CO 194/3 [Reels B206 & B207]

Page

Date

From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

1 4 Oct. 1703 Lieut. Lloyd (St. John’s) Lords of Trade Sends information relating to two French deserters.
3-3v 4 Oct. 1703 Lloyd   [enclosed with above] Abstract of Lloyd’s letter. Capt. Richards left with Capt. Graydon. Lloyd is left in command. The French have been terrifying the inhabitants. Lloyd has been providing the men with clothing and necessaries. A sloop came to take the two French deserters. He hopes the company will be relieved soon.
4 26 Sept. 1703 Lloyd Lords of Trade Examination of Laville and Belrose. They are providing information on the French forces and their fighting power in Newfoundland. Under the command of Monsieur Barbina, 1500 good men will stay at Placentia this Winter.
6A-6B 10 Oct. 1703 John Roope Lords of Trade Because he has to remain the winter in Nfld, he has given Capt. Herne of the Centurion some schemes. Note: Roope was sent to Nfld to build and fix a boom in St. John’s harbour. He mentions Capt. Graydon’s "miscarriage." He suggests that next Spring 2500 shall be sent from England and makes other suggestions as to how to secure all the French possessions.
7-8 14 Nov. 1703 Lloyd (St. John’s) Lords of Trade Lloyd sends a muster roll of the Company of Foot at St. John’s, the depositions of the deserters and a list of the inhabitants in and around St. John’s. New England ships help out-migration. The clothes and provisions sent to the St. John’s garrison were damaged. He sent men to spy on the French at Placentia and they have not yet returned. The French did much damage at Renews near Ferryland. His soldiers are more contented than before but prays that there shall be a relief next Spring.
9 14 Nov. 1703     [enclosed with above] Abstract of Lloyd’s letter.
10a-10b 8 Oct. 1703 Lloyd and Moody Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] Muster Roll.
11 26 Sept. 1703 Lloyd Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] "A copy of the examination of Laville and Belrose two deserters from Placentia"
12-12v 21 Oct. 1703 Lloyd Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] " The Examination of Grimma and Guilliam Lassuse two French deserters from Placentia and put on board the Friendship..." They say there are two warships at Placentia, giving size and point of origin of the ships. They were waiting for 4 ships to arrive but they never did. Note: A lot of information.
13-13v 8 Nov. 1703 Lloyd Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] "A list if the inhabitants of St. John’s harbour" Masters, Servants, women, Children. Note: Ann White, a woman, is listed as Master.
14 8 Nov. 1703 Lloyd Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] List of inhabitants at Quidi Vidi and at Petty Harbour – Masters, Servants, Women, Children
16 28 Oct. 1703 Moody, Whitrose, Latham, Oulder, Roope Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] They attest and swear that the clothing came "damnified" and rotten.
17   Lloyd   [enclosed with above] An Account of the expenses in supplying the soldiers in St. John’s with Clothes.
18-18v   Lloyd   [enclosed] Inhabitants sign a petition where they agree to contribute money for the maintaining of spies (one or more) to procure intelligence from the Enemy at Placentia. Lloyd gives 5 pounds. Total of 30:9:0 pounds.
19 29 Nov. 1703 Solomon Merritt, Simon Cole, Charles Houblon, John Jackson, Samuel Clarke, Carleton Goddard, William Brooke (London) Lords Petition about the Fishery at Trinity and how should be fortified; suggestions about convoys.
21 1 Dec. 1703 (rec'd & read) Thomas Edwards Capt. Richards (rec'd) and Board of Trade A list of instructions and procedures to be carried by the inhabitants for their own protection. "... for the security of ourselves, wives and children from our enemies the French." Organization of guard duty, command structure, passwords, etc. This group of people retreated to an island in Trinity Harbour. They call it "Fort Ann."
22b 8 Dec. 1703 (rec'd)

21 March 1704 (Read)

John Roope Lords of Trade He had to stay the Winter. As soon as the weather permits, he will continue work on the boom. Speaks of the French planning to attack. Officers sent to Nfld should have knowledge of the fishing trade. Commends the French way of trade which is not the same as the Spanish trading way. England should take all French settlements in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia to help the takeover of all other in North America.
23 9 Dec. 1703 Vice Admiral Graydon   Copy of a letter sent from Graydon. The Heads of Enquiry were only rec'd in late Sept.. Nothing could be done. It should be sent at the beginning of the year.
25 10 Dec. 1703 Solomon Merritt Popple He has provided the Lords with the best account he could of the Newfoundland fishery for the year 1703.He sends his report and copies of memorials telling of the great dangers in Newfoundland.
26 10 Dec. 1703 Solomon Merritt Popple [enclosed with above] "An Account of the Fishery at Newfoundland for the year 1703 being the best account I could procure." Here listed are, to name a few: Bonavista, Lilly Cove, Carbonear, Harbour Grace, Torbay, St. John’s. Men, number of boats, quintals of fish, tons of oil.
28 10 Dec. 1703 Burchet Popple In relation to the Heads of Enquiry and Vice Admiral Graydon.
30 10 Dec. 1703 (rec'd)

21 March 1704 (read)

Solomon Merritt, Brooke, Cole, Jackson, and other merchants Popple [enclosed with Solomon’s letter at p.25] Memorial to the Lords of Trade relating to the protection from the French. The French are ruining their fishery. Also, officers have stopped the merchants from selling bread to the soldiers. They ask that the merchants be allowed to trade freely in Newfoundland as they do in other Dominions.
32 6 Nov. 1703 + 10 Nov. 1703 John Roope (St. John’s) Popple Copy of 2 letters sent to the Board by John Roope earlier about the French arrival and their strength. This is possibly enclosed with Merritt’s package as proof of French presence and in support of better protection in Trinity Harbour.
34 4 Jan. 1704 Richards Lords of Trade He is ordered to Holland with Duke of Marlborough . He rec'd the enclosed document and does not have time to explain. If the inhabitants are not obliged to rendezvous at St. John’s and put under the direction of the officers, St. John’s might be lost to the Enemy.
36 3 Jan. 1704 Richards (London) Lords of Trade Richards’ Memorial relating to the security of the works and Garrison at St. John’s. The French presence at Placentia and their strength. Inhabitants should come to St. John’s. Out migration on New England ships continues. Soldiers are deserting. Provisions should include as much flour and oatmeal as possible. And more.
38 5 Feb. 1704 Peter Webber (Barnstaple) Lords of Trade Requests better and earlier protection for the next convoy to Newfoundland.
39   Webber   [enclosed with above] Webber briefly explains the nature and advantages to France of the French fishery, and urges that England should do what it can to gain exclusive control over Newfoundland and the fishery. Note: more information.
40 22 Feb. 1704 Thurston Lords of Trade More about the subsistence money for the soldiers. Note: Part of the text has been lost in the binding.
42 22 Feb. 1704 Thurston Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] Further correspondence regarding muster rolls in relation to the arrears destined for the soldiers at Newfoundland.
44 22 Feb. 1704 Thurston Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] The total amounts of money to be sent to Newfoundland for the year 1704.
46 22 Feb. 1704 Thurston Lords [enclosed with above] List of clothing for soldiers at Newfoundland.
48 23 March 1704 Levey (Court at St. James)   A representation from the Lords of Trade and Plantations. Capt Richards lately gave an account of the fortifications at St. John’s in relation to the French at Placentia. Need more soldiers. Appoint a new engineer to keep the fort in due repair.
50-50v 23 March 1704 Levey (Court at St. James)   The convoys being ready to sail, the Lords lay the following accounts for the clothing, provisions and salaries of the soldiers in St. John’s. We require a muster roll to be taken by an Admiral of Her Majesty’s Ships of War.
52-52v 23 March 1704 Levey (Court at St .James)   The Lords request that more money be allotted for the purchase of molasses (brewing beer). More Flour and Oatmeal too. To protect the fishery, the commander in chief of the convoy should remain for the duration of the fishery at the fort in St. John’s and bring back the Muster rolls to London as well as the state of the garrison.
54 3 May 1704 Burchet (Admiralty Office) Popple The Coventry commanded by Capt. Lawrence is bound for Nfld. Are there any Heads of Enquiry?
56 5 May 1704 Thurston Popple Requests instructions from the Lord Admiral to be given to the Commander of the convoy to take on board the provisions, clothing, and money bound for Newfoundland.
58-58v 4 May 1704 Thurston Popple Thurston has everything ready for the soldiers except for the money which the Lord Treasurer has placed in the hands of the comptroller of the army. Will the Lords move Mr Lowndes to issue speedy orders for that matter. This is the last convoy of the year and H.M. service might suffer if it doesn’t leave soon.
60-62 19 May 1704 James Craggs Lords of Trade Letter from Craggs with an extract of a letter from Capt. Lloyd dated at Nfld the 11 Oct. 1703 relating to Capt. Bald, commander of a New England privateer commissioned by Col. Codrington who had plundered the inhabitants of Ferryland.
64 26 May 1704 Thurston Popple The salaries of the ministers at Newfoundland.
66 13 May 1704 Lloyd (St. Johns) Lords of Trade A report of the proceedings in relation to the examinations of French deserters. No soldiers have deserted since he took command.
66v 24 May 1704 Lloyd   [enclosed with above] Warships have not yet arrived from England
70-74v 17 April 1704 Lloyd   [enclosed with above] Depositions of spies sent to Placentia and other intelligence from the French proceedings there from 24 Sept. 1703 to [ _ ]. Sworn at St. John’s in presence of officers at the Fort.

