CO 194/71 [Reel B-693]

Page

Date

From whom(where)

To whom(where)

Contents or nature of the document

Newfoundland 1825 Public Offices and Miscellaneous

Newfoundland 1825 Volume 2 Miscellaneous

Admiralty

4

21 Jan 1825

John Barrow

Horton

Saying that in regard to his letter, the first point will be settled the next morning, and for the second he shall be given a vessel especially for the purpose.

6

24 June 1825

 

Mr. Barrow

"Enclosed Memo showing annual saving of Naval expense by reduction of Squadron" [memo not included]

7-7v

25 July 1825

Barrow

Horton

HMS Romney will carry Cochrane to Nfld.

9-9v

29 July 1825

J.W. Croker (Admiralty Secretary)

Horton

(Private) Romney will not only carry Cochrane to Nfld but is intended to convey troops; any delay for Cochrane will therefore embarrass these other arrangements

11-13

29 June 1825

Tucker

Horton

An extract from a despatch from Tucker, then administering the island in the absence of the Governor). On the three aboriginal women brought to St. Johnís three years ago; two have since died shortly after they were returned to the Bay of Exploits. The surviving woman has learned enough English to communicate information. Brief account of the fifteen or so who were all that were left in 1823. Most were killed and she is likely to be the last of the Newfoundland Natives [Beothuk Indians], and thus the last remaining source from which to learn about the curious people, who one hypothesis states are the descendants of Icelandic colonists (further study will determine whether there is a link between her language and Norwegian).

14v

-

-

-

An unsigned memo note instructing thanks be given to Tucker for his interesting letter.

15

12 Aug 1825

J.W. Croker

Horton

Transmitting a letter from Capt Aplin of HM Sloop Grasshopper to Rear Admiral Lake of the N. American Station with an account of a fire that occurred in St. Johnís on 3 June

17-18

4 June 1825

Jonathan George Aplin(Grasshopper, St. Johnís)

Rear Adm Lake

An account of a serious fire that broke out on Queen Street in West St. Johnís on 3 June; alarm guns fired by the ship and the forts; seamen & marines from Grasshopper and Snap were landed; the military of the garrison also helped. The engines could not contain the fire. To prevent its spread to Water Street, they pulled down a house before the flames could get there. As it was, about twenty houses were destroyed by fire. Praises various people for their efforts

19

16 Aug 1825

J.W. Croker (Admiralty)

R.W. Hay (Colonial Office)

Appointing Capt. Sir Thomas Cochrane as Vice-Admiral of Nfld.

21-21v

27 Aug 1825

J.W. Croker

Mr. Wilmot Horton

("Immediate") orders for the sailing of Romney will not be sent to the Colonial Office, but sent that night to the Admiral.

23-23v

5 Sept 1825

Barrow

Horton

Decline request by Cochrane that his ship, attached to him at Newfoundland, be allowed to carry a pendant.

Agents

26-26v

16 Nov 1825

Robert Gwilt(Royal Hospital, Chelsea)

Horton

Received Bathurstís of 15 November with directions about payment of the Governorís salary; summary of his response

28-29v

24 Nov 1825

Robert Gwilt

Horton

Received letter from Mr. Brenton, Gov. Cochraneís secretary directing him to pay certain bills. Gwilt is reluctant to pay certain bills for officersí salaries drawn on him by the Governorís secretary (details)

30

-

-

-

unsigned memo regarding the continuation of the Surrogates until the Charter of Justice could be implemented, which was only late in the year.

32-32v

20 Dec 1825

Gwilt (Royal Hospital, Chelsea)

Horton

Followup to his letter of 16 November concerning Hamiltonís claim for salary, and a letter date yesterday which Hamilton wrote expressing an urgent desire to have it settled.

34

18 Dec 1825

Hamilton

Gwill

the aforementioned letter, seeking quick settlement of his request for a portion of the Governorís salary.

Colonial Agent

37-37v

6 Dec 1825

[?] de Villiers

R.W. Horton

Asking permission to pay himself part of his accrued salary since his appointment as Agent for Nfld and "St. Lucie" out of the funds in his hands.

Law Offices

40

23 July 1825

Attorney and Solicitor General

-

"Report on Sir J. Cochraneís Commission" [no document included]

41

23 July 1825

Attorney and Solicitor General

-

"On Commission creating Supreme Court & Circuit Court" [no document included]

42-42v

8 Aug 1825

Charles Bonackner (?)(Treasury)

Horton

Response to Hortonís of 13 July; confirms Capt. Buchanís appointment as Sheriff of Nfld.

J. Stephen

45-45v

24 Feb 1825

J. Stephen Jr.

Horton

Submits a draft of a letter to be sent to Atty & Solicitor General regarding the general questions of law that arose as a result of the recent trials of William Armstrong (robbery) and James Lahey (murder). Whatever the outcome, the point of law raised is an important one

47

11 Apr 1825

J. Stephen Jr.

Horton

Transmitting a draft of the commission to be sent to Cochrane as Governor.

