CO 194/46 [Reel B-681 ]

Page

Date

From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

3

20 Jan. 1807

Gov. Erasmus Gower (Hermitage)

Sir William Windham

Cover letter for the memorial of Lieutenant Colonel John Murray. He requests a land grant for the care of horses.

5

24 Oct. 1806

Lt. Col. John Murray

Gov. Erasmus Gower

[Enclosed with above] The memorial of Lt. Col. John Murray.

7

20 Jan. 1807

Gov. Erasmus Gower (Hermitige)

Sir William Windham

Cover letter for the memorial of Captain John Macdonald of the late 84th Regiment. Macdonald requests a land grant to facilitate the importation of cattle from Prince Edward Island to Newfoundland in order to establish a cheaper supply of beef.

9-13v

30 Aug., 1806

Captain John Macdonald (St. John's)

Gov. Erasmus Gower

[Enclosed with above] The memorial of Captain John Macdonald of the 84th Regiment.

15-17

11 April 1807

Gov. Erasmus Gower (Hermitage)

Viscount Castlereagh

Concerning the payment of school teachers and school employees from the surplus of rents collected from leased land. Letter also suggests using this money for the establishment and maintenance of Protestant schools. Gower states that "the want of [education] on the part of Government, in Newfoundland, has left the inferior orders in a lamentable state of ignorance and darkness in regard to moral and religious obligations: and I am assured that, for want of Protestant ministers and schoolmasters among them, many Protestant families have become converts to the active zeal of the Roman Catholic Priests."

19

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] "Account for rents received for lands leased of St. John's Newfoundland on behalf of the King by their excellency Vice Admiral James Gambier and Vice Admiral Sir Erasmus Gower in the years 1803, 04 and 05."

20

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] "An account of rents received in the Secretary's Office on the public account of grounds leased by the Governor on behalf of His Majesty -- due 24th September 1806."

22-23v

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] "An account of rents received in the Secretary's Office on the public account for ground leased by the Governor on behalf of His Majesty -- due 24th September 1805."

24-25v

-

-

-

[Enclose with above] "An account of rents received in the Secretary's Office on the public account for grounds leased by the Governor on behalf of His Majesty -- due 24th September 1806."

26-26v

11 April, 1807 (Guilford Street)

Joseph Tounsell, Secretary to Gov. Erasmus Gower

E. Cooke Esquire

Informs Cooke that Gov. Gower had not received a reply from Windham concerning payment for clothing distributed to the Newfoundland Volunteer Corps.

28

22 April, 1807

Gov. Erasmus Gower (Hermitage)

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter asking Castlereagh for permission to hire a clerk for the Civil Establishment.

30-30v

21 April, 1807

Joseph Tounsell, Secretary to Gov. Erasmus Gower (Guilford Street)

Gov. Erasmus Gower

Letter requesting that Gov. Gower hire another clerk to handle the Government business because Tounsell could not handle the work of both the Naval Establishment and the Civil Establishment.

32-32v

1 May, 1807

Gov. Erasmus Gower (Hermitage)

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter asking that Tounsell be hired as the permanent Secretary to the Governor of Newfoundland because of his excellent work. By this date, Gower's term as Governor had expired.

34-35v

28 May, 1807

Gov. Erasmus Gower (Hermitage)

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter concerning the Volunteer Corps of Newfoundland.

36-36v

May 18, 1807

V.Adm. Holloway

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter requesting the discharge of Thomas Shea.

28-39v

21 March, 1807

V.Adm. Holloway (St. John's)

Vice Admiral Erasmus Gower

Letter concerning Thomas Walsh. Walsh was arrested for breaching the peace in February 1807. He then escaped from the custody of the Constable at Bell Isle. He and Thomas Shea were implicated in the murder of Shea's wife. Shea had left Newfoundland.

40-41v

28 May, 1807

V.Adm. & Gov. J. Holloway

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter agreeing to equip the Volunteer Corps of Newfoundland with such articles as to give the volunteers a military appearance.

42

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] List of requisitions for the loyal volunteers of St. John's Newfoundland.

44-45

6 June, 1807

V.Adm. Holloway (Downing Street)

(?)

Letter authorizing the hire of another clerk in the Secretary's office. Letter also includes small pieces of information concerning the return of Thomas Shea, and the importation of bread and flour.