Note: Some documents are in French.

75 7 June 1704 (rec'd & read) Minister Jackson   Abstracts of letters relating to how he might be better paid. The Minister requests provisions, a convenient house built, Lieutenant Francis should be prevented from returning to Newfoundland, to appoint inquisitors for suspected murders.
77 9 June 1704 Thurston Popple The convoy is ready to sail, the clothes, provisions and the money in lieu of malt and hops is ready to be sent. No other money can be sent because the Treasurer is out of town.
79 9 June 1704 Burchet (Admiralty Office) Popple Instructions will be ordered to the Commander in Chief of Newfoundland to help Mr. Jackson. The Coventry is ready to sail. The only other ship ready to sail for Virginia is the Strembolo.
81-81v 12 June 1704 Thurston Popple Instructions on transporting the money by land to the ship ready to sail for Newfoundland.
83 12 June 1704 Thurston Popple Please transmit thanks to the lords for the money destined to Nfld.
85 17 August 1704 Thurston Popple The Coventry was captured by the French and taken to Brest. Gives a list of what was on board : 471 pounds, A chest of medicines, and clothing. The Admiralty is preparing another warship.
87 10 Oct. 1704 Moody (Fort William at St. John’s) Lords of Trade Commodore Bridges suspended Lloyd. The soldiers complained of abuses. Moody was appointed commander and is sending the depositions of 7 French deserters.
88 2 Sept. 1704 Chaplain John Jackson Lords of Trade He is being evicted of his present house. He demands a house for himself and his family. Provides insight as to who got houses and who didn’t.
90 16 Sept. 1704 Mr. Spann Bridges A court was set up to judge Mr. Jackson’s case. They ruled that Jackson has to vacate the house he currently lives in but Jackson refuses.
92b 12 Sept. 1704 Lloyd, Moody, Latham and Bridges (Commodore) Lords of Trade Muster Rolls for the soldiers at St. John’s from 9 Oct. 1703 to 22 Sept. 1704. Note: A surgeon, Thomas Adams.
93 10 Oct. 1704 Moody (Fort William, St. John’s)   French deserter, Moine, late sergeant at Placentia; gives strength of the French forces and reasons for deserting.
94 23 Nov. 1704 Burchet (Admiralty Office) Popple Cover letter announcing answers to the Heads of Enquiry. Note: The heads are not enclosed.
96 15 Nov. 1704 Thurston Popple Forwards an enclosed letter relating to the state of the soldiers at Newfoundland.
98 11 Oct. 1704 Moody Thurston [enclosed with above] Gives a report of the suspension of Lloyd by Bridges. The soldiers threatened to desert if Lloyd was not suspended. The Coventry was lost and we have not rec'd provisions and money. I have bought molasses for beer to give to the soldiers from Will Chantries and have drawn three bills of exchange. Provisions did arrive from the Ann Gally but much of it is "damnified". We will fight against our enemy but we expect relief next year. The surgeon’s chest with all the medicines arrived and was good.
100b 13 Nov. 1704 (rec'd) 28 Nov. 1704 (read) John Adams Lords of Trade Petition of John Adams relating to the poor treatment he rec'd from Capt. Lloyd which is putting him out of business. Demands reparation.
101b 13 Nov. 1704(rec'd) 28 Nov. 1704 (read) Inhabitants of St. John’s Admirals/ John Adams The depositions of the inhabitants of Newfoundland on behalf of John Adams. In 1703, Lloyd asked the inhabitants of St. John’s to fetch wood for the fort’s use. John Adams was among them. Lloyd beat him and made holes in his head. John Adams was ruined and has been unable to fish and is now a servant.
102 6 Sept. 1704 Thomas Adams   Certificate. The surgeon confirms Lloyd’s cruelty in administering five cuts to John Adams which has made the patient delirious. The note is signed by Christopher Wood.
103 Sept. 1704 Thomas Adams, Powell, Taylor, Jordan etc.   Certificate attesting of the cruel treatment John Adams rec'd by Lloyd signed by more witnesses.
104 17 Nov. 1704 Lloyd Lords of Trade Due to the mutiny of soldiers at St. John’s who were promised to be relieved by Capt. Richards and were not, I was relieved of duty by Bridges.
106 26 Sept. 1703 Lloyd/ W. Hussey   The examination of Belleville and Larose, two French deserters.
107   Capt. Lloyd   An account of the soldiers at St. John’s who deserted to the French in 1701, 1702, 1704.
108-115v Nov. 1704 Capt. Lloyd   This is a compilation of papers presented to the Board by Lloyd. In it are various documents: examinations of several spies, examinations of French deserters in French followed by translations.
117 1 Dec. 1704 Cecill, Meadows, Blathwayt, Pollet, Prior Secretary Hedges They are forwarding Jean Lemoine’s (deserter) deposition.
119 6 [ _ ] 1704 Commodore Bridges Lords of Trade Clears Lloyd of the accusations against him which Bridges reveals were false. John Adams was whipped. Lloyd is being sent to England to represent the uneasiness of the garrison because not relieved.
121b 8 Dec. 1704 (rec'd & read) John Roope   Observations relating to the French presence at Placentia whish is weakened, they are now reduced to 117 men. Americans sell rum to the fishermen. The Scots will hurt this fishery because their men work more cheaply and they buy supplies more cheaply in Scotland. South Castle should be fortified. Note: Much more information. Note: Some of the same references are made on a petition the next year, at p.298
122-123a   John Roope   [enclosed with above] This is a declaration sworn in the presence of David Roberts, Henry Hayman and Samuel Hayman. John Roope asked Lt. Lloyd for assistance to build the boom in the harbour which was refused. As a result, the works are nor finished and Roope has to spend another Winter. Blames Lloyd.
123b 16 Oct. 1704 Inhabitants of Newfoundland Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] Petition of the inhabitants against Capt. Lloyd.

rec'd from Mr. Merritt.

