision, as arbitrators over a land dispute that the disputed land shall be used in common by both proprietors.

9

11 July 1775

   

The Appointment of Robert Duff Governor etc of Nfld.

10-15

20 April, 15th year of George 3rd.

King George III (Yorke)

 

The Commission of Governor Duff. (Letters Patent).

16

12 July 1775

Robert Duff

 

A proclamation of the royal will against the murder of the natives of Nfld.

17

12 July 1775

Duff

 

Commanding the masters of all ships to carry home the same number of fishers and sailors etc which they take away from Britain at the start of the season (except in the case of death), on pain of prosecution upon their return.

17-18

12 July 1775

Duff

 

Orders against the mischief of men wintering on the Northern coast against the inhabitants and the French fishing works, the trees, etc.

19

12 July 1775

Duff

 

Orders against Americans enticing and carrying away Seamen and Craftsmen.

20

12 July 1775

Duff

to the respective captains and commanders etc

Orders against foreigners being sharers and partakers in the Fishery and Commerce of Nfld.

21-22

12 July 1775

Duff

to the respective captains and commanders etc

On order against illegal trade between the French and English.

22-23

12 July 1775

Duff

to the respective captains and commanders etc

Ordering the enforcement of various mercantilist acts.

23-24

12 July 1775

Duff

to the respective captains and commanders etc

Orders against trade with St. Pierre and Miquelon.

24-28

12 July 1775

Duff

to ditto

Orders enforcing the Kingís Will regarding the French, and their treaty rights in and about Newfoundland and its fishery, etc.

28-30

12 July 1775

Duff

to ditto

More Orders protecting the French fishery etc.

30-31

12 July 1775

Duff

to ditto

Orders against the taking of tracts of land commodious to the fishery, that no fishing rooms etc shall be claimed under any pretence as private property.

32

12 July 1775

Duff

to ditto

Orderís to seize any French vessels or properties existing outside of the stipulations of the treaties related to their operations in and around Nfld.

32-35

12 July 1775

Duff

 

Rules, Orders, and Regulations for the encouragement of, and from an enquiry into, the Salmon Fishery.

36

12 July 1775

Duff

 

Appointing William Bennett surrogate of the North East district from Cape Bonavista to Cape Norman.

37-38

12 July 1775

Duff

Captain Bennett

Instructions to the surrogate.

39

12 July 1775

Duff

Joseph Barrett, Captain of Artillery and Commander of the Garrison of Fort William (St. Johnís)

Enjoining all servicemen not to engage in the Fisheries, or interrupt the Fisherman in curing their Fish, or to take up for themselves any beaches, stages, or cookrooms, under any pretence whatever. With a memo noting a like order to Lt. Craws 65th Reg at Placentia, dated 15 July 1775.

39-40

12 July 1775

Duff

 

Ordering an end to dispute (as per the Kingís will) to the French claims to the concurrent fishery at the harbour of Bonavista.

40-42

12 July 1775

Duff

to the respective captains and commanders etc

Regarding accounts of a French ship of war, the Unicorn, having visited various ports in the month of July 1763, ordering that in the future, civil and friendly enquiry should be made to see if such a French ship of war comes out of necessity or distress, in which case full assistance is to be offered. If however, he comes under any other pretence, such as protecting French ships and fisheries, they are to instruct the Captain that all such French fishing ships within the Kingís domain are under his protection, and that they may not exert any authority within the Kingís realm. They are, furthermore, expressly forbidden by treaty to hold any fort or forces within HMís territories.

42

10 July 1775

Cpt. Barrett

 

A return of Barrettís company of Artillery at Fort William.

43

10 July 1775

Lt. Winthrop

 

A return of the party of the detachment of the 65th Regiment at Fort William.

43

10 July 1775

Cpt. Barrett

 

A return of the present state of the brass and iron ordnance and batteries at Fort William.

44

10 July 1775

Pringle

 

Return of the engineers, overseers, artificers, boatmen, etc employed at HMís works at St. Johnís.

44

12 July 1775

Duff

 

Regarding a duty to be collected from the wages of seamen for the use of the Greenwich Hospital.

45

15 July 1775

Duff

 

Orders against irregularities caused by American ships and Nfld crews, in obstructing the sea cow fishery at the Magdalene islands, and the wanton destruction of the animals in the water.

45-46

     

[A crossed out letter, containing an order against enclosing land from the commons or barrens without permission.]

46

17 July 1775

Duff

 

Orders against the unlicensed sale of spiritous liquors.

47

17 July 1775

Duff

 

An order against the barter of people with seamen for their "slops or other articles of apparel", giving them in exchange spiritous liquors.

48

17 July 1775

Duff

 

Ordering masters of commercial vessels to wait on the Governor with their Register and Cargo Manifest on their arrival in port, and departure for Europe or other Foreign Countries.

48-53

15 July 1775

Duff

 

Appointing Edward White, Thomas Dodd, Edward Langman (whose name, it is noted in the margin, was erased from the Commission of the Peace 5 October 1775 for improper behaviour -- see letter side, p.53), Nicholas Gill,, and John Stripling Justices of the Peace in the district of St. Johnís. With instructions, and full description of their powers and responsibilities, etc.

53

24 July 1775

W. Cocks

 

The Governorís secretary notes that a commission was made out this day appointing Charles Garland and Robert Grey of Harbour Grace, appointing them Justices in the district of St. Johnís, and Garland Keeper of the Rolls.

53

5 Aug. 1775

Cocks

 

ditto D. Coke (Keeper of the Rolls), Jonas newell, and George Whittle Justices for the district of Trinity Bay.

53

7 Aug. 1775

Cocks

 

ditto William Keen (KoR), Benjamin Keen, and Joseph Randall Justices for the district of Bonavista.

53

14 Aug. 1775

Cocks

 

ditto Brookes (KoR), and Symmonds Justices for the district of Bay of Bulls.

53

27 Aug. 1775

Cocks

 

ditto Gervaise Garland Justice for Placentia, and John Follett Justice of Trepassey.

54

24 July 1775

Duff

 

Appointing Nicholas Gill "Naval Officer of the ports of St. Maries, Burin, Anderin, Matier, Trepassey, and Ferryland, the Bay of Bulls, Conception and Trinity Bays in Newfoundland with all their Dependencies".

55

24 July 1775

Duff

 

Appointing Nicholas Gill "Sworn Broker of the Port of Saint Johns in Newfoundland".

56

24 July 1775

Duff

John Philips

Appointing him High Sheriff of the Island.

57

24 July 1775

Duff

 

Appointing Nicholas Gill "Notary Publick for Trinity and Conception Bay, Bay of Bulls and Harbour Grace, with their Dependencies".

57-58

24 July 1775

Duff

Edward white, Thomas Dodd, Edward Langman, Nicholas Gill, John Stripling, HMís Justices for the district of St. Johnís

Ordering that masters must provide passage for their men to go home at the end of their service.

59-60

24 July 1775

Duff

 

Against the ill-curing of fish, which is causing to enter European ports in a bad state, such that these products are becoming abhorred by the people of Spain, Portugal and Italy, which may become the ruin of the Fishery if not stopped, resulting in "the annihilation of one of the most valuable branches of the British Commerce".

60-61

27 July 1775

Duff

 

Granting Alexander Dunn a piece of land for building a new Custom House on.

61

28 July 1775

Duff (HMS Romney, St. Johnís)

 

Permitting Lt. Peter Clinch and several persons with him in the Regiment of "Royal fensible Americans" to "pass hence to the Continent".

62

1 Aug. 1775

Duff

to the respective debtors to Pike and Green

Ordering them to pay their just debts in full according to their respective abilities.

