CO 194/7 [Reel B-209]



From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document


13 Oct. 1720

Commander Percy (St Albans at sea)


Sends the State of the Fishery and Answers to the Heads of Enquiry


8 Oct. 1720



[Enclosed with above] Heads of Enquiry for 1720.





[Enclosed with above]


5 Aug. 1720-27 Sept. 1720

Green, Johnson, Denth, Sergent, Miller


Bonds for ships to New England.


20 Feb. 1720



Winchester frigate (30 guns), Capt. James Stuart, is preparing to sail, please send the Heads of Enquiry.


1 April 1721 (Received and read)

Edward Andrews, Samual Arpell, John Chafs, Henry Warn, John Churchwood, Arthur Liscum, Edmund Salsbary, Richard jackson, Azarias Cardett

Lords of Trade

Petition of the Inhabitants of Petty Harbour. They are sending the people guilty of murders to England for conviction. Mr Keen is sending them at his own cost.


24 Dec. 1720

Mr Keen ( St. John's)

Mr Popple

The murder of Thomas Foard at Petty Harbour, three leagues from St. John's. Mr. Keen is sending the person responsible and two witnesses in the Sea Flour, his sloop, Joseph Robinson, captain. They are at the mercy of many lawless men who come here and he is asking to be given the authority to conduct justice for robbery, murder and piracy cases.


25 Aug. 1715-8 Oct. 1715

Moore, Taylor, Stone, Winter, Rayner, Ruck, Worchester in St. John's


Bond made in the presence of various witnesses for ten pounds. Moore "...will not upon [his] departure from this island of Newfoundland carry from hence either seaman, fisherman, hired servant or prentice above the age of fiveteen years of age upon any account whatsoever unless in the case of death, and then not to exceed the compliment I with at the custom house for the necessary working of my vessel, to the performance of these obligations..."


30 March 1722

Burchett (Admiralty Office)


The Panther, Falmouth, Solebay are designed to convoy to Newfoundland. Samuel Arkins is the commander. Please for the Heads of Enquiry.


June-Sept. 1721 (taken)

12 April 1722 (received and read)

William Carley, William Dymond, John Fulken, J.Diamond, John Moor, Abraham Fifield,Kidder, Roger Dench, John Borden, Samuel King, and more


17 Bonds for £500 not to take away any men away to New England. "The condition of this obligation is such that if the bonden [name here] shall and do well and truly depart this land with only such men as really and bonafide belongs to the said [name of ship here] and were the complement he brought from [place of origin here] to this place or unless it be such as shall be permitted by Capt. James Stewart Commander of His Majesties Ship Winchester then this obligation to be void or else to remain and abide in full force and virtue."


26 Dec. 1720

William Keen (St. John's)

(rec’d & read 12 April 1721

Concerns the salmon fishery in Gander Bay, North of Cape Frills [Freels], and the protection provided by Captain Scott. The letter is about two things: 1) concerns about William Knight and Sam Shambler who may disturb Keen's salmon fishery,
and 2) Keen is seeking the same fishing privileges for 1720 as he had in 1719. The letter also mentions George Skeffington of Indian Bay who can also be found at CO194/6 [Reel B209] pp. 332-337.


25 May 1719

George Skeffington (Bonavista)

William Keen

[Enclosed with above] Skeffington presents his account of the dispute in Gander Bay where his salmon fishery is being disturbed by rivals: William Knight and Samuel Shambler.


29 Sept. 1719

George Skeffington (Bonavista)

William Keen

[Enclosed the above] Concerning the salmon fishery. He is telling Keen that he is about to sail to England, mentions Shambler, and refers to an agreement that he and Keen have together.


9 April 1719

George Skeffington (Gander Bay)

William Keen

[Enclosed with above] Mentions William Knight, large nails, 5 to 6 days to finish the work, he is not wiling to sell his plank under six pounds, no time to hunt for venison?, and more. Note: A hurried letter and very difficult to read.


23 May 1719

George Skeffington (Bonavista)

William Keen

[Enclosed with above] Relates to Isaac Bonouvier, William Knight and Shambler and territorial issues relating to the fishery. Ragged Harbour and Dog Bay are also mentioned as salmon locations


18 April ?

George Skeffington. (Indian Bay)

William Keen

[Enclosed with above] "I have hear sent a list of necessaries get as much of it as you can leave the rest ... one thing we omitted last fall in our petition to the commander that if any man stops a river so that the salmon cannot get up he may not be molested by any person whatsoever interfering with wells or otherwise taking of salmon in any part of the river for they may be as lawfully ...his as the cod fish is his under water at the hook and line..." Follows a list of tools and material needed, mentions having been at Bonavista long ago. Page 61 has a list of additions. Note: a very difficult letter.