124 20 Oct. 1704 Phil. Mannorwe, (Fishing Admiral)   [enclosed with above] John Marshall swore that Lloyd threatened to kill him if he didn’t sign a paper clearing him of his (Lloyd’s) crimes.
125b 8 Dec. 1704 (rec'd & read) James Bromfield, John Chambers and others   [enclosed with above] This is signed by non-commissioned officers at Lloyd’s command. It describes the hardship men went through to cut wood and to sail when they know nothing of the sea.
126 12 Dec. 1704 Burchet (Admiralty Office) Popple Will present questions to His Royal Highness. Capt Bridges does not have leave to come to town yet. Bridges sailed to Newfoundland before the Heads of enquiry could be sent to him.
128 29 Dec. 1704     Lloyds’s defence against the charges and where the proofs with referral to other documents. Abstract of Lloyd’s answers to the complaints against him.
130 5 Sept. 1704 Master Commanders of merchants ships   Lloyd’s defence. A petition with many signatures attesting to Lloyd’s good character and leadership.
132 16 Sept. 1704 Colin Campbell and Henry Studley (or Hudley)   Lloyd’s defence. The inhabitants of St. John’s petition where they describe the good leadership, the assistance and the protection that Capt. Lloyd provided for them.
134 12 Sept. 1704 Capt. Timothy Bridges, Spann, Chamberlain   Enquiry into the complaints against Capt. Lloyd in presence of Jonathan Spann of the Woolwich , Peter Chambers of the Litchfield Prize, Lt. Moody and Lt. Latham of the Company. Certifies that Lloyd has at all times acted like a man of honour and good government, etc.
136   Inhabitants and Masters at St. John’s, John Marshall, Henry Hayman, Holdsworth, Collin Lloyd Petition stating that more men are needed in St. John’s. The fish is not being cured and saved properly which injures the trade. Proposes an exchange of duties. Fishermen work as soldiers when appropriate and soldiers work as fishermen when needed.
138-139   Witnessed by John Moody, Robert Latham, Thomas Adams   Receipts for subsistence money given to soldiers and officers at the garrison for 1 May 1704 to 22 Sept. 1704.
139v 2 Sept. 1704 Capt. Timothy Bridges   Declaration stating that Lloyd provided subsistence money for the period of 1 May 1704 to 22 Sept. 1704. Amounts to 178 pounds.
140-140v 6 July 1704 John Roope Capt. Lloyd Receipts for provisions destined to the men working on fixing the boom.
142 6 July 1704 Lloyd, Moody, Latham   rec'd directions in relation to the fixing of the boom. Provides a task description and explains the duties required of the soldiers for fixing the boom, cutting the wood, protecting the harbour from the French.
144 11 Oct. 1704 Robert Latham   Declaration stating that Lloyd did provide men for the fixing of the boom in St. John’s harbour. Provides a description of how the work was carried out and the reasons for delays.
146 6 Dec. 1704 Bridges Lords of Trade Bridges certifies that some of the men who signed the petition relating to Lloyd’s beating of John Adams, refused to swear an oath to it. Lloyd did give him a caning but not as to injure Adams. Adams stole oil.
148 12 Dec. 1704 Holford and Clarke   Declaration relating to John Adams’ beating. Adams’ drunkenness and the events surrounding the signed petition.
150 12 Dec. 1704 Holford and Clarke   Declaration stating that they were employed by the Chaplain Mr. Jackson to transcribe petitions. This appears to be a declaration against Chaplain Jackson who keeps soldiers late at night at his house and provides them with alcohol. Moody is described as Jackson’s friend against Lloyd. This declaration appears to be in support of Lloyd.
152 6 Sept. 1704 Moody, Jordan, John Knight, Morris, Bridges (witness)   Receipts for the money rec'd to spy on the French at Placentia.
154 5 Oct. 1704 Moody, Latham, Huxford, Adams   Declaration of the Officers vouching to the good qualities of Capt. Lloyd.
156-156v 13 Oct. 1704 Capt. Bridges (Commander of the Convoy), Capt. Jonathan Spann   Declaration stating that a considerable number of inhabitants came voluntarily on board the Woolwich and freely signed a paper clearing Lloyd of all charges and asking that Lloyd remain the commander.
158 23 Dec. 1704 (rec'd) 9 Jan. 1705 (read) Jackson Lords of Trade Preservation of the fishery. Requests a fresh company of men for next spring.
160b 9 Sept. Soldiers Queen Petition begging to be relieved, some of them serving 7 or 8 years.
161       Muster Roll signed by Bridges
162b 2 Sept. 1704 Minister Jackson and "Chief" inhabitants Commodore Bridges Petition asking for the commander’s help in preventing desertion. They depend on the fort’s protection.
163b 16 Sept. 1704 James Bromfield and Jonathan Burgess (witnesses)   [enclosed with above] Petition of the soldiers vouching on the good character of Reverend John Jackson, the chaplain. Jackson is not to blame for them wanting to desert. Lloyd is to blame
164 21 July 1704 Commanders of ships and inhabitants of Newfoundland   [enclosed with above] signed petition vouching for the good character of John Jackson
166b   Inhabitants of St. John’s   Signed Petition (various handwriting) of inhabitants against Lloyd. They say that the inhabitants that went to the ship to sign petitions in favour of Lloyd did not know him. Note: this is the second page, look at 167b (below) for the first page
167b   Inhabitants of S. John’s   First page of the petition of the Inhabitants of St. John’s against Capt. Lloyd.
168 5 Jan. 1705 Secretary Hedges (Whitehall) Lords of Trade He forwards papers concerning Placentia and the Mutiny at the garrison in St. John’s .
170 10 Oct. 1704 Moody (Fort William) Lords of Trade He acquaints the Lords that Lloyd was suspended on 12 Sept. 1704 and that Moody was placed in command.
171b Sept. 1704 Jackson, Roberts, Hayman, etc. Bridges Copy of the Petition signed by Jackson and others asking Bridges to use all in his power to stop men from deserting. Forwarded by Hedges.
172b 4 August 1704 Soldiers Queen Copy of the petition asking Lloyd to be suspended, they will not stay in service if Lloyd stays, and they also demand to be relieved.
173b       Petition of the Inhabitants of Bideford for which there is no enclosure nor date or signature. They maintain that the French have the best fishing grounds and they ask that an Article be written to exclude the French from fishing in Nfld.
175 9 Jan. 1705 Solomon Merritt Lords of Trade He rec'd the following from Capt. Pacquet from Lisbon which came from Nfld. A petition against Collin Campbell
177b 10 Oct. 1704 Joshua Thomas, John Taylor and others (St. John’s) Lords of Trade Petition asking the Lords to investigate the affairs of Collin Campbell who took the law in his own hands in relation to the settling of prizes. Accuses Campbell of ignoring standard procedure of auctioning "by inch of candle." Sells captured French prizes privately to Timothy Bridges, Jonathan Spann, and William Taverner
178-178v 17 Jan. 1704 Solomon Merritt, Cole, Houblon, Heale (London) Lords of Trade Two warships should be sent to protect convoys from England to Lisbon and to Newfoundland. They should meet other ships bound to Quebec at Cape Race ["Cape de Raze] and cruise in July to the 24 August from Cape Race to St. Pierre ["St. Peters"]
180-180v   Roope Blathwayt Extract of a letter Mr. Roope sent to Mr Blathwayt which was communicated to the board. It concerns the French and their weakened state. Recommends a good number of warships and soldiers and to attack Placentia.
182 12 Jan. 1705 (rec'd & read) Lloyd Lords of Trade Memorial from Capt. Lloyd asking the board to consider his purchase of provisions for the men at Newfoundland.
184b 1704 Bridges Lords of Trade An Account of the state of fishery at St. John’s and Ferryland. The state of Fort William at St. John’s. Reasons for the men’s petition against Capt. Lloyd is that the men were not relieved for many years. Note: very little information concerning the fishery.
185   Popple Bridges Memoranda for Capt. Bridges of questions to be answered regarding the State of the Fishery, the state of Fort William and Company, the present number of soldiers. (which he did in the previous document.)
186 1 Feb. 1705 Hedges Lords of Trade and Plantations Requests the Lords to review and examine the papers regarding Lloyd and make your representation to the Queen.
188b   Baker, Clarke, Mason, Mugford, Bayly, Yate and approx. 25 others   "The petition of masters of ships and inhabitants of Newfoundland now in England." Accuse Thomas Lloyd of selling goods at exorbitant prices and add that soldiers have been fishing for Lloyd. Request that Lloyd not be re-assigned.
189 14 March 1705 Whitechurch, mayor of Bristol and 6 other merchants Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] Certificate attesting that the complaints expressed in the here annexed petition are true.
191 20 March 1705 Cecill, Meadows, Blathwayt, Pottersen (Whitehall in Council)   Copy of a minute relating to Mr. Pacy’s delivering a petition with complaints against Capt. Lloyd.
193 28 March 1705 Thurston Popple Asks for directions relating to the relief of the soldiers now in Newfoundland. Includes a very short list of what is usually sent there.
185 11 April 1705 Thurston Popple Cover letter announcing the particulars of provisions and material needed for Newfoundland.
187   Thurston   [enclosed with above] A very short summary of what is sent and notes.
199 12 April 1705 Fauler [Fowler?] Popple Issues regarding the convoy being sailed to the Downes: the ports they have to go to and the time of year. The commodores have to give ports prior warning of their arrival.
201 17 April 1705 Burchet Popple The Heads of Enquiry have been sent to the commodore now at Plymouth and that the commodore has directions to announce to the company of their relief by the next ship to arrive.