46-46v

4 July, 1807

V.Adm. Holloway (Downing Street)

(?)

Letter stating that pitch tar and turpentine are to be added to the list of articles which may be imported into Newfoundland from the USA provided these items are transported on British ships.

48-49v

8 Sept. 1807

Gov. Holloway (Fort Townsend)

Viscount Castlereagh

An update on affairs in Newfoundland when Holloway arrived on the 26th July, 1807. Holloway has to build new fortifications for Fort Townsend.

50

3 Sept. 1807

-

-

[Enclosed with above] "State of His Majesty's forces Serving in the Island of Newfoundland under the command of Major General Skerrett

51-52

9 Sept., 1807

Gov. Holloway (Fort Townsend)

Viscount Castlereagh

Concerning American vessels selling contraband provisions and goods in Newfoundland and Labrador. Authorities retained two American vessels carrying out illicit trade. Letter also asks Lord Castlereagh to consider annexing the Labrador coast to Newfoundland so that the area could be policed and thus, offenders could be tried in Newfoundland.

53-53v

30 Sept., 1807

Gov. Holloway (Fort Townsend)

Viscount Castlereagh

Informs Castlereagh that M. Fawkener responded to Holloway's letter requesting that pitch, tar, and turpentine be added to the list of goods imported from the USA. Fawkener has concurred.

55-55v

20 Oct., 1807

Gov. Holloway (Fort Townsend)

Sec. of State George Canning

Requests that Captain Simpson be reimbursed for money spent taking Major General Skerrett to Nova Scotia.

57-57v

20 Oct., 1807

Gov. Holloway (Fort Townsend)

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter stating that the St. John's Volunteer Corps had been paid as were the officers of the Supreme and Surrogate courts.

59

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Document showing balances paid to various people

59v-60

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] "Vice Admiral John Holloway Esq. Governor of Newfoundland in account with the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury between 21 of October 1806 and the 20 of October 1807".

61-61v

25 Oct., 1807

Gov. Holloway (Fort Townsend)

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter concerning fortifications in Newfoundland. Lettre outlines the numerous problems of the projects.

62-64

20 Oct., 1807

(?)

-

[Enclosed with above] "Report on the state of the fortifications of St. John's Newfoundland"

65

26 Oct., 1807

Gov. J. Holloway

-

[Enclosed with above ?] Document entitled "Return of Recruits Enlisted for the Nova Scotia Regiment of Infantry from 20th October 1806 to 22 October, 1807". List was compiled by George Thesiger, Major Commander of the Nova Scotia Regiment.

67-67v

20 Oct., 1807

Gov. J. Holloway

-

[Enclosed with above ?] Document entitled "Return of the number of Attendances at drill of the Loyal Volunteers of Saint John's, Commanded by Nathan Parker Esquire from Oct. 1806 to 14 Oct. 1807".

68-69

22 Oct. 1807

Gov. J. Holloway

-

[Enclosed with above?] Document entitled "Return of His Majesty's Forces in the Island of Newfoundland under the Command of Lieutenant Colonel John Murray."

69v

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Document lists officers absent from His Majesty's Forces as well as officers on current duty.

70

22 Oct., 1807

Gov. J. Holloway

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Estimate of the expense for Preparing the Governor's House at St. John's Newfoundland".

72-72v

25 Oct. 1807

Gov. J. Holloway (Fort Townsend)

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter requesting approval for repairs and upgrades on the Governor's house.

74-77

25 Nov., 1807

Gov. J. Holloway (Isis at Spithead)

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter concerning state of affairs in Newfoundland at the time Holloway returned to England. Topics include the building of a court house in Harbor Grace, the building of a school in St. John's for poor children, the price of provisions, the establishment of a permanent secretary, and the sentencing of two soldiers from the Nova Scotia regiment to seven years in prison for an undisclosed crime.

78

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Return of the Fishery and Inhabitants of Newfoundland and Labrador for the Year 1807".

78v

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Document includes the accounts of the winter seal fishery, the spring seal fishery, and the salmon fishery for 1807.

79-79v

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Imports into Newfoundland between the 11th of October 1806 and 10th of October 1807."

80

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Exports of the Produce of the Newfoundland Fishery between the 11 of October 1806 and the 10th of October 1807."

