CO 194/61 [Reel B-687]

Page

Date

From whom

(where)

To whom

(where)

Contents or nature of the document

3-4

3 Feb 1818(Recíd 16 Apr 1818)

Gov. Francis Pickmore (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

American brig Messenger has arrived in Newfoundland from Boston with a relief supply of bread and flour for those suffering from the recent fires in St. Johnís: "Purchased by a subscription of the inhabitants of Boston and sent as a gratuitous relief for the sufferers by the late unfortunate fires in this town." Against the law to give free entry to cargo from America, but allowed it this time because of the circumstances. Enclosing letter addressed to "president of the society for improving the condition of the poor" by the committee at Boston and his reply to that letter. Food has been distributed as per Bostonís instructions.

5-6

27 Dec. 1817

James Perkins, Arnold Welles, Jonathan Amory Jr, Benjamin Rich, Tristam Barnard, & John Houston (Boston)

Gov. Francis Pickmore (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Copy of letter to be sent on to Lord Bathurst. Expresses concern for the people of St. Johnís. Sending a cargo to help alleviate suffering (flour, meal, rice, bread). Ask that all due consideration be provided for Capt. Peterson who is bringing the cargo.

7-8

20 Jan. 1818

Gov. Francis Pickmore (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

James Perkins, Arnold Welles, Jonathan Amory Jr, Benjamin Rich, Tristam Barnard, & John Houston (Boston)

Acknowledges receipt of notice and of the incoming cargo. Says he will do his best to properly distribute the cargo to those who need it. Says he will communicate their "spontaneous act" of generosity to the government which will hopefully "cement more firmly the relations of friendship which now to happilly subsist between the two nations."

 

Commodore Bowker

11-11v

28 Feb 1818(Recíd 16 Apr 1818)

Capt. John Bowker (Sir Francis Drake, St Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Reports death of Vice Admiral Pickmore, Governor & Commander in Chief of Newfoundland on 24 Feb. His health had been declining for some time. Bowker, being next in line, will take the oaths as Governor as soon as the situation allows for it.

13

3 March 1818 (Recíd 16 April 1818)

Capt. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Telling Bathurst that Pickmoreís remains have been interred in the Church of St Johnís this very day "with the honors due to his rank and station.

15

4 March 1818 (Recíd 16 April 1818)

Capt. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

That very day he has taken the oaths and become the new Chief of State in Newfoundland.

17-18

5 March 1818

Commodore John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Explaining why the remains were publicly interred in St. Johnís instead of sending the corpse back to England.

19-19v

5 March 1818

Beenlen & Langley; William & Henry Thomas (merchants of St. Johnís)

Jonathan Parsons

Lists of prices/Bill of Exchange from St. Johnís Merchants. Expenses incurred at the funeral of Pickmore. 333 pounds, 10 shillings, and 3 pence. Note on bottom acknowledges the receipt of these monies by the undertaker Jonathan Parsons.

20-20v

5 March 1818

Commodore John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Completing some unfinished business from Pickmore. A return is still lacking from the district of Fogo. Transmitting abstracts of reports and hopes to have all reports for Lord Bathurst as soon as he can.

Between pages 22 & 23v

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Four tables:

1. Summary of "particulars respecting the Island of Newfoundland" between 10 Oct. 1816 and 10 Oct. 1817

2. "Return of the Fishery and Inhabitants of the Island of Newfoundland" during same period

3. " An Account of the Goods Exported from the Island of Newfoundland" 11 Oct. 1816 - 10 Oct. 1817

4. Goods imported to the island within the same period.

24-24v

5 March 1818 (Recíd 16 April 1818)

Commodore John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Concern regarding interpretation of the Act 57 Geo 3, cap. 29 for extending provisions of Act 52 Geo 3, cap. 100 to Newfoundland, whether or not the Bahama, Bermuda, and Somersí Islands are included in the definition of "Islands in the West Indies" or only in certain cases; also concerned whether trade is allowed between NFLD and Cape Breton (or Prince Edward Island) as the act "limits that traffic to "islands in the West Indies and British colonies on the continent of America." Annotation indicates Bathurstís intention to refer the matter to the Board of Trade for their "consideration and opinion".

26

5 March 1818 (Recíd 16 April 1818)

Commodore John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Alerting Bathurst to the fact that the "Statutes at Large supplied for the use of the Governor of Newfoundland", begun in 1815 for Vice Admiral R.G. Keats, extend no further than Act 55 Geo 3, cap. 196. Requests they be completed

28-29

5 March 1818 (Recíd 16 April 1818)

Commodore John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Henry Gouldburn

The accounts of Pickmore will be transmitted to Bathurst as soon as they can be completed with the proper vouchers. In the meantime, gives an accounting of the general amounts due the public. As well, before his death, Pickmore directed his agent, Robert Brine, to send a certain amount of money to be used in public expenditure, which, when it gets there, Bowker will see to its dispersal. Hopes the system of relief and employment adopted by Pickmore under his Lordshipís authority will not be necessary past the middle of next month.

30

24 April 1818 (Recíd 20 June 1818)

Commodore John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Received Bathurstís letter of 6 November past that was addressed to Pickmore. In it was news of the death of "Her Royal Highness the Princess Charlotte Augusta". Expresses his concerns at the sad news.

32

4 May 1818 (Recíd 20 June 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Henry Goulburn

Acknowledging receipt of letter addressed to Pickmore "enclosing forms to be observed in numbering and docketing the Dispatches and Papers addressed to the Colonial Department."