203-204v 20 April 1705 Moody (Fort William) Lords of Trade Account of the destruction done by the French at Placentia. Governor [Daniel D’Auger de] Subercase laid siege to the southernmost part of the island, the Harbour of St. John’s and finally this fort. The force of Canadians and Indians numbered 600; Moody had but 40 men. The French withdrew their forces after a five week siege and went back to Placentia. They suffered a loss of 200 men. They continued to Bonavista where they scalped and murdered "a great number of our inhabitants." They burnt all stages, carried away all the youth of this harbour to Placentia. Assistance is required in expectation of more attacks
206 4 May 1705 Hedges (Whitehall) Lords of Trade Please explain why you are putting the garrison under the command of the captain of the convoy.
208 1 June 1705 Thurston Popple The convoy will sail in 3 or 4 days. Please issue orders to the Captain of the Convoy to receive the money for the soldiers at St. John’s.
210 4 June 1705 Burchet Popple Capt. Chamberlain of the Litchfield is ordered to take the money.
212-212v 4 June 1705 Hedges Council of Trade The Queen does not approve of the commander of the convoy taking over the land forces in Newfoundland. However, he is ordered to provide accounts of the stores and the state of the garrison.
214 8 June 1705 Thurston Popple Cover letter asking to present the enclosed to the Lords
215   Thurston   [enclosed with above] Subsistence money, money for the surgeon, one year’s clearing for the soldiers, clothing, one year contingency money. Further wanting: medicines and bedding
216   Thurston   [enclosed with above] Clothing wanting for the Company of Foot at Newfoundland for the year 1705. 80 shirts, 80 pairs of stockings. Note: more here.
220 9 June 1705 Hedges Lords of Trade The Commodore also needs to take the muster rolls and to examine any wrongs done to the fishery.
222 14 June 1705 Thurston   Asks the Lords of Trade to issue orders to the Admiralty to issue orders relating to the clothes.
224-224v 14 June 1705 Lloyd (in England) Lords of Trade The attack in St. John’s would have been prevented had his approach to its defence continued (i.e., using inhabitants to beef up the defence). Essentially Lloyd blames Moody for what happened when Subercase attacked St. John’s)
226 15 June 1705 Burchet Popple The two warships bound to Newfoundland are so full with provisions that they cannot take the clothes
229-230v 15 June 1705 Colin Campbell Lords of Trade He was intrusted by Lt. John Moody to bring letters to England but encountered a French warship and was forced to throw the letters overboard. Mentions privateers, ransom money, Bills of Exchange that can be traded in St. Malo. Includes his best recollection of the packets of information that were lost. It included petitions from the inhabitants of Carbonear, in support of Moody, Thomas Adams (surgeon), a representation from the inhabitants and officers of the garrison in favour of Campbell, a journal containing the French attack of the fort. Campbell gives an account of the French attack
231 19 June 1705 (rec'd & read) Merchants: Degrave, Stephens, Jackson, Houblon, Johnson, Cole and 30 others   Petition of several merchants requesting reinforcements of men, arms and ammunition sufficient to defend the fortified places in Newfoundland.
233-234 19 Jan. 1705 Colin Campbell   Swears an oath that when he was in St. John’s 20 Jan. 1705, the French with some Canadians and Indians under the command of Subercase, governor at Placentia, made the inhabitants prisoners and stayed until 23 Feb.. Note: swears to all the information relating to the loss of the petitions and papers (mentioned on pp. 229-230v) as well. Sworn before the mayor of Bukingham
235-236 8 June 1705 Rich Sampson (England)   An account of the activity during the French raid at St. John’s commanded by Subercase, Governor of Placentia. Sworn before a witness William Phillips and signed by Thomas Lloyd as a true copy
237 26 June 1705 Henry Greenhill Lords of Trade Waine, master of the Friendship sloop of Boston, came to Greenhill, and made the enclosed deposition in presence of the Mayor of Plymouth in relation to the French in Newfoundland
239 26 June 1705 William Waine Lords of Trade On the Lord’s command I met with Greenhill and the Mayor of Plymouth and made my deposition relating to the attack at Newfoundland and taking on board Mr. Collin Campbell.
241-242 1705 William Waine and Thomas Darracott (mayor) Lords of Trade Declaration made by the mayor of Plymouth, Devon that William Waine commander of the sloop Friendship of Boston in New England, appeared before him and voluntarily made his statement. On 12 April 1704 Waine came to St. John’s and saw that stages, boats and houses had been burnt or destroyed. The French and 60 Indians had laid siege for about 5 weeks and afterwards committed the said ravages. The French took young men from St. John’s and then went to Carbonear and burnt and destroyed it. Waine sailed for England on 4 May 1704 with Collin Campbell. They were taken by a French privateer on 28 May 1704, La Masone of Saint Malo, Capitaine Buisson. Campbell threw the packet of papers overboard. A ransom of 100 guineas was to be exchanged at Plymouth. A mate, Jacob Williams, was left with the privateer.
243 4 July 1705 Hedges Council of Trade The Establishment of Civil and Military government, with magistrates and militia officers in Newfoundland. Consider this proposal from the Newfoundland merchants. The Inhabitants shall be put to work to repair the storehouse of the fort for storing fishing gear.
245   Shepheard, Dolliffe, Browne, Eyre, Brooke, Cock, Renew, Brooking, Torriano, Hodges, Campbell   [enclosed with above] "Copy of the proposal of Newfoundland Merchants." The preservation of the colony in Newfoundland. In winter, the inhabitants are without military and civil regulations and are exposed to French attacks. They propose to choose among them one chief magistrate and one or more constables. Other instructions and procedures are laid out in relation to the founding of a judicial system in St. John’s, Consumption, Trinity, and Bonavista. More store houses should be prepared in St. John’s.
247b   Bremble, Weston, Gigger, Young, and other merchants of Poole Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] Proposal for better protection of St. John’s, Trinity and Carbonear harbours. Note: As the letter is very hard to read, please see the next document called "Abstract of the Merchants of Poole" below.
248       "Abstract of the merchants of Poole trading to Newfoundland relating to the affairs of that place." (A) That 2 or 3 Fourth Rate warships may be sent to Nfld to spend there all Winter. (B) The one to cruise in sight of St. John’s, the 2nd in Trinity Harbour and the Third in Ferryland Harbour. [more] ( C) 30 to 40 soldiers to remain in Carbonear for the defence of Conception Bay as well. (D) The best time and how to attack the French. (E ) The ships might be relieved yearly until forts are built.
249 6 July 1705 C.Hedges (Whitehall) Lords of Trade In what relates to Campbell and Sampson, there is some suspicions of treacherous correspondences between H.M. subjects and the French in Newfoundland. Prepare instructions for Capt. Lloyd, the commodore.
251       [enclosed with above] heads of enquiry for Lloyd. Enquire to the events of last winter. Why a guard was not left at the North Battery to take care of the guns. Etc...
253 7 July 1705 Will Shepherd (mayor of Poole) Popple Relates to the security of Newfoundland and Mr. Campbell.
255-256v 10 July 1705 Solomon Merritt   Requires the details relating to Campbell and the Friendship to be sent to him so that he can send his opinions to Capt. Lloyd. Sends a series of queries to be made to Mr. Stephens relating to the late attack by the French at St. John’s.
259 13 July 1705 Solomon Merritt Popple He didn’t have time to look at the proposals but he is sending instructions to Capt. Lloyd.
260-260v   Solomon Merritt Lords of Trade A list of his Heads of Enquiry for Capt. Lloyd.
262b 13 July 1705 Richard Sampson   Affidavit. He is an Inhabitant of St. John’s and he makes a declaration about the French attack of last Jan.. Description of the events.
263 11 July 1705 Whitchurch, Mayor of Bristoll Popple Announcing the memorial of merchants.
265-267 13 July 1705 (Barnstaple) Lords of Trade Memorial requesting fortifications at Ferryland, from Bay Bulls to Renews and leave their fishing gear in storehouses built there. There should also be a sufficient number of soldiers left to guard and defend. According to the ancient custom and late act of parliament, we want the first captain arrived to be the Admiral. Plus, the memorial provides a description of the success of the French fishery. Note: an Abstract of the memorial is provided at p.266
268 15 July 1705 Henry Greenhill Popple Concerns John Stephens of the Friendship. He is away at Poole to see his relations. Greenhill will hold on to the Lords’ interrogations destined for John Stephens until further notice.
270 17 July 1705 Burchet (Admiralty) Popple Forwards a letter from the capt. of the Anglesea, directing him to take Richard Sampson on board for Newfoundland.
272 17 July 1705 Burchet/Captain Partington   This appears to be an official document given to Captain Partington of the Anglesea ordering him to take Richard Sampson on board and feed him.
274 10 July 1705 George Strange, John Buck, William Buck, Dan Darrault, Thomas Smith, Peter Wellington, Power Jr, John Smith (Bideford) Lords of Trade They disagree with the idea of a yearly appointed Chief Magistrate because the harbours are so far apart and so thinly inhabited. Fortifications and storehouses in the principal harbours would be of great advantage. Planters and servants should be exempted from being pressed. The New England ships should be prevented from carrying any inhabitants or servants without giving notice. Officers of the garrison should be prevented from trading in the fishery.

