CO 194/27 [B-674]



From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

1 Jan. 25,1765 Hillsborough (London) Halifax (London) Cover letter from Hillsborough expressing concerns about defenses and fortifications in Newfoundland
3-4v Sept. 1, 1764 Palliser (St. John’s ) Hillsborough (London) Palliser’s concerns about the forts and garrisons at Placentia and St. John’s in the aftermath of the French capture in 1762
7-8v June 20, 1764 Hereford & Eyre (St. John’s)   Return on the state and remains of ordnance and ordnance stores at St. John’s
11v-12 July 2, 1764 Eyre & Gualy (St. John’s)   Return of garrison and detachment at St. John’s and Ferryland
13v-14 July 2, 1764 Doyers & Hamilton (Placentia)   Return of the garrison and ordnance at Placentia
15 June 30, 1764 Gualy (St. John’s) Palliser (St. John’s) Letter to the governor expressing concerns about the lack of provisions at St. John’s; a request for provisions
17-18v July 14, 1764 Detachment of the 45th regiment (Placentia) Palliser (St. John’s) Petition from the detachment of the 45th regiment at Placentia expressing dissatisfaction with their monetary allowance for fuel and candles
21-21v July 15, 1764 Hamilton (Placentia) Palliser (St. John’s) A letter requesting that Hamilton receive a 6-12 month leave of absence due to sickness and old age
23 March 1, 1765 Board of Trade (London) Halifax (London) Cover letter on a representation concerning French interpretation of the Treaty of 1686; actual report does not appear here - this letter may not belong in this collection.
25 March 23, 1765 Halifax (London) Palliser (St. John’s) Letter advising Palliser to send members of the 59th regiment to Newfoundland in order to relieve members of the 45th regiment, allowing them to return to Ireland
27-27v April 8, 1765 Halifax (London) Board of Trade (London) Letter of complaint concerning French violation of fishing boundaries off the coast of Newfoundland and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence
29-42 April 16, 1765 Board of Trade (London) The King (London) Letter in which the Board methodically lists (and dismisses) the complaints of the French concerning fishing off the coast of Newfoundland; the Board provides several complaints of their own concerning French rights and conduct; mentions the South and West Coasts of Newfoundland as well as St. Pierre
43-50v May 14, 1765 Stephens (London) Palliser (St. John’s) Letter containing a detailed list of instructions concerning proper procedure and conduct while fishing, traveling and trading; contains an attached list of the ships and their commanders employed during that year
52-55 July16, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) Halifax (London) Letter describing Palliser’s experience with encroaching French fishing vessels off the coast of Newfoundland; he expresses frustration at the difficulty of governing French activity
56-56v June 13, 1765 Adams (Niger in St. Lawrence Harbour) Palliser (St. John’s) [Enclosed with above] Letter alerting Palliser about French ships in the vicinity
58-65 June 25, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) D’Angeac (St. Pierre) [Enclosed with above] Letter expressing Palliser’s concerns about French violation of fishing laws, as well as the measures he intended to take in order to ensure that the terms of the treaties between the two nations are enforced
65-65v June 25, 1765 D’Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) [In French; enclosed with above] Response to Palliser’s complaints about French violation of fishing rights off the coast of St. Pierre and Miquelon. D’Angeac says that 4 armed "esquiffs" or "barges" have taken four of our "chaloupes." They were fishing between Isle Verte and the Coast of Newfoundland. Capt. Douglas spent the summer of 1763 here without causing any trouble. You (Palliser)came here last year and never raised any concerns. If there are any new regulations, he prays that Palliser would make them known to him.
66-68v June 30, 1765 D'Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) [in French; enclosed with above] Letter addressing Palliser’s complaints about French violations of the Treaty. D’Angeac blames the violations on a few individuals who cannot be lumped with the whole of the nation. A few French subjects were taken on English boats and allowed to spend the winter on the South coast of Newfoundland. If the English inhabitants do not want them there, then they should be expelled. Palliser will judge by all the licenses given to fishermen who go on the banks and in the gulf, the effort expended in trying to keep them within limits. The chaloupes fishing in the area near St. Pierre and Miquelon are allowed there by the Treaty of Paris, as no limits are explicitly mentioned. He has not seen any "Indians" on the islands. They wanted to come here and he replied no. He has not built any forts. English frigates come often enough to know that. The six cannons we have were never hidden and are not denied by the Treaty. If you had complained about them, the Court of England would have contacted the Court of France and I would have received mention of it. I have no desire to use them. The two French frigates are here to pick up my letters to the Court and will leave shortly.
