CO 194/5 [Reel B-208]

Page

Date

From whom
(where)

To whom
(where)

Contents or nature of the document

1-2

26 Jan.1711

William Keen

Lords of Trade

Memorial from Mr. Keen relating to several illegal practices committed by the commissioners of the garrisons of St. John's. Mismanagement of money, spoiled provisions served to soldiers, soldiers have been committing robberies.

3-6

31 Jan. 1711

William Keen

Lords of Trade

Same as above, with clarifications. Rum, molasses and tobacco have been purchased by officers. Payments were made by bill of exchange drawn by the engineer. Bills were drawn by Robert Latham. Major Lloyd bought rum, molasses and tobacco from Andrew and John Belches which Keen delivered. Value of 1500 or 2000 pounds. More points: palisades, spoiled food, robberies, events surrounding the taking of the fort on 21 Dec. 1708.

8-9v

1 March 1711

Edward Southwitt

Queen's Council

Contains an order of council . Reproduction of Keen's memorial with the addition of a recommendation (p.9) not to pay any money due to Major Lloyd.

10-10v

23 March 1711

William Blathwayt

Lords of the Privy Council

David Lloyd's petition, brother of Thomas Lloyd in response to the council's decision not to pay.

11-11v

Unknown

David Lloyd

Privy Council

Petition defending Thomas Lloyd. Keen has taken advantage of Major Lloyd's death to make several complaints. David Lloyd asks to be heard.

12-15

3 April 1711

David Lloyd

Privy Council

David Lloyd answers William Keen's accusations.

16-18

7 July 1711

J. Reynardson, J. Elbridge, custom house Bristol

Lords of Trade

List of all Masters of fishing ships and by-boats from this port to the fishery in Newfoundland (list on p.18).

20-21

10 July 1711

Mr. Burchett, Admiralty Office

Mr. Popple, secretary to the Lords of trade

The Commodore requires instructions regarding the Heads of Enquiry.

22-25

31 Oct. 1711

Josiah Crowe, St. John's

Lords of Trade

Heads of enquiry.

26-28

31 Oct. 1711

Josiah Crowe, St. John's

Lords of trade

Committee of the chief inhabitants and commanders of merchants ships was held between 23 August and 23 Oct. 1711. Concerns money for the church, public houses, guard duties against the enemy, tenements and stage house and rooms distribution (names listed), list of winter quarters that inhabitants are to "repair to" by the 1st of Oct.. Governor Collins shall decide who gets houses who have not been inhabited for a while. Servants should pay a penalty for working for too many masters. Forbids public houses to entertain on Sabbath day. Capt. Holdsworth's house. Material and staff assigned to the minister.

29-30

31 Oct. 1711

Josiah Crowe, St. John's

Lords of Trade

Supporting document relating to the Heads of Enquiry. Explains that some abuses cannot be regulated, for example: the cutting of trees, supplies from New England. Mr John Collins has repaired the fort at his own expense. Defence of the place has been organised into groups into several places of defence. "I hope in god the inhabitants will be capable of defending themselves and effects this winter."

30v

31 Oct. 1711

Josiah Crowe, St. John's

Lords

"Account of the bodys of inhabitants drawn on the several places under mentioned"

31

   

Josiah Crowe

Lords

Additional matter regarding Martin Kellogg who lives at Deerfield and was taken twice by the Canada Indians.

33

22 Dec. 1711

Merchants at Bristol

Lords

A reminder that Great Britain would benefit from having sole fishing rights in Newfoundland.

35-35v

2 April, 1712

Mr. John, Secretary, Whitehall

Lords of Trade

Asks the Lords advice on behalf of His Majesty regarding two points: should the French be given a general right to fish at Newfoundland on the coast in exchange for the cession of Nova Scotia and Annapolis Royal and Newfoundland with Placentia. And the second point, whether it may be for the advantage of Great Britain that all the fortification in Newfoundland be demolished.

36-36v

4 April 1712

Capt. Moody

Lords

Reactions regarding the following: French fishing rights, liberty of fishing and salting, Cession of Nova Scotia with Annapolis Royal and Newfoundland with Placentia, whether it would be to Great Britain's advantage. (Difficult document)

38-41v

5 April 1712

Solomon Merritt

Lords of Trade

Memorial from Mr. Merritt relating to giving fishing rights to the French.

42-45v

21 April 1712

Archibald Cummings, London

William Popple

Allowing the French dry fishery would be a disadvantage to Great Britain as the French can sell their fish earlier, they have a bank fishery already, and more. Contains a letter from Campbell (44) suggesting the Lords look at Cummings' letter.

46-48

2 August 1712

Reynardson and Elridge, Bristol

Lords of Trade

Cover letter about submission of the names of all masters of ships which have sailed from Bristol to Newfoundland.

49

8 Feb. 1711

   

    

Included with above. List of Ships names, Masters names, where they are bound, and number of men.

51-56

29 Oct. 1712

Nicholas Travanion, Commodore

Mr. Burchett

Heads of Enquiry, Scheme of the Fishery.

57-58v

21 Oct. 1712

Archibald Cummings, St. John's

Lords of Trade

State of the trade. The fishing has not been good. Tobacco trading. Products from Portugal were traded contrary to the Acts of trade. Ships from Spain come here to load fresh fish.

59

16 Jan. 1713

Earl of Dartmouth, Whitehall

Lords of Trade

"The Queen has commanded me to transmit to you the enclosed extract of a memorial from the Marquis de Monteleone, relating to a claim of the inhabitants of the province of Guipuscoa to fish on the coast of Newfoundland; you'll be pleased to report your opinion whether their pretension is well founded, and what Her Majesty may properly doe in that matter."

60

unknown

Marquis de Monteleone

    

[Enclosed with above.] 2nd Article. We will keep allowing the Guipuscoanos and other vessels of His Christian Majesty to sail, fish for whale, and cod in Newfoundland, without any decreasing or any differences as has been the practice until now."

61-62v

23 August 1712

John Roope, Barcelona

William Popple

Reminding the Lords of the amount of work still needed to improve the fishing trade. He has much to say about the British trade in Spain. He was inland in Castile and Aragon and made prisoner of war for one year after the battle of Villa Viçioça. He is requesting to be allowed into the discussion on trade between Spain and England in relation to the fishery in Newfoundland.

63-63v

29 Jan. 1713

  

   

[Endorsements only, letters missing.] "Copy of Col. Nichollson's commission as general commander in chief of the forces in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland."

64-64v

received 23 March 1713, read 31 March 1713

    

     

[Endorsement only. Letter missing.] "Letter from Mr. Harley Secretary to the treasury dated of 25 of March 1713 returning the instructions and Heads of Enquiry for general Nicholson relating to Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and arrears of prizes with an instruction to be added relating to arrears of Admiralty dues, and other papers."

65-66v

21 May 1713

Mr. Burchett, Admiralty Office

Mr. Popple

A convoy of three war ships will be sent to Newfoundland to protect the trade by the beginning or middle of next month and the convoy will call at the Western ports as usual as they go out the channel.

67

9 June 1719

Mr. Burchett

Mr. Popple

Requests that the Heads of Enquiry be sent to the Admiralty Office.

69-70v

21 March 1713

Her Majesty the Queen, Anne, signed by Bolingbroke

John Moody

Copy of Capt. Moody's commission to Lieutenant Governor of Placentia in Newfoundland.