Note: an Abrstract is on p.275

277-278 28 July 1705 Gilbert Yard (Mayor of Exon/Exeter) Lords of Trade They agree about Civil and Military discipline. Building forts will take time. The best way to drive the French out will be by land and in Winter. Agree about the New England ships. The Officers ought not to trade but should be permitted to help. Note: Abstract is on p.278
280-281 17 July 1705 (rec'd)

18 July 1705 (read)

Whitechurch and 15 other merchants(Mayor of Bristol) Lords of Trade They propose that magistrates be chosen annually and that masters of ships have a role in choosing them. Warships and soldiers be sent to Nfld. Forts need to be erected and storehouses built. Officers and soldiers be appointed to guard them. Note: Abstract available at p.281
283 21 July 1705 Burchet Popple Richard Sampson was servant to Campbell and is trying to run away from his services. He is giving Popple notice so that he may know why the captain’s orders are contradicted.
285-287 25 July 1705 William Harding (Mayor of Weymouth, Dorsetshire) Lords of Trade They agree that building forts will take time. 3 or 4 Fourth rate frigates be sent to winter at Ferryland, St. John’s and Trinity. A few soldiers are needed at Carbonear and Conception Bay. Beat the French out of Newfoundland. Officers should be kept from trading. Note: the Abstract is on p. 286
288 18 Oct. 1705 James Campbell (London) Lords of Trade The situation at Newfoundland. The French and Indians have carried off inhabitants of Trinity and Conception Bays, plundered and burnt a New England brigantine there. In the beginning of August last, the French took and plundered Porto Grave and carried away the inhabitants there. The inhabitants of St. John’s are discouraged and are not getting information from England. Suggests that a way of carrying information to Newfoundland would be good.
290 28 Nov. 1705 Major Thomas Lloyd (St. John’s) Lords of Trade Upon his return to the garrison in St. John’s, he asks that Mr. Moody made liable for the provisions wanting this year.
292 21 Dec. 1705 Paul Jodrell Lords of Trade Copy of an order of the House of Commons requiring the Board to lay before them a State of the Trade of Newfoundland and the Western Islands.
295-295v 13 Nov. 1705 Jonah Lavington (mayor of Plymouth) and Richard Sampson Lords of Trade Concerning Richard Sampson’s sworn testimony (appended); that Sampson’s statement had been made after Lloyd and Merritt had made him drunk. Campbell wants him to recant this testimony.
296 13 Sept. 1705 Subercase (Plaisance) Henry Hayman (Fishing admiral, St. John’s) The French governor is writing about the exchange of prisoners. He will consent to a general exchange if the English will do the same. He will send Roope but he will keep Geofroid (probably Geoffrey) because he accumulated quite a debt. Subercase adds that he has been treating prisoners so well that they haven’t noticed being prisoners and were allowed to work for the same wages as in their own country. To show that he is in good faith, he will send provisions along with the prisoners on their way back to their garrison. Please do the same for the French prisoners. Keen had given him his word that he wouldn’t desert and he would tell him of any other English deserters and for that, Subercase allowed him to hunt. But he didn’t keep his word. Roope will tell you all that I have done to stop the usual "sauvages"cruelties. I await with great impatience the prisoners that you have to send me. Note: In French.
298b 15 Oct. 1705 Grigge, Parsons, Pyne, Studley, Smirke, Holdsworth, Hodder and 30 others Lords of Trade Petition from traders and commanders of fishing ships. Relates to the state of the fishery which is now decaying but was once flourishing . The French own 6/7 of the fishing ground and get fish sooner. Claims that the Scots are becoming numerous in Newfoundland; they hurt the fishery because they work for low wages and buy their material cheaper. Note: the petition is very similar in issues and statements to that made in 1704 (see above, p.121)
299 16 Jan. 1706 (rec'd & read) Mr Roope Lords of Trade Abstract of the Muster Rolls of the Old Company at Newfoundland ending the 1 Nov. 1705.
300 2 Jan. 1706 John Jackson Lords of Trade Begs the Lords to allow him to clear his reputation when he arrives in London soon. Jacksons’ dismissal as minister at St. John’s & his return to England
302 8 Jan. 1706 Burchet Popple Relates to an enquiry being processed in London about the ship Bridges’ commanded. Mention of a Court Martial.
304-309 11 Jan. 1706 Roope Lords of Trade Memorial about the State of the English fishery, the French attack of St. John’s and an account of fish taken in 1705. Suggestions for the protection of Newfoundland. On p.307 there is a list of the number of ships to Newfoundland, boats, how many quintals they fished, states that there are 800 men, 130 are women and 200 are children. On p.308, he lists the English settlements north of Bonavista. On p.309, there is a note about John Mouldin.
310 14 Jan. 1706 Fawler (Admiralty Office) Lords of Trade The Admiralty Office sent a letter to Capt. Bridges ordering him to see the Board of Trade.
312 14 Jan. 1706 Hedges (Cockpitt) Council of Trade Cover letter and enclosed document. He is sending the Board observations relating to "occurences and transactions" made in Newfoundland during the administration of Lt. John Moody.
315-341 8 Jan. 1706 Moody (London) Lords of Trade [enclosed with above] Moody’s "Relation" of events (or Journal). In this document, Moody provides a description of his orders and duties. He makes note of the correspondence he sent to the Board of Trade and Ordnance. His relation with the inhabitants of St. John’s, problems with Roope, mentions Campbell. He retells, in details, the events surrounding the attack of St. John’s and Fort William by the French and Indians in 1705. Includes abstracts of letters sent in French by Subercase and includes copies of his replies. A description of Subercase’s actions (used women and children). The Fort’s defence. On p.333, there is an account titled "An account of Publick Occurences from the time of the departure of the enemy from St. John’s to the time of the relator’s sailing from thence to Old England." On p.337, there is an estimate of the cost of the properties burnt by the French. On p.338 and 339 there is more of the French’s attack but in Trinity Bay and Bonavista. On p.341, In Oct. 1705, Capt.Chamberlain and Capt. Partington brought Major Lloyd and a new company of foot.
345-346v   Roope Lords of Trade Description of events surrounding the burning and plundering by the French. When the French went to Bonavista, Lt. Moody had put a Quaker in charge, George Skeffington. He capitulated as soon as summoned even though he had 120 men, 8 guns, and several stores and arms. He bought his ransom for 250 pounds in a bill of exchange from Boston. The French continued their attack, crossing the isthmus at "Bay Bulls" [Bull Arm] and plundering Conception and Trinity Bays. Mentions Indians of another nation had their wives and children with them.
347 4 Feb. 1705 Roope (St. John’s) Mr. Robert Latham Roope’s letter telling of his experience as a prisoner of war. The Governor was enraged because of the shots fired on his flag of truce. A treaty between the French governor and Moody. The Country, which is threatened by fire and sword, must be preserved
349 13 Feb. 1705 Subercase Moody This letter was translated by Roope. Subercase asks Moody’s capitulation to avoid spilling blood. He claims that he now possesses the entire island
350 14 Feb. 1705 Subercase Moody He sends Mr. Campbell and Mr. Pemberton. He doesn’t like what the officer did at the castle on the South side, he fired shots at his flag of truce. He awaits a reply.
351 16 Jan. 1706 (rec'd & read) Roope Board of Trade Particulars of what is needed for the Boom that is across the harbour at St. John’s.
353-360 16 Jan. 1706 John Jackson Lords of Trade Memorial of the (former) minister at St. John’s. Jackson provides an account of the last two years under the command of Lloyd and Moody. He provides a bad portrayal of Lloyd. Tells of the Fishing trade and tells of Lloyd’s fraudulent behavior. Lloyd thinks that because he is not paid well as a soldier, he should take advantage of the fishery. Lloyd was a great promoter of whoring and adultery. He forced soldiers to work for him. He had no religion. Played his fiddle on Sunday to lure people away from church. Jackson also doesn’t like Roope. Moody did his best. Note: There is more information here.
361 19 Jan. 1706 Moody Lords of Trade Replies to the allegations against him (embezzlement) by Capt. Lloyd. The soldiers will gladly answer in regards to their suffering if you should enquire. In regards to the stores, Mr. Huxford is also accountable for the stores.
363 24 Jan. 1706 (rec'd & read) Davis, Strange, Buck, Darracott and 10 others Lords of Trade Bideford merchants want a fort built at Ferryland
364 23 Jan. 1706 Thurston Popple Please lay before the Lords of Trade the following lists of money required for Provision and Clothing for Newfoundland. I have not yet heard from Capt. Lloyd.
366   Thurston   [enclosed with above] Necessaries for the soldiers at Newfoundland for the year 1706. Clothing, contingency money, provisions, medicines, clothing.
368 29 Nov. 1705 Moody Lords of Trade In his defence, please lay the following affidavit provided by soldiers now arrived at Portsmouth.
370-371v 3 Jan. 1706 Sergeant James Bromfield, Corporal Buckley Powell and others sworn in presence of Edward Harman (mayor of Portsmouth) and Charles Bissell (notary public) [enclosed with above] In this document, the soldiers vouch for Moody’s good behavior as Commander in Chief. They were supplied with clothing. Moody defended the garrison with courage and encouraged the men to do the same. He furnished the garrison with rum, brandy and other liquor at his own charge .
372 24 Jan. 1706 Hedges (Cockpitt) Council of Trade Asks the Board to provide Heads of Enquiry for John Gibsone who will interview the soldiers now back from Newfoundland
374-375 27 Jan. 1705(rec'd & read) Moody Lords of Trade The defects of Fort William. The curtain is exposed, the parapet is too low, the platforms are out of order, the carriages are rotten, the vaults under the ramparts spoil the powder because the walls are of loose soil. Two rising grounds one at the gate and one at the Northwest. The situation of the fort is bad. The castle is small but strong. The North battery is of no use. The houses, barracks and arms are very much out of repair.
376-377 28 Jan. 1706 (rec'd & read) Roope House of Commons Copy of Mr. Roope’s memorial to a Committee of the House of Commons relating to Newfoundland. The contents of this abstract relates to the fishery as the training place for seamen and the wealth it brings to the nation. These benefits are at risk from several factors. Americans bring liquor and carry the men away at the end of the season. They bring in liquors such as rum as well as sugar, molasses; it is a commodity coveted by those employed in the fishery. The men become intoxicated and the fish is poorly cured as a result.
378 28 Jan. 1706 (rec'd & read) John Roope Lords of Trade and Plantations Petition. Roope tells of complications during his stay in Newfoundland. He arrived in 1703. The Boom was not fix on time, but it was fixed. Roope recounts his capture by the French and his hardships as a prisoner. He was told by an officer that Colin Campbell’s information was the cause of his ill usage. Requests a consideration.