48-57v

(recíd 12 Apr 1825)

-

-

the aforementioned draft of Cochraneís commission and instructions (includes strike-outs and additions).

58-61

23 Aug 1825

J. Stephen Jr.

Horton

Concerning Hamiltonís request of 31 July for a full share of the Governorís salary up the point of Cochraneís commission; this is a legal issue and Stephen therefore provides a detailed analysis of the issue (hinges in part on the fact that Hamilton was both civil governor and naval commodore, whereas these roles have now been separated)

62

25 Aug 1825

-

(Bathurst?)

Forwarding a "fair draft" of a letter to be sent to Hamilton plus several supporting documents regarding the question Hamilton raised (presumably about his salary).

63-63v

-

-

-

A memo on Hamiltonís salary, based on information provided by "Mr. Gordon" who put the question to the Atty General of U. Canada "who was in the Office at the time"; the result is that Hamilton probably is entitled to the salary he demands; you (Bathurst?) may therefore wish to reconsider your response

War Office

66

10 Feb 1825

W. Meny (?)

R. Wilmot Horton

Lt. Benjamin Greer Garrett, late of the 98th Regt of Foot, has requested permission to receive his half pay plus his income as Clerk or Secretary to the C.O. at St. Johnís; request for details about the salary of the "civil situation" and the date of his appointment thereto

68

26 July 1825

Robert Lukey (?)

Horton

Mr. Edward Brabazon Brenton, former Deputy Judge Advocate, has applied for his half pay plus income as Secretary to the governor of Nfld; request for information about the annual salary and the date of appointment

Treasury

71

21 Jan 1825

George Harrison

Horton

Concerning the Bill for £380 salary to Mr. J. Broom for his work as Chief Magistrate of St. Johnís from Oct 1823 to Oct 1824; seek Bathurstís opinion on the request

73

21 Feb 1825

W. Hit (?)

Horton

Believes that Tuckerís view on the currency of Nfld is "very clear and equitable"

75-75v

31 May 1825

George Harrison

Horton

Regarding Cochraneís request for new furniture. It is not the usual practice to pay for such things out of the public funds (i.e., usually officials pay for their own) but since Treasury paid for furniture when governors were naval officers, they will agree to this request

77

14 June 1825

George Harrison

Horton

Relative to Buchanís appointment as Sheriff; require more information

78-78v

28 May 1825

George Maule

Harrison

an enclosed letter on the aforementioned subject.

80

18 June 1825

Harrison

Horton

Approving Cochraneís request to hire a vessel for Nfld at £2300 per annum.

81

6 July 1825

Harrison

Horton

Transmitting a letter from Hamilton with a Bill for £2490..0..8..3/4 for payment of the balance of the General account of the High Sheriff of Newfoundland for public service for the year 1824.

83-84

24 Sept 1825

J.C. Herries

Horton

Response to Bathurstís conclusion that a new Government house is necessary; "Assuming this to be a Fact", what is the most economical way to proceed? The estimate of the cost seems large; before proceeding, theyíd like more information (e.g., can material be salvaged and re-used from existing residence, or perhaps the existing residence can be sold?)

Miscellaneous Offices

86

8 Jan 1825

Mr. [Patrick?] Morris

-

"Mr. Morrisís letters as Chairman of a meeting of the Inhabitants. Vide M" [no documents included]

87

6 Jan 1825

Mr. P. White

-

"Mr. P. Whiteís letters Secretary to the Newfoundland School Society. Vide W" [no documents included here]

A

89-90

14 Jan 1825

W. Regan Armstrong

Bathurst

A supplication against his conviction for highway robbery; feels severity of the punishment outweighs the crime. Summarizes his life and military service. A plea for mercy ("My Life is in your hands")

91

13 Feb 1825

[A number of names]

Bathurst

a certification by a number of people of the good character of Armstrongís family and of Armstrongís own character; his first crime plus his youthful inexperience.

93

20 Feb 1825

James & Margaret Armstrong

Bathurst

A memorial from Armstrongís brother and sister on his behalf.

95-96

9 Sept 1825

Thomas Ashfeild

Horton

Seeks a legal appointment, as the appointment of Chief Clerk of the Supreme Court, which he had originally been aiming for, had been filled by Mr. Basteed.

B

98

15 Jan 1825

Buchan

Horton

Requesting a brief appointment to meet with Horton

100-101

24 Jan 1825

David Buchan

Horton

Concerning his nomination for the appointment as Sheriff of Nfld, and offers thanks to Horton for his support in getting the position. Discusses the responsibilities of the position and requests an increase in his salary on the basis of those duties

102-103

28 Feb 1825

David Buchan

Horton

Again reiterates the many responsibilities of his new post, then asks for an assistant as under-Sheriff, to facilitate his carrying the office; the desired qualities of the person to fill such a position

104

(rec'd  9 Mar 1825)

John Bastard

-

Asking to be told the names of the new judges for Nfld.