70-71 June 25, 1765 Chevalier D’Herlye (frigate Thetis at St. Pierre) Palliser [in French; enclosed with above] D’Herlye explains the reasons why he is still here (he brought provisions and he needs to repair the ship). He wishes to keep harmony between the nations. In regards to the individuals that Palliser says are in violation of the Treaty D’Angeac is willing to give you all satisfaction that you desire. A second letter asks the governor to return the chaloupes that were taken a few days ago. The Treaty is not clear on that point and your ships come and go freely here at these islands. Please release the two boats which would cause the ruin of two fishermen. Palliser made an annotation at the bottom of this letter in response to D’Herlye’s offer to warn the fishers on the Treaty Shore coast from Cape Bonavista to Pointe Riche. Palliser forbids him to do that. The French have to warn the fishers in France prior to their sailing of the Treaty’s regulations.
72-75v June 20-25, 1765 Alex Sabot, Maherine Josette, Francois le Moin, Gabriel Bournier, Thomas Sperin, Philip Charpentier, George Lacey, Peter Dorey, John Davis, and more fishermen of St. Pierre Palliser (St. John’s) [In French; enclosed with above] Ten declarations by French residents of St. Pierre to Palliser describing their contact with the South coast of NF and Palliser’s reaction.
78v-79 July 16, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s)   [Enclosed with above] Summary of French fishermen taken and detained for encroaching upon Newfoundland’s South coast
80-80v July 11, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) D’Angeac (St. Pierre) [Enclosed with above] Letter of compromise in which Palliser agrees to free the arrested French fishermen (see previous document) in exchange for various conditions
82-82v No date (enclosed with Palliser’s letter on July 16, 1765) D’Angeac The owner of a fishing schooner [In French; enclosed with above] D’Angeac’s pass to a vessel built in Newfoundland by Frenchmen, qualifying her as a French vessel (in French; see pp.91-93 for additional details)
84-86 July 16, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s)   [Enclosed with above] Palliser’s orders and punishments (ie- loss of land, deportation, etc.) for those Newfoundlanders who were caught dealing with the French
87-87v July 14, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) All commanders of Newfoundland stationed ships [Enclosed with above] Letter of warning to the French to stay away from Newfoundland’s coasts and surrounding waters
89-89v July 15, 1765 D’Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) [In French; enclosed with above] D’Angeac’s letter of thanks (in French) to Palliser for returning the French men that had been arrested
91-93 May 22, 1765 Barbel (St. Pierre)   Crew list of the schooner Jeanette (in French; on p.93, Palliser sarcastically comments on the nature of the French violations)
95-96 No date (1762? 1763?) Board of the Admiralty (London) Capt. Thomas Graves (London) Additional Instructions to Graves concerning enforcement of British trade regulations with respect to the colonies
97 Oct. 7, 1765 Board of the Admiralty (London) Henry Seymour Conway (London) Cover letter for a dispatch from the King
99-104 Sept. 11, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) Halifax (London) Summary of Palliser’s activities from July to Sept.; includes summaries of several letters, numbered 1-7, which are described below
105-106 July 27, 1765 Palliser (Croque)   No.1: Proclamation stating that the French were not to trade with the natives, or leave anything in Newfoundland and Labrador.
107-108 July 27, 1765 Palliser (Croque)   No.2: Order on a dispute (Great St. Juliens) between and Englishman and a Frenchman about fishing rights.
109-109v July 27, 1765 Palliser (Croque)   No.3: Order to a French man to stop supplying brandy and tobacco to the English seamen
111-111v Aug. 1, 1765 Palliser (Croque)   No.4: Order forbidding French ships to leave any men behind in Newfoundland
113 Aug. 5, 1765 Palliser (Croque)   No.5: Order forbidding Frenchmen to build shallops with Newfoundland timber
115-116 Aug. 10, 1765 Palliser (Pitts Harbour)   No. 6: Order forbidding the French to hurt, bother and trade with the Eskimos of Labrador
117-119 Aug. 28, 1765 Palliser (Pitts Harbour)    No.7: Regulations establishing a British fishery for cod, whale, seal and salmon on the coast of Labrador.