379 26 Jan. 1706 Thurston Popple He rec'd a letter from Capt. Lloyd asking a reimbursement for the clothing he bought for the Company. It is important to find any man that will take the clothing to the Company. The Lords want to see how clothing was issued in the past, Thurston encloses the records.
381   Thurston   [enclosed with above] Note relating to what clothing was issued and when .
382 28 Jan. 1706 William Clayton (Speakers Chambers at the House of Commons) Trade The Board of Trade is ordered to lay Mr Moody’s Journal before the Committee, Moody’s report on the State of the Garrison and the conditions of Fort William, and the complaints against Major Lloyd and Capt. Moody.
384 31 Jan. 1706 Popple House of Commons A list of all the papers presented to the House of Commons itemized and coded. (Only the titles are here listed)
388 4 Feb. 1706 Hedges Council of Trade Cover letter announcing the examination performed by Sir John Gibson of the soldiers that came back from Newfoundland
389-390   Edward Harman, (Mayor of Portsmouth) Bissell   [enclosed with above] Certificate of James Bromfield. Swears that he delivered the provisions to the garrison. Attests to the numbers of soldiers and officers. Swears that the three soldiers now at Portsmouth were soldiers at Newfoundland during the siege. Sgt James Bromfield, Corporal Lewis Spence, and Corporal Buckley Powell. He swears that Capt. Lloyd traded in the fishery and charged high rates for clothing and food.
392-395v 30 Jan. in the 4rth year of Her majesty’s reign. Edward Harman and Bissell   [enclosed with above] Queries for the examination of the soldiers. On p.392v is a list of the names of soldier’s names. On p.393 are more queries. On p.393v, is a list of the soldiers’ names. On p.394 is James’s Bromfield’s declaration, appears to be similar to the previous document on p. 389
398 12 Feb. 1706 (rec'd & read) John Roope Lords of Trade Begs that the soldiers now being sent to Newfoundland be relieved yearly due to the harshness of the winters.
400-402 13 Feb. 1706 (rec'd & read) Mr. Blathwayt Lords Extracts of letters sent by Mr. Blathwayt in the context of the Committee looking into the conditions of the trade in Newfoundland. Note: the handwriting looks like Roope’s on p. 400 and like Clayton’s on p. 402. The extracts relate to the convoys and defence. Suggestions are made for the better protection of the inhabitants during the Winter. 6 convoys of 4rth rate warships should be yearly appointed. 1 for the salt ships to Portugal, 2 to go to Newfoundland, and 1 from Milford Haven to go to the North. 2 more to go with the sack ships by the 20th of May that the fishing ships may return by the 20th of Sept. yearly.
404-404v 14 Feb. 1706 Levey (at the Court in Kensington)   Copy of an order of council. A representation from the Lords of Trade was read regarding the convoys. The representation is approved and it is recommended that it be sent to the Lord High Admiral.
406-406v 14 Feb. 1706 Levey   Copy of an order of council. A representation relating to the pay, clothing, and provisions for the garrison at St. John’s. Necessaries for the year 1706. Crown approves of the representation and recommends that it be sent to the Lord High Treasurer.
408-408v 14 Feb. 1706 Levey   Copy of an order of council. A representation from the Lords of Trade relating to the defence of Newfoundland. A declaration should be sent to the commanders in Newfoundland to allow inhabitants to start a militia. Also that the officers at the garrison be prohibited from trading. Her Majesty orders Hedges, Secretary of State, to issue the proper directions.
410-411 14 Feb. 1706 Levey   Copy of an order of council. A representation relating to the repairing of the 2 forts at St. John’s, and a supply of stores, repairing the boom. Her Majesty approves of it and forwards the matter to the Duke of Marlborough, Master General of H.M. Ordnance.
412-413v 2 Feb. 1706 John Roope Lords of Trade Mr. Roope’s proposal for the security of Newfoundland in the Winter season. If there should be a governor settled there through the Winter, he should not be entrusted with so much power that the fisherman will suffer from his abuses. Although the fishery is of great wealth to the nation, the fisherman’s life is dedicated to his work and does not have time or money to waste on seeking justice. Also adds a few points about militia and Moody’s refusal. The inhabitants should retire to safer places during the winter. The Americans do not fish but sell their rum from harbour to harbour.
414-414v 24 Feb. 1706 (rec'd & read) House of Commons   Copy of an address of the House of Commons relating to the Trade and Fishery in Newfoundland. The encroachments of the French have impaired the fishery. Therefore, convoys shall be sent for the protection of the fishery which is the nursery of seamen. Prays that the necessary orders be given so that timely convoys be appointed for the trade for the merchant ships going to Portugal for salt, etc.
417-421 2 Feb. 1706 Minister John Jackson The Committee to inspect the trade at Newfoundland Sends a list of comments regarding the state of the garrison at St. John’s, the state of the trade in general, and the many abuses that do ensue. Testifies to the poor construction and situation of the fort. Problems with the custom allowing the masters of the first, second and third ships to become admirals. The practice of extortions in harbours by self-proclaimed "kings". Jackson says that Roope is a mercenary. Jackson provided yearly accounts of the state there but his letters were intercepted by officers and rewritten. Officers keep whores. The men’s abuses towards him and the church. Issues relating to his salary and his lodgings. Jackson adds that the New England ships have provided families with provisions at cheaper rates than English ones.
422-422v 25 Feb. 1706 (rec'd & read) Soldiers lately returned from Newfoundland rec'd from the House of Commons sent to the Board of Trade Petition of John Anderson and John Chambers, Sgts and James Bowman and John Jordan Private Sentinels at Fort William. It concerns subsistence money, the handling of the provisions and Capt. Lloyd’s abuses. Desertions. Mentions Bridges. Note: very small handwriting and very difficult to read. Also signed: Todd, Lowders.
424-424v 31 Jan. 1706 Mr Cummings rec'd from the House of Commons sent to the Board of Trade A representation concerning the fishery. Some of the concerns relate to the Act of Parliament that allows ships first arrived and the admiralty. No man shall be carried away without prior notice. Ships heave their ballast overboard in the harbour. And much more concerns. Note: this document is also very difficult to read but contains a lot of information.
426-428 25 Feb. 1706 John Jackson Popple He has been sick with the gout which is the reason why he cannot send this letter by his own hand. Forwards a letter to the Lords begging for an enquiry into the accusations against him. He wants to see them face to face. Should they require more information, he will be happy to obey their command.
429 26 Feb. 1706 James Campbell Lords of Trade " Reasons why the Agent for Prizes at Newfoundland ought not be debarred from trading . Humbly offered to the Lords of Trade..."
432 26 Feb. 1706 (rec'd & read) Soldiers lately come from Newfoundland. Anderson, Todd, Lowder, Bowman, Jordan Lords Affidavit of the soldiers against Capt. Lloyd in answer to a letter from Lt. Moody. Note: many of the same grievances appear here as mentioned at p.422. This document is easier to read; it is packed with a lot of information.
434 5 March 1706 Hedges (Cockpitt) Lords Instructs the Lords to prepare declarations for settling a militia in Newfoundland and to order commanders in Newfoundland to respect them.
436-437 12 March 1706 Thurston Popple A list of necessaries, clothing, pay, and provisions to be sent to the additional soldiers in Newfoundland.
438 17 Nov. 1705 Henry Hayman Admiral, Samuel Hayman Vice Admiral, Crapp Rear Admiral, Holdsworth, Pooke, Andrew, Davis and approx.20 other masters of ships (St. John’s) Her Majesty Address from the masters of ships at Newfoundland to her Majesty in favour of Capt. Lloyd and thanking her for sending new troops .
439 14 March 1706 (rec'd & read) Furlong, Robarts, Lanley, Wilson, Cook, Potter, Squary, Eferd, Barret and approx.20 others Her Majesty Address from the inhabitants of St John’s in favour of Capt. Lloyd.
440-441 15 Nov. 1705 Elizabeth Bunker (St. John’s)   This oath was sworn in St. John’s in the presence of Hayman, Crapp, Holdsworth (Arthur and Robert). It relates to the death of John Jackson’s servant woman who was whipped. She was left to die in the snow. Note: her name does not appear to be mentioned anywhere other than "Christian" [See also CO 194/24, 13v-14 in Reel B-215]
442 19 Nov. 1705 John Huxford (St. John’s)   This was sworn in presence of Henry Hayman and Peter Crapp. Huxford is the master gunner of Fort William. Relates to the watch in Fort William and not in the Harbour. John Jackson’s servant was whipped and fastened to a gun by the order of Moody [See also CO 194/24, 12 in Reel B-215]
443 15 Nov. 1705 Susannah Marshall (St. John’s)   She saw the body of "Christian" the late servant of John Jackson, clerk and chaplain, with her back all black and striped as if she had been whipped. Sworn before Hayman, Crapp, Holdsworth [See also CO 194/24, 13 in Reel B-215]
444 17 Nov. 1705 John Bradbury   John Bradbury, a gunner of Fort William who was in the fort during the siege of 1705. Bradbury appears to accuse Moody of plundering the stores of the St. John’s inhabitants. Also, it appears that Bradbury maintains that the French never attacked the fort but instead sent parties of 2 or 3 to come close to it but never exchanged shots. Note: More information [See also CO 194/24, 17v in Reel B-215]
445 19 Nov. 1705 John Huxford   John Huxford is a Master gunner and he testifies that he was forbidden to "cannonade" the house of James Benjers (where the French were) and which was owned by Colin Campbell. Names Mary Burden, an Irish woman. Note: More information about Lt. Moody and papers from the French.
446 17 Nov. 1705 John Jones   He was a soldier under the command of Robert Latham at the South Castle. Sergeant Bromfield boasted that the pots, flour, and bread he had came from the inhabitants. Sworn before Hayman and Crapp [See also CO 194/24, 17 in Reel B-215]
447 17 Nov. 1705 Joseph Violett   Joseph Violett, Taylor, Jeffery, Barnes, were soldiers at the garrison. Moody ordered 12 soldiers to plunder the inhabitants at St. John’s.
448 19 Nov. 1705 Archibald Taylor   On 21 Jan. 1705, at sunrise he was going down to the houses near the waterfront and was shot at by the French. He ran back and alarmed the fort. He got the snow off the guns and fired at 5 or 6 who had come close to the Outworks. Killed one of the enemy. Most of the garrison soldiers became drunk the night before and the sentinels that should have been on the rampart were walking within the gate. Sworn in the presence of Henry Hayman.
449 19 Nov. 1705 Elias Hoare   Hoare swears that he surprised two soldiers from the garrison stealing from his house, two days after the French were gone. And when he complained they said he would be whipped. They stole a net and wine. When he came back he found his house plundered by 3 other soldiers as was later told him by Bartho. Whiteway. Sworn in the presence of Henry Hayman, Admiral.
450 17 Nov. 1705 Henry Hayman