106

15 March 1825

D. Buchan

-

Making application for a larger house in which to live as Sheriff.

108

15 March 1825

D. Buchan

Bathurst

Expressing his gratitude for the appointment to Sheriff; requests Bathurstís support in securing a Knighthood.

110-111

15 March 1825

D. Buchan

Horton

On the need to enlarge the Sheriffís house (details of specific alterations needed).

112

(recíd 26 March 1825)

D. Buchan

Horton

Asking when, precisely, and how he is to go out to Nfld, having a large family and a lot of furniture (see Hortonís annotation on 113v)

114-115

-

-

-

A note on the departure of Buchan and Des Barres; Mr. Baillie informed Mr. Stephen that there was no reason for them remaining longer in England, and while their new duties would not begin immediately, they could make themselves useful in Nfld getting ready. If Horton concurs, Mr. Stephen will arrange for authorization to depart.

116

9 April 1825

D. Buchan(Woolich)

Horton

He will depart this port on the brig Shannon at the end of the month; requests confirmation of the proposed terms of his passage in order to secure space on the brig

117

8 April 1825

Melbusch (?) Gray & Co.

Horton

The terms by which Capt. Jolly of the brig Shannon will transport Buchan, his family and belongings.

119

9 April 1825

D. Buchan

Horton

Before leaving for Nfld., he wishes to know what ship is established for the Sheriff

121

25 April 1825

D. Buchan

Bathurst

Asks Bathurst to do him the honour of presenting him at the Levee "on Wednesday next"

123

25 April 1825

D. Buchan

R. Wilmot Horton

In response to Hortonís of 22 Apr, he will sail, as ordered, at the earliest convenience.

125-125v

1 June 1825

E. B. Brenton

Horton

Being appointed as Governor Cochraneís Secretary, he has given up other "pursuits" and prepares to head for Nfld; this entails expenses and he wants to know whether he is entitled to a proportion of the Secretaryís salary now (rationale is provided)

127-127v

19 July 1825

George Washington Basteed

Horton

Explains the difficulty his (large) family and business are under as he prepares to transfer to a "foreign country" (Nfld?); appears to be seeking financial assistance

129-130

22 Nov 1825

G.W. Basteed

Horton

On his arrival, and the Governor saying that his appointment could not be validated until the Charter arrived; though it finally did arrive, it did not include any recognition of Basteed as Chief Clerk of the Supreme Court. Needs confirmation of his appointment as quickly as possible

131-132

-

-

-

Extensive undated memo confirming Basteedís dilemma; without confirmation of his appointment he can neither serve as Chief Clerk nor draw income from that service. Discussion of process, of Bathurstís ability to expedite the process (precedent of New South Wales). An appended memo asks for information

C

134

-

-

-

A title page for documents from Mr. Cross, President of the Chamber of Commerce [documents themselves not included]

135-135

(recíd 13 June 1825)

Susanna Colclough

Bathurst

A memorial from the widow of the late Chief Justice of Newfoundland, Ceasar Colclough. He was appointed Chief Justice of PEI in 1806, and later became CJ of Nfld, with a salary of £1000. He subsequently had to resign because of his health. An appeal for financial assistance

D

138-139

17 Jan 1825

W. Dawe

Horton

Recíd Hortonís of 21 December indicating that Lord Bathurst was anxious for any information regarding embezzlement of public money in Nfld.; his reluctance to comply as he must live and work in Nfld . Horton & Bathurst must be content with information already submitted regarding "peculations [which have] been for years carried on by persons holding official situations in that colony". If Horton insists, Dawe will, "for a certain proportion of the amount I will prove to have been embezzled" to proceed. Otherwise he may have to lay complaints before Parliament itself

140-140v

-

[Horton?]

[Bathurst]

A note on Mr. Daweís letter, suggesting to Lord Bathurst that he be given an appointment, on the "understanding" that he will "conduct himself correctly". Dawe had been told that he had no chance of securing an appointment from Bathurst in New South Wales, and would be better off in private practice in Nfld. "I consider Mr Dawe to be one of those men who would be very glad to make their peace with the Government with a determination of holding their tongues in future" Suggests therefore that Dawe should be offered some sort of appointment with the understanding that if he does not behave, he will be turned out

142 -142v

15 Feb 1825

Dawe

Horton

Saying that he will oblige Bathurst with the information he is interested in.

144

14 April 1825

A.W. Des Barres

Bathurstís Private Secretary

Having been appointed a Judge at Nfld. And at the point of departure, he would like Bathurst to present him to His Majesty at the levee

146

21 April 1825

-

W. Dawe

"Cabin Passages for two to N.S.Wales & will send his observations on Nfld accts"

147

23 April 1825

A.W. Des Barres

Horton

Ready to proceed to Nfld to take up his post as Judge of the Supreme Court; will passage be provided by the Govt, or will allowance be provided for his private expense thereof (annotation on 147v indicates he is to secure private passage an an allowance will be provided).