8 Aug. 1720

Isaac Bonovier, Bonavista


[Enclosed with above] Affidavit sworn in the presence of the Admirals of Bonavista. The affidavit is about an agreement between William Keen and George Skeffington made in 1718 and put into effect in 1719 in Gander Bay. They were also interested in nearby Ragged Harbour and Dog Bay. Bonouvier was a witness to the agreement. Skeffington was "apprehensive" of being bothered by Wm. Knight and Sam Shambler, both of Bonavista. It was the apprehension which led to the protection order of Royal Navy Captain Thomas Scott.


8 Sept. 1718

William Keen and George Skeffington, Bonavista


[Enclosed with above] Contract or Agreement between Keen and Skeffington regarding the salmon fishery in Indian Bay Cooper, Gander Bay, Ragged Harbour, Dogg Bay. Skeffington is to carry the fishery and Keen to furnish Skeffington with all materials and provisions.


17 Dec. 1720

Mr Gledhill (Placentia)


The seal fishery produced 170 tons of oil. The fishery is much hindered by pirates. The late storms have done much damage to the small fishing boats as well as the entire loss of the Hercules, Capt. Portal of 250 tons drove on rocks of St Mary's and lost. Capt. Davis' ship lost off Renouse in a fog, Capt. Reneul of the Tereza of St. Malo 120 tons lost off St Mary's, the Captain and 2 men drown. The Betty gally with Capt. Lydston laden with provisions and clothes for this garrison lost 19 Oct. off Trepassey. The Sea Flower which was sent to bring in provisions lost; the Betty galley lost her anchor and ran ashore but was saved in St. Mary's Bay. Two open boats full of Indians seen from the island of Saint Peter's.


13 July 1722

John Moody

Lords of Trade

His houses and lands are taken up for public use at Placentia. He requests an appointment to meet with the Lords and his majesty. Sends in his papers relating to the purchase of houses and how much he paid for them.


10 Jan. 1722

John Linthorne, Richard Sturzaker, R. Godfrey, Poole


[Enclosed with above] Relates to Col. John Moody's houses and the taking over.


11 Jan. 1721

William Smith


[Enclosed with above] Signed affidavit relating to John Moody's property in Placentia.


10 Jan. 1721

George Mills


[Enclosed with above] Signed affidavit relating to John Moody's property in Placentia.


March 1715

John Taylor, Treasury Chambers


Relates to the sum of £12,000 pounds to be delivered to Harry Mordant, in relation to the fortifications at Chatham, Portsmouth.


30 Aug. 1715

William Lowndes, Treasury Chambers


Relates to the sum of £18,000 pounds paid to Harry Mordant, for the sale of the South Sea Stock and in relation to the lands at Chatham, Portsmouth and Harwich.



Board of Trade


Memorandum: a list of original papers returned to John Moody.


9 Jan. 1723 (received) 16 Jan. 1723 (read)

Simon Fabian

Lords of Trade

Concerns a plantation in Bay deverdes [Bay de Verde] that was sold by William Taverner to Simon's brother, Joseph Fabian, in 1698 for a quantity of fish. Joseph passed the plantation to his brother in his will. The French destroyed it when they took Fort St John's. William Taverner pretends to sell the plantation that now belongs to Simon Fabian.


7 March 1722

Burchett (Admiralty Office)


The Dover, Deptford, Solebay are part of the convoy this year, with Captain Cayley (Dover) as commander. Please forward the Heads of Enquiry.


12 Nov. 1722 (received) 13 march 1723 (read)

John Masters, John Gabin, Admirals


Scheme of the fishery sent to the Board of Trade by fishing admirals for the year 1722. This one is for Petty Harbour, St John's, Quidividy [Quiddy Viddy] and Torbay.


6 Aug. 1722 (submitted);   12 Nov. 1722 (received) 13 March 1723 (read)

Admiral Halls, Mills, Filmore, Lewis, Gachy,


Schemes of the fishery for the settlements of Carbonear, Old Placentia, Bay deverds [Bay de Verde], Bonavista, and Trinity.


12 Nov. 1722 (received) 13 March 1723 (read)

Unknown but perhaps Captain Cayley


1st Answers to the Heads of Enquiry relating to the fishery and trade of Newfoundland and part adjacent. P. 117 contains a blank list for the Scheme of the fishery.