81v-98v

-

Gov. J. Holloway

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Observations on certain parts of His Majesty's Instructions to the Governor of Newfoundland". These documents contain both the King's instructions as well as Holloway's response to the orders. Topics addressed include mapping of Newfoundland, the state of fortifications, the shipping and navigation trades, fishing rights, ships rooms, ownership of private property, alcohol consumption, and the religious devotion of Newfoundland's inhabitants.

99-99v

4 Aug., 1807

Gov. J. Holloway and G. Macbean

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Appendix A," a proclamation concerning entitlement to ships rooms. Holloway orders a sort of census of ships room.

100-100v

30 July, 1807

Gov. J. Holloway and G. Macbean

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Appendix B,"a proclamation concerning "Acts of Violence and inhuman Cruelties committed... upon the Indians, the Original Inhabitants of this Island..." Holloway orders that natives be treated with utmost respect so they could be induced to take up the Christian religion. He also offers a reward of fifty pounds to anyone who convinces a male Indian to come to St. John's; the same reward was offered to anyone with information about murders of natives

101v-102

1 Sept., 1807

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "A Calendar of the several persons tried at the Court of Assize or General Court Delivery for the Island of Newfoundland held at the Court House in the Town of St. John's in the said Island".

103

10 Dec., 1807

Gov. J. Holloway

Edward Cooke

Letter concerning a prisoner brought back to England from Newfoundland.

[End of Reel B-681; Reel B-682 begins]

107-107v

15 Jan., 1807

John Lewis Mallet (?), Audit Office

(Somerset Place)

Sir George Shee

Letter concerning payment for improvements on the Governor's house.

108-108v

27 Jan., 1807

W. Fawkener, Office of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade

(Whitehale)

Sir George Shee

Letter concerning the appointment of a permanent Officer of Government resident in Newfoundland. Fawkener mentions Mr. Trounsell as a possible candidate for the position.

110-115v

23 Jan., 1807

Joseph Trounsell

William Fawkener

[Enclosed with above] Concerning the appointment of the Secretary for Newfoundland and Trounsell's interest in the position. By 1807, the population had risen to 22,000 people.

114-114v

23 Jan., 1807

Joseph Trounsell

William Fawkener

[Enclosed with above] Concerning Trounsell's references for the position of secretary.

116

25 Oct., 1806

J. Skerrett (Fort William)

Joseph Trounsell

[Enclosed with above, extract] Letter of reference from Skerrett.

118-118v

22. Oct., 1806

Signed by all the principal Merchants of St. John's

Joseph Trounsell (Fort Townshend)

[Enclosed with above] Letter of reference.

120-122

28 Jan., 1807

The Committee of Council for Trade and Plantations

-

Permission to import bread, flour, corn and livestock from the USA to Newfoundland for the 1807 season only. Governor of Newfoundland is empowered to authorize importation of goods from the USA according to the needs of the inhabitants of Newfoundland.

124-124v

2 Feb., 1807

Charles Andrews, Board of Ordnance

Sir George Shee

Concerning complaints of Erasmus Gower (previous Governor of Newfoundland) about the Ordnance Board at St. John's. Gower charged the Board with "acting contrary to the Interests of His Majesty's Service". The letter states that W. Houston, acting Storekeeper, has written a vindication of his actions which had offended Mr. Gower.

126-131

10 Dec., 1806

John Houston, Acting Storekeeper, Office of Ordnance (St. John's)

The Provincial Officers of His Majesty's Ordnance, (London)

Letter concerning encroachments on the property of Ordnance. Erasmus Gower, former Governor of Newfoundland, had blamed Colonel Cox (commanding officer of artillery) and John Houston (acting storekeeper) for allowing these encroachments to develop. The letter seeks to exonerate both men of these accusations.

132-132v

23 July, 1806

Governor Erasmus Gower

Henry Phillips, High Sheriff of Newfoundland

[Enclosed with above] Letter expressing Gower's concerns over the preservation of Ordnance lands. He orders that the storekeeper would be responsible for extinguishing any fires relating to the gun powder shed.

134-134v

26 Sept., 1805

William Cox, John Houston, Charles S. Andrews, Board of Ordnance

Major General Skerrett (St. John's)

[Enclosed with above] Letter concerning the "Bomb Proof" which was recently removed from Fort Townshend.