149-149v

24 April 1825

A.W. Des Barres

Horton

Requesting the honour of knighthood be recommended by Bathurst, as is customary for the King to grant such to Judgeís in his service, that they might command the respect and trust of those they serve.

151-151v

6 June 1825

Dawe

Horton

Wishes to deliver his information regarding the Nfld accounts in person, thanking him for booking him passage to New South Wales, and alluding to the fact that he shall need some money to afford the expense of such a passage.

153-220

(recíd 9 June 1825)

Dawe

-

The aforementioned observations, fingering (first and foremost) the Governor for misappropriation of revenues, but also Mr Bland, the Sheriff and others. In many instances Dawe recommends that the accounts declared by the Governor, the Sheriff, etc be cross-checked against the records provided by Deputy Clerks or Probate Courts, Surrogate Court, etc. to confirm that revenues generated by numerous legal processes were under-reported by the senior officials and the difference presumably pocketed. This embezzlement goes back at least ten years

220

(recíd 9 June 1825)

-

-

"A Statement of the Losses sustained by the Principal Sufferers by the Fire in St. Johns Newfoundland in February 1816"; the list identifies individuals, the losses they suffered, and the small amounts they received in compensation (instead of the amounts to which they were entitled). This is one example of Daweís evidence against senior administrators he accused of embezzlement

221-257

24 Feb 1824

Horton

-

"Papers relating to the Island of Newfoundland"; A copy of the papers found in CO194/68 Reel B691 pp 8-44.

258-258v

-

-

-

An addendum to the former, containing a table of fees in the supreme, surrogate sessions, and probate courts of Newfoundland, as established in 1810.

259-260

30 Apr 1824

W. Dawe

-

A partial list of writs issued by Samuel G. Carter (deceased), brother of the surrogate in Ferryland district in 1820 and 1821, followed by an account of writs and credit charges credited to Carter in the mercantile books of Hunt, Stabb, Preston & Co. of Renews

261

-

Dawe

-

Statement of the losses suffered by people in the St. Johnís fire of February 1816; description of property destroyed

262-263

1 July 1825

W. Dawe

Horton

Finding himself, by unfortunate circumstances, unable to take advantage of the passage to New South Wales; he seeks an appointment in Nfld., having found a way "in which I could do it with benefit tot he Colony, and Security to myself". Suggests that the Attorney General cannot handle all prosecutions, so he would be willing to serve as a prosecutor without salary, "merely for the protection it wold afford me, and I pledge myself to bury in oblivion all that has passed between certain individuals and myself". The Atty General could take one circuit and Dawe would take the other

264

20 April 1825

Earl Dunley

W. Dawe

A letter encouraging the aforementioned appointment.

266

4 July 1818

John Tyler

-

An enclosure with Daweís letter of 1 July, affirming Daweís legal credentials for the aforementioned appointment.

267

20 July 1825

W. Dawe

Horton

It being most urgent for him to resume his "professional pursuits", he says that if Bathurst would give him the appointment, or any other under the crown of Nfld, he "should never have the slightest cause to regret his kindness".

269

1 Aug 1825

W. Dawe

Horton

Another letter asking whether Bathurst has decided on his request. If Bathurst is averse to creating the position of Solicitor General, Dawe would be willing to be appointed Town Clerk for St. Johnís. Failing this, heís willing to arrange passage again to New South Wales

H

272-273

25 Apr 1825

A. Hogsett

Bathurst

A patronage request from the deputy naval officer of Nfld.; brief summary of his career in the Royal Navy. New bill will abolish his position, so he seeks whatever position Bathurst can provide

L

275

16 Feb 1825

B.L. Lester

 

Concerning the discussion in the House on Nfld currency; desires a meeting (note faint annotation on 275v)

277-278

13 Apr 1825

Thomas Lahiffe(Limerick)

Bathurst

Concerning the death of his brother-in-law, Daniel Scanlon, formerly of County Cork, but of late a planter at St. Johnís; died some time between 1807 and 1810 and is believed to have left a will with considerable sum of money and other property that he left to his sister, Lahiffeís wife. Money was left with the governor and the executors (John Murray, Joseph Costellae). Seeks advice and help in securing the funds. Suggests more information can be obtained from John OíNeill, a planter at Petty Harbour and Bishop Lampert of Petty Harbour ("by whom my said Brother in Law was Prepaired")

279

1 Dec 1825

Thomas Lahiffe

-

received a response eight months ago to his previous letter, nothing since

M

281

8 Jan 1825

Patrick Morris
(St. Johnís)

Bathurst

Thanking him on behalf of the committee of the inhabitants for his attentions regarding the acts passed by Parliament for the government of Nfld.