34

4 May 1818 (Recíd 20 June 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Acknowledging receipt of letter addressed to Pickmore "enclosing a Warrant under the hand of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent authorizing the Importation of Provisions from the United States of America into the Island of Newfoundland." For the ensuing season only. Some restrictions.

36

5 May 1818 (Recíd 20 June 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Acknowledging receipt of letter to Pickmore. Under present NFLD conditions, should admit British vessels coming from the United States

38-38v

15 May 1818 (Recíd 20 June 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Acknowledging receipt of a letter to Pickmore concerning the fires of the year before and efforts to rebuild St. Johnís. Suggestions concerning that part of town have been adhered to as much as possible; preparations being made to build houses. Because of the fishery starting back up, the number of people that had to be employed during the harsh winter is decreasing. The system of employment worked in "preserving perfect tranquillity in the place."

40

31 May 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Says he is transmitting an account of the "balance due from the later Governor", specifically "for rents received for lands formerly ships room, other lands let on lease" and other rents. Note on reverse from receiver of the letter indicates that balances were not actually transferred by Pickmore and it should then be done immediately.

42v-43

31 May 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Actual Accounting enclosed with last letter.

44

8 Jan. 1818

Thomas Williams

-

Receipt for £5 received from Pickmore to build a new fence after the old one was destroyed in the fires.

46

31 May 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Transmitting an account of the balance due from Pickmore on "the sum of £10,000 drawn on their lordships 8 July 1816." Note on reverse indicates intention to send a copy of the letter on to treasury.

48v-49

31 May 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Written account of the £10,000 owed to the Kingís treasury by the deceased Pickmore.

50

31 May 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Transmitting an account of £3000 due from the late Pickmore to "the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury."

52v-55

31 May 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

An accounting of the outstanding sum of £3000 owed to the treasury by the deceased Pickmore.

56

1 July 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

The employment and relief of the poor that had been implemented is now brought to a close and he is transmitting an accounting of the money drawn upon by himself for that purpose. Also including 5 receipts for the same thing from "the Society for Improving the Condition of the Poor, under whose inspections, and that of the magistrates" the relief and employment had been carried out. Employment included: "repairing roads, cutting wood for public buildings, or other useful labour." Note on reverse indicates intention of sending on to treasury.

58v-59

1 July 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Account of moneys used in employment and relief of the poor as enclosed in previous letter.

60-60v

20 July 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Capt. John Bowker (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Was supervised by "Vice Admiral Sir Charles Hamilton Bart. in the administration of the Government of this Island" and is now relating the instances where he drew upon the treasury for funds. These amounts are: 394 pounds, 10 shillings, 3 pence for his personal wages from the time of Pickmoreís death to Hamiltonís arrival; and 34 pounds, 11 shillings for a house allowance as was authorized in a letter from Goulburn to Sir Richard Keats. Note at bottom indicates he took too much.

62

18 Sept. 1818 (Recíd 21 Oct. 1818)

Capt. John Bowker (Sir Francis Drake, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Concerning the funds used for Pickmoreís funeral and the transmission of all accounts from Bowkerís time as Governor until Hamilton superceded him. Also forwarded a letter to Pickmoreís executors.

64-65

21 Dec. 1818 (Recíd 20 Jan. 1818)

Capt. John Bowker (Sir Francis Drake, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Acknowledging the receipt of letter from Bathurst saying that he had only been entitled to half the salary that he had drawn and had to pay some back. Asks Bathurst to "take into consideration the arduous situation in which [he] was placed by the death of the Governor, in a period of general distress in the country, when the energies of the government departments were particularly called forth." Outlining reasons why he should get to keep the money and hopes the Governor will release him from any further responsibility to that sum of money. Also gives an accounting of all moneys received by him as pay.

Admiral Sir Charles Hamilton

68-68v

11 June 1818

Charles Hamilton

Lord Bathurst

Customs has impeded the loading of 30 ewes and 2 rams which he was anxious to transport to Nfld; requests that Bathurst arrange with Treasury to allow him to proceed with the loading of the sheep (annotation suggests that exportation of sheep is prohibited by law)

70-70v

28 July 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Arrived in St. Johnís in HMS Ister on 19 July. Next day he became "Commander in Chief of Newfoundland and its dependencies." Reports that "both the Bank and Boat fisheries which at the commencement of the season I learn were by no means promising have since considerable improved, and although late, there is reason to hope that in the whole they will prove fairly productive."

72 - 72v

28 July 1818 (Recíd 26 Aug. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Conveys letter & memorial from "Thomas Coote, Chief Magistrate of St Johnís, and supreme surrogate of the Island, whose age and infirmity have at length compelled him to make application for retirement from the fatigues of his official situations which he appears to have filled for many years with the highest credit to himself and advantage to the government." Memorial also accompanied by testimonials he has received from different governors of NFLD, magistrates, grand jury, and merchants. As well, Hamilton includes a copy of a letter from Vice Admiral Sir R. G. Keats. Also sends accounting of salaries for the different positions Coote holds. Note on bottom indicates letter being sent to treasury for consideration and opinion.