2nd Answers to the Heads of the Enquiry


Blank pages


12 Nov. 1722 (received) 13 March 1723 (read)

Unknown, perhaps by Captain Cayley


3rd Answers to the Heads of Enquiry. With a scheme of the fishery on p.167 entitled "Scheme of the Fishery of Placentia 9 Aug. 1721"



The Merchants of London trading at Placentia

Lords of Trade

They are complaining about Samuel Gledhill, the commander of the military garrison in Newfoundland, who is trading in the fishery.


21 March 1723 (received and read)

The Merchants of Poole


They are complaining about Samuel Gledhill, commander of Fort Frederick about trading in the fishery.


9 Nov. 1722

Edward Southward (Board of Trade)

Lords of the Treasury

This regards the petition of Col. Moody. The Treasury Board is to look at the request and report to the Board of Trade.


29 March 1723 (received)

July 4 1723 (read)

Mr Samuel Baker


Certificate of Mr. Richard Wise, Notary Public, that the annexed extracts are faithfully taken from the original letters produced to him by Mr Samuel Baker, merchant, to whom they were addressed from Mr. Peter Signac and the Bill of Exchange dated at Madeira 28 Jan. 1720 drawn by Hayward and Rider; Peter Signac is a merchant in Placentia, Samuel Baker was a merchant in London. It states that Peter Signac would be able to pay him if Baker got the Governor "out of trade." Note: The governor in question is Gledhill.


26 March 1723

Nicholas Martin


Declaration in relation to Col. Gledhill in Placentia and the purchase of goods from the "supercargo" of the Prosperity; signed in the presence of Richard Wise, Notary Public.


8 Nov. 1723

Delafaye, Whitehall

Lords of Trade

The Lords Justices asked Delafaye to forward this extract from Mr. Crawford, His Majesty's resident at the Court of France and two papers relating to two French fishermen.


13 Nov. 1723

Mr Crawford,



[Enclosed with above] forwards complaints of two French fishermen who were chased away by a warship. Fishing rights issue.


9 Oct. 1723

Capt. Pierre de Feuil (Nantes)


[In French; enclosed with above] "Extrait du registre des déclarations des capitaines de vaisseaux particuliers venant de la mer, tenu au bureau des classes à Nantes..." He commands a 70-ton ship the Phonix from [Les Sables d']Olonne. He was fishing on the "Northern Grand Banks at 46 degrees latitude". Forty-six degrees latitude runs approximately through the middle of the Grand Banks, which for the French was north of their traditional fishing locations. On June 17 he was told by an English warship to go away or he would be sunk. The captain then sailed to “les Battures”, which is a set of shoals on the Grand Bank (I have not determined the exact location, but suspect it was somewhere on the southern part or tail of the Grand Banks).


11 Oct. 1723

Capt. André Caillaud (Nantes)


[Enclosed with above] "Extrait des registres du greffe du siège général de l'Admirauté de Nantes..." He is captain of the Lalexis Bien aimé from Les Sables d'Olonne, 70 tons, 20 men. He was fishing on the Grand Bank when he encountered an English warship who told him to turn around or he would be sunk. He then proceeded to “Banc du Cap Vert” where he continued his fishing. Note: In French, en français.



All of the clerical notes about these letters and the dates they were received and read.


15 Nov. 1723

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Alured Popple, Secretary to the Board of Trade

The Lords of Admiralty have received no comments from the captains of the warships about the case of the two French fishermen.


19 Oct. 1723

Capt. Cayley, Dover (St. John's)


He is sending the Heads of Enquiry and is recommending the encouragement of the salmon fishery, particularly in relation to John Masters and Phill Watson.


11 Oct. 1723

Capt. Cayley


[Enclosed with above] Declaration of protection, stating that Mr. Masters and Watson have improved the fishery in the Salmonier River, Little Salmonier, and Bisca Bay rivers. They did so at their own charge and they are entitled to it. Anyone disturbing them in the prosecution of their salmon fishery will answer at their own peril.





[Enclosed with above] Scheme of the fishery for 1723.


25 Nov. 1723



This relates to a French fisherman, Estienne LeRay. Mr. Chammorel is representing him.


29/18 Nov. 1723

Chammorel (London)


[Enclosed with above] Mr. Chammorel presents the case of Capt. Etienne Le Ray, who was fishing on the Banks. Chammorel does not believe that the King would tolerate such behaviour.


19 Oct. 1723

Estienne Le Ray


[Enclosed with above] He is Capt. of the St René from Pornic, 90 tons, with 22 men. A war ship armed with 28 cannons told him, on June 15, to turn around and to abandon fishing, or he would sink him. The warship fired one shot at his ship. He abandoned his fishing and came back on the Banks without any more disturbance. Note: In French, en français.