283

[3 Jan 1825]

Inhabitants of St. Johnís

-

printed report of a meeting of the inhabitants regarding their reaction to the acts passed in Parliament.

284-285v

7 Jan 1825

-

-

Issue of the Public Ledger with a report on the aforementioned public meeting of the Inhabitants of St. Johnís

286

8 Jan 1825

Patrick Morris (St. Johnís)

Horton

more of the same, only to Horton.

288

29 Mar 1825

Patrick Morris (St. Johnís)

Horton

Enclosing to Bathurst a memorial to Bathurst on behalf of the Benevolent Irish Society asking for aid for an orphan asylum; also encloses correspondence between military & naval officers and himself showing their support for the proposed orphan asylum

290-291

29 Mar 1825

Patrick Morris, President, Benevolent Irish Society

Bathurst

the aforementioned memorial, indicating how the fund for the proposed orphan asylum has grown, and the continuing need for support.

292-293

16 Oct 1823

Patrick Morris, President, Benevolent Irish Society

Hamilton

copy of an earlier memorial for the same to Hamilton.

294v-296

-

-

-

Newspaper clippings concerning the Benevolent Irish Society and its activities in support of the orphan asylum

297-297v

13 April 1825

John R. Mayne, HMS Astroa (Falmouth)

Bathurst

Seeking command of the vessel to be appointed to serve the civil administration in Nfld, and stating his qualifications.

299

26 July 1825

J. Molloy

Bathurst

Informing him that he has commenced the enquiry of the complaint of Holdsworth against Carter, surrogate of Ferryland.

301

28 July 1825

J. William Molloy, Attorney General of Nfld (St. Johnís)

Bathurst

Concerning the case of "the King versus McCabe for Murder"; John Broom handled the prosecution for the Crown because the authorities in St. Johnís refuse to swear Molloy in as Attorney General "alleging that they have no power"

303

28 July 1825

J. Molloy, Attorney General

Bathurst

a duplicate of the former

305

4 Sept 1825

G.F. Morice (H.M. Treasury Yacht Forte [?] (Plymouth)

Horton

Stating his intention to sail to St. Johnís, as directed by Cochrane, with the yacht under his command, unless detained by order of Bathurst, and weather permitting, and is therefore ready to take charge of any despatches he would like to entrust to him.

N

309

5 April 1825

Newman, Hunt, Christophers & Co.

Horton

Concerning fisheries from England, Jersey & Nfld on the Labrador coast, which extend west of the Straits of Belle Isle "as far as Esquimaux Bay and occasionally (by temporary establishments) as far as Mecatina Harbor"; it is inconvenient having to take their legal complaints to the courts in Canada.

311

1 August 1825

R.H. Noble

Horton

Enclosing a public and a private letter from his deputy in Nfld.

313-314

9 May 1825

A. Hogsett

Richard Hall Noble

one of the aforementioned letters, with official business: list of vessels arrived this spring with passengers from Ireland. None of the sailing masters have complied with the law regulating passenger vessels (see margin note); they claim that Treasury Board permitted them to disregard the law before they left "and that therefore they might bring as many as they could stow whether shipped servants or not". Warns that this will lead to problems (reference to experience of Gov. Keats). The concern is apparently with the fact that passengers are being allowed to provision themselves, a practice described as "extremely bad". Describes one vessel where the passengers quickly ran out of provisions during their passage. Anticipates 2-3,000 "youngsters from Ireland" this year. Claims two vessels "actually bound to Miramichi" left Waterford for Placentia with seven hundred passengers

315

-

-

-

a list of the vessels (from where, tonnage, owners name & residence) and passengers (broken down into "male" and "Female [&] Children") arrived from Ireland at St. Johnís on 5 and 7 May 1825

316-317

9 May 1825

A. Hogsett

R. H. Noble

forwarding a copy of the Chief Justiceís decision on the subject of fees. Further discussion of the abuses in the passenger trade; "It is cruel to see human beings treated in such a way without having the power to afford them redress in this Country". Urges government to restrict the practice. Warns that the people who profit by the trade will pressure government to allow it to continue (a vessel can make £800 in 18 days thereby, besides the profits of carrying a cargo of provisions). Also includes a brief plea for a position given that Naval Officers are being abolished (discusses implications and consequences). Severe weather and ice conditions this spring. A postscript reaffirms that the passenger trade from Ireland results in problems in the fall when government must assume expense of sending them back to Ireland

318-318v

8 Aug 1825

Noble (Whitehall)

Horton

Sending a further commentary received from his deputy on the emigration from Ireland to Newfoundland.