Peter Crapp

  Swear that several inhabitants came to them and testified that during the time Subercase overran this land, they placed their wives and children in the Fort. Moody demanded repayment for the food they ate during that time and the list of the provisions and cost is annexed.
451   Henry Hayman

Peter Crapp

  [enclosed with above] "Account of what has been paid Lt. Moody for the provisions their wives had from him during the time the enemy was here" Lists alla the names of the inhabitants: Boys, Roberts, Spark, Sheppard, Clark etc. and the amounts of the fines. Note: Rich Sampson is listed without any fine.
452 17 Nov. 1705 John Furlong   Furlong is a resident of St. John’s; he swears that some time at the beginning of April, he bought provisions that were sold to John Swalls by Moody. The provisions bore the mark of the Queen.
453 16 Nov. 1705 Aron Cock and Clement Vickerry   They were made to bring caskets of provisions out of the fort and carry to Colin Campbell . One of the casket bore the Queen’s mark. Sworn in the presence of Henry Hayman (Admiral), Peter Crap (RearAdm.) and Arthur Holdsworth [See also CO 194/24, 15 in Reel B-215]
453v 26 Nov. 1705 Francis Hearse   Declared that in April, he bought of Mr. Swall, beef , bread and oatmeal to the value of nine pounds and 17 shillings which sum was paid Sgt. Broomfield. Sworn in the presence of Henry Hayman, Peter Crap, Arthur Holdsworth.
455 15 Nov. 1705 Henry Hayman   The Commander of the ship, Newhouse, declares that he bought 200 quintals of fish of Lt. Moody the late commander in Chief of Fort William. The fish was shipped aboard the Expedition commanded by Joseph Parsons. Capt. Parsons gave him bills of exchange. Sworn in the presence of Samuel Hayman 9Vice Admiral) and Peter Crapp (Rear Admiral).

The Endorsement or note at the Board of trade calls the above oaths, "13 Affidavits of several persons of Newfoundland against Lt. Moody." Read and rec'd 14 March 1706

456 15 March 1706 Solomon Merritt   Moody and Jackson continue to prejudice a gentlemen that is not present to defend himself. Forwards a copy of a letter sent to My Lord of London which Solomon kept for some time and was hesitant to send to the Board regarding John Jackson (it is an address to the Lord Bishop sent by the inhabitants against Jackson). Merritt adds that Jackson is very ill tempered but should be pitied.
458b 17 Nov. 1705 Henry Hayman (Admiral) and Samuel Hayman (Vice Admiral) and 20 others   Copy of an address sent to the Reverend Henry Lord Bishop of London against John Jackson.
459 15 March 1706 John Roope Lords of Trade The names of the English prisoners taken at Placentia, and places adjacent and Quebec. 60 to 70 men in total. 30 to 40 are at Placentia have taken service, some few as soldiers, the rest as servants in the fishery. 20 were sent to Quebec and some were given to Indians. They are all young men and youths. Some Subercase keeps in his house for his own service. The French committed barbarities in Trinity bay and killed 9 men and 2 children at Bonavista. Mr Skeffington knows of these names: Arthur Jeffrys, Abraham,John Dicker, Thomas Thorpe, Peter Wiles, Nicolas Goodwin (Placentia) Robert Duffett, Nicholas Plomly a smith (sent to Quebec).
460-463v 19 March 1706 Committee of the House of Commons appointed to consider of the Trade of Nfld Lords Report of the Committee. Roughly, it gives a summary of all the papers that were presented to the Committee in regards to the French, the garrison, Capt. Moody, Lloyd, Jackson, Roope, Capt. Bridges. Wraps up all of the opinions provided for the better protection of Newfoundland.
466 26 March 1706 (rec'd) 28 March 1706 (read) John Moody Her Majesty ‘The Humble petition of John Moody" Served 9 years. The Fort was besieged by 600 French which he defended with less than 50 men, until 29 Feb. when the enemy retired with the loss of 200 men. The hardships he endured. Freezing in the snow. If he had not supported the men with 420 gallons of wine and brandy, which he most happily had of his own, it would have been impossible to have subsisted. He asks that he may be provided for in the army.
467   John Moody Her Majesty [enclosed with above] He asks reparation for his subsistence pay that was never paid him. That much pay is due to the soldiers. Demands to be paid for the wine and brandy he supplied.
470-473 28 March 1706 (rec'd) John Moody   List of inhabitants of St. John’s. Here are some names picked at random:Phillip Murray, John Willicot, Nicholas Stephens, Henry Furnix, John Tucker, Peter Janes, George Ryall and many others. Some bear an inscription "wanting".