71-72v

20 April 1713

Queen Anne

John Moody

Made Lieutenant Colonel of Foot and granted full authority to command and take his rank accordingly. Must obey orders sent by the Queen or superior officers according to the rule of war.

73-74

11 Dec. 1713

Arch Cummings, Boston

Lords of Trade

A very detailed letter about his knowledge of trade between Newfoundland, Britain, Spain and Portugal, France, Holland. Stresses the importance of having customs officer register ships. Advises to put the Acts of Trade in execution in order to prevent illegal trading. Comments on the French fishing rights and Cape Breton. Note: goods are mentioned (wines, Iron, molasses, linens, alamodes [?] canvas paper (France); cordage (Holland) Salt (Portugal and Spain)... and more.

75

19 Jan. 1714

   

    

[Endorsement only, letter missing.] "Letter from Col. Vetch dated at Boston 12 Dec. 1713, relating to the designs of the French."

76-77v

4 Dec. 1713

Capt. Cyprian Southack, Boston, New England

   

"News from Placentia. Having had the honour to be charged with some French prisoners by his excellency Joseph Dudley to deliver in Placentia to Monsieur DeCostebelle/de Costabelle, Governor of said place. I sailed from this post the 2nd of April last and arrived 19th ditto. The fort of that place is much decayed and out of repair. The guns and ammunition of war that was taken at St. John's was shipped for Canada. Monsieur St Ovide Lieut. Governor of said place, came last summer from France. Commander of a Man of War of 36 guns in which he brought officers and a company of soldiers embarked on board said Man of War which carried them to Cape Britton (Breton), which they designed to set and fortify, another company of soldiers was to join them from Canada. There will be few of the inhabitants that will go out of Placentia. Monsieur DeCostebelle/de Costabelle received news from court that General Nicholson was coming there to take possession of the place, his orders was not to deliver it, till further orders which he expected to receive by the said general."

78-79v

9 Dec. 1713

Capt. Cyprian Southack, Boston

   

Memorial relating to improvement of the fishing trade.

80-82

17 August, 1713

J.Elridge, Customs House Bristol

Lords of Trade

A list of all ships and by-boats from 24 June 1712 to 24 June 1713. List is on p.82.

83-84

11 Feb. 1714

Mayor, Magistrates and merchants of Clifton, Dartmouth,and Hardness

   

Representation relating to the preservation and security of the fishery in Newfoundland. The merchants do not have a map of Newfoundland to assess which part will the French have. Also, a Brigantine should continually patrol the island to verify that the French have left after the season is over.

85-86v

16 Feb. 1714

Capt. William Taverner, London

Lords of Trade

Requests to be provided with necessary money, food, and material to draw a survey of the island.

87-88v

25 Jan. 1714

Col. J. Moody, Lisbon

Lord Viscount Bolingbroke

Will winter in Lisbon and sail early for Placentia. Moody asks to be granted further powers: 1- to send a party of officers and soldiers to any part in Nfld for the defence and security if the occasion arises. 2- that he be granted the usual instructions relating to pirates and other enemies. 3- to hold a Court Martial and condemn according to the articles of war. 4- to command the inhabitants to join with the soldiers upon any invasions and to employ them when fishing is over for cutting wood, build forts. He also requests that beer be shipped because soldiers cannot survive on only water.

89-90v

10 Oct., 1713 (sent) Received and Read: 6 March 1714

Arch Cummings, St. John's

Lords of Trade

Concerns the ill state of the Fishery and illegal trading.

91-96v

19 March 1714

William Taverner

Lords of Trade

Remarks on the state of the English settlements in Newfoundland with Heads for an Act of parliament to encourage the trade and fishing there. Taverner is setting the rules and regulations for the fishery: presenting proper papers, the assignment of fishing rooms, no other countries allowed fishing except for the French, only wine and brandy that was first landed in Britain can be traded on the island. Note: More detailed information follows.

97-98v

5 March 1714

Elisha Dobree

Capt. Taverner

"Extract of a letter from Elisha Dobree of Guernsey to Captain Taverner; alleges that French trade persists at St. Peter's [see complete transcript]

99-99v

21 July 1713

Queen Anne, Bolingbroke

Capt. Taverner

Granting him the survey of Newfoundland, further instructions are to follow.  [see complete transcript]

101-102v

  

   

  

Enclosed with above. Instructions to Capt. Taverner. Survey of the French coast. Taverner will work with J. Moody who will sail with all "convenient expedition", proceed to take the surveys, see how many French inhabitants. J. Moody is instructed to give Capt. Taverner all the help necessary. Transmit all information to the Secretaries of State, as early as possible.

103-104v

22 July 1713

Queen Anne

Capt. Taverner

Copy of additional instructions. Survey not only the coasts but also the islands, which are also yielded and given up by the Most Christian King. The French have drawn considerable trade from the exchange of European goods with the Nations of Indians in Canada and on the island. Taverner is to do his utmost to gain this trade. Taverner is asked to provide methods for settling these issues.

105-106v

24 March 1714

Capt. Taverner

    

Taverner provides two lists of material needed for the survey. The first, he calls the "old scheme" and the second is a new plan involving a bigger ship. On the first list, Taverner asks for 30-35 men, 18 months of food for said men, ten barrels of powder, Copper for brewing, instruments for measuring, cooks, paper, azimuth and mariners compasses, cod lines and hooks, and more. On the second list (p.105v) which would involve a 2 decks ship with 16-20 guns, he asks for 50 men, food for 18months, beer for 3 months, money or credit, 50 arms, instruments, lines and hooks, candles...and more.

107-112v

31 March 1714

Capt. Taverner

Lords of Trade

Due to the fact that Taverner did not receive timely response to his requests of material, men and money, he could not meet Coll. Moody in Lisbon on time to do his survey. In this packet, Taverner sends a letter to the Lords explaining the survey (107), a letter to the Lord of Oxford and Mortimer, Lords of the Treasurer (109), a copy of the Queen's instructions to him (110), and the list and cost of his necessaries (111).

113-114v

13 April 1714

Mr. Roope

    

Amendments desired of Newfoundland traders to be made to the Act of Parliaments. Traders should take their stages down and out of the way for the winter because of bad weather, admirals and courts, rules are to be made for the settlement of inhabitants (where and how), that those who cast anchors contrary to clause be called to court, that the admirals keep a journal, no selling of liquor during the fishing season.

115

4 May 1714

Mr. Heford

   

[Endorsement only, letter missing.] Proposal from Mr. Heford for setting up the fishery on our own coasts improving it at Newfoundland and regaining the whale fishing at Greenland, with reasons in behalf thereof.

116-119v

8 May 1714

Mr. Lowndes, Treasury

 Lords of Trade

Sends in enclosed letter from Mr. Jacqueau about clandestine trade in relation to the fishery.

117-117v

7 May 1714

Mr. Moses Jacqueau

Lords of Trade

[Enclosed with above.] "The fishery of Newfoundland when carried on by the French did enrich several considerable towns in France, the trade of some of which entirely depended upon it [St. Jean de Luz, Bayonne, the River Seudre, La Rochelle, Nantes, St. Malo, Granville, Honfleur, Havre de Grace] used to flourish by the said fishery. Now the merchants... finding themselves deprived of the benefit of that trade...will ...endeavour to carry it on, in a clandestine manner by means of prise [i.e., prize] ships, English built, and other ships they may have bought here, in the name of some of her Majesties subjects." Gives the example of one Tonay who bought a ship from a Pignonverd, a merchant of St. Malo. Note: A bit more info here.