320-321

8 July 1825

Hogsett

Noble

the aforementioned additional commentary. Provides a passenger manifest of the brig Thomas Farral of Ross which entered St. Johnís harbour then cleared almost immediately for Quebec, to which the vesselís owner, Francis Harper of Waterford, had contracted to send the passengers. Thus, the intent was to evade the law (i.e., passengers were to work in the fishery, yet were shipped to Quebec). The passengers of another brig, the Concord of St. Johnís, arrived with 60 male and 25 female passengers "litterally stowed in Bulk"

322-324v

- - -

official manifest of passengers and cargo for one of the ships setting out from Ireland for Nfld.

325-326v

8 July 1825

Hogsett

Noble

a duplicate of a return (original sent 20 May) of the gross amount of ? [lost in binding] at St. Johnís for the last 20 years in each year [no copy of this return is included here]. Further discussion of anticipated effect of new legislation on the position (& income) of Naval Officers; on abuse of passenger trade ("furnishing numbers of those unhappy beings with free Passages"); notes that the officials whose responsibility it is to enforce the law are also the same people who profit by the trade and are therefore not willing to enforce the law. Brief discussion of the premiums charged on bills of exchange. Some discussion regarding his hopes for patronage appointment for himself. He expected to succeed Bland as High Sheriff but David Buchan claims it instead

P

328

9 July 1825

William Paterson

Horton

Asking for an order for Mr. Gwilt to release that portion of salary due to him for a given time, requiring some assistance to prepare for the voyage etc.

S

331

16 Feb 1825

-

-

Mr. Scott will call on Friday.

332

15 Jan 1825

John Stark

Bathurst

A memorial from a clerk in Gov. Hamiltonís administration asking for Bathurstís protection and consideration, as a place has not yet been ascertained for him in the new administration. Brief summary of his career (including service in the Royal Navy)

334-334v

28 March 1825

James Simms

Horton

Sending his thanks for having been suggested as the successor to Mr. Molloy as one of the assistant judges.

336

13 Sept 1825

- -

A note on a letter apparently mis-sent to New Brunswick, a duplicate of which will be dispatched at the earliest opportunity to its rightful destination, Nfld. (Concerning a dispute between Mr. Drury, who had been acting Naval Officer, and Capt. Scott who superceded him)

337

20 July 1825

John Stark

Horton

Regarding a private letter to a Charles Drury supposedly in St. Johnís whose existence cannot be confirmed.

T

340

6 Jan 6 1825

R. A. Tucker

? (Horton?)

(Private) On the possibility of his resignation, as he finds the position of Chief Justice a heavy one. Emphasizes the difficulties of the job, how he has stayed more out of duty than "by a regard to my own interests"; reference to the lack of "the necessaries of life" in Nfld ad the dependence on charity is more frequent and more severe than in other colonies. Reluctant to discuss local politics which he prefers to stay out of (but comments anyway). Surprised by the moderate tone of the proceedings of the local inhabitants described in the local press. Comments on local judicial system; on the local currency

344-345

5 Feb 5 1825

Ruth Thompson (Carlisle)

Bathurst

A woman writing in need of relief. She was not accepted into the Schoolmasterís association on account of being a woman Ė she believes that she is the only teacher in her line who is a female in the U.K, and thus can claim no precedent. Also, she owns some land in Great and Little Placentia which she is letting at £21 per annum, but being too far removed from that place to enforce her claim (which is in itself uncontested) she has not received any money from thence since 1818, and now has a debt of £100.

346

14 Jan 1825

James Blaikie
(St. Johnís)

-

A Notary Public affirming the authenticity for accompanying letters.

347

12 Sept 1814

Dan Pring, Captain HM Sloop Linnch

-

certifying John Starkís service aboard his sloop on Lake Champlain July 1813 to Sept. 1814, until captured by the Americans at Plattsburgh Bay; served in exemplary fashion during that action

347v

30 June 1815

Capt. W.A. Baumgardt (Isle aux Noix)

-

certifying Starkís service as his clerk in the flotilla on Lake Champlain

347v

19 June 1814

Capt. W.A. Baumgardt, HMS Champlain, Lake Champlain

-

certifying that Stark served as his clerk in HMS Champlain on Lake Champlain

348

17 Sept 1816

Capt. Allen Otty (HMS Montreal, Kingston, UC)

-

Further Correspondence: certifying that Stark served as Acting Purser under him on board HMS Montreal 21 June-17 Sept 1816

348

2 Oct 1816

Capt. Nicholas Lockyer. HMS Montreal (Kingston, UC)

-

Further Correspondence: certifying that Stark served as Acting Purser under him in HMS Montreal from 18 Sept 1816 to 2 Oct 1816

348v

30 June 1817

Dan Pring, Captain

-

Certifying that Stark served as Acting Purser under him in HMS Crapaud on Lake Erie, UC (Nov 1816-June 1817)

348v

20 Nov 1818

Capt. J. Gordon, HM Sloop Carnation (St. Johnís)

-

Certifying that Stark served under him as Clerk aboard HM Sloop Carnation.