136

18 Feb., 1807

George Harrison

(Treasury)

Sir George Shee

Letter concerning the memorial of Gen. Ogilvie, commander of the expedition to the Islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. Letter asserts that Ogilvie was owed money for expenses incurred on the trip.

138

18 Feb., 1807

George Harrison

Sir George Shee

Letter concerning the "the allowance of certain articles in the Accounts of Thomas Forth Winter Esq. as Acting Commissary of Stores in Newfoundland, between 1 January and 31 December 1805.

140-149v

6 March, 1807

Benjamin Tucker

Sir George Shee

[Enclosed with above] Letter concerning the provisioning of His Majesty's ships with army stores.

142-143

5 March, 1807

Sir Erasmus Gower

William Marsden

[Enclosed with above] Letter concerning the provisioning of His Majesty's ships with army stores.

144

21 March, 1807

W. Fawkener, (Committee of Privy Council for Trade)

Sir George Shee

Letter concerning W. Trounsell's application for the position of secretary. Fawkener requests that Windham look over the application before a decision is made.

146-146v

25 March, 1807

H. Burrard Neal, Thomas Fremantle, J. Markham, Admiralty Office

Earl Spencer

[Letter forwarded to Fawkener] Concerning the retirement of Vice Admiral Sir Charles Cotton due to ill health.

148

8 April, 1807

W. Fawkener

-

Document approving a "Draught of Commission" at the requests of Lord Castlereagh and Governor Holloway. The document does not state what the draught concerned.

150

20 April, 1807

Geo. Harrison

Edward Cooke

Concerning the salaries of the Chief Justice and High Sheriff

152

5 May, 1807

John Lewis Mallet (Audit Office)

Edward Cooke

Concerning the accounts of Sir James Wallace, former governor of Newfoundland.

154

25 May, 1807

William Marsden, Admiralty Secretary

Edward Cooke

Letter stating that directions had been given to Sir Alexander Cochrane, in the West Indies, to find Thomas Shea in Newfoundland.

156-157

28 May, 1807

W. Fawkener, (Privy Council for Trade)

Edward Cooke Esquire

The Governor is to authorize mapping between Cape Bonavista and St. John's. Governor is also authorized to permit the importation from the USA of approved goods all year round rather than only during the fishing season. Inclosed with this letter are other documents pertaining to the yearly instructions of the King.

158-158v

9 June, 1807

P. A. Owry, Office of Ordnance

Brig. General W. Stewart

[Enclosed with Above] Letter stating that the "ground on which the Works of Signal Hill and several detached Buildings at St. John's... should be vested in the Ordnance department" to keep defences unobstructed by private individuals. The whole peninsula is to be transferred to the Ordnance for the purposes of building future defences.

160-160v

11 June, 1807

W. Fawkener, Council for Trade

Edward Cooke Esquire

[Enclosed with above] Pitch, tar, and turpentine are be added to list of items that may be imported from the United States to Newfoundland.

162

12 June, 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Edward Cooke Esquire

Letter concerning the payment of General Ogilvie for expenses incurred during a earlier trip to the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon.

164-164v

16 June, 1807

W. Fawkener, Council for Trade, Whitehall

Edward Cooke Esquire

Letter concerning the Archbishop of Canterbury's report on the state of churches and schools in Newfoundland, and Upper and Lower Canada. Fawkener wants the report given to Lord Castlereagh for his review

166-168v

12 June, 1807

From the Council Chamber at Whitehall

-

[Enclosed with above] Document overviews various concerns about the state of Protestantism in British North America, as discussed in the Archbishop of Canterbury's report. Document contains a lengthy discussion concerning fifteen Catholic priests who came to Canada during the French Revolution. Apparently the priests had usurped power by "erecting and dividing Parishes, and questioning the legality of Marriages celebrated according to the Form of the Church of England" among other things. The council was most upset with the fact that Catholics in Canada numbered "65 000 at the Conquest of the Province in 1759, and are now 225 000 in Lower Canada alone".