120-120v July 17, 1765 Palliser (St. Lawrence Harbour) Stephens (London) Letter to the Board of the Admiralty to inform them about the state of affairs in the Newfoundland government
122-123 Sept. 11, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) Halifax (London) Letter describing the illicit trade between the French and the English
124-124v Sept. 10, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s)   Account of a French vessel when on a trading voyage off the coast of Newfoundland
126-131 Nov. 21, 1765 French Court (Fontainebleau)   [In French] Response to the complaints presented to the Court of France by Mr. Hume, English Ambassador, (presented on the 22 August 1765. In this document, the complaints regarding the French who wintered and cut timber to build vessels are addressed. The individuals who committed these acts did them contrary to the will of the governor of St Pierre and Miquelon. The French governor cannot act on it because the English governor forbids it. The violators will be punished if in fact proven guilty. For the second complaint regarding the vessel built in Newfoundland, Palliser has to produce proofs. The Treaty does not make mention of the limits around the coasts of St. Pierre and Miquelon. The French frigates have not encouraged illicit fishing. The frigates were not there to fortify the islands
132-134 Oct. 30, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s)   Letter describing the details of Palliser’s activities from Sept. to Oct.; includes summaries of several letters, all of which are described below
136-137 Sept. 25, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s)   No. 1: Copy of an order from Palliser to a French ship to leave Newfoundland because they will not stop trading with the inhabitants of Newfoundland
138-138v Sept. 25, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s)   No. 2: Palliser’s order concerning actions taken with the French vessel allegedly wrecked near Old Ferrolle; Palliser regards this a s a ruse to prevent French restrictions on overwintering
140-140v No date d’Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) No.3: Defence of French activity on the Newfoundland coast (in French)
141-142v Oct. 23- 24, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) D’Angeac (S.t Pierre) No.4: Letter stating that if d’Angeac did not put an end to the French encroachments on Newfoundland there would be severe consequences
144-144v Oct. 22, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) Micmac Indians Copy of an order to the Micmac Indians stating that they needed to obtain a passport in order to leave Newfoundland
146-146v Dec. 20, 1765 Burke (London) Palliser (St. John’s) Copy of the case of Captain Phillibot; Palliser’s reply directly follows
148 Dec. 21, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) Burke (London) Cover letter for Palliser’s report on the allegations of Captain Phillibot
150-151 Dec. 21, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s) Burke (London) Palliser’s view on the allegations made against Captain Phillibot
152 Jan. 1, 1766 Palliser (London) Conway (London) Cover letter for Palliser’s report on two French documents
154 Jan. 8, 1766 Palliser (Northumberland Strait) Conway (London) A request for the memorial of the Court of France on Phillibot’s trial
157-167 Nov. 22, 1765 Palliser (London)   Palliser’s remarks on the memorial from the court of France (written in French and English)
168v-171 Jan. 11, 1766 Palliser (London)   List of French vessels and men detained for encroaching on British territory and fishing out of the limits set by treaties issued in 1765
172-172v Jan. 10, 1766 Palliser (London)   Cover letter for Palliser’s return of the memorial from the Phillibot case
174-174v Jan. 9, 1776 Guerchy (London) English Government French complaints about the behaviour of English fishermen at St. Pierre-Miquelon
176-176v March 10, 1766 Palliser (London) Conway (London) Palliser’s response to French complaints
178-179v March 31, 1766 Palliser (London) Lord Edgmont (London) Palliser’s views on lawless behavior of fishermen (particularly American )on the Labrador coast
180-189v Nov. 21, 1765 Duc de Praslin (?) Duke of Richmond Draft of an answer to the memorial sent by the Duc de Praslin to the Duke of Richmond
191 May 13, 1766 Board of Trade Conway (London) Cover letter for representation concerning a memorial on the fishing regulations at Newfoundland
193-203v May 13, 1766 Board of Trade Conway (London) Assessment and recommendations concerning the memorial that follows in the next document
205-209 No date (Copy of memorial by) Proprietors of Labrador fishing posts   Detailed complaint about Palliser’s measures to promote the fisheries in Labrador