120

10 May 1714

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Popple

Asks for the Heads of Enquiry. The warship is ready to sail.

122-124v

9 August 1714

Mr. James Campbell

Lords of Trade

Memorial from Mr. Campbell, merchant and agent for Newfoundland, reports Capt. Moody taking possession of Placentia, reports briefly on these events, mentions that the garrison is without money, Moody had to disburse out of his own pocket, and requests that Capt. Taverner's materials be sent as soon as possible.

125-126v

7 July 1713

Moody

   

Copy of Col. Moody's letter of Attorney appointing Mr. James Campbell Agent for Newfoundland.

127-130v

3 July 1714

J. Moody,
Placentia

Lords of Trade

Moody's letter tells of his actions in dealing with the French inhabitants and fishermen at Placentia. The French have been sworn to become British subjects and made to fill English ships with the fish they caught. There are French boats fishing in adjoining bays and he has sent Taverner to ask them why they are illegally fishing in these bays. Moody asks for instructions and asks that he not be made to seize French ships.

131-132v

12 August 1714

Bolingbroke, Whitehall

Lords of Trade

Colonel Moody's demands that the soldiers be allowed some land for their families, he also demands how far is his jurisdiction, asks for a sloop to be dispatched for observing the proceeding of the French.

133-134v

22 June, 1714

J. Moody, Placentia

Lords of trade

Arrived 21 May at Placentia. The Peace is proclaimed, the beach is best, some English ships have already caught 200 quintals. Moody advises that Placentia be better secured and strengthened for the benefit of the trade.

135

3 July 1714

J. Moody, Placentia

Lords of Trade

Has received the proclamation of Peace with Spain and has proclaimed the same here.

136

30 August 1714

Mr. Addison, St. James

Lords of Trade

The Lords justices are requesting a meeting in relation to Capt. Taverner's survey and to bring any information as to how he was appointed for this purpose.

137

1 Sept. 1714

Mr. J. Addison, St. James

Lords of Trade

The Lords justices are informing the Lords that they will receive information from the fishing "burroughs" [boroughs] whether a survey is necessary and whether Mr. Nicholson is to be doing it, if not, the Lords are requested to recommend a person fit for that purpose according to the information that the lords will soon receive.

138

3 Sept. 1714

Sir John Lambert

Lords of Trade

Letter transmitted by Solomon Merritt. Lambert recommends Taverner for the survey of the island. Capt. Frost who is now in Placentia will provide more information.

140-141v

1 Sept. 1714

Merchants: Shepherd, Merry, Cairns, Renew, Battes, Winder, Torriand, Burridge, Solomon Merritt and more...

Lords of Trade

Copy of a signed petition, recommending Capt. William Taverner for the survey of Newfoundland.

142

2 August 1714

William Taverner

   

A copy of a bill given by "Noell Pettet" (Noel Petit) to William Taverner. "I promise to be pay or cause to be paid into Capt. William Taverner or order on demand at St. Peter's, four pounds and ten shillings sterling being for surveying and drawing of one plantation for four boats at the harbour of [Bonne Esperance] as witness my hand at Isle Grole"

143

2 August 1714

William Taverner

   

A copy of a bill given by Simson [? Could be Pinson]. Same as above except for 7 pounds for 2 plantations and 6 boats in the same harbour.

144

Received Nov. 26 1714, Read 22 Dec. 1714

   

 

[Endorsement only, letter missing.} "Copy of Her late Majesty's letter to Col. Nicholson, dated the 23 June 1713, allowing the French at Nova Scotia and Newfoundland that are willing to remain, to retain and enjoy their lands, tenements, if not, to sell the same."

145

3 July 1714

J. Moody, Placentia

Capt. Cleeves

Letter informing Cleeves that no French vessels shall sell or dispose of any merchandise whatsoever. If you find any ship in violation of doing anything to the prejudice of the British trade, you are to seize it and "send the word". Capt. Taverner will inform you furthermore.

146

10 Sept. 1714

William Cleeves, (Admiral), Tupper, (Vice), Sam Riggs, (Rear), St. Peters

Lords of Trade

Petition alerting the Lords of the illegal trading being conducted at St. Peter's.

147

1or 11 ? Sept. 1714

Tupper, Riggs, Isle of St. Peter's

Lords of Trade

Signed petition relating to Capt. Taverner's refusal to honour Mr. Cleeves' debt by Jean Ville Dieu. Mr. Cleeves contests Capt. Taverner's power to do so. The second half of the document contains an I.O.U letter in French signed by Jean VilleDieu . Translation: "I admit having bought from Mr. Loulian Cles [maybe William Cleeves.] 100 barrels of salt, which I promise to take. The total amount is 200 qu[intals] that I promise to deliver to the said sir, at St. Pierre in the month of August next. Made at St. Pierre Island 2 June 1714. In addition, I received 3 pieces of wood for the sum of 66 'Livre' that I promise to pay as above in 'moulus' (cod?) at the rate that is current on the coast ('au pris Courant de la cote'). Signed in presence of Bellorme Simon. A true copy made 13 Sept. 1714."

148-148v

23 Dec. 1714

William Cleeves

Lords of Trade

Petition from the town of Poole in relation to his salt and his opposition to Capt. Taverner's survey.

149-150v

23 Dec. 1714

William Cleeves, Admiral of St. Peter's

Lords of Trade

Scheme of the fishery at St. Peter's. 140 English men, 180 French men. Number of Stages, fish quantities, and more.

151-177v

24 Jan. 1715

James Stanhope, Whitehall

Lords of Trade

Requesting the lords to review the following paper and provide counsel to the King. Sends 8 documents pertaining to the state of the fishery and with a list summarizing the contents on p.176.

152-155v

25 Jan. 1714 (received)

James Smith

Lords of Trade

[Enclosed with above] Memorial from Mr James Smith about the fishery at Newfoundland. Illegal international trade is being conducted because of a misunderstanding of the Acts. (Ireland, New England and other colonies.) The inhabitants of Newfoundland claim a property of all beaches. There are presently 500 families in Newfoundland: "Their condition... is more to be pitied than that of slaves and negroes. During the late wars, they were continually harassed by the French their settlements burnt and destroyed, and their effects carried off..." The partial views of a few individuals have caused abuses and disorders and have hindered any attempts at security.

156-158v

25 August 1714

Col. Moody

Bolingbroke

[Enclosed with above] Account of proceedings and a present state of the garrison of Placentia

160-164

30 June 1714

Col. Moody, Placentia

   

[Enclosed with above] Letter relating to the Order publicly put on forbidding all French ships in Placentia or its dependencies from breaking bulks, landing goods, or disposing of any merchandise therein as also those who may hereafter arrive in the said port

166-166v

8 July 1714

Col. Moody

Capt. Taverner

[Enclosed with above] Letter inclosing orders prohibiting the French to land goods and Her Majesty's declaration as to those who depart or become subjects with directions for Capt. Taverner to put them up publicly, to search all harbours and if French are fishing to seize them and give speedy notice.

168-168v

12 July 1714

Queen Ann

  

[Enclosed with above] "To all the French inhabitants." Order giving the French an account of Her majesty's goodness in allowing such who take the oath and become her subjects the same privileges as her own proper ones are and to such who remove elsewhere the disposal of all her effects requiring all of them to bring in their sentiments without delay as to their stay or departure and to such of them who have resolved to remove the necessary preparation for leaving the country by the time appointed.

