CO 194/27 [B-674]

Page

Date

From whom (where)

To whom (where)

Contents or nature of the document

1

Jan. 25,1765

Hillsborough (London)

Halifax (London)

Cover letter from Hillsborough expressing concerns about defenses and fortifications in Newfoundland

3-4v

Sept. 1, 1764

Palliser (St. John’s )

Hillsborough (London)

Palliser’s concerns about the forts and garrisons at Placentia and St. John’s in the aftermath of the French capture in 1762

7-8v

June 20, 1764

Hereford & Eyre (St. John’s)

-

Return on the state and remains of ordnance and ordnance stores at St. John’s

11v-12

July 2, 1764

Eyre & Gualy (St. John’s)

-

Return of garrison and detachment at St. John’s and Ferryland

13v-14

July 2, 1764

Doyers & Hamilton (Placentia)

-

Return of the garrison and ordnance at Placentia

15

June 30, 1764

Gualy (St. John’s)

Palliser (St. John’s)

Letter to the governor expressing concerns about the lack of provisions at St. John’s; a request for provisions

17-18v

July 14, 1764

Detachment of the 45th regiment (Placentia)

Palliser (St. John’s)

Petition from the detachment of the 45th regiment at Placentia expressing dissatisfaction with their monetary allowance for fuel and candles

21-21v

July 15, 1764

Hamilton (Placentia)

Palliser (St. John’s)

A letter requesting that Hamilton receive a 6-12 month leave of absence due to sickness and old age

23

March 1, 1765

Board of Trade (London)

Halifax (London)

Cover letter on a representation concerning French interpretation of the Treaty of 1686; actual report does not appear here - this letter may not belong in this collection.

25

March 23, 1765

Halifax (London)

Palliser (St. John’s)

Letter advising Palliser to send members of the 59th regiment to Newfoundland in order to relieve members of the 45th regiment, allowing them to return to Ireland

27-27v

April 8, 1765

Halifax (London)

Board of Trade (London)

Letter of complaint concerning French violation of fishing boundaries off the coast of Newfoundland and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence

29-42

April 16, 1765

Board of Trade (London)

The King (London)

Letter in which the Board methodically lists (and dismisses) the complaints of the French concerning fishing off the coast of Newfoundland; the Board provides several complaints of their own concerning French rights and conduct; mentions the South and West Coasts of Newfoundland as well as St. Pierre

43-50v

May 14, 1765

Stephens (London)

Palliser (St. John’s)

Letter containing a detailed list of instructions concerning proper procedure and conduct while fishing, traveling and trading; contains an attached list of the ships and their commanders employed during that year

52-55

July16, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

Halifax (London)

Letter describing Palliser’s experience with encroaching French fishing vessels off the coast of Newfoundland; he expresses frustration at the difficulty of governing French activity

56-56v

June 13, 1765

Adams (Niger in St. Lawrence Harbour)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[enclosed with above] Letter alerting Palliser about French ships in the vicinity

58-65

June 25, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

[enclosed with above] Letter expressing Palliser’s concerns about French violation of fishing laws, as well as the measures he intended to take in order to ensure that the terms of the treaties between the two nations are enforced

65-65v

June 25, 1765

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[In French; enclosed with above] Response to Palliser’s complaints about French violation of fishing rights off the coast of St. Pierre and Miquelon. D’Angeac says that 4 armed “esquiffs” or “barges” have taken four of our “chaloupes.” They were fishing between Isle Verte and the Coast of Newfoundland. Capt. Douglas spent the summer of 1763 here without causing any trouble. You (Palliser)came here last year and never raised any concerns. If there are any new regulations, he prays that Palliser would make them known to him.

66-68v

June 30, 1765

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[in French; enclosed with above] Letter addressing Palliser’s complaints about French violations of the Treaty. D’Angeac blames the violations on a few individuals who cannot be lumped with the whole of the nation. A few French subjects were taken on English boats and allowed to spend the winter on the South coast of Newfoundland. If the English inhabitants do not want them there, then they should be expelled. Palliser will judge by all the licenses given to fishermen who go on the banks and in the gulf, the effort expended in trying to keep them within limits. The chaloupes fishing in the area near St. Pierre and Miquelon are allowed there by the Treaty of Paris, as no limits are explicitly mentioned. He has not seen any “Indians” on the islands. They wanted to come here and he replied no. He has not built any forts. English frigates come often enough to know that. The six cannons we have were never hidden and are not denied by the Treaty. If you had complained about them, the Court of England would have contacted the Court of France and I would have received mention of it. I have no desire to use them. The two French frigates are here to pick up my letters to the Court and will leave shortly.