2 Jan. 1724

Commander Cayley


He is sending the Answers to the Heads of Enquiry.





[Enclosed with above] The Answers of the Head Enquiry 1723.





[Enclosed with above] Scheme of the Fishery fo 1723.


5 March 1723


Mr. Popple

The Argyle, Ludlow Castle, Solebay are sent to convoy to Newfoundland. Please prepare the Heads of Enquiry.


5 Dec. 1723

Burchett (Admiralty Office)

Mr. Popple

They have not heard any account of disturbance from their Commanders. The Commodore will attend the Lords as soon as he can.


20 Jan. 1725

Newcastle, Court at St. James


This relates to William Toshack at Placentia who sends a petition about a house that was bought by Gledhill in 1720.


2 April 1725

Burchett (Admiralty Office)

Mr. Popple

The Argyle, Greyhound, and Ludlow Castle are ready to convoy, Capt. Bouler, Commodore. Please send the Heads.


27 Feb. 1725



This is a sworn affidavit, signed by Bennett, pertaining to a Mr. Salmon of Placentia whom Gledhill has disturbed in his fishery and has threatened to whip.


6 Aug. 1724

Walls, Brailey, Chappell, Babbidge, Hooper, Blacke, Phillip, Linthorn.


A copy of a declaration attesting that Thomas Salmon is a sober and careful man who pays well and has improved the fishery. He is being injured in his fishery.


? 1725

Mary Baldwin


Affidavit signed in presence of H. Edwards concerning the poor treatment of Mr Salmon's wife by Gledhill. Because Gledhill traded in the fishery, he tried to hinder Thomas Salmon in his fishery. He beat Salmon's wife and refused to send Margaret Clark, a nurse at the hospital in Placentia, to attend to Mrs Salmon in her "Pains and times of delivery." Note: A glimpse at Midwifery in Early Newfoundland.


6 April 1725 (received and read)

Thomas Salmon


Petition against Gledhill. Note: A rip in the document but it is still readable.


9 Oct. 1724

Capt. Bouler, The Argyle (St. John's Harbour)


Answers to the Heads and Scheme of the fishery (p.241v-243).


March 25 1725

Capt. Bouler


Account of the proceedings at the Harbour of St. John's to establish a Civil Government there in 1723.


13? April, 1725

Elizabeth Barnes


Sworn affidavit. A woman servant who knew Gledhill for three years and says that he sold Rum at a high price and that he threatened Thomas Salmon to jail him if he did not buy his provisions from him.


14 ? April, 1725

Henry Bishop


Sworn affidavit. Relates to the Gledhill and Salmon case.



15 April 1706

Daniel Auger de Subercase, Plaisance


Original document certifying that Laplante was given a piece of land 36 by 19 feet on the coast to build his house.


18 March 1724

John Handford and William Carvill


[Enclosed with above] Certifies that the house once belonging to William Toshack is in the limit of the Fort of Placentia and therefore can be used to house the Engineers at the fort.


22 June 1719

Jean Faure dit "Laplante"


[Enclosed with above] Copy of a Bill of sale. Laplante sold his property to Mr. William Toshack. The house was formerly occupied by Mr. Morichon and is now occupied by Thomas Salmon, Armorer of the garrison at Placentia.


27 May 1725

R. Phillips


Mr. Toshack's house in Placentia.


4 Dec. 1724

Burchett, (Admiralty Office)


Received a letter from Captain. St. Lo, commander of the Ludlow Castle, complains of the Masters of fishing ships leaving seamen behind that they had carried out, in disobedience of the orders he had given them.


23 Sept. 1724

Alexander Cosby, (Canso)


[Enclosed with above] Copy of a list of 12 men left in New England at the price of 40 pounds a head.


26 April 1725

Capt St. Lo, Ludlow Castle (Spithead)


He encloses the Answers to the Heads of Enquiry.


10 Oct. 1725

Gledhill, Placentia


He sends supporting documentation in relation to Thomas Salmon.



Thomas Salmon


[Enclosed with above] Requests to be allowed to open a public house to provide for his family.


3 Oct. 1725

Richard Coke, Chaplain in the Garrison of Placentia


[Enclosed with above] Has never received Thomas Salmon( a papist) or any of his family for communion of the Church of England.


12 April 1725

Ann Owen, Westminster?


[Enclosed with above] It relates to the rent that is owed her in relation with Capt. St. Lo and Thomas Salmon.


17 Nov. 1725

Col. Gledhill, Placentia


[Enclosed with above] Relates to the case involving Thomas Salmon.

End of Volume