62-63

1 Aug. 1775

Duff

 

Forbidding the rinding of standing trees.

63-65

3 Aug. 1775

Duff

 

Granting Mr. George Davis of Carbonear possession of the premises at Chappelís cove belonging to John Ferry, who has abandoned it, going to the American Continent, until such time as the said Ferry repays his debt of £126"6"6.

65

3 Aug. 1775

Duff

 

Appointing Jeremiah Coghlan naval officer at Fogo, and over all adjacent ports in the district of Bonavista, excepting Twillingate.

66

3 Aug. 1775

Duff

 

Appointing John Slade naval officer for Twillingate.

67

     

An accounts of the debts owed by the district of Bonavista to the district of St. Johnís for the legal processing of three rapists.

68

7 Aug. 1775

Duff

William Keen, Benjamin Keen, Joseph Randall, JPs of the district of Bonavista.

Further Correspondence: Instructing them to levy the money accounted above on the inhabitants of Bonavista, amounting to £41"9"3 to defray the court costs of trying two rape cases.

69-70

7 Aug. 1775

Duff

 

Ordering any person who does not own a grant to the land they have claimed as theirs in the barrens north of St. Johnís shall be dispossessed of said land.

70-71

14 Aug. 1775

James Brooks

Duff

Informing him of the arrest of William Keefe, accused of murdering James Welsh. Saying that with no public money hand, he shall probably have to pay the necessary court fees himself, and asks that a way be found to defray these costs.

71-72

16 Aug. 1775

Duff

James Brookes, JP (Bay of Bulls)

Further Correspondence: Authorizing him, in answer to the above, to Levy £20 on the principle inhabitants and traders in his district.

72-73

18 Aug. 1775

Duff

 

An order against the splitting of fish by fishermen alongside Bait saynes (seines or nets), which is detrimental thereto and thus to the fishery as a whole.

74-75

13 Aug. 1775

Charles Garland, Richard Grey

 

Regarding a case where fishermen colluded to defraud one of their suppliers of his just dues from their catch.

75

21 Aug. 1775

White, Langman, Stripling, Dodd, Gill

Duff

Asking that a way be found to defray the cost of prosecuting an accused murderer now at the Gaol of St. Johnís.

76

     

A cancelled order for raising money for prosecution of a case of fraud.

77-78

21 Aug. 1775

Duff

Captain Parker of the Martin

Ordering him to return ASAP to his station, and execute the orders etc he has been given.

78-79

21 Aug. 1775

Duff

Ged

Ordering him to bring his men and all his supplies aboard the Martin under Captain Parker who has been sent to collect him, as it is not considered advantageous to keep a garrison in York Fort in Labrador over the winter.

79

22 Aug. 1775

Cocks [Shuldham by proxy]

 

Recording the appointment of Lt. Lock as Surrogate for the coast between St. Johnís harbour and Cape Bonavista.

79

27 Aug. 1775

Lt. Charles Crouse of the 65th Regiment, Commanding at Placentia

 

A general return of the garrison at Placentia.

80

24 July 1775

Crouse (Placentia)

 

An account of the ordnance etc in HMís magazines at Placentia.

81

27 Aug. 1775

Duff

Appointing Gervaise Grossard Naval Officer at Placentia.

81-82

29 Aug. 1775

Duff

 

Granting a piece of land to Grossard for his emolument for as long as "he shall continue at this place in His Majestyís Service".

82-83

8 Sept. 1775

Duff

 

Allowing Pringle to use a portion of Admiralís Beach to build a wharf for Government purposes in connection to the building of a new barracks.

83

     

A note that in Sept. 1775 Robert Carter was appointed JP for Ferryland.

84

10 Sept. 1775

Duff

White, Dodd, Langman, Gill, Stirpling; HMís JPs for St. Johnís district.

Regarding their letter on two alleged murderers in the Gaol for whom there are no public funds to defray the costs of a prosecution, her authorizes them to raise from the peoples of St. Johnís and its district (Petty Harbour and Torbay) according to their respective abilities and wealth the sum required.

85-86

13 Sept. 1775

Duff

 

Ordering, in compliance to a petition from Mr. Henry Sparke & Co to put Mr. Richard Hutchings, their agent, in possession of the indentured plantation and fishing rooms etc. of Mr. John Foot, who remains unable to pay his debt to Sparke of £201"16"6 (plus interest), to make use of until the said debt has been paid in full. Hutchings is to repair the holdings (which have decayed due to Footís poverty), and keep them in the best condition, the cost of which he is to deduct from the growing rents. That every year, he is to furnish John Foot with a just and clear State of his account, giving him credit for the full value of his Estate, and not making any exorbitant or unnecessary charges against him.

86-87

18 Sept. 1775

Duff

 

Appointing White, Langman, Dodd, Gill, Stripling, Gaden, and Livingstone Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer.

87

19 Sept. 1775

Duff

 

Notice that the assizes of Oyer and Terminer will be held 3 October 1775 in the court house at St. Johnís.

88 -89

29 Sept. 1775

Duff

 

Securing Isaac Daws in his possession of a piece of land, which, after a storm destroyed his buildings upon said land which he had had for four years, he was obstructed from rebuilding and continuing in that place because of pretensions of other people to ownership thereof.

89-92

31 December 1770

 

William Thomas and Anne Williams; George Williams and James Powell

 

An indenture signed sealed and delivered in the presence of George Williams and James Powell, for the lease of some land in St. Johnís for a set term, "in consideration of the yearly Rent and Covenants", from Anne Scurlock, daughter of the deceased former proprietor to the woman Anne Williams. Ordered to be entered into the records by the Governor.

92

29 Oct. 1774

Robert Woolsey; Jenkin Williams (Quebec)

 

Further Correspondence: having compared the original and above written lease, Woolsey swears before Williams as to the trueness of the copy.

93

6 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Granting Robert Bulley, in compliance with his request, some land in compensation for that which he will lose to the new Barracks etc.

94

6 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Granting William Gaden, in compliance with his request, some land in compensation for that which he will lose, it being lately marked out for HMís use.

95

6 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

ditto for Stripling.

96

9 Oct. 1775

Duff

John Rogers

In response to an allegation of his having built partially on an Ensign John Caddy, Engineerís, (land, thus owing him rent,) demanding that he present himself with his defence before him aboard the HMS Romney.

96

9 Oct. 1775

   

Noting Jeremiah Coghlanís appointment of JP for Fogo.

97

7 Oct. 1775

John Caddy

 

Further Correspondence: his petition, prompting the above demand on John Rogers (see p. 96).

97-98

22 Sept. 1775

Michael Foreham and James Ronnel, Fishing Admirals.

 

Further Correspondence: Rogers vs Caddy, find in Rogerís favour, and ordering Caddy to pay him a moiety. Appeals to be made to the Governor, whose decision will be final.

98

12 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Further Correspondence: Regarding Rogerís demand that Caddy pay a moiety for the rebuilding of a flake allegedly destroyed by a woodpile belonging to the latter, he finds that not only was the flake destroyed by the pressure of boughs piled up by Rogerís people on the other side of the flake (and not the woodpile), but that also the said flake was built partially on Caddyís land. Thus, he acquits Caddy and annuls the boardís decision.

99

14 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Ordering, for the proceeding of the building of the new fort, the removal of all existing buildings and fences etc existing on the lands marked out for that purpose by their owners. Authorizing Pringle to demolish any that remain. Forbidding further encroachments on what he declares to be land now exclusively for the Kingís use.

100

15 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Ratifying and confirming Shuldhamís grant of land to James Winter.