349

24 Dec 1819

Capt. J. Gordon (Tamar, Portsmouth)

-

Certifying that Stark served under him as Clerk in HMS Tamar.

349

7 Nov 1821

Capt. Toap Nicolas, Egeria (Harbour Grace)

-

Certifying that Stark served under him as Clerk in HMS Egeria.

350-350v

12 Feb 1820

Dan Pring (Hackney)

Capt. Nicolas (Egeria)

A personal letter recommending Stark to him, he having served under him as Purser. Some details as to the nature and diligence of the service Stark provided as Purser

350v

12 Nov 1821

Capt. Toap Nicolas (Egeria, Harbour Grace)

-

a letter of recommendation, on Starkís leaving his service to take up position in Governor [Hamiltonís] office

352

22 July 1823

Capt. D. Buchan(Grasshopper)

-

Certifying that Stark served under him as Pro Secretary in the absence of Mr. LeGeyt with Hamilton, during which time Buchan was acting in behalf of the Governor.

353

12 Sept 1824

Capt. Samuel Roberts (Egeria, St. Johnís and Senior Officer)

-

Certifying that Stark, Secretary Clerk to Hamilton, performed the duty of Secretary while Roberts was Senior Officer at Nfld, and recommending him.

354-355

16 Feb 1825

Joseph Templeman

Bathurst

A memorial concerning the position of clerk under Cochrane for which he has been nominated and asking, in view of his 11 years as clerk to previous Governors (Keats, Pickmore, Hamilton), to be considered for it.

356

18 Feb 1825

R.G. Keats

-

certifying that Templeman served as Clerk to his secretary "with great attention to his duty" while he was Governor.

358

18 Feb 1825

P.C. LeGeyt

-

Certifying that Templeman served as his Clerk under Governor Keats, V.Admiral Pickmore, and V.Admiral Hamilton.

360

7 May 1825

J. Templeman

Horton

Enclosing a certificate of his employment under Governor Hamilton, and asking that he move Bathurst to command the Agent to pay him his due salary for that time.

362

16 April 1825

Gov. Hamilton

-

Certifying that Templeman was his secretary while Governor from 1 Jan 1825 to 16 April 1825, inclusive.

363-369v

20 May 1825

Tucker (St. Johnís)

Horton

Contact with outside world has been suspended for several months by ice; this accounts for slowness of his response to incoming despatches. Reporting on the distress of people over the winter, which was fortunately much less than had been apprehended, with several enclosures. Fishery was a bad one; servants in distress; Planters & supplying merchants carried them (margin notes discuss difference between those on wages and those on shares) ; weather and distress generated great demand for wood (practically the only source of winter employment); generosity of local charity still not sufficient to cover the need; measures taken by Gov. Hamilton. Hardships in Bonavista (forty starve to death) and actions taken in response. Rev. Coster surprised that so many survived. "The connection which [ ] of the local Magistrates have with persons in Trade formíd a powerful object[ion?] with me to entrusting them with any discretionary powers in a matters of this kind". Clergy were more reliable. Reference to a fire earlier that year in St. Johnís which may have been deliberately set "with a view to plunder". Reward was offered but no results as yet. Enclosures follow

371-372

9 April 1825

J. Broom, J. Blaikie, P. W. Carter

Tucker

Have received a letter from the Treasurer responsible for relief funds, requesting information regarding the distress and relief of the poor over the winter. Describe measures taken (including "Charity sermons", efforts by local women,

373

15 Nov 1823

Hamilton

Broom, Blaikie, Carter, High Sheriff, Senior Officer of HM Ships at St. Johnís

(Extract) Authorizing, in his absence, the application of appropriate relief for the poor.

375-375v

9 April 1825

Robert Job, Treasurer

Broom, Blaikie, Carter

An account of expenditures made for relieving the poor.

377-377v

10 April 1825

Tucker

Broom, Blaikie, Carter

Affirming a pledge that any amount raised by the inhabitants for Poor Relief will be met by an equal sum from the Government.

379-279v

2 May 1825

Tucker

Bland, High Sheriff

On the payment of the aforementioned pledge.

381-382

2 May 1825

Tucker

Rev. William Bullock (Trinity)

On a famine in Bonavista, and its relief. Steps Bullock can take to help

383-384

2 May 1825

Tucker

Rev. Coster (Bonavista)

Costerís account of famine conditions in Bonavista

385-386

13 May 1825

Tucker

Rev. Coster (Bonavista)

reports of famine in Bonavista may have been highly exaggerated and coloured, and the relief measures may not be so necessary. Still, he promises several steps, including the despatch of potatoes

387-387v

9 May 1825

William Bullock.