170-171v

5 July 1714

Merchants in Placentia

John Moody, Governor of Placentia

[Enclosed with above] Copy of a Petition demanding that the orders issued about the French be carried, and that any French not taking oaths depart immediately, and they request an order forbidding the French to trade fish on no ship whatsoever.

172-173

Unknown

Mr. Costabelle

Col. Moody

[Enclosed with above] A Copy of a Representation stating Treaty time regulations which would allow for their departure at the latest in Nov. 1714. They shall retire where they shall think fit. The English do not appear to undertake the fishery this season.

174

9 August 1714

Commanders, Placentia

Col. Moody

[Enclosed with above] Express their satisfaction at Col. Moody's actions and that he has acted in their benefit and for public service.

176-177

   

  

   

[Enclosed with above] Summary of documents included in the package.

178

5 Feb., 1714/15

Burchett, Admiralty

Popple

The Admiralty office is requiring instructions to give to the commanding officer.

180

12 Oct. 1714

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Popple

Capt. Leake, commander of the Newcastle has arrived from Newfoundland and is transmitting the heads to your lordships.

182-187v

27 Sept. 1714

Capt. Leake, Newcastle in the Downs

    

[Enclosed with above] Heads of Enquiry.

188-189v

18 Feb. 1715

Mayor of Dartmouth

    

Requesting to be informed of the changes in the trade. Recommending John Roope, formerly an engineer and a trader in the region, for the increase and support of the trade.

190-192

? Feb. 1715 [rec'd 23 Feb.; read 28 Feb.]

Merchants of Bideford

Lords of Trade

Petition. This season, we are about to set 30 sails for the fishery in Newfoundland. They are asking to be accompanied and protected by a warship at Ferryland all throughout the season.

193v-197v

4 Feb. 1715 (received)

Mr. Cummings

    

Memorial relating to the state of the fishery and the French presence in Cape Briton (Cape Breton).

198-200

Unknown

Arch. Cummings

     

Printed document, (4 pages) Printed for Andrew Bell, at Cross-Keys and Bible in Thornhill. Price 2 d. Entitled: "Consideration on the trade to Newfoundland". Cummings gives the history of the French trade in Newfoundland from a legal standpoint. Topics are: French fishing during the reign of King Charles I and the French paying 5 'l' [pounds?] "per cent" to the English for fishing there. Under King James II, The French secured a profitable trade. King William III , in an Act of parliament, French encroachment on the trade in Newfoundland is mentioned as a cause of war. The Newfoundland trade belongs to the English. How the fishery has benefited the French. The French have cheap salt, pay their mariners less wages, little expense in victualling their ships, and have the best part of the country for fishing.

201-203v

4 Feb. 1715

Solomon Merritt

Lords of Trade

Mentions that, for the past 30 years, he has written many memorials and has always done so without any prospect of private interest. He gives an account of his reputation and each time that he has been called for his advise to the Board: 1701- fortifying of St. John's, 1705-Placentia, the Treaty at Gertruydenberger, 1712-relinquishing the island of Cape Breton to the French (he disapproved). Very few of the French inhabitants remain in Placentia or in the parts adjacent but are gone to settle on Cape Breton (50-60 are in Placentia). He hopes that the board will not pay attention to complaints coming from Newfoundland "which is no new thing from Newfoundland from whence complaints have been frequently made and have been credited till they have been found out to be malicious and frivolous and the effects of private picks and quarrels and passion." Col. Moody and Capt. Taverner are good subjects to his majesty.

204

25 Feb. 1715

Mr. Pringle, Whitehall

Mr. Popple

The following documents are all about the Fort at Placentia. (These papers were not delivered to Newfoundland.) Mr.Pringle sends these papers on behalf of Mr Secretary Stanhope.

205-206v

11 Feb. 1714

Mr. Richards

    

[enclosed with above] "A Report of the surveyor general to the board of ordnance relating to Placentia in Newfoundland." To build in Newfoundland is hard, materials have to be brought in. Only small timber can be found for palisades, quarters, and rafters. The fort of Placentia's location, the repairs are estimated at 1500 pounds. Easy for the French to take back. Asks for the construction of a battery, covered by stone. Putting men on the stone words will avoid the disputes between soldiers, inhabitants, and fishing ships.

207-210v

26 June 1713

Unknown

    

[enclosed with above] "An account of stores sent in the Robert and Thomas transport, John Frost Master, for service at Placentia in Newfoundland." Iron Ordnance, Standing carriages, ship carriages, brass, round shot, Cohorn mortars, tin cases filled with musket shot, grenade shells, ladles and sponges, cases of wood, hooks, hand spikes, crows of iron, powder horns, funnels, beds, needles, threads, melting ladles, nails, spikes, hand grenades. Note: More.

211-212

9 Sept. 1714

    

     

[enclosed with above] "An account of stores shipped on board his majesty's sloop Happy for service at Placentia but she being forced back by stress of weather, the same were returned into his majesty's stores." Carpenters tools, smiths tools, etc.

213-213v

8 Sept. 1714

William Bromley, Whitehall

Col. Moody

[enclosed with above] "The Lords Justices having removed the Lord Bolingbroke by the King's order..." Placentia will be subject to the Act 10 and 11, of King William III entitled An Act to Encourage the Trade to Newfoundland till further regulations are made by parliament in regards to the fishing admirals and captains of the King's ships. An explanation of the way in which fishing admirals are to be organised. Appeals can be presented to the commander of the convoy. The officers of the garrison ought not to have anything to do with the fishery. The sloop you demanded will be of little use during the winter season and of no purpose. "P.S. The sloop that brings this letter is to return as soon as she has delivered the stores she carries. And Capt. Taverner may come back with her if he thinks fit."

214-214v

11 Feb. 1714

Richards, Windsor, Craggs, Armstrong, Office of Ordnance

Secretary Stanhope

[enclosed with above] The account of the stores sent to Placentia in the sloop Happy. Due to inclement weather, the sloop was forced back with her stores. Lt. Belcham went away with the 200 pounds to France. We require His Majesty's instructions as to what to do with this material.

217-254v

1 Feb. 1715

James Campbell, merchant

Board

Memorial about his knowledge of the trade. In 1698, he settled an agent to reside summer and winter. Campbell made several memorials about the French but became discouraged after he was ignored and sustained great losses. He abandoned the trade until political affairs were settled. He gives a list of all the times that he sent memorials about the It is his that nothing has changed in Newfoundland except for the peace. The Board has only asked for Campbell'sopinion once before. His belief has always been that the whole of Newfoundland trade should be in English hands. He is not well acquainted with the Petit Nore (Petit Nord) and Cape Britton (Cape Breton). "I look upon the cessions in Newfoundland by France to Great [Britain] in the late Treaty of Peace to be of very considerable advantage to us; it was an opinion generally received amongst the Newfoundlanders all last war..." Submits a list of documents mostly about Col. Moody's conduct from "A" to "O"; much information here. For example, on p.253, it talks about his loss of £3500 plus the loss of papers, servants and fishermen who were murdered by the enemy. Most of the documents relate to Moody's conduct.

255-256v

5 Jan. 1715

James Smith, Bristol

    

Copy of a memorial. 1- Due care should be taken that the French make no encroachment to the trade. 2- The inhabitants of Newfoundland have suffered during the last war, have run themselves into debt, have become so miserably poor, they become servant instead of fishing. 3- Planters were forced to give away their fish before the season was over, the servants seeing that and believing their masters are robbed, quit their service, the fishery for that season is lost, the Creditors unpaid and the people starving. 4- Sailors from Ireland and New England reside there during winter. 5- Having a governor is of no help. No trade can flourish under military discipline. 6- The ignorance and unchristian conduct of the inhabitants of Newfoundland. A minister is needed.