74 -75

July 36 1818

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (St. Johnís, NFLD)

Henry Goldburn

Habitation inadequate Especially "during a long and vicious winter." Winter obviously made the late admiral die quicker but wasnít the "primary cause" of his death. Talks of the need to build new structures, even though some things may come "at an exhorbitant price." There were two American Whalers on the South coast making trouble. Fishermen in the area want harpooners. Promises a "good Nursery for Seamen." Actually states that "the climate and the soil in the vicinity of St Johnís are so much worse than I had envisioned them" and that they are suitable only for crops of potatoes. Note on back: An intention to send an extract of the letter on to the Board of Trade and the first part of the letter to the Treasury.

76-76v

15 Aug. 1818 (Recíd 18 Sept. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Requesting a copy of "the Estimate for the Civil Establishment of this Island for the present year." Note on back: Give him a copy.

78-79

28 Aug. 1818

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Sending on a copy of a letter received from Captain Rowley of the Egeria which is related the capture "of an American Schooner and Sloop, which had been found acting in violation of the Instruction of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent whereby certain privileges were granted to the fishing vessels of the United States during the season of 1817 which have been subsequently extended to the present season." Only one of the two ships has arrived in port so far. Doesnít want to upset the peace that exists, so suggests just telling those ships to leave and not come back into any harbours, bays, or creeks unless "in case of unavoidable necessity or distress."

80-82v

27 Aug. 1818

Captain Robert Rowley (His Majestyís Ship Egeria, St. Johnís Harbour)

Vice Admiral Sir Charles Hamilton

Copy of the letter from Rowley which gives thorough detail about the seizure and detaining of two American Fishing vessels. Bringing them back to St. Johnís but there was to be interference with the internal arrangements of the ships in an effort to keep the "state of amity" existing between the two countries and to be friendly. Got back to St. Johnís to find that the sloop had not got in.

84-85

29 Aug. 1818

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

A fire broke out in St. Johns. Just before midnight on Aug. 27. Happened in vicinity of the "Ordinance Yard and Workshops, which appeared to threaten the destruction of the whole of that Establishment with the Storekeeperís House and Offices adjoining." Alarm was sounded by the Sir Francis Drake. The military under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Manners of the 74th regiment and the Navy under the direction of Captain Bowker, as well as the inhabitants stopped the fire from "extending beyond the destruction of one of the Ordinance Storehouses, the Engine House and Warderís Lodge at the gate of that Department" and kept it away from other parts of town. No lives lost but a couple people injured from the house where the fire started.

86-87v

7 Sept. 1818

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Sending a duplicate of letter he sent Bathurst on the 28 Aug. and a copy of a letter to Captain Rowley on the Egeria by Mr C. Waller Midshipman on the Egeria who had been placed in charge of the American sloop Hannah, one the ships seized and detained. Reason for non arrival is detailed in Midshipmanís letter. A robbery of the person had even been attempted. Has also reported to "Mr Bagot His majestyís Minister at Washington."

88-93v

23 Aug. 1818

Charles Waller (St. Maryís)

Captain Rowley (HMS Egeria)

Relating how control of the Hannah was taken from him. Very detailed. Left ship and headed for St. Johnís as per Rowleyís instructions. After they ate the next day, the Captain grabbed him by the throat and held a knife to it and threatened to kill him if he moved or spoke. The first mate held a harpoon to his chest and threatened the same. Tied him up and declared to the crew that "the Deck was his." Seized control in all of five minutes. Sent off ship in boat. Made it to land and relayed what happened to Rowley.

94

10 Sept. 1818

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend,
St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Midshipmen from previous dispatch have arrived. Sending on depositions of the men "by which the conduct of the Master, Charles Alley and the Mates of the American Sloop Hannah appears to be aggravated by their refusal to give up the Arms Ammunition and Provisions belonging to His Majesty which were put on board her by Captain Rowley for the use of the Egeriaís party."

96-96v

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Signed by H.P. Cowling. His deposition on the events that occurred on board the Hannah.

97

9 Sept. 1818

?

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Affidavit signed by Magistrate Thomas Cooke that he witnessed Cowlingís deposition.

98-99v

9 Sept. 1818

?

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Deposition of events on the Hannah as told and signed by Charles C. Waller and signed by witness, Magistrate Thomas Cooke

100

15 Oct. 1818 (Recíd 21 Dec. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Henry Goulburn

Acknowledging receipt of an order from the Prince Regent "allowing the Society of Unitas Fratrum (the Moravians) to form a fourth settlement on the Eastern Coast of Labrador."

102-103v

15 Oct. 1818 (Recíd 21 Dec. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Fort Townshend, St. Johnís)

Henry Goulburn

Acknowledges receipt of letter about money due from the late admiral and being transferred to Hamilton. He relates that he never had any of that money and that there had been no money here when he took over. Bowker told him that Pickmore had put the money in a public account with his agent Robert Brine. Gives accounts that he has of some of the money. Gives the address of Brine in London and asks that he be consulted about the money. Also, the executors of Pickmoreís estate are Reverend William Bussell near Portsea and Captain Frederick Hunn of the Navy.

104-106v

21 November 1818 (Recíd 21 Dec. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Sending a copy of general account current for the year ending 20 Oct. last. Also enclosing current account for Rents of lands leased or granted. Also enclosing 16 receipts.

107-122v

20 Oct. 1818

Different Magistrates of Newfoundland

Sir Charles Hamilton

Printed and handwritten document. 16 Receipts for payments made by Sir Charles Hamilton regarding rents received in Newfoundland. Various sums from as low as ^6.19.2 to as much as ^150. Enclosed in dispatch to Lord Bathurst 21 November 1818.

123v-128v

?