170-175

-

The Archbishop of Canterbury

Earl Bathurst, President of the Council for Trade

[Enclosed with above] Report on the state of missions and schools in Newfoundland and Upper and Lower Canada. The Archbishop states that Churches in Nova Scotia and Lower Canada were on the decline due to the fact that Protestant clergy were not legally established in their Churches. He goes on to detail the growth and limitations of the Church of England in British North America. He also includes numerical proportions of Catholics and Protestants in Canada.

176-176v

20 June, 1807

Sir Erasmus Gower, London

Viscount Castlereagh

Letter authorizing payment of the Chief Justice.

178-178v

23 June, 1807

William Marsden

Edward Cooke

Request for any letters written by James Wallace, Secretary of State, in the year 1796.

180

13 July, 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Edward Cooke

Letter concerning the "Supply of Accoutrements for the volunteer corps of raised in Newfoundland".

183-182v

8 July, 1807

R. Crew [?], Secretary to the Board of Ordnance

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

[Enclosed with above] Letter stating that the Board of Ordnance had no knowledge of the St. John's Volunteer Corps. As such any new corps should be enrolled and confirmed with the board.

184

7 Aug., 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Edward Cooke

Letter concerning the payment of the Chief Justice's salary.

186

17 Sept., 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Edward Cooke

Letter concerning the provisioning of the King's ships from army stores.

188-189v

13 April, 1807

John . Leake and J. King, Comptroller's Office

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

[Enclosed with above] A report on the provisioning of the King's ships with army stores as well as instruction on the matter, for the future.

190

8 March 1798

-

William Eppes

[Enclosed with above] Extract of Instructions to William Eppes, Commissary of Stores at St. John's

192

9 March, 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Mr. C. Winter

An extract from a letter from the Treasury Chambers to Mr. Winter. The extract concerns supplies and furnishings for the governor.

194-195

22 Sept., 1807

Edward, Duke of Kent, Kensington Palace

Edward Cooke

Letter concerning the appointment of William Smith, former Chief Justice of Cape Breton, to the position of Chief Justice of Newfoundland.

196-198

Aug., 11, 1807

William Smith, Chief Justice of Cape Breton

Edward, Royalty of some kind

[Enclosed with above] Requests that he be considered for the position of Chief Justice in Newfoundland.

200-200v

25 Sept., 1807

R. Frew? Crewe? Matthew?, Office of Ordnance

Charles Stewart

On the termination of leases given on crown land. Ordnance wanted the land taken back to build fortifications and public works.

202-202v

22 Oct., 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Edward Cooke

On the prohibition on wharfs being built in ships rooms.

204-204v

10 Sept., 1807

General Skerrett

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

[Enclosed with above] On the wharf being built in ships rooms.

206

Oct. 1807

Henry Wellesley

Edward Cooke

Letter concerning payment of a Mr. Smith.

208-208v

24 Sept., 1807

Joseph Smith, Hereford Street

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Letter concerning a request from George Harrison to send in Smith's balances for the years 1786 to 1806, while he was an agent of Newfoundland.

210

24 Sept, 1807

Joseph Smith

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

[Enclosed with above] Document entitled "Statement of Balances of each Year remaining in the hands of Joseph Smith, Agent of Newfoundland from 31st December, 1786 to the 31st December 1806".

212-212v

16 Nov., 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Edward Cooke

Concerning the erection of a new wharf and fuel yard.

214

28 Nov., 1807

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Edward Cooke

Letter concerning payment of Governor Holloway.

216-217

20 May, 1807

Gov. J. Holloway, Fort Townsend

George Harrison, Treasury Chambers

Letter concerning payment of salaries for various military staff in Newfoundland. Document includes a list of names of those who were paid as well as the amounts they received.

218

20 Oct., 1807

-

-

[Enclosed with above] Copy of a letter from Vice Admiral Holloway to the Treasury. A list of salaries that still need to be paid.

218-220

20 Oct., 1807

-

-

[Enclosed with above] This document is Gov. Holloway's account with the Treasury between October 1806 and October 1807.

222-222v

9 Dec., 1807

W. Fawkener

-

[Enclosed with above] From the Court at the Queen's Palace. Document concerning British shipping.

223

-

-

-

[Enclosed with above] "Draught of an Additional Instruction to the Commanders of Our Ships of War and Privateers." All British vessels may be permitted to proceed from Newfoundland without prevention, to any port of St. Domingo with fish. In turn, the ships were to carry produce back to England from St. Domingo.

End of Volume