100-101

16 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Giving notice that all planters and others are to provide passage home for each of their men when their service expires, and that all masters of Passage Ships are authorized and required to take all such men on board, for which they shall be paid the next season with the first caught fish of the respective masters of the men. Noncompliant masters will be responsible for the damages and disorder caused by any of their men which are left behind in the desolate country.

101-102

16 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Anti-Catholic legislation limiting the rights and movements of Papist servants, "for the better preserving the Peace preventing Robberies, Tumultuous assemblies, and other Disorders of wicked and idle people remaining in the country during the winter".

102

19 Oct. 1775

Duff

To the commissioners of Oyer and Terminer

Ordering, at their request, that Alexander Cameron be held in the safe custody of the High Sheriff until HMís pleasure be known concerning him over his murder of Margaret Cameron, his wife.

103

21 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Granting Mrs. Pheebe Gill a piece of land.

104

23 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Granting Thomas Dodd a piece of land.

104-105

23 Oct. 1775

Duff

 

Granting Mrs. Catherine Fitzpatrick a piece of land.

105

25 Oct. 1775

Cocks

 

Noting that this day Reverend Edward Langmanís name was struck off the Commission of the Peace.

107

6 May 1776

   

Recording the assemblage of the commanding officers at the reading of John Montaguís commission as Governor.

108-113

14 March 1776

(Yorke)

 

John Monataguís commission.

114

4 May 1776

Joseph Barrett, Capt. of Artillery and Commander of Fort William

 

Return of the Garrisons in Newfoundland.

114

4 May 1776

Pringle

 

Return of Officers, Artificers, and labourers employed on HMís works at St. Johnís.

115

4 May 1776

Barrett

 

Report of the Brass and Iron Ordnance in the Fort and Batteries at St. Johnís.

115

6 May 1776

Montagu

 

Ratifying and Confirming Duffís grant to Pringle (see page 99).

116

7 May 1776

Montagu

 

Recording the (re)publication of several proclamations.

117

9 May 1776

Montagu

 

Ordering commercial shipping masters to report to the Governor with their Register and Cargo Manifest on their arrival in port, and before their departure for foreign ports.

117

10 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering that no servicemen may engage in the fishery, or interrupt the fishermen in curing their fish, etc.

118-119

11 May 1776

Montagu

 

Orders against the possession of slops etc belonging to Seamen or Marines, and those selling liquor will have their licenses revoked in that case.

119-120

11 May 1776

Montagu

 

Order against rinding trees; the employers of any men caught doing so will be fined £5 into the hands of the Judge of the Vice Admiralty at St. Johnís.

121

11 May 1776

Montagu

 

Approving and ratifying Commissions of the peace for D. Coke, J. Newell, and G. Whittle for the district of Trinity (which includes the harbour of Catalina).

121-122

1776

   

A list of the JPs and their districts, as regulated by Montagu 1776.

123-124

20 May 1776

Montagu

 

An order to find and prosecute those persons responsible for ill-curing their fish.

124

27 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering him to receive the company of the Royal Highland Emigrants into his barracks, and to prepare the 65th Regiment for departure to Halifax.

125

27 May 1776

Montagu

Capt. Winthrope, 65th Reg. (Fort William)

Regarding General Howeís orders to draft the private men of the 65th Regiment into the Corps that will be serving in America, and to send the Officers to Britain. Ordering him and his party to board the sloop General Gage by 10 oíclock the next morning, for Halifax.

125 -126

27 May 1776

Montagu

Capt. Munk of the Nova Scotia Volunteers (St. Johnís)

An order to deliver the recruits John Barrett, Martin Brenan, and James McDonald up to their master, who requires them in order to prosecute the fishery.

126-127

10 June 1776

Montagu

Edward May

Ordering Edward Way to pay John Soaper the balance of his wages as Master-of-Voyage.

128

13 June 1776

Montagu

 

Appointing John Follett Junior Naval Officer at Trepassey.

129

28 June 1776

Montagu

 

Ordering that persons taking sod from the New Fort will be prosecuted, with a penalty of £5.

130

5 July 1776

Montagu

 

Ordering all vessels to hoist their colours on leaving the harbour. Non-compliance will result in being fined the money to pay for however many guns needed to be fired to oblige them.

131-132

6 July 1776

Montagu

 

Allowing the French at St. Pierre et Miquelon to supply themselves with lumber for building houses, etc, and protecting them from molestation in so doing.

132

13 July 1776

Montagu

 

Appointing Gervais Grossard Naval Officer at Placentia.

133

24 July 175

William Baker, Lt. of artillery, commanding at Placentia.

 

Account of Ordnance etc in HMís magazines at Placentia.

134

22 July 1776

Montagu

 

Securing Robert Carter, as per his petition, in his fishery at Aqua Fort.

135

22 July 1776

Montagu

 

Granting Robert Carter a piece of land, hereafter to be known as Montaguís Peninsula, North of Aqua Fort.

136-137

8 Aug. 1776

Montagu

 

Summoning Richard Hutching for refusing the pay the wages he owes to Richard Elliott.

137

     

Further Correspondence: A note that Hutchings appeared, and in consequence payed the seaman his wages, and restored the clothes and other apparel, etc.

137

11 Aug. 1776

Montagu

Edward White, Storekeeper of Ordnance (St. Johnís)

Ordering that the Barrack Bedding is to the repaired.

138

16 Aug. 1776

Montagu

White, and other JPs of St. Johnís

Ordering a court to be assembled to hear Mrs. Ann Williamsís complaint of unjust treatment by a decree of Justice Whiteís.

139

21 Aug. 1776

Montagu

White, Keeper of the Rolls of the peace

Ordering a court to convene to hear Robert Harwoodís appeal, as he claims the circumstances of his case against Mr. Churchill were misunderstood by the jury.

139

21 Aug. 1776

Montagu

John Phillips, sheriff

Further Correspondence: Ordering that only reputable and intelligent people be selected for Harwoodís jury.

140-141

31 Aug. 1776

Montagu

 

Permitting William Munbery, John Goulden, Walter Squire, and Peter Varwell to clear out and build upon a piece of unoccupied land for their fishery, provided it is not a shipís room.

141-142

10 Sept. 1776

Montagu

 

Appointing John Brudenall Surrogate for the coast between St. Johnís harbour and Cape Race. Authorizing him to seize illicit goods.

142-144

11 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Lt. Brudenall

Further Correspondence: his instructions for the office.

145

12 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Aaron Neck and William Ford

Summoning them to appear before him on the Romney to answer the complaint of their employer, Thomas Rendell.

146

11 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Lt. Brudenall

Ordering him to go aboard HMís Schooner The Labrador to proceed to the various ports within his district as surrogate.

147

17 Sept. 1776

Montagu

John Evans

Ordering him to come to an account with his creditor, Richard Hutchings, representing Henry Sparke & Co.

148 - 149

23 Sept. 1776

Montagu

 

Commissioning a court of Oyer and Terminer, and appointing as commissioners White, Dodd, Stripling, Gill, Langman, and Bulley.

149-153

26 Sept. 1776

Montagu

 

Securing Mrs. Catharine Weston in the possession of some property in keeping with the last Will and Testament of the late Peter Weston.

153-154

27 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Many names

Ordering them to pay their legal duties to Mr. Gill. (With an attached memo saying that the summons is to be presented and executed by the Marshall of the Vice Admiralty Court of St. Johnís, or one of the constables of that region.)

154

27 Sept. 1776

Montagu

 

Giving notice that the General Assizes for the trial of felons by the commission of Oyer and Terminer will be held at the court house in St. Johnís on Tuesday 15 October.

155

28 Sept. 1776

Montagu

William Keen, JP for Bonavista

Ordering him to make his personal appearance before him to answer complaints made against him by James Bonnes.