70-71

June 25, 1765

Chevalier D’Herlye (Frigate Thetis at St. Pierre)

Palliser

[in French; enclosed with above] D’Herlye explains the reasons why he is still here (he brought provisions and he needs to repair the ship). He wishes to keep harmony between the nations. In regards to the individuals that Palliser says are in violation of the Treaty D’Angeac is willing to give you all satisfaction that you desire. A second letter asks the governor to return the chaloupes that were taken a few days ago. The Treaty is not clear on that point and your ships come and go freely here at these islands. Please release the two boats which would cause the ruin of two fishermen. Palliser made an annotation at the bottom of this letter in response to the suggestion that D’Herlye would cruise on the coast from Cape Bonavista to Pointe Riche [the “French Shore”] to warn French fishermen not to violate the terms of the treaties. Palliser forbids him to do that (“This, I told him, he must not do”, adding that “I would not Suffer any French Forces to come into this Country”).

72-75v

June 20-25, 1765

Alex Sabot, Maherine (or “Maturin”) Josette, Francois le Moin, Gabriel Bournier, Thomas Sperin, Philip Charpentier, George Lacey, Peter Dorey, John Davis, and nine French fishermen

Hugh Palliser

This is a series of affidavits and declarations, all in French and enclosed with Palliser’s correspondence of 16 July below. Most of the declarations are by French fishermen operating out of St. Pierre, though some declarations (Sperin, Lacey, Dorey & Davis) are by residents of Great St. Lawrence, and Oderin. They describe in great detail the practice of the French to overwinter in Bay D’Espoir (at Rattling Brook, Great Jervis, and Conne River) primarily to repair fishing boats, build schooners, cut cargoes of wood to take back to St. Pierre, and hunt. John Davis declatred that “the Bay of Despair is the best Place upon this Coast for Timber for Building, and upon which the Fishers upon this Coast mostly depend for Building Boats, &ca.” Sperin also described how two hunters, “Indians of Nova Scotia”, came to him in Bay D’Espoir where he wintered and took one of his fishing boats, promising to pay him for it eventually. The declarations also reveal that the French are routinely fishing and curing fish at the islands of Lameline and Ramea, building shore installations, harvesting birds, and gathering bait on the sandy beaches there (shellfish called “cocks and hens”, the only bait available for the early fishery before the capelin come in). Finally, the declarations reveal the intricate patterns of movement of some of the French. One arrived from France, worked last summer in the Magdalen Islands, then wintered at Codroy, before being transported tp St. Pierre by a shallop which had arrived at Codroy from Quirpon and was working for a merchant of Granville. Among the French wintering at Rattling Brook in Bay D’Espoir were several with strong associations with the pre-1755 Codroy settlement, including Jean Bourney (or Bourny), Gabriel Bourney, Jacques Bourney, and others.

78v-79

July 16, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

[enclosed with above] Summary of all of the preceding declarations by French fishermen and English residents of the South Coast, describing French activities upon Newfoundland’s South coast

80-80v

July 11, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

[enclosed with above] Letter of compromise in which Palliser agrees to free the arrested French fishermen (see previous document) in exchange for various conditions

82-82v

No date (enclosed with Palliser’s letter on July 16, 1765)

D’Angeac

The owner of a fishing schooner

[In French; enclosed with above] D’Angeac’s pass to a vessel built in Newfoundland by Frenchmen, qualifying her as a French vessel (see pp.91-93 for additional details)

84-86

July 16, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

[enclosed with above] Palliser’s orders and punishments (ie- loss of land, deportation, etc.) for those Newfoundlanders who were caught dealing with the French

87-87v

July 14, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

All commanders of Newfoundland stationed ships

[enclosed with above] Letter of warning to the French to stay away from Newfoundland’s coasts and surrounding waters

89-89v

July 15, 1765

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[In French; enclosed with above] D’Angeac’s letter of thanks to Palliser for returning the French men that had been arrested

91-93

May 22, 1765

Barbel (St. Pierre)

 

 

[Enclosed with above] Crew list of the schooner Jeanette (in French; on p.93, Palliser sarcastically comments on the nature of the French violations)

95-96

No date (1762? 1763 ?)