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Copy of Sir Charles Hamiltonís General Account current as Governor of Newfoundland between 21 Oct. 1817 and 21 Oct. 1818 with the Lords of the Treasury. Enclosed in dispatch to Lord Bathurst 21 November 1818.

129v-132v

?

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

An accounting of all the rents received in Newfoundland over the current year. Enclosed in dispatch to Lord Bathurst 21 November 1818.

133

21 November 1818 (Recíd 21 Dec. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Forwarding on a report he received from "the commanding engineer of the state of the fortifications for the defence of St. Johnís."

135-136v

16 Nov. 1818

Richard Vicars (?)

Commander, Royal Engineers

(St. Johnís)

Sir Charles Hamilton

Detailed report on the state of the fortifications at St Johnís (Ft. Townshend, Fort William, Ordnance Yard, Kingís Wharf, Signal Hill and Dependencies, Fort Amherst, and Frederickís Battery); includes assessments and suggestions for future work

137-140v

21 November 1818 (Recíd 21 Dec. 1818)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Canít send a complete abstract of "the result of the fishery" or of the "exports and imports of the island under [Hamiltonís] government" because some ships are not returned from outports. Will send it as soon as possible. General report on state of affairs of the island. Both bank fishing and boats has not been as successful as other years. Spring Seal fishery was good. Captain Shiffner of the Drake was forced to warn American ships away from settled harbours numerous times. French fishery has been somewhat successful on the Northern Shore. Rebuilding after the fire is proceeding. State of the Court House (need to acquire land adjacent). Opening of the Court of Assizes; only one criminal case (case of arson 6 years before)

141-142

5 Sept. 1818

Frederic G. Lamington, Alexander Campbier, Oliver LeJohn, Thomas Danson, David K. Dawson, M. Herting & others(Harbour Grace)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

The minister, churchwardens and committee relay financial information and ask for more money to rebuild church in Harbour Grace. They say that Pickmore had attended to the matter for him and that his death was actually caused by receiving an unsatisfactory reply from government on the matter.

143

18 Dec. 1818 (Recíd 1 Feb. 1819)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Acknowledges receipt of a letter from Bathurst with regards to the report about the state of the fortifications in NFLD. No new work or expense has been sanctioned besides what is absolutely necessary to keep the structures from deteriorating.

145

23 Dec. 1818 (Recíd 1 Feb. 1819)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Request for "a copy of the Estimate for the Civil Establishment of the Island under [Hamiltonís] Government for the ensuing year 1819."

147-147v

23 Dec. 1818 (Recíd 1 Feb. 1819)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Regarding a matter discussed in Hamiltonís dispatch of 21 Nov. regarding difficulties in indemnifying people for ground given up for street improvement in St. Johnís

149-154v

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Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Enclosure in previous dispatch: "Draft of a Bill for Improving and widening the Streets in the Town of Saint John in the Island of Newfoundland and also for Indemnifying such Persons as shall thereby sustain any Loss of Property."

155

24 Dec. 1818 (Recíd 1 Feb. 1819)

Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

Transmitting an "abstract of the Returns of the Fishery and Inhabitants of the Island" from the year ending 10 Oct. 1818, and an abstract of the Exports and Imports from the same year.

157-158v

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Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

"Return of the Fishery and Inhabitants of Newfoundland, 11 Oct. 1817 to 10 Oct. 1818" enclosed in last dispatch to Bathurst.

159-160v

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Gov. Sir Charles Hamilton (Ft. Townshend, St. Johnís)

Lord Bathurst

"Return of Exports and Imports Newfoundland, 11 Oct. 1817 to 10 Oct. 1818" enclosed in last dispatch to Bathurst.

161-

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Chronological list of important events in Newfoundland concerning Pickmore, Bowker, and Hamilton, 1818

Newfoundland Miscellaneous

Agent

166-166v

27 June 1818

Robert Gwilt

Henry Goulburn

Transmitting an observation made by Mr. Smith "in the examination of his account as agent for the island of Newfoundland, for one year ended 31 of Dec. 1817." Regarding salaries paid to Naval Officers.

168-169

24 June 1818

Audit Office

Henry Goulburn

" Observation and query that has arisen in the examination of the account of Joseph Smith Esquire Agent for the Island of Newfoundland, for one year ended 31 Dec. 1817." Also a request an answer and explanation. Enclosed in last dispatch to Goulburn.

170-170v

27 Aug. 1818

Robert Gwilt

Henry Goulburn

Concerning a bill being drawn for Bowkerís salary at the full rate of ^1000 per year as the Governor of Newfoundland; seeks advice on paying the Bill.

Admiralty

173-173v

25 April 1818

G. Warnender, G Moore, H. Hotham, (Admiralty Office)

Viscount Sidmouth

Request for acceptance of Hamilton as commander of Newfoundland and wait for any further instructions.

175-176

7 May 1818

W. Croker (Admiralty)

Mr. Goulburn

Alerting him to the orders given in order to guide the admirals commanding Newfoundland over the last years, "with regards to the fishing vessels and subjects of the United States." Describes three different orders given.

177-177v

26 May 1818

John Barrow (Admiralty Office)

Henry Goulburn

Hamilton should be instructed follow the directions given in 1817 overall but not those directions given in May 1817 concerning American fishing vessels in Newfoundland. Instructions also given to "Rear Admiral Sir David Milne, commanding on the North American station."