156

28 Sept. 1776

   

A memo concerning the summons of James Sparkes, agent and Naval Officer at Renews, to answer complaints made against him by Brownley and Hall Planter.

156-157

1 Oct. 1776

Montagu

 

Permitting John Bromley to cut out, clear, and build upon a piece of ground for pursuing the fishery.

158-159

1 Oct. 1776

Montagu

 

Ordering that Henry Wall should take possession of a piece of property, after paying the previously agreed upon purchase price of £40 to James Sparkes, who has previously been withholding the said property.

159

10 Oct. 1776

     
   

Montagu

George Rider, Marshall to the Vice Admiralty Court (Bonavista)

Ordering George Rider to return the full value of the fish taken from George Barnes.

160

10 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Capt. Barrett of the Royal Artillery, Commanding Fort William.

Ordering a guard to do duty at Fredericks Battery and Fort Amherst, and instructions for signals to be made between the two forts.

161

11 Oct. 1776

Bulley, Goss, Webber, Newman, McClure, Geaves, Rogers, Foreham, Newman, Heuley, Hutchings, Bastard, Henley, Gaden

(Court House, St. Johnís)

 

Record of a special trial of Keen vs Waitt, the decision of which was for William Keen to return the various effects of Thomas Waitt, which he had seized "and taken in prejudice of the merchant supplier for the present season".

162-163

12 Oct. 1776

Montagu

 

Settling a land dispute between James Sparks and John Doyle (the petitioner). Ordering Sparks to give full compensation to John Doyle for the money he has expended in consequence of his lease, or else to present himself before the Governor.

163-164

15 Oct. 1776

Montagu

 

Granting Thomas Benger a small beach vacant at Ferryland, as per his petition.

164-165

15 Oct. 1776

Montagu

 

Confirming Shuldhamís grant of a beach at Ferryland to Robert Carter.

165-166

15 Oct. 1776

Montagu

 

Granting Samuel Hill, as per his petition, a spot of Ground in the harbour of Ferryland.

166

15 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Lt. Bliss of the Royal Highland Emigrants (Fort William)

Order to distribute the whole allowance of Fire and Candle to the Guard at the battery on the south side the entrance of St. Johnís.

167-168

17 Oct. 1776

Montagu

 

Granting Samuel Youlden, as per his memorial, sole ownership of a plantation which Richard Hutchins had threatened to dispossess him of.

169

18 Oct. 1776

Pringle

Montagu

Desiring that the Royal Emigrants might be ordered to the Works.

170-171

20 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Cpt. Barrett

Further Correspondence: Ordering, as per Pringleís request, that the whole Royal Highland Emigrants detachment might be employed on the Kingís Works, and garrison duty taken over by the artillery.

171

22 Oct. 1776

   

A note of Montaguís confirmation of Duffís appointment of John Phillips as High Sheriff.

172

24 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Phillips

Ordering that the sentence of death on John Cox for burglary and Lawrence Hallahan be respited until HMís favour be known.

173

24 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Phillips

Granting a free pardon to Lawrence Dalton who was sentenced to death for forgery.

174-194

 

Gill, Stripling, White, Dodd, Langman, Bulley

 

A record of the various proceedings of the assizes of the Court of Oyer and Terminer.

194-195

10 May 1777

Montagu

Phillips

A warrant for the death of Lawrence Hallahan.

195

10 May 1777

Montagu

Phillips

A free pardon for John Cox.

196-197

15 May 1777

Montagu

White, Dodd, Gill, Stripling; JPs for St. Johnís

An order to regularize the sale of firewood.

198

15 May 1777

Montagu

 

Granting a piece of ground to Mr. Bollard.

199

17 May 1777

   

Memo regarding the appointment of Robert Linzee Surrogate between Cape Race and Fortune Bay.

199-200

20 May 1777

Montagu

 

Notice given that anyone entertaining drunken seamen or marines belonging to the Kingís Ship shall be fined £5.

200

 

Montagu

JPs for St. Johnís

Further Correspondence: a short note instructing the Justices to enforce the above.

200

22 May 1777

Montagu

Major Barrett (Fort William)

Ordering a military presence at the execution of Lawrence Hallaham, to prevent any riot.

Volume 6 (1774-1777): Letters

1

24 Oct. 1774

M.S. [Molineux Shuldham]

Pitts, Commanding Fort William

A crossed out letter Ordering him to furnish the engineer, at his request next spring, with two miners belonging to the train of artillery, and as many men as can possibly be spared to assist in the Kingís Works.

1

12 July 1775

Duff

Langman, Gill, and Stripling

Giving them several orders and proclamations to make public in their district.

2

12 July 1775

Duff

Capt. Barrett Commanding Fort William

Transmitting the Kingís desire for an account of the particulars of the ordnance etc at the Fort. Also, inclosing an order forbidding servicemen of the garrisons being concerned in the fisheries.

3

21 July 1775

Duff

Robert Carter, JP at Ferryland

Thanking him for his account of the fishery and other observations, and promising to continue him in his commissions of the peace, of deputy to the Judge of the vice admiralty, and deputy to Mr. Gill as Naval Officer of Ferryland.

3-4

28 July 1775

Peter Clinch

Duff

Asking that he punish the wife of the keeper of a tavern who would not serve him, as he came recruiting, which she felt was not agreeable to her customers Ė a behaviour that he claims is disaffectionate to HMís Government.

4

29 July 1775

Duff

JPs for St. Johnís

Further correspondence: in response to the above, he agrees that it is a sign of great disloyalty and disrespect, and thus orders the revocation of the license for vending spiritous liquors of the tavern keeper.

5-6

1 Aug. 1775

Duff

JPs for Harbour Grace

Ordering them to look into the theft of the property of the late Maurice Grenin, a boatkeeper lost at sea with all his crew when his boat capsized, and to settle his estate and accounts with his servants and then with his creditors.

6-7

3 Aug. 1775

Duff

Jeremiah Coghlan (Fogo)

Among other things (of a personal nature), he returns to him through William Coghlan a new Commission as Naval Officer for Bonavista, and a printed copy of an Act of Parliament relative to the fisheries.

7

5 Aug. 1775

Duff

Benjamin Lester (Trinity)

Asking that he deliver the records of Trinity into the hands of D. Coke who he as appointed HMís JP and Keeper of the Rolls in that district.

7

5 Aug. 1775

Duff

Jonas Newell and George Whittle (Trinity)

Appointing them JPs for there.

8

4 Aug. 1775

Alexander Dun (Collector of the Customs)

Duff

Asking to refer a case to his excellency.

9-10

4 Aug. 1775

Duff

Dun

Further Correspondence: Complying with the above request, summoning those concerned before him, and on examination dismissing the complaints made.

10-11

7 Aug. 1775

Duff

Keen and Randall, JPs for Bonavista

Sending several orders and proclamations to be made public.

11-12

9 Aug. 1775

Duff

Samuel Jutsham, deputy commissary vice admiralty (Portugal Cove).

Putting William Harvey in quiet possession of a plantation he has long enjoyed, and giving warning to Gregory Normore to give him no more trouble etc nor attempt anymore to dispossess him of the said property.

12

11 Aug. 1775

Pringle

Duff

Asking that the ground he has newly marked out as necessary for the defence of the new works be cleared in order to carry on his further instructions.

13-14

14 Aug. 1775

Duff

Pringle

Further Correspondence: not having any instructions either from Shuldham or remaining in the records there of his request and apparent orders/permission etc, he refers his request to the Board of Ordnance, that they might furnish him with the proper Instructions regarding the above.