Board of the Admiralty (London)

Capt. Thomas Graves (London)

Additional Instructions to Graves concerning enforcement of British trade regulations with respect to the colonies

97

Oct. 7, 1765

Board of the Admiralty (London)

Henry Seymour Conway (London)

Cover letter for a dispatch from the King

99-104

Sept. 11, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

Halifax (London)

Summary of Palliser’s activities from July to Sept.; includes summaries of several letters, numbered 1-7, which are described below

105-106

July 27, 1765

Palliser (Croque)

 

No.1: Proclamation stating that the French were not to trade with the natives, or leave anything in Newfoundland and Labrador.

107-108

July 27, 1765

Palliser (Croque)

 

No.2: Order on a dispute at Great St. Julien between and Englishman and a Frenchman about fishing rights.

109-109v

July 27, 1765

Palliser (Croque)

 

No.3: Order to a French man to stop supplying brandy and tobacco to the English seamen

111-111v

Aug. 1, 1765

Palliser (Croque)

 

No.4: Order forbidding French ships to leave any men behind in Newfoundland

113

Aug. 5, 1765

Palliser (Croque)

 

No.5: Order forbidding Frenchmen to build shallops with Newfoundland timber

115-116

Aug. 10, 1765

Palliser (Pitts Harbour)

 

No. 6: Order forbidding the French to hurt, bother

 and trade with the Eskimos of Labrador

117-119

Aug. 28, 1765

Palliser (Pitts Harbour)

 

No.7: Regulations establishing a British fishery for cod, whale, seal and salmon on the coast of Labrador.

120-120v

July 17, 1765

Palliser (St. Lawrence Harbour)

Stephens (London)

Letter to the Board of the Admiralty to inform them about the state of affairs in the Newfoundland government

122-123

Sept. 11, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

Halifax (London)

Letter describing the illicit trade between the French and the English

124-124v

Sept. 10, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

Account of a French vessel when on a trading voyage off the coast of Newfoundland

126-131

21 November 1765

French Court (Fontainebleau)

 

[In French] Response to the complaints presented to the Court of France by Mr. Hume, English Ambassador, (presented on the 22 August 1765. In this document, the complaints regarding the French who wintered and cut timber to build vessels are addressed. The individuals who committed these acts did them contrary to the will of the governor of St Pierre and Miquelon. The French governor cannot act on it because the English governor forbids it. The violators will be punished if in fact proven guilty. For the second complaint regarding the vessel built in Newfoundland, Palliser has to produce proofs. The Treaty does not make mention of the limits around the coasts of St. Pierre and Miquelon. The French frigates have not encouraged illicit fishing. The frigates were not there to fortify the islands.

132-134

Oct. 30, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

Letter describing the details of Palliser’s activities from Sept. to Oct.; includes summaries of several letters, all of which are described below

136-137

Sept. 25, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

No. 1: Copy of an order from Palliser to a French ship to leave Newfoundland because they will not stop trading with the inhabitants of Newfoundland

138-138v

Sept. 25, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

No. 2: Palliser’s order concerning actions taken with the French vessel allegedly wrecked near Old Ferrolle; Palliser regards this a s a ruse to prevent French restrictions on overwintering

140-140v

No date

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

No.3: Defense of French activity on the Newfoundland coast (in French)

141-142v

Oct. 23- 24, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

D’Angeac (S.t Pierre)

No.4: Letter stating that if D’Angeac did not put an end to the French encroachments on Newfoundland there would be severe consequences

144-144v

Oct. 22, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

Micmac Indians

Copy of an order to the Micmac Indians stating that they needed to obtain a passport in order to leave Newfoundland

146-146v

Dec. 20, 1765

Burke (London)

Palliser (St. John’s)

Copy of the case of Captain Phillibot; Palliser’s reply directly follows

148

Dec. 21, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

Burke (London)

Cover letter for Palliser’s report on the allegations of Captain Phillibot

150-151

Dec. 21, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

Burke (London)

Palliser’s view on the allegations made against Captain Phillibot

152

Jan. 1, 1766

Palliser (London)

Conway (London)

Cover letter for Palliser’s report on two French documents

154

Jan. 8, 1766

Palliser (Northumberland Strait)

Conway (London)

A request for the memorial of the Court of France on Phillibot’s trial

157-167

Nov. 22, 1765

Palliser (London)

 

Palliser’s remarks on the memorial from the court of France (written in French and English)

168v-171

Jan. 11, 1766

Palliser (London)

 

List of French vessels and men detained for encroaching on British territory and fishing out of the limits set by treaties issued in 1765

172-172v

Jan. 10, 1766

Palliser (London)

 

Cover letter for Palliser’s return of the memorial from the Phillibot case

174-174v

Jan. 9, 1776

Guerchy (London)

English Government

French complaints about the behaviour of English fishermen at St. Pierre-Miquelon

176-176v

March 10, 1766

Palliser (London)

Conway (London)

Palliser’s response to French complaints

178-179v

March 31, 1766

Palliser (London)

Lord Edgmont (London)

Palliser’s views on lawless behavior of fishermen (particularly American )on the Labrador coast

180-189v

Nov. 21, 1765

Duc de Praslin (?)