257-258v

22 Oct. 1714

Capt. William Taverner, Placentia

Lords of Trade

He needs a sloop to conduct the survey which he hopes will be sent in the spring. Fishing is good here, the French told him especially at "Banck-vert" [Green Bank]. Salmon fishing is apparently good and he hopes to be trading with "Indians". Furs and timber for masts are great too. He has not received money from the Treasury yet. He begs the Lords to help him and trust the money to Mr. Campbell, in his absence.

259-262

22 Oct. 1715

Capt. William Taverner, Placentia

Lords of Trade

Copy of his report, in the form of a diary. Taverner embarked on the Otter galley, James Hurdis Commander, in May 1714. John Moody made the Tyger galley ready. Taverner was given papers and oaths to deliver in St. Peters. He was assigned 11 soldiers and a corporal. Provides the location of a very dangerous reef. He placed the order on the church's door. Describes an incident with Rolland Chapeau de Klane , Captain of the St. Claude of Morlaix. He made the captain pay 500 [? Quintals?] security on his good behaviour. (July 1714) He surveyed the islands. And sends charts. There is good salmon fishing and good trading with "Indians" for provisions. Mentions many places such as: Bay de Espere [Bay Despoir], Bay de Force [Forchu], Isle Grole, Harbour of Good Hope [Bon Esperance], Cap nigre [Connaigre] , Hermitage, Cape Manyclon (Miquelon?), Isle Verd (Ile verte?), Cape May, and many more. Mr. Costabelle threatened French inhabitants against taking the oath. Gabriel Roger, a French merchant, has to collect his debts and provide food, he is asking the Lords to allow him to do it. Note: A lot more information. [See complete transcript with annotations]

263

Nov. 26 1714 (rec'd)

   

    

[Endorsement only, document missing] "A New chart of the Islands and Harbour of St Peter's with the Island of Columoa [Colombier] and the adjacent rocks. Surveyed by Capt. Taverner, surveyor of Newfoundland.

264

30 April 1714

Louis Alexandre de Bourbon

   

[enlcosed with above] He is "Comte de Thoulouse, Duc de Penthievre de Damville et de Chasteau villain, Gouverneur et Lieutenant general pour le Roy" in the province of Brittany and Admiral of France. To all who will see this letter, we gave permission to Sieur Rolland Chapeau de K.lane, Captain (Master and captain) of the St Claude from Morlaix of 150 tons to go to St. Pierre, coast of Chaprouge (Cap Rouge) laden with food for the purpose of cod fishing. Signed in the presence of the Secretary General of the Navy. Note: Document in French, en français.

264v-265

26 Nov. 1714

Capt. Taverner

    

[enclosed with above] "Account of ships at St. Peter's belonging to France."

266

10 Oct. 1714

John Moody, Capt. Taverner

    

Discharge of the Tyger gally's service for the survey of Newfoundland because she is too big and does not carry enough men. But because Captain John Ruston's ship has been hindered by not being able to bring fish or effects to load, you should be allowed a month's pay for your passage home. The consideration of which we recommend to the Commissioners of Transportation.

267-269v

20 Dec. 1714

Lord Viscount Townsend, Whitehall

    

Sends a petition from Mr. Charles Henry Machier of Placentia. He has left several servants in his house in Placentia to take care of his house and his trade. Machier "did persuade his said servants to take the oath of allegiance to your majesty according to the declaration of the British governor to which everyone of them voluntarily agreed after which he thought fit to embark for England, which was on the 7 and 20 Sept. last. In order to settle his trade and commerce with the British subjects and in order there also to have taken the said oath of allegiance and supremacy to your majesty and when he consulted the Attorney General, found himself under a great and unexpected difficulty that the above said house and building is properly the king's as the petitioner doth justly presume and that it is in the power of the British Governor at Placentia to seize all the same for your majesty's which will be his inevitable ruin, but his majesty's petitioner being a second time informed that in consideration of his most christian majesty releasing at the request of her late majesty Queen Anne, the gally slaves her said majesty did promise the French inhabitants of Placentia that they should have the disposal of their houses and other effects or settle there on taken oaths as Her Majesty's subjects. The petitioner therefore most humbly begs that it may please your majesty to grant him an order that he may return to Placentia aforesaid with his vessel to take possession of all his said habitation in order to carry on his fishing trade and if difficulty therein to have the liberty of selling his habitation and appartenances thereunto belonging to any of his majesty's subjects."

270-270v

17 Sept. 1714

Caleb Rockett (mayor), Dartmouth

Lords of Trade

Recommends John Roope for taking a survey of Newfoundland. He served as an engineer and was made prisoner at Placentia. Signed also by: Thomas Newcastle, Joseph Bulley, N.Terry, Henry Lan-?, Hollsworth, Giles Wheeler.

272-273v

17 Sept. 1714

Mayor of Liverpool

Lords of Trade

Thanks the lords for asking their opinion of a survey. They believe it would be useful. They propose Col. Nicholson.

274-275v

17 Sept. 1714

Charles Jones, Bideford

    

They propose Mr. George Withiell who is now making a survey of this port for the Commissioners of Customs. They are sending his surveys of Plymouth and Falmouth.

276-277v

20 Sept. 1714

Giles Randle (mayor), Barnstaple

    

Recommend Withiell for the survey.

278-278v

1 Oct. 1714

Henry Jonston, Carmasthen

   

They are dissatisfied that only one captain was sent. They ask that Mr. Whithiell do the survey.

279-291v

    

Rebecca Taverner, Poole

    

In the absence of her husband who cannot answer promptly the accusations made against William Taverner by Mr. Cleeves. Not only is it Capt. Taverner's job to survey the island, he is also to secure the fishing trade that belonged to the French. All care was taken to securing the English trade and discouraging the French trade. Please disregard accusations against him. This memorial (279-280v) contains a series of petitions vouching for Capt. Taverner's good character.

282-284v

    

Rebecca Taverner

     

[enclosed with above] Traces Taverner's history in the trade. Mr James Campbell at the Board of Trade named Capt. Taverner as the person to place in charge of the survey.

285-286v

    

Mathew Hillard &  Capt. Ruston

Lords of Trade

[enclosed with above] Two documents entitled "Hillards Certificate" and "Capt. Ruston's Certificate." Concerning a very complicated problem between Cleeves not being paid for his salt. Includes a man named Vilder and Balsam ?. Vilder can't pay back his debt to Cleeves because he didn't catch enough fish. Capt. Ruston explains the reasons of Cleeves' anger over salt and fish in relation to Capt. Taverner.

287-289v

3 Sept. 1714

Merchants: Merrry, Cairnes, Widdell, Frost, (and more)

Lord Justices of Britain

[enclosed with above] "To their Excellency's the Lords Justices of Great Britain" They are pleased that someone was sent to Placentia and survey the land and secure trade for Great Britain. Vouch for Capt. Taverner's competency.

290-291

18 Sept. 1714

Merchants of Poole: White, Smith, Weston, (and more)

Lords Justices of Britain

Same as above.

292

2 Oct. 1714

Lord Provost of Edinburgh

Lords of Trade

He was asked to give his opinion in relation to the survey of Newfoundland. He answers that the North coasts of Scotland should be surveyed at very little cost as there are great quantities of cod and other fish to be found here.