14-15

18 Aug. 1775

Duff

Robert Carter (Ferryland)

Ordering a stop to splitting fish beside "the bait sayns" (seines) and throwing the offal overboard, which is damaging to the said sayns, and therefore to the fishery. Also, Asking him to try and settle disputes there, as he will not here anymore litigious complaints brought out of his district. Telling him he will send him a commission of the peace, and in the meantime asking that he publish several orders and publications, and also that he will collect certain dues on his behalf.

15-16

19 Aug. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Saying that he had requested a more detailed account than merely an inventory of ordnance which categorizes the stores as serviceable, repairable, and unserviceable, which he had received. Ordering him to more fully comply with HMís desires for a report.

16-17

 

Charles Garland and Richard Grey

Duff

Reporting that they find Morris Greenan really did defraud his other creditors in secretly handing all of his fish over to one of them, to the othersí exclusion, having kept secret from each the fact that he was supplied by others.

17-18

19 Aug. 1775

Duff

Garland and Grey

Further Correspondence: Replying to the above, saying that the merchants who had taken the fish, and those who seized on the skiff and salt (despite their right to payment, they had no authority to use force in seizing anything), were also culpable and should have been fined. Also, the masters, he says, should be punished on account of the servants who took possession of the fish to the detriment of the other creditors.

18

21 Aug. 1775

Duff

to the collector and comptroller of HMís Customs (St. Johnís)

As he will be out of port for a few weeks, he sends them six certificates of registry, and requires them not to grant a register to any ship or vessel whatsoever that is not signed agreeably by himself.

18-19

20 Aug. 1775

Pringle

Duff

Asking that the detachment of the 65th Regiment from Placentia be brought to St. Johnís to help in the Works, saying that the artillery would be all that was needed to care for the stores there, which, considering the indefensible state of the place, is all that the whole garrison of Placentia could really be called upon to do anyway.

19-20

27 Aug. 1775

Duff

Lt. Crause, Commanding the Garrison (Placentia)

Further Correspondence: in compliance with the above, ordering him to send the detachment, who will embark on board the Romney.

20-21

27 Aug. 1775

Duff

Lt. Baker, Commander of the Royal Artillery (Fort Frederick, Placentia)

Further Correspondence: in compliance with the above, ordering him to take care of the stores in the absence of the detachment.

21

27 Aug. 1775

Charles Crause

Duff

Further Correspondence: asking that he and his servant (he is unfit to work at the Works due to a bad leg anyway) be able to stay behind at Placentia long enough for him to settle his accounts and Bills before joining the rest of the detachment at St. Johnís. Also asking whether the bedding be brought along on board the Romney with the troops.

21-22

27 Aug. 1775

Duff

Crause

Permitting him to stay behind, but to remember that he will no longer be in command of the fort, as that shall devolve on Lt. Baker of the Artillery. Also, as there will be no further need for it at the fort, allowing him to take the bedding on board the Romney.

22

29 Aug. 1775

Duff

John Follett (Trepassey)

Informing him that he has signed his commission of the peace, which will be sent and delivered by Capt. Linzee of the HMS Surprize. Also sending several orders and notifications.

23

2 Sept. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Ordering him to make ready to receive the detachment coming in from Placentia to work on the Works.

23

2 Sept. 1775

Duff

Pringle

Informing him that he has complied with his request and sent for the detachment from Placentia.

24

5 Sept. 1775

Pringle

Duff

Saying that it would be of great convenience if some spot could be found for erecting a government wharf for landing military stores etc.

24

6 Sept. 1775

Pringle

Duff

As the lodgings within Fort Townshend where he had intended to accommodate the labourers hired for the works are not yet ready, he asks that the Commander of Fort William make two vacant Barracks rooms to be allotted for that purpose.

25

7 Sept. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Further Correspondence: making an order in compliance with the above request.

25-26

7 Sept. 1775

Duff

Pringle

Further Correspondence: informing him of his above letter in compliance with his request.

26

11 Sept. 1775

Duff

JPs for St. Johnís

Regarding a man come with orders from General Gage to hire a number of seamen and carpenters etc for the Kingís Service, to be sent to Quebec, he has ordered that he may only take such men as are unemployed and under to obligations to any merchant or boatkeeper here, and orders the JPs to be very particular in not letting him take any man to the contrary.

27-28

11 Sept. 1775

Duff

JPs for St. Johnís

As there has been some opposition in the district to the raising of a sum to defray the costs of prosecuting two alleged murderers, he says that (not wanting to think badly of the inhabitants) they must not have properly understood the reasons behind the procurement, and orders that they make a public meeting to explain his sentiments, reasons, etc.

28-29

15 Sept. 1775

White, Dodd, Langman, Gill, and Stripling

Duff

Further Correspondence: reporting on the above, saying that only Samuel Webber, William Thomas, John Bastard, Richard Hutchings, Peter Ouzier, and William Gaden showed up (and not as a committee representing the whole). They suggested a different method for defraying the costs, which they express for the Governorís consideration.

29-30

20 Sept. 1775

Duff

JPs for the different districts of Newfoundland

Due to the "exigences on the Continent of America", several recruiting parties have been dispatched to the island by General Gage in Boston and General Carleton at Quebec. Ordering them to grant them every assistance etc in this endeavour, but that it must in no way impeded or distress the trade and fishery of the Island.

30-32

15 Sept. 1775

Duff

Thomas Gage, General and C-in-C of HMís forces in America

Further Correspondence: regarding the above.

33-34

15 Sept. 1775

Duff

Guy Carleton, Governor etc Quebec

Regarding the withdrawal of the garrison at York Fort, Labrador.

34

27 Sept. 1775

Duff

Constant Connor

Saying that one of the men that has signed on with him still has some debts to pay, and asks that he see that his creditors are satisfied before he accepts him. Also, saying that he will not allow any men to leave the island that he is not fully satisfied are free from all claims or demands on them whatsoever.

35

28 Sept. 1775

Duff

Edward White, Commissioner of Oyer and Terminer

Ordering the removal from the Jury of the assizes of William Newman, James Escott, James Goss, John Rogers, and Samuel Russell.

35-36

2 Oct. 1775

Duff

Capt. Campbell of the Royal Highland Emigrants

As vice Admiral Graves at Boston sends to him in great need of men for service in the squadron there, he revokes his permission to recruit for the RHE.

36

2 Oct. 1775

Duff

Capt. Batt of the Royal Fensible Americans

Further Correspondence: ditto for the RFA.

36

2 Oct. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Further Correspondence: ordering him not to render any more assistance to the above recruiters.

37

2 Oct. 1775

Duff

JPs for Newfoundland

Further Correspondence: ditto

37-38

4 Oct. 1775

Barrett

Duff

Requesting sanction for continuing the practice of supplying the Garrison Guard with light with firewood or coals.

38

4 Oct. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Saying that the said coals were left in the charge of the Ordnance storekeeper as Kingís Stores, and that he should therefore act as is regular in such circumstances.

38-39

5 Oct. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Ordering him to open up a room at the fort for the accommodation of seamen recruited and waiting to rendezvous with HMís Sloop Savage to proceed and enlist with the squadron under vice Admiral Graves.

39-40

5 Oct. 1775

Duff

Mrs. Anne Williams (Golden Grove)

Saying that a grant of land to her from Byron ignored and was in prejudice against her mother living in Quebec, and that now she must pay all the rents due retroactively and hereafter for the lease of the said property.

40

7 July 1775

White, Langman, Gill, Dodd, Gaden, Stripling, Livingstone

Duff

Regarding William Gale, John Saunders, and John Hogan who were sentenced to forfeit their pay and to serve aboard one of HMís ships of war, for bringing in a Schooner from the Grand Banks contrary to the wishes of the shipís master.