179

6 Nov. 1818

John Barrow(Admiralty Office)

The Judge of the Vice-Admiralty Court

Copy of a printed memo to be sent to all Vice Admiralty Courts. Instructions for the members of Vice Admiralty Courts. Penalties for leaving their posts, situations that warrant absences, etc.

181

24 Dec. 1818

John Barrow(Admiralty Office)

Henry Goulburn

Sending an extract of a letter from Charles Hamilton, discussing the success of the fishery and some observations about smuggling that goes on with St. Pierre & Miquelon

183

21 Nov. 1818

Vice Adm Sir Charles Hamilton

Mr. Croker

(Extract) Observations on fishery, both bank and boat, which has proven to be "rather unsuccessful." Blames "departure" of cod from some parts of the coast. State of the seal fishery. Strong American presence reported in Labrador fishery; some unlawful behaviour. The state of the French fishery. Concerns regarding smuggling and illicit trade between the French at St. Pierre & Miquelon and Nfld residents

Council Office

186-186v

28 Jan. 1818

Thomas Lack (Office of Committee of Privy Council for Trade)

H. Goulburn

After the Order in Council of 30 Dec. 1817 was passed for "regulating the intercourse between Newfoundland and the United States," received a letter from Mr Adam and Mr Ross looking for a licence for "the British Brig Apollo" so the could import some grain, flour, livestock, from USA into NFLD. Sending a copy of the letter to Bathurst through Goulburn. Also advising that the Governor of NFLD "should be instructed to admit British vessels arriving at Newfoundland from the United States, with cargoes of the articles enumerated in the order of the 30 Dec. last."

188-188v

6 Jan. 1818

Adam & Ross

Lords of the Privy Council

This letter is copied to Goulburn in Thomas Lackís last dispatch of 28 Jan. 1818. Seek permission to take a cargo from USA to NFLD. Need a licence for brig Apollo, which technically does not meet legal restrictions because it tends to operate out of the West Indies

190-190v

19 March 1818

Thomas Lack (Office of Committee of Privy Council for Trade)

Henry Goulburn

Received a letter from Goulburn, accompanied by a copy of a letter from Mr. Attwood, "requesting that instructions may be forwarded to Newfoundland to authorize the officers of Customs to admit any vessels from the United States of America which may be laden with provisions or other articles of necessity, and which may be intended solely for gratuitous distribution among the sufferers by the late fire." In reply, refers to his own letter to Goulburn on 28 Jan. 1818 and adds that the Privy Council has doubts about adopting the measure suggested by Attwood.

192-192v

13 May 1818

Joseph Bullen (at the Court at Carlton House, Prince Regent presiding)

?

Approving the draughts of commission and instructions for Vice Adm Sir Charles Hamilton, Gov. & Commander-in-Chief, Nfld, as laid out in a letter that day from Bathurst. Orders Bathurst to prepare warrants for the Prince Regentís signature

194

22 June 1818

Chetwynd

Henry Goulburn

transmits an order from the Prince Regent allowing "the society of ĎUnitas Fratrumí [Moravians] to form a fourth settlement on the Eastern Coast of Labrador, for the civilization of the natives"

196-197v

13 May 1818

Chetwynd (The Court At Carlton House)

?

An order from Privy Council dated 17th last was read. Was enclosed in last dispatch to Bathurst. Concerns a fourth settlement to be established by the Moravians in Labrador, north of Okkak

Foreign Department

199

13 March 1818

Clunmittene (?)

Mr. Goulburn

conveys some papers from Lord Castlereagh

201-201v

19 Oct. 1818

Mr. Hamilton

(Foreign Office)

Mr. Goulburn

(Confidential) In response to a letter from Goulburn dated 16 Oct., enclosing correspondence received from Sir Charles Hamilton concerning the capture of two American fishing vessels off NFLD and the "consequent outrageous conduct of one of them", the Hannah. The matter has been submitted to the Advocate General. Copies of the A.G.ís opinions are enclosed.

203

8 Oct. 1818

Kingís Advocate

Lord Castlereagh

(Extract) offering his legal opinions concerning repercussions ensuing from the capture of two American fishing vessels off the coast of Newfoundland

205

14 Oct. 1818

Kingís Advocate

Lord Castlereagh

(Extract) More legal opinions about the capture of two American vessels.

Ordnance

208-208v

19 Jan. 1818

P.A. Ouwry

G. [sic?] Goulburn

Lt. Vicars, Royal Engineers, reports on destruction caused by the fires of November 1817. Asking to submit a request to Bathurst concerning things that need to be rebuilt. A plan of St. Johnís showing extent of damage is enclosed

210-211v

15 Dec. 1817

Lt. Vicars, R.E.

-

Enclosure # 1. Believes a different site should be selected for rebuilding the destroyed buildings (Ordnance Stores, Boatkeeperís House) and outlines the dimensions of that site. Mentions correspondence found in an old letter book between Gov. Sir Erasmus Gower and Capt. Ross regarding a land grant for the Ordnance Stores & Boat keeperís house

212-212v

10 Oct. 1806

Jos. Hounsell (Ft. Townshend)

Capt. Ross

(C.O., Royal Engineers)

Enclosure # 2. Conveys governorís permission to "build a new boat-keeperís house on the Admiralís Beach in compliance with your request dated 20 Sept." 1806; undated endorsement verso recommends this measure

212v-213

10 Oct. 1806

Erasmus Gower, Jos. Hounsell, & J. Holloway

Capt. Ross

(C.O., Royal Engineers)

Enclosure # 3. Written permission to build a new boat-keeperís house with a note to remove the old one when the new one is built. Signed by E. Gower & J. Hounsell, & J. Holloway six days later.