Duke of Richmond

Draft of an answer to the memorial sent by the Duc de Praslin to the Duke of Richmond

191

May 13, 1766

Board of Trade

Conway (London)

Cover letter for representation concerning a memorial on the fishing regulations at Newfoundland

193-203v

May 13, 1766

Board of Trade

Conway (London)

Assessment and recommendations concerning the memorial that follows in the next document

205-209

No date

(Copy of memorial by) Proprietors of Labrador fishing posts

 

Detailed complaint about Palliser’s measures to promote the fisheries in Labrador

211-214v

Aug. 28, 1765

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

Copy of Palliser’s order to which objection was made in the previous document

215-224

May 13, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

The King (London)

Copy of Palliser’s rules, orders and regulations to be observed by all those living and working on the coast of Labrador and on the islands of Anticosti and Magdalen

225-225v

May 28, 1766

Richmond (London)

Lords of the Admiralty (London)

Letter containing instructions to be passed on to Palliser regarding the manner in which to govern at Newfoundland and Labrador in order to satisfy the King

227-227v

May 30, 1766

Palliser

 

Palliser’s notes on his understanding of the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht and the Treaty of Paris as they relate to St. Pierre & Miquelon; both treaties are in relation to fishing boundaries and regulations

229-229v

May 30, 1766

Palliser

 

Palliser’s orders and conditions concerning French fishing off the South coast of Newfoundland

231-231v

May 31, 1766

Debbieg (London)

Government (London)

List of Debbieg’s needs to carry out his responsibilities in Newfoundland

233-233v

June 2, 1766

Richmond (London)

Lords of the Admiralty (London)

Letter containing instructions for Palliser to halt his conduct with regard to St. Pierre & Miquelon following the King’s orders (outlined in Richmond’s letter of May 28, 1776) “until he receives further notice, or abusive behaviour of the French causes him to alter [these instructions]”

235-235v

June 2, 1766

Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty (London)

Palliser (St. John’s)

Essentially repeating what Richmond requested in the previous document

237-239v

June 28, 1766

Admiralty [Whitehall]

Palliser (St. John’s)

Letter rejecting Debbieg’s proposal to immediately begin a survey of all the harbors in North America, beginning with Newfoundland

241-243v

June 28, 1766

Admiralty [Whitehall]

Debbieg (London)

Copy of the previous letter, except directly addressed to Debbieg

245

July 4, 1766

Richmond (London)

Debbieg (London)

Reply to Debbieg’s letter of May 31 (see pp.231-231v) in which Debbieg’s requests are granted

247

Aug. 25, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

Richmond (London)

Letter stating that Palliser would welcome and assist Debbieg in every way possible during his stay at Newfoundland

249

Aug. 24, 1766

Debbieg (St. John’s)

Richmond (London)

Update of Debbieg’s travels and condition while working at Newfoundland

252

No date

 

 

General state of the English fishery and inhabitants of Newfoundland in 1766

254

No date

 

 

Pallisser’s observations and suggestions relative to the French fisheries in 1766

255

Sept. 29, 1766

Board of the Admiralty (London)

Earl of Shelburne

Cover letter for a copy of Palliser’s letter from Aug. 25, 1766

257-263v

Aug. 25, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

Stephens (London)

[enclosed with above] Letter reporting Palliser’s activities and the events at Newfoundland from June to Aug.

265-266v

Nov. 11, 1765

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[In French; enclosed with above] Response to accusations that the French were on the coast of Newfoundland; reference to his surprise at the appearance of 9 shallops of Micmacs from Cape Breton

268-269

July 6, 1766

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[In French; enclosed with above] The French governor is making all possible efforts to keep fishermen from fishing beyond three leagues from the coast of Newfoundland. Ships have been taken by the English that were not in any violations and he wishes that they be returned. Our ships are being intercepted and asked a thousand questions. Have you authorized this and is this a new rule, if so please inform me of it.