41

7 Oct. 1775

Duff

Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer

Further Correspondence: Replying to the above, and stating that the three men can be received on board the Romney either that afternoon or the next morning.

41-42

10 Oct. 1775

Duff

White

Ordering him to give Captain Cambell some arms and ammunition for his Regiment of Highland Emigrants on their trip back to Quebec, as they fear being molested by rebels which infest the country around the St. Lawrence.

42

12 Oct. 1775

Duff

Charles Garland, JP (Harbour Grace)

Ordering him to oblige certain masters to provide passage home for their servants.

43

12 Oct. 1775

Duff

White, Judge of the vice Admiralty

Ordering him to proceed with the greatest rigour against certain men at Bonavista for their "wicked and unjustifiable proceedings".

43

9 Oct. 1775

Coke, Newell, Whittle

Duff

Sending several men to stand trial in St. Johnís for "the stealing of a quantity of Train oyl".

44

12 Oct. 1775

Duff

JPs at Trinity

Further Correspondence: sending the depositions (and the accused) back, as the assizes of Oyer and Terminer have ended, and it would be a great public expense to keep them there a whole year. He instructs them to proceed against him as a bench of Judges.

44-45

13 Oct. 1775

Pringle

Duff

Asking for an order to allot more land ascribed for the defence of the new fort, and that it be cleared this year.

45

14 Oct. 1775

Duff

Pringle

Further Correspondence: Complying with the above by promising an order for the outlining of such lands as shall be needed.

45-46

15 Oct. 1775

Charles Crause

Duff

Requesting that he be allowed to join his regiment in Boston.

46

15 Oct. 1775

Duff

Crause

Further Correspondence: Complying with the above.

46-47

15 Oct. 1775

Duff

JPs of several districts

Enclosing several orders, particularly against people illegally remaining in the country during the winter.

47-48

18 Oct. 1775

Duff

James Brooks and William Symmonds, JPs of Bay Bulls

Ordering them to compel a Mr. Bragge to comply with the orders and judgements of his surrogate.

48

17 Oct. 1775

Duff

JPs for several districts

Countermanding his recent order to stop the recruiting of men into the Army in America.

49

19 Oct. 1775

Duff

JPs for Bonavista

Clarifying the regional boundaries and jurisdictions of Bonavista, as distinct from Fogo.

49

19 Oct. 1775

Duff

JPs for Trinity

Clarifying the jurisdiction of Bonavista, as distinct from Trinity.

50

20 Oct. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Regarding whether Fort William would greatly need to be repaired to withstand an enemy attack, which Barrett apprehends in the coming spring. As considerable time and expense would be needed, he states that he "cannot by any means think that the present posture of affairs in America is so very alarming as to justify me putting the Government to any extraordinary charges".

51

21 Oct. 1775

Duff

Edward White, JP (St. Johnís)

Instructing him to make an account of fines, how they have been spent, those that are unpaid, and the balance of public money in his hands, which he will from now on make annually. Also, demanding that he acquaint him with any debursements he should want to make, and not to make any whatsoever in the governorís absence without his prior knowledge.

51

22 Oct. 1775

Duff

Barrett

Directions regarding winter accommodations for some lieutenants of the Navy.

52

22 Oct. 1775

Barrett

Duff

Further Correspondence: Reporting on his compliance to the above.

52

22 Oct. 1775

Duff

David McCulloch, Naval Officer (St. Johnís)

Granting him leave to return to Britain to recover his health.

53

25 Oct. 1775

White, Gill, Dodd, Stripling, Livingston

Duff

Informing him of an accusation by Langman to another JP against the Commissioners of Oyer and Terminer of partiality and perjury, which they consider a great insult.

53

25 Oct. 1775

Duff

Langman

Further Correspondence: Because of the above, he revokes Langmanís commission of the peace.

53

26 Oct. 1775

Duff

JPs of St. Johnís

Regarding the shortage of monies raised for public expenses, and how to solve the problem in future.

55

6 May 1776

Montagu

JPs of Nfld

Ordering that officers are not to be permitted to recruit without the proper authority granted to them.

55

7 May 1776

Montagu

JPs of Nfld

Ordering the publication and enforcement of an enclosed proclamation.

56

8 May 1776

   

A memo regarding the Governorís grant of leave to Naval Officer Mr. McCullock for six months to recover his health.

56

10 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Re-ordering that no servicemen shall partake in or interfere with the fishery.

57

10 May 1776

Montagu

White

Relaying an order that an account of ordnance stores is to be sent from Nfld to the principal officers of the ordnance.

58

10 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering that vessels are to show their clearance at the Fort, or else be fired upon by the fort.

59

11 May 1776

Montagu

White

Ordering two enclosed orders to be put up in the most public part of town.

59

11 May 1776

Montagu

Gill

Ordering him to make his appearance before him in order to answer a complaint from Maurice Welsh.

60

13 May 1776

Montagu

Lt. Baker, Commanding the Fort at Placentia

Ordering him to send an account of arms and ammunition, and furthermore stating that no serviceman shall partake of or interfere with the fishery.

61

14 May 1776

Montagu

Philip Watts (Petty Harbour)

Telling him to declare his authority for administering justice in this island.

61

14 May 1776

Montagu

James Brooks, William Symmonds, JPs of Bay of Bulls

Ordering them to transmit their commissions from Governor Duff.

62-63

16 May 1776

Montagu

Robert Carter (Ferryland)

Continuing him as JP for his district.

63

15 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering that the colours at Fort William are only to be hoisted on Sundays and Holidays, except when firing at any ship or vessel etc.

63

16 May 1776

Pringle

Montagu

Applying for men to assist at Fort William.

64

18 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Further Correspondence: Ordering him to send men to work at Fort William.

64

18 May 1776

Montagu

Pringle

Further Correspondence: Saying that he has ordered Barrett to give him as many men as he should need, upon his application.

65

16 May 1776

Phillip Watts

John Montagu, Governor

Stating his authority for administering justice, enclosing demonstrative documents.

66

18 May 1776

Montagu

Watts

Further Correspondence: in response to the above, asking him to transmit the directly pertinent documents from former Governor Graves, and also stating that he not consider himself properly authorised until he has Montaguís own authorisation.

66-67

20 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

As only twelve men were sent to Pringle, he orders that the whole detachment (excepting the cook, the tailor, and the sick) in future be authorized to be sent to Pringle at his request.

67-68

20 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Saying, after discussing with their commander, Captain Freeman, that the new recruits for Royal Fensible Americans not be considered any longer under his command and made to work at Fort William, and that they should be marched out of the garrison and put into private quarters, as they are not yet soldiers and may desert.

68

20 May 1776

Montagu

JPs for Nfld

Ordering the publication and enforcement of a proclamation.

68

21 May 1776

Montagu

Mr. Thomas Stone, agent to Isaac and Benjamin Lester at Trinity

Ordering him to settle with Edward Croker for his deserved and agreed upon wages.

69

21 May 1776

Montagu

JPs for St. Johnís

Ordering that they immediately prosecute John Madden Taylor and Saunders for selling spiritous liquors to seamen on the sabbath.

69

22 May 1776

White, Gill, Dodd, Stripling

Montagu

Further Correspondence: informing him of their compliance with the above by summoning the said men to court.

70

22 May 1776

James Jackson

Montagu

Informing him that a recruiter has carried away three of his servants.

71

26 May 1776

Montagu

Capt. Munk of Nova Scotia Volunteers

Further Correspondence: informing him that because of the above, he orders them to come before him so that he might make enquiry into the matter.

71

26 May 1776

Joseph Randall (Bonavista)

Peter Welsh (Bonavista)

Asking that the cargo which washed ashore from a shipwreck which he has taken into his store be returned to the master of the ship, whom he previously threatened with violence should he fail to leave the country when he came to get the said goods.