293

9 Sept. 1714

Moody, Placentia

Lords of Trade

On 21 May, two French warships came to pick up the last of their men, with part of the cannon and stores. Merchants will also sail to carry inhabitants to Cape Breton.

295

7 March 1715

James Stanhope, Whitehall

Lords of Trade

Requests the Lord's reports on the garrison and the trade in Newfoundland.

297

16 March 1715 (received and read)

Merchants of Poole

Lords of Trade

Representation from the merchants of Poole. They request that two small ships or brigantine be appointed to go round the land to see that the French not encroach. And many other demands relating to the trade of goods.

298-298v

14 March 1715

Mr. Gossalin of Bilbao

Richard Lechmere

Spain and France continue to fish here. If this be admitted, they will run away with what little trade Great Britain have left.

299

16 March 1715

James Stanhope

Lords of Trade

Requesting a reply about the following petition.

301

    

Merchants of London: Greene, Hayne, Goddard, Meggott, Lloyd, (andmore)

The King in Council

[enclosed with above] The French have been continuing to fish and trade. They desire that the French not be allowed to sell salt and other goods within the bounds of the English. Remove all goods and effects that they own. Demand that the Acts of parliament of this late King William (Chapter 25) may be put in force.

302

19 March 1715

James Stanhope

Lords of Trade

Transmitting a petition from merchants. Please report.

303-303v

16 March 1715

Sam Shepheard, Alex Cairnes, Robert Heysham, John Burridge, John Lambert, Solomon Merritt, Jonathon Rudge

James Stanhope, Secretary of State

They request that the map of St. Peter's be made public which Capt. Taverner submitted Oct. last. Taverner has great skill in navigation and we hope that he will continue his work.

304-305v

blank pages

 

306-315v

16 March 1715

Capt. Caleb Wade

Lords of Trade

Answers the Lords' request to comment on the state of the fishery. Wade compares the fishery as he has known it and as it has now become. He comments on the monthly wages that have not been effective. Wade describes the training of apprentices, who after seven years, became fit for government service and laments the number of men who are now living in Newfoundland: "...their numbers have since increased, by men of broken fortunes, and idle fellows." These people stay the winter, the planters supply them with liquor, and the men become indebted. The planters become ruined and unable to pay the merchants. Then the fishermen who came from England are carried to New England. Masters of these vessels are given 40 shilling for each man and boy by the government of New England. A practice which will undoubtedly entice men to leave and carry on this trade of transporting people out of Newfoundland. He describes the competition between the inhabitants and Ships for the Ships Rooms for drying and curing fish. Bye-Boatkeepers also compete and do not conform to the Act of Parliament (10 and 11 William). Rum, sugar and molasses are brought from New England, contrary to the Act of Trade and navigation. Detailed discussion of trades (both legal and illegal) between Newfoundland, New England, and the West Indies in wine, brandy, molasses, rum, even horses to Surinam. Fishermen are disobedient to their masters. "Since Goales [jails] in Newfoundland, cannot be thought proper, some method should be proposed, to prevent the Planters; running into debt with a design to cheat the merchant. And also a remedy found out to force the planter and others to pay their Creditors." Sober Ministers of the Church of England should be sent to Newfoundland to reside there. (306-310v) This is followed by a document "Remedys proposed to prevent the grievances in the Newfoundland Trade." (311-314) Endorsement on p319v

316-319

Blank pages

320-321

Unknown

Unknown

   

A series of notes taken, perhaps by the secretary of trade, Mr. Popple, briefly summarizing each of the most important points Capt. Wade made.

322v-323

31 March 1715 (received and read)

Merchants of Bideford, (about 29 names) Pitts, Dawkins, Power, Rowe, Davie (mayor)

Lords of Trade

Memorial relating to the Fishing rooms and beaches that once belonged to the French and now are being denied by Capt. Moody. They accuse him of confederating with the French. They ask that commanders of warships be placed in charge of allocating the rooms. They oppose the erection of more forts as this will encourage the settlement of more inhabitants. They request more warships for the protection of the fishery.

324

2 April 1715

James Stanhope, Whitehall

Lords of Trade

The Lords are to prepare a report to present at the House of commons of the trade in Newfoundland and Cape Breton from Christmas 1708 to Christmas 1711.

325-326v

5 March 1715

Charles Davie, Mayor of Bideford

Lords of Trade

Requests information as to what has been decided in relation to the defence of Newfoundland as they want to provide their input on the matter.

327

7 April 1715

Archibald Cummings, London

Lords of Trade

Provides a State of the fishery as to his best ability. Fishing ships (85 sails, 50 fished south of St. John's), sack ships (45 sails), Trading ships of American and Britain from the plantations (20 sails), 115 000 fish and 500 tons of train oil, 4 French fishing ships surrendered, 3 at St. Peter's, 10 sails carrying about 14 000 fish, 94 sails gone this year for fishing. Detailed account on p.329.

330

11 April 1715

Burchett, Admiralty

 Popple, Board of Trade

Mr. Burchett has written to Capt. Leake, who is at Bath, for the Heads of Enquiry.

331

20 April 1715

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Popple

He is searching his book to see if he transmitted the Heads from Capt. Leake. Note: The Heads from Capt. Leake can be found on p.182.

332

26 April 1715

Bruchett, Admiralty

Popple

When the Commodore has returned he will transmit the Heads to Mr. Popple.

334-335

9 March 1715 (Read and received)

Stanhope

Moody

Copy of directions to the governor of Placentia. 1- Do not encourage French fishing. 2- securing waterfronts for the British fishery. 3- If you are not receiving any directions, you are to consider the regulations in the Act 10 and 11 of King William entitled, An Act to Encourage the Trade in Newfoundland. Set up the fishing admirals. 4- They prohibit and discharge him of any of the officers or soldiers of the garrison under his command and to have anything to do with the trade or the fishery. He is to take care that the beaches and stages be left for the public use as the Acts direct.

336

10 May 1715

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Mr Popple

Directions have been given to Capt. Kempthorne of the Worcester to let the Traders know that they should bring home the men they carry out, except in case of mortality; also, "to carry for the Garrison of Placentia such money as shall be brought him by their agent."

The pages 337-367 are part of a package sent by the Secretary of State to the Board of Trade concerning the material goods and possession of the French settlers of Placentia and particularly concerning the estates in Placentia. These documents are for the most part in French.

337

24 May 1715

James Stanhope

Board of trade

Received from Mr. D'Iberville the following papers for your opinions.

338

24 April 1715

Mr. Le Comte de Pontchartrain

Mr D'Iberville

[enclosed with above] Concerns a debt that is owed a Sieur Poullard since 1711. Sr. Poullard also wrote about the pink that the English took from him, against the rules of the sea (les règles de la mer) "Le Roy a qui j'en ay rendu compte desire que vous preniez les mesures que vous jugerez convenables pour procurer a ce consul la satisfaction qui luy est due." Note: Document in French, en français.

339

14 Dec. 1714

Sieur Poullard

Mr le Comte de Pontchartrain

[enclosed with above] This concerns a ship, a pink, which was bought for 600 piastres by an English privateer. With a Bill of Exchange which has to be traded in London. He feels that he has been tricked and asks to be reimbursed against the Sieur D'Iberville's commission. Note: Document in French, en français.