211-214v Aug. 28, 1765 Palliser (St. John’s)   Copy of Palliser’s order to which objection was made in the previous document
215-224 May 13, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) The King (London) Copy of Palliser’s rules, orders and regulations to be observed by all those living and working on the coast of Labrador and on the islands of Anticosti and Magdalen
225-225v May 28, 1766 Richmond (London) Lords of the Admiralty (London) Letter containing instructions to be passed on to Palliser regarding the manner in which to govern at Newfoundland and Labrador in order to satisfy the King
227-227v May 30, 1766 Palliser   Palliser’s notes on his understanding of the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht and the Treaty of Paris, as they relate to St. Pierre and Miquelon; both treaties are in relation to fishing boundaries and regulations
229-229v May 30, 1766 Palliser   Palliser’s orders and conditions concerning French fishing off the South coast of Newfoundland
231-231v May 31, 1766 Debbieg (London) Government (London) List of Debbieg’s needs to carry out his responsibilities in Newfoundland
233-233v June 2, 1766 Richmond (London) Lords of the Admiralty (London) Palliser is instructed "to halt his conduct" regarding St. Pierre & Miquelon "until he receives further notice, or abusive behaviour of the French causes him to alter [these instructions]" He is to adhere to the King’s orders (outlined in Richmond’s letter of May 28, 1776) until he receives further notice
235-235v June 2, 1766 Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty (London) Palliser (St. John’s) Essentially repeating what Richmond requested in the previous document
237-239v June 28, 1766 Admiralty [Whitehall] Palliser (St. John’s) Letter rejecting Debbieg’s proposal to immediately begin a survey of all the harbors in North America, beginning with Newfoundland
241-243v June 28, 1766 Admiralty [Whitehall] Debbieg (London) Copy of the previous letter, except directly addressed to Debbieg
245 July 4, 1766 Richmond (London) Debbieg (London) Reply to Debbieg’s letter of May 31 (see pp.231-231v) in which Debbieg’s requests are granted
247 Aug. 25, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) Richmond (London) Letter stating that Palliser would welcome and assist Debbieg in every way possible during his stay at Newfoundland
249 Aug. 24, 1766 Debbieg (St. John’s) Richmond (London) Update of Debbieg’s travels and condition while working at Newfoundland
252 No date     General state of the English fishery and inhabitants of Newfoundland in 1766
254 No date     Palliser's observations and suggestions relative to the French fisheries at Newfoundland in 1766
255 Sept. 29, 1766 Board of the Admiralty (London) Earl of Shelburne Cover letter for a copy of Palliser’s letter from Aug. 25, 1766
257-263v Aug. 25, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) Stephens (London) [Enclosed with above] Letter reporting Palliser’s activities and the events at Newfoundland from June to Aug.
265-266v Nov. 11, 1765 D’Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) [In French; enclosed with above] Response to accusations that the French were on the coast of Newfoundland; reference to his surprise at the appearance of 9 shallops of Micmacs from Cape Breton (in French)
268-269 July 6, 1766 D’Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) [In French; enclosed with above] The French governor is making all possible efforts to keep fishermen from fishing beyond three leagues from the coast of Newfoundland. Ships have been taken by the English that were not in any violations and he wishes that they be returned. Our ships are being intercepted and asked a thousand questions. Have you authorized this and is this a new rule, if so please inform me of it.
270-272 Aug. 6, 1766 D’Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) [In French; response to Palliser’s letter of July 26, 1766, enclosed with above] The governor received Stanford here and attests of his good behavior compared to that of the officers who cruise here in two warships. The governor disapproves of the vagrants who went to cut wood at Newfoundland. However, this doesn’t give you the right to cruise with armed vessels. Fishing to the East of Saint Pierre is apparently prohibited, I have not yet received these new orders. One of the warships shot (gunshot) at L’Ile aux Chiens. Compliments Palliser of his promotion Thank you for returning the people that didn’t think they were in infraction. The New England ships sold us some planks, cabbage, apples, and onions that’s all. I have told the ships never to come back because it pains me to see them being taken.