72

26 May 1776

Montagu

George Rider, commissary of the vice admiralty court at Bonavista

Further Correspondence: because of the above, he orders him to wait on the said Peter Welsh alongside the shipís master Duncan Fisher, to ask for and take such of the Shipís cargo as can be proved to be in his company, or else to transmit his reasons for refusing them, that he might decide in that case what further action to take.

73

26 May 1776

Montagu

White, and the other JPs for St. Johnís

Ordering the prosecution of Christopher China for selling spiritous liquors to seamen without a license.

73

19 May 1776

W. Howe

Montagu

Transmitting orders for the 65th Regiment in garrison there will join the Corps serving with him in North America, with the officers returning to Britain. He is also, in compliance with those orders, sending a company of the Royal Highland Emigrants to replace them.

74

27 May 1776

Montagu

Howe

Further Correspondence: in compliance with the above, and also saying that in response to a request to victual the women and children of the 65th, he is unsure if that is the custom, and being unfamiliar asks if they are allowed such.

75

27 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Informing him that he has granted Captain Winthrop two more days, or until the Sloop General Gage is ready to receive him and his party.

75

27 May 1776

Montagu

James Jackson (Trepassey)

Informing him that he has ordered the recruiting officer to return his three servants to him.

76

28 May 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Requesting permission to fire off the given number of guns in commemoration the next day of the Restoration of King Charles. Also, asking for a couple of returns relative to the garrison that he might enclose them with his despatch to England.

76-77

28 May 1776

Edward White

Montagu

Regarding the victualling of the troops, and the payment to contractors providing such.

77

29 May 1776

White

Montagu

Requesting a leave of absence that he might go to Halifax to transact some business which requires his immediate presence.

78

29 May 1776

Montagu

White

Further Correspondence: saying that he has no objection to the above leave, provided he assign a proper person to officiate in his absence.

78--79

29 May 1776

Montagu

Maj. Gen. William Howe, Chief of HMís Land Forces in North America

Regarding Whiteís letter of the victualling of the troops by the contractors, and their need for payment.

80

1 June 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering that as many of the RHEs as are ready to work be sent to Pringle at the Works.

80

7 June 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Regarding the signals to be used at Fort William.

81

10 June 1776

Montagu

Thomas Wait

Appointing him JP for Bonavista.

81-82

13 June 1776

Montagu

John Follett Jr. (Trepassey)

Ratifying and confirming Duffís appointment of him as JP for Trepassey, and reinstating him as Naval Officer .

82-83

13 June 1776

Montagu

Robert Carter (Ferryland)

In response to his request that he permit people to rind as many trees as they shall have need of to carry on their business in the fishery, her says that the order came from the King, and that he therefore cannot provide exception to it. Also, ratifying and confirming Duffís appointment of him as JP.

84

13 June 1776

Montagu

Gill

While Duff removed John Follett from his position of Naval Officer, he can find no reason in the records or otherwise why he should have done so, and thus has reinstated him. Asking that he recall any deputations given to persons officiating for him at Trepassey and St. Maries.

84-85

18 June 1776

     
   

Montagu

Lt. Caddy

Regarding some misbehaviour of him and his men, he says that he must repair all damages to a buoy and a ship involved, and if he had had any cause against the master of the ship on the grounds of the Custom of the Port or whatnot, that he should have come to him for redress. If it happens again, he will have to take a different notice of it, he says.

85

21 June 1776

Montagu

Pringle

Not being familiar with the custom for supplying the fort in Placentia in powder, he cannot concur with his request in time for the ship which is leaving tomorrow, but will give his order should Placentia demand it.

86

27 June 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Giving orders to prevent in future people taking the sods from Fort William "for the purpose of manuring their gardens and covering their houses".

86

27 June 1776

Montagu

Barrett

As the number of men aiding Pringle at the works has diminished to one sergeant, one corporal, and thirteen privates, he orders that the entire RHE company (excepting the cook, tailor, and sick) are to go there, to be constantly attended by a commissioned officer.

87

2 July 1776

Montagu

Garland, Grey, JPs for Harbor Grace

Referring to them complaints from within their jurisdiction which he is unable to redress from St. Johnís, ordering an enquiry into and settlement of their respective grievances.

88

5 July 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering the manner in which ships of the fishery etc are to distinguish themselves with their colours. Otherwise, they shall have to pay for all such guns as are fired to oblige them to obedience.

89

14 July 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering the immediate resupply of ordnance to Placentia aboard HMS Surprize.

89

16 July 1776

Montagu

White

Ordering that he give an exact account of the ordnance received from York Fort in Labrador the previous year, distinguishing each separate article and the condition they were in.

90

24 July 1776

Montagu

White

The 65th Regiment left behind a number of women and children. One Mary McMarnes died, leaving two children. He grants him permission to support them temporarily from the fines remaining in his hands. Also regarding the fees from licenses granted to publicans.

91

24 July 1776

Montagu

Robert Carter

Claiming Isle of Bois as the Governorís, he asks that he harvest the grass therefrom and make it into hay for the Governorís flocks, using the rest for his own. Anyone posing a claim on land from that Island must present themselves before the Governor.

92

25 July 1776

Montagu

Robert Carter

Expressing his satisfaction with his work there, and the good order and peace of his region.

93

25 July 1776

Montagu

James Jackson (Trepassey)

On the recommendation of Captain Fothringham, he includes him in the Commission of the Peace sent to Mr. Follett for the district of Trepassey.

93

25 July 1776

Montagu

John Follett

Further Correspondence: Informing him of the above, enclosing the Commission, and instructing him to apply the oaths to Jackson.

94-98

26 May 1776

Le Baron De LíEsperance

[Montagu]

Because the previous winter destroyed or damaged many fishing boats and also the stages etc at St. Peterís, and as both St. Peterís and Miquelon have been deforested, what little wood remaining being used up in the repairs of the boats (which still required that some take boards from their own houses), and the stages still not being rebuilt, he pleads for permission for his people to gather materials from Newfoundland.

98-100

July 6 1776

Montagu

Le Baron De LíEsperance

Further Correspondence: Granting permission for the above, but also desiring that no abuses be made of the indulgence. Also, saying that no illicit trade must be carried on. Also, that they not carry off wood cut by Newfoundlanders for their own use, as had been done the previous winter. Otherwise, informing him that he will give orders against obstructing his people in gathering materials.

101-103

23 July 1776

Le Baron de LíEsperance

[Montagu]

Further Correspondence: Thanking him for his permission, saying that he will publish a strong admonition before authorizing them to go that the people practice moderation and work strictly within the bounds of the indulgence. Asking that any transgressors be apprehended and sent back to him to be sent back to France and/or punished as the crime deserves. Thanking him for the permission of French ships to enter Nfld ports in times of distress, and promising the reciprocation for distressed British Ships who should need to come to St. Pierre et Miquelon. Saying that wood gathering will be ordered to be restricted to only uninhabited regions of Bay Despair.

104

13 Aug. 1776

Robert Linzee

Montagu

Reporting on the state of the fortifications at Placentia.

105

11 Aug. 1776

Montagu

Robert Gray, Charles Garland (Harbour Grace)

Asking for their reasons for denying the Minister, Reverend James Balfour, of the place from taking possession of the ministerís house and enjoying as his predecessor did for several years, due to a complaint from the said Minister on the matter.

106

16 Aug. 1776

Anne Williams (St. Johnís)

Montagu

Asking for redress from some abuses she perceives she and her family received from the JPs of the district. She relates part of it in the letter, and refers to rest to the bearer of the letter, George Williams.