340

24 April 1715

Mr. Le Comte de Pontchartrain

Mr. D'Iberville

[enclosed with above] This concerns the resettlement of the French inhabitants from Placentia to Cape Breton (Isle Royale). Their right to one year by the Treaty of Utrecht to resettle, their right to take all their effects, their right to sell their houses. The Comte sends a survey that was done of all the houses that remain unsold at Placentia. And he requires D'Iberville to demand that the Court allow the French to resettle with their effects. Note: Document in French, en français.

342

24 April 1715

Marc Antoine de la Forest

    

[was originally enclosed to the letter of Mr. Le Comte de Pontchartrain to Mr D'Iberville] De la Forest is taking a survey of the housing and material left at Placentia, accompanied by Etienne Grandgens and Adam Manelea (?) Captains of ships from Bayonne and St Jean de Luz, Pierre Lefarge (carpenter), Claude Morris (carpenter), Mr Jean Basset (greffier et notaire). They are acting under the orders of Costebelle and Louis de Saujon. Note: See note below. In French, en français.

Pages 342 to 365 contain the survey of houses left in Placentia by the French when the English took possession of it between 1714-1715. The first ten houses of the survey have been translated to give an idea of the composition of the settlement. The rest has been combined into a list containing simply their names. P.363 contains the certificate signed by the notaries listing the names of those who sold their houses to the English. p.364-365, is a total of the estates belonging to Mr. DeCostebelle/de Costabelle.

342v

     

1- Jean La Plante 34 x 19 ft. Two storey house made of "pont de navire" [possibly a type of construction used in shipbuilding?] with a double chimney and two big rooms upstairs and one upstairs with two other small ones and a store room (magazin) joining it. A house of 22x15 ft., estimated at 3,200 pounds. 2- The estate of Martha, the widow, which was sold. Has a house 46 x 18 ft., covered by "plan de bois" almost new wood planks. Has a double chimney, four rooms, a garden of 26 sq. ft., an old fisherman's cabin, 48x18 ft., with a chimney and a storeroom/ warehouse , stage , almost new. Four chaloupes [shallops] estimated at 1,930 pounds.

343

    

[with above] Estimate of the properties left at Placentia, continued.. 3- The state of Mr .St .Martin (sold), with one house 35x17 ft. with a double chimney, four rooms, a "cabinet" and a 32 x 18 ft. storeroom/warehouse, a garden 32x18, a farmyard/basse-cour measuring 39 x 18 ft. Another storeroom/warehouse (58x18 ft), a fisherman's cabin with a single chimney, four rooms, a stage for four shallops in good condition, another garden of 162 x 57 ft. with a 162 x 48 ft. pen, with a foundation for another cabin. Estimated at 5,040 pounds.

343v

    

[with above] Estimate of the properties left at Placentia, (contd) 4- Estate of Sr. Carrerot, (sold). A 60 x 18 ft. house with double chimney, two big rooms, another room and a cabinet, two "souttes" [root cellars or cold storage rooms?], a plank covered store with a 45 x 42 ft. garden, a 24 sq. ft. farmyard/basse-cour where there is a 7 sq. ft chicken coop. A large storeroom/warehouse with two rooms inside and a chimney, measuring 56 x 21 ft. covered with planks. Another 34 x 22 ft. storeroom/warehouse with a soutte, a 39 x 18 ft. fisherman's cabin with a chimney. Another 36 x 15 ft. fisherman's cabin. Another 33 x 19 ft. cabin with a stage for four shallops. The whole thing being half used, estimated at 6,310 pounds.

344

    

[with above] 5-The estate of the Estevin widow and Sr. Lastigue (not sold), her son-in-law composed of a 72 x 20 ft. house, a double chimney and a single one. 9 rooms and two covered alcoves. A garden 51x 33 ft. A small pen with a goat shed and a chicken coop. A 60 x 22 ft. storeroom/warehouse covered with new planks with another storeroom/warehouse 30 x19 ft. A fisherman's cabin 18 x 19 with a stage for 4 chaloupes. Estimated at 6,650 pounds. 6- The estate of Jean Peris Pichat (not sold). Has a 60 x 20 house, a double chimney and another single one, 7 rooms, two cabinets and a 39 x 19 ft. garden where there is a 19.5 sq. ft. shed (cabanot) and another shed (cabanot) 12 sq. ft.

344v

    

[with above] 6- (contd) A 39 x 13 fisherman's cabin, a 39 x 17 ft. storeroom/warehouse, a stage for three chaloupes in which there is a salt shed (12sq. Ft). Estimated at 5,270 pounds. 7- The estate of Thomas Pieq (unsold). Has a 45 x 17 house, two double chimneys, five rooms, a partially new storeroom/warehouse, a 50 x 22 ft. garden, fisherman's cabin 30 x 16 ft. Estimated at 2, 100 pounds. 8- The estate of Sr. Bertrand (does not say if sold or not), has a 40 x 19 ft. house, a single chimney, a big room and three small ones, a 52 x 40 ft. garden.

345

    

[with above] 8- (contd) Sr. Bertrand's estate. A 20 sq. ft. pen, a storeroom/warehouse where there is a 21x17 ft. "fourny" [smithy? Kiln?], with a shed measuring 18x14 ft. for chickens and animals. Another 36x19 ft. storeroom, a 42 x 20 farmyard/basse-cour with a 12x10 pig (pourceaux) shed. A 39x24 ft. fisherman's cabin with a stage for five shallops Etimated at 4, 860 pounds. 9- The estate of Damoiselle Bereau (unsold) 92 x 20 ft. with an old part and a new part, covered with wood planks, two double chimneys and another chimney with "son Four" [cooking space in the fireplace? stove? ], 8 rooms, one cabinet, a small adjoining store.

345v-346

    

[with above] 9-Bereau (contd) an apartment belonging to the Mr. Viarieu, with a chimney, three rooms, and a store, one part of which belongs to Mr. Viarieu. Estimated at 2,930 pounds. 10- The estate of Mr. Gilbert "en d'accarette" with a house made up of two parts. One is 44x17 ft. with a double chimney, 2 large rooms and 6 small ones, and a store with a 30 x 13 ft. basement. The other part of the building has two stories covered with "madrieds" [house made of inter-locking squared timbers] (calfeutes means insulated with felt) in ship's construction ("en pont de navire"), a chimney upstairs and one downstairs, two rooms upstairs and two others downstairs with a shed containing sailing gear (32 x 22) with a chimney, a stage for three shallops another 31 x 20 cabin with an oven, a chimney and two rooms. Another 23 x 16.5 ft. cabin with an 8 x 6 ft. farmyard/basse-cour. Another house belonging to Mr. Gilbert which houses Mr. De Lasgon, measuring 42 x 20 ft. , two chimenys, 7 rooms, with an adjoining room (7 ft. wide). Estimated at 13, 050 pounds.