273-277v July 26, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) D’Angeac Palliser’s response to D’Angeac’s letters of July 6 and Nov. 11; complaints about French encroachment
279-280 Aug. 7, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) Commanders of any foreign ships Letter advising all foreign ships that the English are ready to protect their territory at Newfoundland in case they should be advanced upon by foreign ships of war
281-282v Aug. 30, 1766 Whale fishermen (Boston) DeBerdt [probably a commercial agent in London] Letter complaining about Palliser’s restrictions on the cod and whale fisheries at Newfoundland
283-285 Aug. 1, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) Whale fishermen (Boston) Palliser’s response to the previous letter, in which he negotiates that the Americans can continue whaling at Newfoundland, but they are not allowed to start a cod fishery
287-292 Oct. 27, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) Lords of Trade (London) Report of Palliser’s activities and all events that occurred in Newfoundland in recent months; mention of the arrival of Micmac Indians
293-293v Sept. 22, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s)   Order concerning the occurrences of French ships wrecked on the coast of Newfoundland
295 Sept. 9, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) Lords of Trade (London) Cover letter concerning misgivings in St. John’s about a Customs House being established there
297-300v Aug. 28, 1766   Palliser (St. John’s) Letter complaining about Palliser’s strict restrictions on trading in Newfoundland
303-303v Aug. 25, 1766 Collector and Comptroller of Customs (St. John’s) Palliser (St. John’s) Letter addressing fees payment for the Officers of Customs
305-307 Sept. 9, 1766 Palliser (St. John’s) Merchants Letter stating regulations concerning the management of a Customs House in St. John’s
309-313 Feb. 9, 1767 Palliser (London) Earl of Shelburne Letter containing complaints about French encroachment on Newfoundland territory as well as trade between the French and English. Palliser explains his actions in taking away land grants from French subjects. He appears to be providing excuses for his actions and complaints brought against him.
314-316v No date French captains   [In French] Summary of complaints by several French captains operating on the French shore concerning English interference with their fishing activities (in French)
318-318v Dec. 15, 1767 Palliser (London) Earl of Shelburne (London) Update of fishing, trade and general conditions in Newfoundland and Labrador
320-321 Dec. 5, 1767 Palliser (London) Earl of Shelburne (London) Account of occurrences relating to the French fisheries and French behavior in Newfoundland in 1767; general state of the fisheries
322-323 July 10, 1767 Palliser (St. Lawrence Harbor) Captain of the French Ships Letter in which Palliser complains about French behavior and requests that the French comply to the terms of treaties between the two nations
324-325v Aug. 20, 1767 Tronjoly (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. John’s) [In French] Tronjoly’s explanation for the French decision to send a warship to Newfoundland (in French)
326-326v June 22, 1767 Palliser (St. Lawrence Harbor) D’Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser’s complaints about French presence on the Newfoundland coast
328-330v June 25, 1767 D'Angeac (St. Pierre) Palliser (St. Lawrence) D’Angeac states that the English officers on the warships behaved properly during Palliser’s absence. Le Duc de Praslin assured him that the French have fishing rights in the places relating to the last Treaty. He will continue to do everything in his power to stop violators to the Treaty. The frigate L’Inconstante was sent on the orders of the Roy, commanded by Mr. De Tronjoly to supervise the French fishing boats and make sure they observe the Treaty. He will also return some French inhabitants to France.
332-333v Aug. 10, 1767 Palliser (Pitts Harbor)   Copy of the Establishment of the Ship Fishery in Labrador
334-334v Aug. ?, 1767 Twenty-five ship adventurers Palliser (St. John’s) Copy of a memorial from the Ship Adventurers at Labrador requesting that Palliser support them in their rights and privileges
336-337 June 2, 1767 Palliser (St. John’s)   Copy of Palliser’s order stating that any man considered ‘useless’ after the fishing season is over must be immediately sent home
340 No date     General state of the English fishery and inhabitants at Newfoundland in 1767
342 No date     General state of the French fishery at Newfoundland, St. Pierre & Miquelon, the St. Lawrence and on the Banks

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