107

25 July 1776

Montagu

JPs of Nfld

Saying that the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty have sent a Man of War to escort the trading ships in Sept. in convoy to the Coasts of Portugal and Spain.

107

19 Aug. 1776

Barrett

Montagu

Asking that one of the non-commissioned officers at Placentia (there being only 9 privates to supervise, and three non-commissioned officers there) to help supervise the 34 privates alongside the 4 other officers already at the Works in St. Johnís, as the workload is quite heavy for them.

108

19 Aug. 1776

Montagu

Lt. Baker, Commanding the Garrison at Placentia

Further Correspondence: making an order in compliance with the above.

108

     

A memo stating that "three letters of the following purport, which should have been entered here, are, by mistake, recorded in Pages 37, 38, 39, the other end of this Book".

109

23 Aug. 1776

Montagu

Jeremiah Coghlan (Fogo)

Enclosing confirmed and ratified commissions from Duff for the Peace and for Naval Officer of Fogo etc.

110

24 Aug. 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering that because of the war in America, it is imperative that ships passing the battery display their colours, and that Fredericks Battery is to Hale all merchant ships and vessels that attempt to pass without showing their colours, and direct their hoisting them.

110

23 Aug. 1776

Montagu

 

ditto, but ordering that they be "fired out".

111

27 Aug. 1776

Montagu

White

Ordering a list of ordnance to be issued to HMS Penguin, for which they will take Lt. Yeaís receipt.

112

30 Aug. 1776

Montagu

Dewes Coke (Trinity)

Ordering him to oblige John Thomas to pay his debt to Thomas Archer of £15"14"0.

113

12 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Charles Garland

Allowing a one time indulgence to the people claiming property on Carbonear Island to cut their grass and make the best advantage they can out of it, but that they will receive no like allowance int the future.

113-114

12 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Mr. Bollard, clerk of the cheque to the board of ordnance (St. Johnís)

Ordering him that he present himself to answer charges from his servant William Ryan for mistreatment etc.

113

     

Further Correspondence: a memo in the margin of the above stating that he presented himself according to the summons and cleared the charges made against him, which were baseless, malicious and false.

114

21 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Jeremiah Coghlan (Fogo)

Saying that he intends to sail for England the 25th of Oct., and that if any merchant vessels wish to sail to the coasts of Spain or Portugal under convoy of a man of war, they must present themselves and assemble at St. Johnís Harbour by the 20th Oct..

115

23 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Benjamin Lester and the rest of the merchants at Trinity

Saying that he is unable to comply with their request for a Man of War to winter in the port, as they are apprehensive of damage to their property from American Privateers. Advising them to make their port as defensible as possible.

116

23 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Robert Carter and the principal merchants of Ferryland

ditto for Ferryland etc.

118

28 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Thomas Waitt (Greenspond)

Summoning Mr. Keen, JP, before him to answer charges concerning an improper transaction he and George Rider, Marshall to the Vice Admiralty Court, made on the effects of James Barnes, which he wholly disapproves of.

119

28 Sept. 1776

Montagu

George Rider

Further Correspondence: expressing his disapproval towards the above, and advising him to refund the exorbitant fee he exacted from Barnes. Warning him against like behaviour in the future.

120

28 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Jeremiah Coghlan

Replying to his letter informing him of armed schooners in the strait of Belle Isle, that he has two Men of War patrolling the straits, and hopefully they shall fall in with them. Also, saying that he will sail for England on the 25th, and asking him to inform the merchants of his district that if they wish to sail under the benefit of convoy, they must be at St. Johnís by the 20th.

121

29 Sept. 1776

Montagu

one each to Jeremiah Coghlan, Gervais Grossard, William Keen, John Follett, Robert Carter

Authorising Captain Cunningham of the Nova Scotia Volunteers arrived from Halifax to recruit as many men into his regiment as he can find between 10 Oct. and 31 March, but no longer. He may only enlist such men as are entirely free.

122

30 Sept. 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering him not to house any recruiting officers in the barracks without his permission, the RHE excepted.

122-123

26 Sept. 1776

Coke, Newell, Whittle

(Trinity)

Montagu

In anticipation for a possible number of legal cases which are expected to arise from a particular dispute over the application of the Rules and Regulations, they ask his opinion on the matter.

123-124

3 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Coke, Newell, Whittle

Further Correspondence: responding to the above regarding his opinion on a legal matter related to the wages of fishermen.

124-125

5 Oct. 1776

Montagu

James Brooks (Bay of Bulls)

Saying that merchants desiring convoy should rendezvous at St. Johnís Port by the 20th. Also, saying that being disappointed with the Naval and Ordnance stores, he will not be able to supply the people o Bay of Bulls with the protection they requested.

126

5 Oct. 1776

Many names

Montagu

As the trade will not yet be completed by the time allotted for the leaving of the convoy, they petition him to let a Man of War remain behind until the 20th or 25th of the following month, to take on another convoy, as the trade in the interim period promises to be considerable.

127

7 Oct. 1776

Montagu

the merchants etc of St. Johnís

Further Correspondence: in compliance with the above, he informs them that he has given orders for a man of war to stay until the 25th of Nov. to escort a second convoy of ships.

127

7 Oct. 1776

Montagu

JPs of Bay of Bulls, Harbour Grace, and Trinity

Permitting Lt. Bliss of the RHE to recruit only those men which are entirely free untill the 31st of March next.

128

8 Oct. 1776

Montagu

White

Ordering him to prosecute an affair in his court, and oblige Richard Hutching to pay the wages justly due to the servants of Thomas Keefe.

129

12 Oct. 1776

Montagu

James Brooks (Bay of Bulls)

Informing him that he cannot send a Man of War to station there. Telling him that he will send a ship out, weather permitting, before the convoy leaves St. Johnís, to call there. Also, informing them that he intends to leave a Man of War in Port until the 25th of Nov. for a second convoy.

130

12 Oct. 1776

Montagu

JPs of the various districts

Informing him of the man of war he intends to leave in port until the 25th of Nov. for a second convoy.

130

20 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Pringle

Granting him leave to return to England to present several proposals for the Works before the Principal Officers of the Ordnance, so long as he takes care to return to his Duty in the Spring.

131

20 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Saying that there will be no further need for the entire RHE company at the works, and to leave a sergeant and twelve men to aid the carpenters etc until the works close for the season. Ordering the RHE to take up the garrison of the fort as usual.

131-132

24 Oct. 1776

Montagu

White

Saying that none but the RHE may recruit in the district of St. Johnís.

132

24 Oct. 1776

Montagu

Barrett

Ordering him to allow Lt. Bliss to enjoy the proper Infantry Barracks at Fort William with all the privileges that belong to them, and to permit Lt. Caddy of the Engineers to enjoy the Governorís apartments there during the winter, having his permission to do so.

133

10 May 1777

Montagu

Barrett

Expecting daily a convoy with several men of war to arrive, he orders that a cannon be fired hourly from the fort when the weather is foggy, for their guidance. As a postscript, he desires the signal man to be sent to the signal house on the hill as usual.

134-135

12 May 1777

Montagu

Follett and Jackson, JPs for Trepassey

Regarding the memorial of the master of a French ship cast away near St. Mary's, and of items taken from his schooner which he desires returned to the proper owner(s), and to make right what he calls "the most inhuman and barbarous proceedings I ever heard of in a Christian Country" of the inhabitants of St. Mary's.

135-138

     

Further Correspondence: the translation of the French memorial of the above.

138

13 May 1777

Montagu

JPs of Nfld

A circular, desiring and account of the fines they have collected, what remains in their hands, what they have expended (and for what), since the beginning of his Government.

End of Volume