346-365

   

List of other owners: Gaspart Zemard, Ambroise Bertrand, Pierre Courtian, Mme Vrigneau, René Pichaut Renaud, De la Montagne, Martin Chevalier, thomas Beaulieu, Louis lacroix, Veuve Lacroix, Nicolas Boulanger, Hebert (widow), Pierre Burel, Michel Boudet, "La maison des heoirs feu la Gaillarde", Antoine Paris, Jacques Boschet Morancy, Madame Amariton, Jean de Meuve, D. Beauregard, La???mée, Antoine Heron d'Parisien, Dominiq Dadope, Claude Morin, Mr. Renard, Jean Basset, Mme Bertonniere, Jean l'Irlandais, Jean Sanson, La maison du Couvent [p.353] des R.P. Recolets et Eglise Paroissiale, de ce lieu (church 50 x 25 ft, a chapel, etc.). Mr de Philippe DeCostebelle/de Costabelle's [p353v], Baudry et Pledien, Pierre Bertelot, Michin (widow) and her son Pierre Michin, François Bellefeuille, Ricord (widow), Jean de Lasson, Pierre Guyot, De la Roze, Augustin Bonneau, Johannis de Toulon, Mme de Lourdevalle, Mr. L'Hermitte, De DuBourdieu, Petits Liennois du Ruisseau, Royné de la Fontaine, Mesnard, Leonard Letour, Ruined house, Antoine Peri, St. Marie, Mr. Amariton, Chapel for the parish, René Pere, Nicholas Aubin, Tipito, Le Roy (deceased widow of), Dugage (deceased), dePas Lepartout, Georges Roffe de la Pointe, Pierre Raux, Mahier de la Pointe, Degrave, The Nostre Dame de Claireté Chapel.(note on p.361v) Soudeval, and the houses of soldiers inside the fortifications: Capt. Mr. Chacornacle, Capt. St. Marie, Mr. Amariton, St. Batiste Genesis, Sr. Carrerot, Mr. Durance La Garenne Castie. A list of the external gardens [p.362v] List of all the people who sold to the English, [p.363.] State of the houses belonging to DeCostebelle/de Costabelle with a bakery, wharehouses and other housing [p.364], signed by DeCostebelle/de Costabelle.

366

24 April 1715

Le Comte de Pontchartrain

Mr D'Iberville

[Enclosed with above] Copy. He is presenting these documents listing the estates belonging to the French and demand that the English court reimburse each owner for the abandonment of their estates. Note: In French, en français

367

8 May 1715

Le Comte de Pontchartrain

Mr D'Iberville

[enclosed with above] Copy. The British are trading at the French islands, particularly at Martinique, for that reason, the King cannot stop all the foreign vessels that will go to the islands. The French King has asked the Marquis de Quesne, General of the French Windward Islands to advise the general of the English islands. The French King desires that you make this known to the British King. Note: In French, en français.

368

May 31 1715

James Stanhope

Lords of Trade

Requires that the Lords provide proof that Newfoundland was in the possession of England or any other Prince in 1670.

369-370v

30 June 1715

Campbell

Mr. Popple

"There is an account from Placentia 11 May last, by the way of New England, that the garrison was then in great want of all necessarys. There was but one ship arrived to fish, and that from the Isle of May with salt, please acquaint the Lords Commissioners herewith, if you think it can be of an service to the publick."

371

4 July 1715 (received)

Stanhope, Secretary

Lords of Trade

[Endorsement only, letter missing] "Letter from Mr. Stanhope of the 3 July 1715 relating to the future suply of necessaries for the garrisons at Annapolis Royal and Placentia."

372

16 July 1715

Pulteney, secretary at War

   

[Endorsement only, letter missing] "Letter from Mr. Pulteney, secretary at War... with a copy of the establishments of the garrisons at Annapolis and Placentia and relating to the effective men and clothing there."

373-376v

30 May 1715

Capt. Fotherby, Downes

Lords of Trade

Provides an account of the fishery for 1714.

377-386v

15 Oct. 1715

Stanhope, Secretary at Whitehall

Lords of Trade

Sends two letters from the Lord Comm. of the Admiralty and from Capt. Kempthorne. And asks for their counsel.

378-378v

12 Oct. 1715

Lords of the Admiralty

Stanhope

[enclosed with above] They have asked Capt. Kempthorne of the Worcester, to investigate the management of the fishery in Newfoundland. And asks that the Board will find a way to stop the evils against the trade included in the enclosed document.

379-386v

12 Oct. 1715

Capt. Kempthorne

Burchett

[enclosed document] Copy. Went to St. John's where he was sent a representation form one of Capt. Moody's messenger complaining of the scarcity of bread in Placentia. He provided food. The fishing has been poor recently. Capt. Kempthorne recommends the "New England custom" of paying the servants according to the number of fish they catch, giving them a certain share. Provides more information about the trade and the method of payment between servants and masters. He talks about the rise of St. John's as the commercial centre of trade. The system of credit and the result of poor quality fish. Fishermen are seduced away to New England. Proposes a solution against that. Proposes that an officer be appointed to be the intermediary between the buyer and seller. A lot of corruption in the trade. Note: a lot more. [See complete transcript]

387

10 Oct. 1715

Arch Cummings, Ferryland

Lords

Provides detail regarding the fishery. Approximately how many quintals have been caught, how many sails have been employed in the trade. Many from Ireland. He has prepared a more detailed which he will make available when the weather settles. It has been stormy for the past three weeks.

388-389v

    

Arch Cummings

    

[enclosed with above] Provides an account of the fishery for the year 1715 from St. Peter's to Bonavista. Lists the names of ships, the commanders, their origins, where it went and what it imported and what it exported, how many men, tonnage, guns, if it was registered, number of boats, quantity of fish and Train oil.

390-391v

24 Oct. 1715

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Lords of Trade

Letters from Capt. Kempthorne and Capt. Main, relating to the disorders and abuses at Newfoundland, and the Isle of May. Also for your consideration is Mr. Gaudy's survey.

392-393v

28 Nov. 1715

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Lords of Trade

The Lords are required to meet Capt. Mayne as soon as possible, about the Isle of May, because he has been already been delayed for four of five days from going to his ship at Portsmouth.

394-395v

30 Nov. 1715 (read & rec'd)

Capt. Mayne

Lords of Trade

A list of all the ships that traded at the Isle of May.

396-397v

30 Nov. 1715

Capt. Mayne

Lords of Trade

Copy of observations made at the Isle of May with proposal for regulating the trade there.

398-399v

30 Nov. 1715

Burchett, Admiralty Office

Mr. Popple

letter stating that he is sending the observations of Capt. Main of the Dolphin, at the Isle of May.

400-401v

30 Nov. 1715

Capt. Mayne

Lords

Copy of Observations made at the Isle of May for the improvement of the trade there.

402-403v

2 Nov. 1715

Burchett

Mr. Popple

Lords of the Admiralty have given orders for Gaudy's map to be printed and that he will be rewarded.

404

30 Nov. 1715

Mr. Burchett

Mr. Popple

[Endorsement only. Letter missing] A list of ships appointed to attend on the coast of Africa since the year 1690, with their instructions, and about Capt. Kempthorne's return from Newfoundland.

405-406v

13 Dec. 1715

Mayor of Bideford

Lords

The merchants send their response to the Lords' enquiry relating to the trade in Newfoundland.

407-408v

3 Dec. 1715

Merchants and others, Bideford

Lords

[enclosed with above] Relates to the encroachment of Planters and bye-boat keepers on ship rooms. Mentions retirement of these people to New England instead of coming to England. Talk about the trade in Barbados and the Charibbe (Carribean) Islands. Note: They make many points, listed from A to F.

409-410v

27 Dec. 1715

John Barter, Mayor of Barnstaple

Lords

They concur with what the merchants of Bideford have said.

411

16 Jan. 1716

Capt. Taverner

Mr. Popple

What do the Lords wish to know about the trade in Newfoundland.

413

24 Jan. 1716

James Stanhope, Whitehall

Lords

The season approaching where we have to send directions to the Isle of May, Newfoundland and Annapolis Royal, he requests directions for His Majesty.

End of Volume