270-272

Aug. 6, 1766

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[In French; enclosed with above] The governor received Stanford here and attests of his good behavior compared to that of the officers who cruise here in two warships. The governor disapproves of the vagrants who went to cut wood at Newfoundland. However, this doesn’t give you the right to cruise with armed vessels. Fishing to the East of Saint Pierre is apparently prohibited, I have not yet received these new orders. One of the warships shot (gunshot) at L’Ile aux Chiens. Compliments Palliser of his promotion Thank you for returning the people that didn’t think they were in infraction. The New England ships sold us some planks, cabbage, apples, and onions that’s all. I have told the ships never to come back because it pains me to see them being taken.

273-277v

July 26, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

D’Angeac

Palliser’s response to D’Angeac’s letters of July 6 and Nov. 11; complaints about French encroachment

279-280

Aug. 7, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

Commanders of any foreign ships

Letter advising all foreign ships that the English are ready to protect their territory at Newfoundland in case they should be advanced upon by foreign ships of war

281-282v

Aug. 30, 1766

Whale fishermen (Boston)

DeBerdt [probably a commercial agent in London]

Letter complaining about Palliser’s restrictions on the cod and whale fisheries at Newfoundland

283-285

Aug. 1, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

Whale fishermen (Boston)

Palliser’s response to the previous letter, in which he negotiates that the Americans can continue whaling at Newfoundland, but they are not allowed to start a cod fishery

287-292

Oct. 27, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

Lords of Trade (London)

Report of Palliser’s activities and all events that occurred in Newfoundland in recent months; mention of the arrival of Micmac Indians

293-293v

Sept. 22, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

Order concerning the occurrences of French ships wrecked on the coast of Newfoundland

295

Sept. 9, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

Lords of Trade (London)

Cover letter concerning misgivings in St. John’s about a Customs House being established there

297-300v

Aug. 28, 1766

 

Palliser (St. John’s)

Letter complaining about Palliser’s strict restrictions on trading in Newfoundland

303-303v

Aug. 25, 1766

Collector and Comptroller of Customs (St. John’s)

Palliser (St. John’s)

Letter addressing fees payment for the Officers of Customs

305-307

Sept. 9, 1766

Palliser (St. John’s)

Merchants

 Letter stating regulations concerning the management of a Customs House in St. John’s

309-313

Feb. 9, 1767

Palliser (London)

Earl of Shelburne

Letter containing complaints about French encroachment on Newfoundland territory as well as trade between the French and English. Palliser explains his actions in taking away land grants from French subjects. He appears to be providing excuses for his actions and complaints brought against him.

314-316v

No date

French Captains

 

[In French] Summary of complaints by several French captains operating on the French shore concerning English interference with their fishing activities .

318-318v

Dec. 15, 1767

Palliser (London)

Earl of Shelburne (London)

Update of fishing, trade and general conditions in Newfoundland and Labrador

320-321

Dec. 5, 1767

Palliser (London)

Earl of Shelburne (London)

Account of occurrences relating to the French fisheries and French behavior in Newfoundland in 1767; general state of the fisheries

322-323

July 10, 1767

Palliser (St. Lawrence Harbor)

Captain of the French Ships

Letter in which Palliser complains about French behavior and requests that the French comply to the terms of treaties between the two nations

324-325v

Aug. 20, 1767

Tronjoly (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. John’s)

[In French] Tronjoly’s explanation for the French decision to send a warship to Newfoundland.

326-326v

June 22, 1767

Palliser (St. Lawrence Harbor)

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser’s complaints about French presence on the Newfoundland coast

328-330v

June 25, 1767

D’Angeac (St. Pierre)

Palliser (St. Lawrence)

D’Angeac states that the English officers on the warships behaved properly during Palliser’s absence. Le Duc de Praslin assured him that the French have fishing rights in the places relating to the last Treaty. He will continue to do everything in his power to stop violators to the Treaty. The frigate L’Inconstante was sent on the orders of the Roy, commanded by Mr. De Tronjoly to supervise the French fishing boats and make sure they observe the Treaty. He will also return some French inhabitants to France.

332-333v

Aug. 10, 1767

Palliser (Pitts Harbor)

 

Copy of the Establishment of the Ship Fishery in Labrador

334-334v

Aug. ?, 1767

Twenty-five ship adventurers

Palliser (St. John’s)

Copy of a memorial from the Ship Adventurers at Labrador requesting that Palliser support them in their rights and privileges

336-337

June 2, 1767

Palliser (St. John’s)

 

Copy of Palliser’s order stating that any man considered ‘useless’ after the fishing season is over must be immediately sent home

340

No date

 

 

General state of the English fishery and inhabitants at Newfoundland in 1767

342

No date

 

 

General state of the French fishery at Newfoundland, St. Pierre & Miquelon, the St. Lawrence and on the Banks

End of Volume