Tucker

Distress does exist in Bonavista but has been exaggerated; steps to be taken. Constables have been sent to determine true situation

389-391v

May 10 1825

George Coster

Tucker

Confirms that original reports were exaggerated but that distress is real and very serious in Bonavista; a detailed account then follows of the conditions experienced that winter by the people of Bonavista

393-393v

1 June 1825

J. Templeman

Horton

Not having received a reply to his memorial, he begs to draw his attention back to it.

395-398

29 June 1825

Tucker

Horton

On a murder trial he had wanted to put off until the arrival of the Governor, but which he had to hold anyway due to several material witnesses being soon to leave Nfld. He reports an acquittal based on a plea of temporary insanity. Also, on potatoes sent to relieve Bonavista. Also, reporting that St. Johnís has suffered another Fire, on 3 June 1825. Also, on a Beothuk woman, possibly the last of her tribe, who has learned sufficient English to Communicate, and from whom a last opportunity to learn about her tribe arises.

399-404

1 June 1825

Tucker

-

Copy of Tuckerís notes on the trial of James Power, accused of murdering his wife, and acquitted on the basis of temporary insanity. Notes include identity and testimony of witnesses

405

24 June 1825

Mr. Warner, M.C.S.L. and Surgeon R.N.

Tucker

A medical appraisal of the murdererís sanity.

407-409v

20 May 1825

George Coster

Tucker

On the distribution of the potatoes sent to relieve Bonavista, for which they are very thankful. Further details and account of conditions in Bonavista

411-411v

25 May 1825

Tucker

Mr. Mifflen (Bonavista)

On arrangements to send 100 barrels of potatoes to Bonavista to be used for seed.

413-413v

4 June 1825

Samson Mifflen

Tucker

Replying to the former letter; arrangements made to distribute the potatoes.

415-415v

15 July 1825

Charles [name lost in binding]

Bathurst

Response to the memorial of the widow of Mr. Colclough for a pension; no funds available, but there are precedents that might suggest a solution [note annotated remarks].

417-418

28 July 1825

Tucker

Horton

Sending his notes on another trial of a man acquitted for reasons of insanity of murdering his wife in one of the settlements in Conception Bay, and the surgeonís note thereto. A different man from previous.

419-426

20 July 1825

Tucker

 

Tuckerís notes on the trial of The King vs James McCabe; includes testimony of witnesses.

427

22 July 1825

Mr. Warner M.C.S.L. and Surgeon R.N.

Tucker

A doctorís assessment of the prisonerís sanity.

W

430-437v

24 Feb 1825

Anne Westcote (Somerset)

"My Lord" (Bathurst?)

The mother of "8 helpless uneducated children", who is totally destitute, whose 87 year old father, a clergyman, who supports her as best he can while he lives. When he dies (which he seems soon to do), she will have nothing, nor a friend to afford her assistance. She is the wife of Westcote, who she claims was ruined through the vicious revenge of Hamilton, and his entire family therefore also. She describes the events leading to her predicament. Claiming that any six respectable men in St. Johnís will testify to the injustice done Westcote by Hamilton. Begging relief for these injuries incurred through serving the King.

438-438v

6 May 1825

Percival White

Horton

Asking that they (the Nfld School Society) might avail themselves of Bathurstís offer to facilitate the passage of school masters and mistresses to Nfld.

440

12 June 1825

-

-

"Mrs Westcote Prays relief" (see below)

441

(recíd 23 June 1825)

Anne Westcote

? (Horton?)

Thanking him for the great relief he has entrusted to her.

443

16 July 1825

Anne Westcote

-

Asking, with apologies, where she should apply for the first payment Bathurst has informed her she may have.

Chamber of Commerce

446

29 March 1825

James Cross, President of the St. Johnís Chamber of Commerce

Horton

Regarding a memorial made by merchants and traders connected with the Newfoundland fisheries to His Majesties Privy Council, requesting "an alteration in the circulating medium [i.e., currency]"; Chamber of Commerce asks that no amendment be made until the return of the Governor.

448

31 March 1825

James Cross

Horton

Laying a memorial from the Chamber of Commerce before Bathurst.

450-451v

31 March 1825

James Cross

Bathurst

the aforementioned memorial, on the depressed state of trade and fishery, and the heavy duties imposed on cod imports by the King of Spain. Asking also that new treaties with Portugal and Brazil might secure the admission of fish into those countries. Also, asking that the prices of provisions (which must all be imported to Nfld) might be lowered, lest they impede the fishery further.

452

20 May 1825

Cross

Horton

Transmitting a memorial from the Chamber of Commerce to Bathurst relative to the re-annexation of the coast of Labrador to Canada, "a Subject which is considered so intimately connected with the welfare of the Trade and Fisheries prosecuted by many of the Inhabitants of this Island"

454-455v

20 May 1825

Cross

Bathurst

the aforementioned memorial; an account of the history, nature and scale of the fisheries at Labrador.

Newfoundland Index to Miscellaneous Correspondence 1825

457-474v

     

Index to Correspondence

End of Volume 71