Volume 3 continues on the next reel [B 207]

474-476 28 March 1706 (rec'd) Merchants, Factors, and Planters of Newfoundland Lords of Trade Address relating to the French attack of 21 Jan. 1705. They offer their gratitude to Capt. Moody for defending them with loyalty and courage. Signed by Campbell, Pemberton, and a hundred more names.
478-479v 27 March 1706 Solomon Merritt Lords of Trade Solomon provides the Board with his opinions about the complaints against Moody, Major Lloyd, and Jackson. He finds the complaints malicious and demands that an impartial man may be appointed this year to enquire on Major Lloyd. About Jackson, he finds his complaints not befitting to his vocation but he takes his large family into consideration.
480 20 Nov. 1705 Timothy Bridges, commander of the Looe   Certifies to have rec'd from Major Lloyd the company of soldiers, with their clothing, and arms. Note: more about the Old and New companies in relation to clothing.
482 28 March 1706 Solomon Merritt Popple Adds a few comments about last year’s petitions against Lloyd that he omitted in his last letter. Note: It appears that Merritt is in favour of Lloyd.
483-485       Short notes in reference to the copies of letters and memorials that were sent to Mr Merritt.
486-487 23 March 1706 Jackson Lords of Trade Jackson’s defence. Answers to the complaints of the inhabitants against him.
489-497 3 Sept. 1705 Lt. Moody (St. John’s) Lords of Trade Lt. Moody’s defence to several allegations by Elizabeth Bunker and others. P490: The woman Christian led a debauched life and stole from Mr. Jackson rum and brandy and kept the men drunk....(more) p. 491 relates to the watch in the harbour and John Huxford; p. 492 concerns John Bradbury’s accusations. Bradbury keeps a woman and had 3 "bastards" by her at the Fort; p..493 Here is Moody’s answer in relation to the plundering of the houses of the inhabitants. p.494 concerns Elias Hoare’s accusations.; p. 495 concerns the selling of provisions; p. 496 concerns the accusations made by Henry Hayman; p. 497 Moody gives his last word on all of the allegations.
501 21 March 1706 Fairborne (Centurion) Capt. Moody Concerning the inhabitants and the masters of ships. Fairborne says that while he was in Newfoundland he found Moody to behave like a man of honour. Note: the end of the letter could be different in tone but it is difficult to assess.
503 Latin date 1706 Archibald Cumming (London)   Sworn in the presence of Richard Holford. Cumming says that the address sent to Her Majesty dated the 20 Nov. 1705 is false and Cumming says that on the list of names only one is truly an inhabitant of St. John’s. He vouches for the good qualities of Moody as a commander. Upon his departure from St. John’s Cumming says that the inhabitants were in a great consternation and terror upon the return of Lloyd.
505 Latin date 1706 George Skeffington (London)   Sworn in the presence of Richard Holford. He is a Quaker and he swears that he only knows of two inhabitants’ names (Roberts and Furlong) on the Queen’s address, although he has been trading in St. John’s for the past five years and knows everyone living there. He supports Moody and is against Lloyd.
506-506v 1 March 1706 Jeffery Lang (St. John’s Fort William)   Sworn in the presence of Moody. Lang swears against John Roope. Roope is responsible for the utter ruin of this place. Also mentions the boom. Thomas Adams and J. Pemberton have also signed.
507   John Jackson Lords of Trade Concerning the address of 20 Nov. 1705 sent in support of Lloyd. Jackson recognizes only Furlong’s name, the rest not being inhabitants of St. John’s. He knows for sure that the inhabitants dread Lloyd’s return and that many of them have left.
508 23 March 1706 John Jackson Lords of Trade The several commanders of ships who signed the petition of 17 Nov. 1705 in support of Lloyd have never been acquainted with Lloyd’s proceedings. They were never in St. John’s throughout the time Jackson served there
509 30 March 1706 Fairborne   This is to certify that the allegations against Moody in regards to the woman who was whipped are false. This woman died of a venereal disease. A court was held at Mr. Richard Coles before Capt. Bridges and himself.
510 1 April 1706 Bridges   This concerns the allegations of Elizabeth Bunker that Lt. Moody whipped a woman named Christian who later died. Moody was examined and tried in my presence in St. John’s. The women who were present when Christian died swore that they heard her say that she "could owne nothing to Lt. Moody’s charge." Upon deliberation, the Court judged that the allegations were frivolous vexations and [ _ ]. Note: see p.440
512 2 April 1706 Jackson   Petition regarding the yearly subscription the inhabitants owe him.
514 30 April 1706 (rec'd & read) Roope Lords Prays for some consideration for his hardships; desires 20 pounds.
516 24 May 1706 Thurston Popple The Nfld convoy is upon departure. Prays that they will take the clothing and the medicine to the soldiers.
518 27 May 1706 Moody Lords of Trade Wishes to be provided with a certificate from the Board as to his good character and clearing him of all accusations.
520 28 May 1706 Burchet Popple Sends an order destined to the Captain of the Falkland to receive the chest of medicines and the clothing.
522 14 June 1706 Popple (Whitehall) Jacskon Certificate in favour of Jackson, saying that Jackson is a person of honest principle, etc.
523 [ _ ] August 1706 Solomon Merritt Popple Letter supporting Capt. Lloyd, describes his actions against the French in Ferryland, Placentia, Port Grave in Conception Bay. 1200 English inhabitants wintered at the fort.
525 2 Oct. 1706 Taylor Popple He is commanded by the Lord Treasurer to ask the Board to review the report on the state of the garrison and to report back what has to be done about it.
526-526v 4 Sept. 1706 Moore (Comptroller Office) Popple A report on the petition of Capt. Moody relating to the amount of money he had to disburse for the subsistence of the men during the siege. Requests from the Lords a better scheme on how the garrison might be maintained at less of a disadvantage to the public. Moore asks if the claim for 363 pounds, which exceeds the contingency and the subsistence money, can be examined by the Board.
529   Capt. Moody Lords of Trade Petition of Capt. Moody praying that he may be reimbursed for the money he spent for the subsistence of the garrison. With copies of two letters of recommendation from Hedges and Mr. Henry St. John.
531 10 May 1706 Hedges Henry St. John [enclosed with above] Copy of a letter requesting that Moody should be recommended for the next post available
532 22 July 1706 St. John Earl Rivers [enclosed with above] Moody shall have one of the first companies that shall become vacant in the troops under the command of Earl Rivers.
535-536 5 Oct. 1706 Thurston Popple This concerns the report from the comptroller enquiring into the demands of every commander from Newfoundland to be reimbursed for money expended at their own cost. Thurston offers reasons to explain it and offers possible solutions. Lt. Moody’s demands are also here considered.
539 11 Nov. 1706 J. Underdown (Falkland Plymouth) Lords of Trade Answers to the Heads of Enquiry demanded by the Lord High Admiral. The commander of the convoy provides information relating to the inhabitants of St. John’s who refuse to pay the fish due to Dr. Jackson.
539v-547 11 Nov. 1706 Underdown   Capt. Underdown’s answers to the Heads of Enquiry; state of the fishery, the number of inhabitants (181 planters, 1180 men servants, 215 women, 421 children), the stages and rooms and much more. Note : a lot of information. Continues at p. 549.
548 25 Sept. 1706 (Latin date) Holdsworth   Arthur Holdsworth affidavit sworn in presence of Underdown, swears that a quantity of ballast was dumped in the harbour
549-559 11 Nov. 1706 Underdown   More Heads of Enquiry
563-563v 11 Nov. 1706 Underdown Lords Answer to the additional questions sent to Mr. Burchet 19 March last. The reasons why inhabitants rind the trees. Admirals and Masters of ships are in breech of an Act of Parliament, vessels from New England, European commodities are brought from Portugal.
565-565v 11 Nov. 1706 Underdown Lords of Trade Account of the number of inhabitants, boats, stages, fishing ships, fish caught in Newfoundland.
566 20 Sept. 1706 John Davis (St. John’s)   Sworn in the presence of Underdown. Jackson was drunk and cursed against Capt. Richards.
567-567v 2 Oct. 1706 Richard Colesworthy (St. John’s), J. Collins, Robarts, Archer, Hawkins, and more.   Reasons why the inhabitants of St. John’s did not provide fish to Dr. Jackson

End of Volume