Treasury

215

15 Jan. 1818

George Harrison

Henry Goulburn

Bills have been received from Admiral Pickmore for ^350.9.1 and one for ^1333.15.2, both dated 20 Oct. 1817. Asking that matter be put to Bathurst to enquire whether or not he think they should pay the bills.

217

20 Jan. 1818

George Harrison

(Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Enclosing a letter from Pickmore dated 22 Dec. 1817, concerning a bill that he drew for ^3000. They desire Bathurstís opinion on the matter.

219

24 Jan. 1818

R. Lushington (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Transmitting Pickmoreís General Account (dated 1 Dec. 1817) for the year ending 20 Oct. 1817. They desire Bathurstís opinion.

221-221v

15 April 1818

R. Lushington (Treasury Chambers)

Henry Goulburn

Response to a letter concerning replacing a courthouse and gaol destroyed by fires in Newfoundland. In response they send copy of a letter from the Secretary of the Ordnance for Lord Bathurst. Also saying that treasury office concurs with Bathurstís opinion that they should afford the work and to transmit that on to the Governor.

223-223v

1 April 1818

P.A. Cuvry (?) (for the Secretary of the Ordnance)

(Treasury?)

Enclosure: The lime and stone that was being collected has been at great "difficulty and labour, and at a very considerable expense to the Ordnance, for constructing the towers intended to be built on Signal Hill." These plans have been suspended due to lack of money. "...under the foregoing circumstances, the lime and stone cannot be spared for the purposes for which they are required."

225-225v

28 April 1818

George Harrison (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Concerning bills Pickmore had requested for his pay and the practice of exchanging them for dollars. Value of dollar in relation to bills of exchange is discussed, as well as merchant use of the bills of exchange. Also says that government can take any money from all public officers, when that money is the property of the public.

227

30 June 1818

George Harrison (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Transmitting two letters (dated Nfld, 14 April & 23 May 1818) that mention bills drawn by Bowker for ^300 - 200 & ^300. Want Bathurstís opinion as to whether or not they should pay the bills.

229

27 July 1818

R. Lushington (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Enclosing two letters. One from Governor Bowker dated NFLD 28 March 1818 advising that ^1000 had been drawn for public services on the island. Another from Governor McCarthy "dated respectively Sierra Leone 20 and 21 May 1818 advising of two bills for ^1000 & ^250 on account of captured Negroes." Want Bathurstís opinion of the letters.

231

21 Aug. 1818

S[?] Brooksbank (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Enclosing a letter from Bowker dated NFLD 11 June 1818, advising of two bills for ^200 each drawn by him. Want Bathurstís opinion about payment of those bills.

233

31 Aug. 1818

C. Arbuthnot ? (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Enclosing a letter from Bowker (no date) advising of a bill for ^34.11.0 drawn by him. Want Bathurstís opinion concerning payment of that bill.

235

31 Aug. 1818

C. Arbuthnot ? (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Enclosing a letter from Bowker dated NFLD 30 June 1818, advising of a bill for ^334.17.6 drawn by him. Want Bathurstís opinion concerning payment of that bill.

237

? Aug. 1818

C. Arbuthnot ? (Treasury Chambers)

H. Goulburn

Enclosing two letters from Bowker dated NFLD 1 May 1818 with enclosures regarding accounts of the later Governor Pickmore. Want Bathurstís opinion on the matter.

239

? Aug. 1818

C. Arbuthnot ? (Treasury Chamber)

H. Goulburn

Enclosing a letter from Bowker dated 1 July 1818 with enclosures respecting money he drew on due to instructions he received from Bathurst. Want Bathurstís opinion on the matter.

241

24 Sept. 1818

R. Suthey (?) (Treasury Chambers)

Henry Goulburn

Concerning letter from Bathurst of 13 Aug. 1818, regarding fortifications in NFLD. No more should be done there than is absolutely necessary for the upkeep of structures deteriorated by weather damage

243

29 Sept. 1818

George Harrison (Treasury Chambers)

Henry Goulburn

Concerning a letter from Goulburn on behalf of Bathurst dated 17 Sept. 1818. He had enclosed a letter from Hamilton with an application from Mr Thomas Coote, Chief Magistrate at St. Johnís to be allowed to retire. Recommend that he be allowed to retire on an allowance of £300 per annum. Bathurst should put that amount in "next yearís Estimate for the Civil Establishment" of NFLD

245

5 Dec. 1818

George Harrison (Treasury Chambers)

Henry Goulburn

Concerning letter from Goulburn on behalf of Bathurst dated 11 November 1818 regarding the costs of Admiral Pickmoreís funeral expenses (£333:10:3). Also requests that any further expenses of an unusual nature be communicated to the Treasury Board. Note concerning subsequent reply on Bathurstís behalf is found on 245v-246.

247

8 Dec. 1818

C. Arbuthnot ? (Treasury Chambers)

Henry Goulburn

Response to Goulburnís of Jan. 1818, on behalf of Bathurst, which enclosed a copy of a letter from Pickmore (1 Nov. 1817) "stating the expediency of appointing Mr. I.G.W. Enstaff (Eaststaff?) to be Surveyor of Lands in" NFLD. Asks that Bathurst give the Board a copy of Pickmoreís letters of 17 Feb. 1817

249

31 Dec. 1818

George Harrison (Treasury Chambers)

Henry Goulburn

Enclosing two letters dated 21 November 1818 from Hamilton and advising of amounts drawn, and advising of Bills for £1413:12:6 "for repairs to the Government House at St. Johnís [NFLD]." Want Bathurstís opinion on payment of the bills. Note concerning Bathurstís reply appears on the back.

251

31 Dec. 1818

George Harrison (Treasury Chambers)

Henry Goulburn

A bill has been drawn by Hamilton on 20 Oct. 1818 for the sum of £422.8.8 "being part of a balance due to the High Sheriff of that Island on the public account." Desire Bathurstís opinion on the matter of payment.

Miscellaneous Offices

254-255v

19 Feb. 1818

I.C. Searle, Whitburn,?,  F Cuziorube?? (Victualling Office)

Henry Goulburn

(Colonial Office, Downing Street)

Transmitting statements regarding "two supplies of provisions taken credit for by Mr John Jermain our acting agent at Newfoundland" the previous year and by him under the orders of Captain Buchan, HMS Pike, to the "committee for the relief of the poor at that colony." They give the value of the two supplies granted under Pickmoreís rule, one made in Feb. and March of 1817 and in April and May of 1817. Want to know "whether the Secretary of State for the Colonies has received any communication from Admiral Pickmore upon the subject, and whether he will cause payment to be made of the value of the supplies in question." Estimate a total of £578.12.2 is all that is necessary to pay back.

256

20 Feb. 1818

Richard Holt (Victualling Office)

?

Statement concerning provisions supplied by Mr John Jermain, Acting Agent Victualler at Newfoundland "for the Relief of the Poor between the 1 April & 12 May 1817." Supplies included Beef, sugar, cocoa, and coals

258

20 Feb. 1818

Richard Holt (Victualling Office)

?

Statement concerning provisions supplied by Mr. John Jermain, Agent Victualler at Newfoundland to "the Committee for the Relief of the Poor between 12 Feb. and 26 March 1817." Supplies included Pork, Peas, and Oatmeal.

260-260v

30 Sept. 1818

I.C. Searle, Whitburn? F. Cozumbe? (Victualling Office)

Henry Goulburn

In reference to their letter of 19 Feb 1818 concerning provisions. Concerns the differences in values of the two supplies of provisions discussed in previous dispatch.

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts

264-265

26 Nov. 1818

Minutes of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts

?

"Agreed that His Grace the President be respectfully solicited to advise with the Secretary of State for the Colonial Department" on abolishing a troublesome clause. Discussion of a meeting in Dec.. Agree to dispatch a communication to Lord Bathurst stating the intention or desire of the society to take the clergy of PEI under their jurisdiction. Want a preacher provided for a meeting.

Miscellaneous A

267-267v

?

?

?

Discussion of distances that separate the "stations of the episcopal clergy from each other." Approximates because of unavailability of a map. Trying to discuss methods of marriage that could be used as an alternative due to distances. Wants to set guidelines in place to avoid "a dreadful sense of licentious intercourse, the effects of which would be felt throughout the whole moral character of the population at large."

269-270

2 Feb. 1818

James Henry Attwood, Secretary to the Committee (Committee for the Relief of sufferers by fire in NFLD, Winchester House)

Lord Bathurst

Subscriptions have been entered into several parts of "the States of America" in an attempt to help alleviate some of the distress that has resulted from the latest disastrous fire in St. Johnís. An article in the Philadelphia Advertizer of 30 Dec. showed that funds raised were to be "vested in provisions." Want permission to allow ships carrying such items into NFLD.

271

1 Aug. 1818

?

Mr. Atcheson

They are transmitting a petition from merchants "respecting the Fisheries of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland."

Miscellaneous B

274

5 Jan. 1818

Joseph Butterworth

Lord Bathurst

Enclosing an extract of a letter from a friend, that has some points in it that he figures Bathurst would like to consider. The letter was written before the second fire. A note on the back expresses Bathurstís thanks and appreciation of the letter.

276-277

14 Nov. 1817

St. Johnís, Nfld

?

Regarding the fire that occurred in St. Johnís. Focuses on the nature of NFLD. Discusses the government present in a number of British colonies in North America. Very detailed discussion of the need for government and legislation in NFLD, St. Johnís especially. Discusses lack of measures taken 8 days after the fire and the unhappiness that resulted. Author says "Upon the whole it is very evident that Newfoundland is ruined for want of legislation and the fostering care of the parent government."

Miscellaneous C

279-280

16 Jan. 1818

Caesar Colclough

Lord Bathurst

Transmitting a letter from Governor Sir Richard Keats. Difficult handwriting; appears to be more of this manís efforts to be paid for past services (see CO 194/60)

281-282

1 Mar. 1815- June1816

Sir Richard Keats

Chief Justice Colclough

Extracts of letters from Keats and one from Goulburn. Discussing a variety of matters to do with their jobs.

283-283v

20 Jan. 1818

Caesar Colclough

Lord Bathurst

Refers to dispatch on 16 Jan.. Refers to the letter extracts that the salary that he is owed. Believes he is due what he asked for.

Miscellaneous G

286

?

Agent

Mr Gwilts

Letters from 27 June and 27 Aug. 1818.

Miscellaneous H

288-289

7 Oct. 1818

Hart Garland

H. Goulburn?

Discussing a woman who is going to Newfoundland and waiting for a response on an application that she has sent to Bathurst.

290-290v

10 Nov. 1818

Frederick Munn ? (London)

H. Goulburn

Letter from executor and son-in-law of late Admiral Pickmore. Discusses monies due to Pickmore, and in his death, due to his estate.

Miscellaneous L

293

16 Jan. 1818

Mr. Latrobe

Mr. Goulburn

Transmitting letter he wrote in "the concerns of the Labrador Mission." Also, a copy of the report presented to Lord Bathurst alluded to in the letter. Wants a section of the coast to be secured to them.

295-296v

?

Christian Ignats Latrobe (Secretary of the Unitas Fratrum)

Henry Goulburn

Situation at Moravian mission among the "Esquimaux" on the Coast of Labrador. Discusses how the mission was begun and how it has progressed. Then looks at the purpose of the mission: "Those who have obeyed the Gospel and reside with the missionaries at the settlements have acquired a considerable degree of civilization." Discusses where the mission is located and the growing numbers of "esquimaux" among the British. Relationship with Hudsonís Bay Company. Etc.

297-299

9 Mar. 1774

Stephen Cottrell (Council at the Court at St. Jamesís)

?

Copy. Discusses a variety of issues that came up in council that day. Report from Committee of council for Plantations Affairs. Discussion of a memorial for Mr James Hutton and others on behalf of Unitas Fratrum. Discussion of spreading the gospel, especially among the "esquimaux." HRM approved of the advice of his Privy Council, and allowed/permitted the Unitas Fratrum to extend their settlements. ETC.

301-304v

3 May 1769

Stephen Cottrell (Council at the Court at St. Jamesís)

?

Report from Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs. Memorial under consideration to be presented to the Earl of Hillsborough. More about the Unitas Fratrum and their desire to build a missionary settlement in Labrador. Possible protection of British Trade and fishery through contact with the "esquimaux." Other like discussions and remarks. HRM approved the requests of Unitas Fratrum. ETC.

305-306v

9 Dec. 1818

Stephen Cottrell (Parsonage House, Twillingate, NFLD)

Lord Bathurst

Author came across a publication of a Congregational Pastor of St. Johnís. Uses strong language against Pickmore for his apparent abuse of "the new marriage act. Author is acquainting Bathurst with the situation. Discusses the marriage situation at hand.

307

2 Sept. 1818

John Cook

?

Duplicate of the information and complaint of John Cooke, made in front of and taken down by Reverend John Leigh Clerk. This is the publication discussed in the last dispatch. Signed and dated by ??? on 2 Sept. 1818, stating that this is a true copy of the original and is transmitting it to Bathurst.

Miscellaneous M

310-310v

2 Sept. 1818

Catherine Miller

Henry Goulburn

Enclosing a letter from Bowker to the Secretary of the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb. Requesting permission to return to her children in Newfoundland.

Miscellaneous N

313-314v

30 May 1818

R.W. Newman

H. Goulburn

Wants the governor of NFLD to be "furnished with instructions respecting the rebuilding of St. Johnís." Late governor wouldnít allow him to rebuild homes that had been destroyed in the fire until he received instructions from government concerning fortifications. The delay has been injuring, the effects of which will be "severely felt by the inhabitants, and the merchants in their fisheries, if they are not immediately permitted to erect buildings, for after Oct. the climate will put a stop to them." Believes Pickmore was going to bring it to Bathurstís attention, but then he died.

315

9 April 1818

Mr. Latrobe

Mr. Goulburn

Leaving for the continent in ten days and wants to know what is happening regarding an order in council with concerns to securing for the United Brethren, "the possession of Kanges Hukroak on the coast of Labrador, as an extension of mission among the Esquimaux Indians."

Miscellaneous R

318-318v

29 April 1818

John Reeves

Lord Bathurst

"Enclosed is another application from a widow who is reduced to want: Mrs. Ogden, widow of a late chief justice of Newfoundland." They found another widow, Mrs. Routh, who was receiving a pension, thus setting a precedent. Asks for Bathurst to use his judgement on the matter.

320-320v

28 April 1818

Ellen Augusta Carrigue

John Reeves

Enclosing a letter from her aunt in a hope to acquaint ? with her unfortunate situation. Adds that her aunt "omitted mentioning that Mrs. Routh, widow of the presiding chief justice of Newfoundland, now enjoys an allowance of a hundred a year." Mr. Ogdenís widow deserves the same. She has "neither friends, nor relatives who can render her any assistance." Mrs. Routhís case has set a precedent that should be considered.

322

22 April 1818

Mary Ogden (Poole)

John Reeves

Sending the letter through her niece Miss Carrigue. Applying for assistance in the troublesome situation she finds herself in as a widow. Asks that he might consider sending on a second application to Lord Bathurst. Anything he can do will "be most gratefully acknowledged, and rendering [a great service] to a distinguished widow in a helpless infirm."

324-324v

4 May 1818

Ellen Augusta Carrigue

John Reeve

She has been delayed in town and hopes that he will be able to give her some reply as soon as possible regarding her Aunt Ogdenís application for assistance that he has made to Lord Bathurst. Reiterates the suffering and situation of her aunt.

Miscellaneous S

327

25 Sept. 1818

C. Smith (Mansion House)

Lord Bathurst (Colonial Office, Downing Street)

Bringing to Bathurstís attention a Lombard Sheet from a group of Churchwardens. They have "a casual pauper," Cathrine Miller from NFLD in their charge. Her case has been put to Bathurstís attention before and he is simply reacquainting him with it.

End of Volume